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SociologyExchange.co.uk Shared Resource

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SociologyExchange.co.uk Shared Resource

  1. 1. Topic 1: The Definitionof Crime The ideaof ______________ __________________ isa keyconceptin sociologyandisusedtoexplainmany aspectsof social life.The importantfeature of social constructionismisthe ideathatthe __________ ____________ can be interpretedindifferentways. The interpretationwe place onanaction or eventwill dependonour_____________ _____ __________. An actionor eventisnot deviantuntil itis _________________ _____ _________________. An example of thisisthat,insome culturesitisregarded devianttowearshort skirts, whereasinotherculturesthisisseenas __________________. Asa sociologist, youshouldrecognise thatindividualsdonotoperate ina _______________, theyare a part of societyand are subjecttothe _____________ insocietyandcan influence society.Therefore,individualsmaycategorise somethingasdeviantonthe basisof their ____________ _______ ____________. These valuesare a ______________ of the societytheylive in.Whatisdeviantwill alsovarybetween _______________ __________ and between ________________ ____________. The twokeywordsthat you needto rememberare thatdeviance is ____________________ _______ ______________________. definedasdeviant product same thing differenttimes forces social construction vacuum normsand values pointof view acceptable differentplaces relative andsubjective Complete the table belowbygivingexamples thatillustrate the ideathatcrime anddeviance are socially constructed. Time Place Culture
  2. 2. Why isit hard to define whatisnormal? ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________________ Why isit hard to define crime anddeviance? ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________________ Crime anddeviance are subjectivebecause: (give examples) ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________________ Crime anddeviance are relative because: (giveexamples) ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________________ Example Seen as acceptable when… Seen as unacceptable when... Deviance differs according to ………………………………………………. What type of question could you use this study for?
  3. 3. KeyconceptsassociatedwithBecker: Social reaction: ________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________________ Labellingtheory:_______________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________________ Master Label: __________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________________ What are the argumentsagainstthe viewthatcrime and deviance are sociallyconstructed?(Use page 5-6of your OCRbook tohelpyou) ______________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________________ Crime is a social contrast because: _______________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________
  4. 4. Theoristsholddifferentviewsaboutwhoorwhat has the powertoconstruct deviance inaparticularway. What wouldthe followingargue? Functionalism Marxism Feminism

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