SociologyExchange.co.uk Shared Resource

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SociologyExchange.co.uk Shared Resource

  1. 1. Interactionist perspective
  2. 2. MICRO LEVEL <ul><li>Interactionists are interested in small scale interactions of individuals within a social context. </li></ul><ul><li>They explore exchanges between people, power relations, meanings, roles that are negotiated and the formation of identities. </li></ul><ul><li>They are also interested in what is learnt incidentally through rules and norms. </li></ul><ul><li>Usually rejects the idea of a social system </li></ul>
  3. 3. Everything we do has a meaning <ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>What is happening in this picture? </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>About to blow out a candle </li></ul><ul><li>Scared? </li></ul><ul><li>Singing? </li></ul><ul><li>Fascinated by the flame </li></ul><ul><li>Different meanings are attached to the boys behaviour. </li></ul><ul><li>To understand the act it is necessary to discover the meaning held by the actors </li></ul>
  5. 5. Meanings are not fixed <ul><li>Depends on the context </li></ul><ul><li>They are created, developed, modified and changed within the process of interaction. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Eg starting a new class may initially seem threatening and unfriendly. Through the interactions that take place the perception is confirmed or modified </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The way in which we define a situation represents the reality in how we should behave and subsequently influences how others behave towards us. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Eg threatening classroom, the pupil will be quite and withdrawn, other students may avoid him or try and bring him out of his shell. </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. HOW IS MEANING CONSTRUCTED? <ul><li>Analysing language, gestures, appearance and manners of others and the context in which the interaction takes place </li></ul>
  7. 7. Who is more likely to commit a crime? <ul><li>Research has indicated that police are more likely to perceive an act of delinquency if it occurs in a low income inner city area </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Context influences the action </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The youth arrested will be defined as a ‘juvenile delinquent’ if </li></ul><ul><ul><li>aggressive and uncooperative </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>appearance is unconventional and slovenly </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Language is slang, ungrammatical </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Posture shows disrespect </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. ROLES <ul><li>Functionalists suggest that roles are very much defined by the social system whereas interactionists argue that roles are not fixed, they can be very ambiguous and fluid and open to interpretation. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Married couple will have a vague idea of what constitutes a ‘husband’ and ‘wife’ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>As they get to know each other better the marital relationship will be negotiated and renegotiated </li></ul></ul>

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