Lesson Objectives <br />Examine the different types of school subculture identified by sociologists<br /> Outline studies ...
Starter<br />What will there attitude of school be?<br />What set would they be in?<br />How would they behave in school?<...
Pupil Subcultures<br />A group of pupils who share similar values and behaviour patterns<br />Emerge as a response to labe...
So what subcultures do we have in school?<br />
So what impact do subcultures have within school? <br />Creates <br />inequalities<br />Class differences <br />Achievemen...
Colin Lacey (1970)<br />DIFFERENTIATION <br />“ Process by which teachers categorise pupils according to how they perceive...
Most able= high status= top set
Least able= inferior status= bottom set</li></ul>Which theorists would agree/ disagree with this?<br />
Colin Lacey (1970)<br />POLARISATION<br />“ pupils respond to streaming by moving towards one of two opposite poles or ext...
Role play time....<br />You have 3 minutes to come up with a sketch which you think depicts a pro-social or anti-social sc...
Pro-school subculture<br />High streamed<br />Middle class<br />High status- successful<br />Committed to values of the sc...
Anti-school subculture<br />http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ezYEZRHTK8s<br />
Anti-social subculture<br />Low streams<br />Working class<br />Failure=<br />Low self esteem- school has undermined them,...
How would this make you feel?<br />How would you react to this inferior status?<br />
Anti-social subculture<br />Inverting school values of hard work, obedience and punctuality<br />“sabotage the system”<br ...
Anti-social subculture<br />BUT.....<br />Impact on achievement= self fulfilling prophecy of educational failure<br />“ al...
David Hargreaves (1967)<br />Interviewed boys in secondary modern schools<br />Subculture formed due to triple failures=<b...
Low streams
Labelled worthless louts</li></ul>Found high status went to those who flouted the school rules!<br />
Peter Woods (1981)<br />Division between pro and anti-school subculture is simplistic<br />Variety of pupil responses to t...
Woods- Pupil responses<br />Ingratiation: follows schools norms and values, “teachers pet”<br />Ritualism: going through t...
Evaluation<br />Do all pupils who are part of these subcultures fail?<br /><ul><li>Deterministic!
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  1. 1. Lesson Objectives <br />Examine the different types of school subculture identified by sociologists<br /> Outline studies which investigate subcultures within school<br />
  2. 2. Starter<br />What will there attitude of school be?<br />What set would they be in?<br />How would they behave in school?<br />What would their status be in school?<br />
  3. 3. Pupil Subcultures<br />A group of pupils who share similar values and behaviour patterns<br />Emerge as a response to labelling and streaming<br />Where have we come across a subculture before so far in education??<br />
  4. 4. So what subcultures do we have in school?<br />
  5. 5. So what impact do subcultures have within school? <br />Creates <br />inequalities<br />Class differences <br />Achievement differences<br />Self fulfilling prophecy<br />
  6. 6. Colin Lacey (1970)<br />DIFFERENTIATION <br />“ Process by which teachers categorise pupils according to how they perceive their ability, attitude and/or behaviour”<br />How?<br /><ul><li>setting/streaming
  7. 7. Most able= high status= top set
  8. 8. Least able= inferior status= bottom set</li></ul>Which theorists would agree/ disagree with this?<br />
  9. 9. Colin Lacey (1970)<br />POLARISATION<br />“ pupils respond to streaming by moving towards one of two opposite poles or extremes”<br />Hightown boys grammar school study- streaming polarised boys into a Pro-school and Anti-school subculture<br />Participant/ non-participant observations<br />
  10. 10. Role play time....<br />You have 3 minutes to come up with a sketch which you think depicts a pro-social or anti-social school subculture <br />
  11. 11. Pro-school subculture<br />High streamed<br />Middle class<br />High status- successful<br />Committed to values of the school<br />
  12. 12. Anti-school subculture<br />http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ezYEZRHTK8s<br />
  13. 13. Anti-social subculture<br />Low streams<br />Working class<br />Failure=<br />Low self esteem- school has undermined them, reinforcing inferior status<br />
  14. 14. How would this make you feel?<br />How would you react to this inferior status?<br />
  15. 15. Anti-social subculture<br />Inverting school values of hard work, obedience and punctuality<br />“sabotage the system”<br />Form anti-social subculture to gain status<br />
  16. 16. Anti-social subculture<br />BUT.....<br />Impact on achievement= self fulfilling prophecy of educational failure<br />“ all successful at primary school- amongst 15% of towns pupils who passed 11+ to get into grammar school”<br />
  17. 17. David Hargreaves (1967)<br />Interviewed boys in secondary modern schools<br />Subculture formed due to triple failures=<br /><ul><li>failing 11+
  18. 18. Low streams
  19. 19. Labelled worthless louts</li></ul>Found high status went to those who flouted the school rules!<br />
  20. 20. Peter Woods (1981)<br />Division between pro and anti-school subculture is simplistic<br />Variety of pupil responses to the culture of the school....<br />
  21. 21. Woods- Pupil responses<br />Ingratiation: follows schools norms and values, “teachers pet”<br />Ritualism: going through the motions and staying out of trouble<br />Retreatism: daydreaming and mucking about<br />Rebellion: Outright rejection of school<br />“ Furlong (1984)- not committed to one response, act differently to diff teachers and subjects!”<br />
  22. 22. Evaluation<br />Do all pupils who are part of these subcultures fail?<br /><ul><li>Deterministic!
  23. 23. What about people who are part of positive subculture who still fail? IQ?</li></ul>Would Marxists agree with subcultures?<br /><ul><li>Ignore wider structures of power within which labelling takes place
  24. 24. Not based on teachers individual prejudices but system of class division</li></li></ul><li>Pic ‘n’ mix!!<br />a pupil may respond to school by following schools norms and values, “teachers pet”<br />Process in which pupils respond to streaming by moving towards one of two opposite extremes<br />Attach a meaning or definition to someone<br />Categorise pupils into separate classes<br />
  25. 25. Pic ‘n’ mix!!<br />Pupils placed in high streams, committed to values of school, successful<br />A pupil may respond to school by out-rightly rejecting everything the school stands for<br />Pupils placed in low streams, inverting schools values, failure<br />Carried out study at Hightown boys grammar school and explained how pupil subcultures develop through polarisation and differentiation<br />
  26. 26. Pic ‘n’ mix!!<br />The phenomena by which labels attached to pupils become true, regardless of their accuracy<br />Carried research into secondary moderns and found a triple failure in anti-social school subculture<br />A pupil may respond to school by daydreaming and mucking about<br />A group of individuals who share similar vales and behaviour patterns<br />
  27. 27. Pic ‘n’ Mix<br />Studied counter-school culture of the working class ‘lads’ in the transition between school and work<br />Process of categorising pupils according to how they perceive their ability, attitude and/or behaviour<br />A pupil may respond to school by going through the motions and staying out of trouble<br />

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