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Challenging question1


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Challenging A2 crime & deviance question along with outline answer, designed to make you think!!

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Challenging question1

  1. 1. Question <ul><li>To what extent do functionalist subcultural theories help to explain the relationship between deviance and society? </li></ul><ul><li>This part-question includes assessment of your understanding of the relationship between Crime and Deviance and sociological theory </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>
  2. 2. Your answer….. <ul><li>Before you work through the next slides plan sit and think about the question and plan your answer </li></ul><ul><li>The next few slides will help you decide if you were going in the right direction with your answer </li></ul>
  3. 3. Answer <ul><li>The central focus is on functionalist subcultural theories </li></ul><ul><li>Whereby deviance is a result of subcultures which are built on their own norms and values </li></ul><ul><li>These subcultural values are in complete opposite to those of the main culture. </li></ul><ul><li>Most of the essay should concentrate on this theme </li></ul><ul><li>Your assessment can come from competing perspectives such as Marxist and left realists who look at subcultures in a very different way to functionalists. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Expanding your answer <ul><li>discuss in some depth (therefore analyse, put meat on the carcass of your answer) by mentioning Cohen, Cloward & Ohlin, Miller </li></ul><ul><li>stress how they all argue in their unique way (your knowledge & understanding) that subcultural norms & values are completely different from mainstream cultural norms & values </li></ul>
  5. 5. Issue of extent (assess, evaluate) <ul><li>Subculture theorists focus too much on juvenile delinquency rather than other forms of deviance and ignored female deviance. </li></ul><ul><li>Matza’s point delinquency was ordinary not extraordinary as subculturalists argue, it’s just delinquents fail to restrict subterranean values to appropriate situations such as sport </li></ul>
  6. 6. Issue of extent (assess, evaluate) <ul><li>Interactionists argue we have free will, while subculturalists argue delinquents are ‘forced’ to behave the way they do </li></ul><ul><li>Feminists would argue subculturalists focus too much on delinquent male youths, and ignores other forms of deviance like female recidivism </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>