Is Globalisation hollowing out the nation state? What is it that national governments usually do? Globalisation is a fact – but is it a good thing?
The New Right and Marxists argueover what has happened since the fall of the Berlin Wall. Fukuyama argues that it lead to the ‘end of ideology’ Marxists that it allowed for the spread of capitalism – neo-liberalism. Explain what each means.
Recently – March 2012• Brazil overtook the UK as the sixth largest economy in the world.• Asian now spends more on the military than Europe.• What does this show?• However some nations are clearly getting left behind the so-called ‘failed states’ – what does this mean?
Lash and Urry (1987)• MNCs now exist separately from a home country (‘If GM sneezes the US gets a cold’) – they switch production to where labour costs are cheaper.• This has changed the nature of the working class in the former host nations and the economies of these nations and their politics. Why?• According to Brecher et al – of the 100 most powerful economies in the world 51 were corporations in 2001. What are the possible consequences of this?
Is the nation state dead?• Hirst (1993) argues that when companies fail, the state still intervenes to bail them out – the banking crisis was an example of this; RBS failed and the government nationalised it – why?
Will globalisation lead to the end of nation identities?• The fear is that globalisation is really ‘cocoalisation’ - or cultural homogenisation.• What examples can you think of?• How does the rise in popularity of Al Jazeria fit into this analysis?
Cultural resistance• In many polities there has been strong resistance to the spread of western values. Can you think of examples?• The emergence of new identities – of hybrididty – can you think of examples?
The rise and fall of the Celtic tiger.• An AQA sociology text book quotes Ohmae ‘He looks at thriving regions such as Ireland, Finland and Dalien in China, and explains how they have capitalised on emerging trends.’ Since then the Irish economy has collapsed and has to ask for bailouts from the EU. – What does this prove about the process of globalisation?
Anti-globalisation protests• Every time the worlds leaders meet to discuss the problems of the world there has been huge fight backs from protestors starting in Seattle in 1999 to the ‘Occupy’ movements in 2011. The Marxist Alex Callincos argues that: ‘The fact remains that this is the greatest opening for the Left since the 1960s.’ – what do you think he meant by this?
Synoptic note• How could you link this with crime and deviance – think green crime and corporate crime or the world trade in illegal drugs.