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  1. 1. AS Sociology: Unit 1 The family and Radical Psychiatry
  2. 2. Objectives <ul><li>To understand the views of radical psychiatry. </li></ul><ul><li>To evaluate radical psychiatry. </li></ul><ul><li>To draw links between Marxism, Functionalism and Feminism. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Radical Psychiatry <ul><li>This view emerged in 1960s and 1970s and takes a critical view of the family life, particularly the nuclear family. </li></ul><ul><li>Three important psychiatrists are Leach, Laing and Cooper. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Leach (1967) <ul><li>Leach argues that </li></ul><ul><li>the nuclear family is too </li></ul><ul><li>isolated and lacks the support of the extended family. This puts too much pressure on the parents who lack emotional support and often take out their anger and frustration on each other and their family. </li></ul>Who would criticise this???
  5. 5. Laing (1964) <ul><li>Laing argues that the family can cause mental illness such as stress, depression and anxiety because parents and children spend too much time with each other . Parents expect too much of their children and the children feel suffocated . </li></ul><ul><li>Laing wrote about a girl called Jane who became schizophrenic and thought she was a tennis ball because she was bounced between her parents emotionally. </li></ul>Laing is going la la!!!!
  6. 6. Cooper (1972) <ul><li>Cooper takes a more Marxist approach to the family and focuses particularly on how children are treated . He argues parents teach children to be obedient , so when they go to work they are easily controlled . Parents make children aim at getting respectable jobs, and any dreams are stamped upon. Parents are like the capitalists or bosses , and the children become the proletariat workers . </li></ul>The mini cooper drives the children into work!
  7. 7. Criticisms of Radical Psychiatry <ul><li>Radical psychiatry is often accused of taking too negative a view on the family. </li></ul><ul><li>Leach ignores the contacts that are maintained between the nuclear and extended family. </li></ul><ul><li>Laing over-stated the link between mental illness and the family. </li></ul><ul><li>Cooper is too critical of their relationship between most parents and their children. </li></ul><ul><li>Functionalists would accuse them of ignoring the positive aspects of family life. </li></ul><ul><li>They are being deterministic and saying that all families have negative experiences. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Quick Check Questions <ul><li>What does Leach argue? </li></ul><ul><li>How does Cooper see the family? </li></ul><ul><li>Give two criticisms of radical psychiatrists’ view on the family. </li></ul><ul><li>Name three Marxists who have looked at the family. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Links to other Perspectives <ul><li>Who would support them? </li></ul><ul><li>Who would criticise them? </li></ul><ul><li>You have 5 mins to think of as many links between all the perspectives. </li></ul><ul><li>Need at least 3 for each! </li></ul>
  10. 10. Plenary <ul><li>(a) Explain what is meant by the term ‘dysfunctional’. (2 marks) </li></ul><ul><li>(b) Suggest 2 ways in which family life can have a harmful effect on women. (4 marks) </li></ul><ul><li>(c) Suggest 3 criticisms of the Marxist approach to the family. (6 marks) </li></ul>