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THE DARK FIGURE How do you propose to go about finding the truth about this infernal crime rate Sherlock? Elementary Watso...
LEARNING OBJECTIVE <ul><li>Identify  the strengths and weaknesses of victim surveys and self report studies </li></ul><ul>...
RECAP FROM PREVIOUS LESSON <ul><li>Not all crime is reported </li></ul><ul><li>Not all crime is recorded </li></ul><ul><li...
Victim Surveys  <ul><li>Have you been a victim of crime? </li></ul><ul><li>It is hoped that victims that are reluctant to ...
shortcomings <ul><li>Corporate, white collar and victimless crimes are omitted </li></ul><ul><li>Embarrassing crimes </li>...
Self Report Studies <ul><li>Another way to get an accurate figure is to ask people what crimes they have committed </li></...
But there are problems with self reports too… <ul><ul><li>Uncooperative </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Only do it if it is ano...
<ul><li>Lists of criminal or deviant acts </li></ul><ul><li>People are asked to tick off activities of crimes they have co...
The good and the bad <ul><li>They give us an estimate of criminal acts and their frequency </li></ul><ul><li>Allow compari...
<ul><li>Identify a quantitative statement and a qualitative statement for these findings </li></ul>
Is the dark figure decreasing? READ PG 192 – 193 ‘an increase in crime?’ and put together your case NO IT ISNT YES IT IS
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SociologyExchange.co.uk Shared Resource

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SociologyExchange.co.uk Shared Resource

  1. 1. THE DARK FIGURE How do you propose to go about finding the truth about this infernal crime rate Sherlock? Elementary Watson, just use self-report tests and victim surveys!
  2. 2. LEARNING OBJECTIVE <ul><li>Identify the strengths and weaknesses of victim surveys and self report studies </li></ul><ul><li>Assess the view that the dark figure is decreasing </li></ul>
  3. 3. RECAP FROM PREVIOUS LESSON <ul><li>Not all crime is reported </li></ul><ul><li>Not all crime is recorded </li></ul><ul><li>Statistics are affected by the way they are categorised and counted by the police </li></ul><ul><li>So what else can we do to get a more accurate picture? </li></ul><ul><li>Who should we be asking? </li></ul><ul><li>What should we be asking </li></ul><ul><li>How can we do it? </li></ul>
  4. 4. Victim Surveys <ul><li>Have you been a victim of crime? </li></ul><ul><li>It is hoped that victims that are reluctant to report offences may be more wiling to take part in research </li></ul><ul><li>Every year the BCS tries to count crime that were not reported to the police (dark figure) </li></ul><ul><li>A representative sample of the public are interviewed about crimes of which they have been a victim </li></ul>What are the shortcomings of this kind of survey?
  5. 5. shortcomings <ul><li>Corporate, white collar and victimless crimes are omitted </li></ul><ul><li>Embarrassing crimes </li></ul><ul><li>Under 16s not asked </li></ul><ul><li>Faulty memory </li></ul><ul><li>National averages mask the ethnicity, location, gender etc </li></ul>
  6. 6. Self Report Studies <ul><li>Another way to get an accurate figure is to ask people what crimes they have committed </li></ul><ul><li>They can uncover offences that victim surveys do not (underage, victimless crimes etc) </li></ul><ul><li>They are good for comparing groups such as </li></ul><ul><ul><li>gender differences </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Self reports and police statistics </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. But there are problems with self reports too… <ul><ul><li>Uncooperative </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Only do it if it is anonymous so method is limited to institutions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Low validity because they Lie or want to look cool </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sample is mostly teenagers who are less able to refuse </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Normally about delinquency which includes non-criminal behaviour </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Questions only ask ‘if’ offences have been committed not ‘why’ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Difficult to devise a counting system that can distinguish between serious and minor offences </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>Lists of criminal or deviant acts </li></ul><ul><li>People are asked to tick off activities of crimes they have committed </li></ul><ul><li>Given anonymously </li></ul><ul><li>Gives researchers an idea of how many people have offended but never been arrested </li></ul><ul><li>Large scale surveys of the population </li></ul><ul><li>People are interviewed </li></ul><ul><li>Generally accurate but underestimate certain categories of crimes </li></ul>SELF REPORTS TESTS VICTIM SURVEYS
  9. 9. The good and the bad <ul><li>They give us an estimate of criminal acts and their frequency </li></ul><ul><li>Allow comparison between official and unknown delinquency </li></ul><ul><li>We can find out why crimes were not reported </li></ul><ul><li>Small unrepresentative samples </li></ul><ul><li>Exaggerations </li></ul><ul><li>Some offences are still concealed </li></ul>ACTIVITY pg 192
  10. 10. <ul><li>Identify a quantitative statement and a qualitative statement for these findings </li></ul>
  11. 11. Is the dark figure decreasing? READ PG 192 – 193 ‘an increase in crime?’ and put together your case NO IT ISNT YES IT IS

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