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  1. 1. Are there patterns in criminal behaviour?
  2. 2. Learning intentions: <ul><li>To be able to describe patterns in crime based on age, gender, ethnicity, class and locality </li></ul><ul><li>To be able to explain these patterns </li></ul><ul><li>Keywords for this lesson: </li></ul><ul><li>Age </li></ul><ul><li>Gender </li></ul><ul><li>Chivalry Effect </li></ul><ul><li>Ethnicity </li></ul><ul><li>Class </li></ul><ul><li>Locality </li></ul>
  3. 3. What is the relationship between crime and age? <ul><li>Most people receiving criminal convictions will be between 14 and 24 years of age. </li></ul><ul><li>In 2005 it was reported that: </li></ul><ul><li>25% of all recorded crime was committed by children aged between 10 and 17. </li></ul><ul><li>40% of all crime was committed by people under the age of 21 years. </li></ul><ul><li>40% of male prisoners left school before the age of 16. </li></ul><ul><li>How do we explain these patterns? </li></ul><ul><li>Peer pressure </li></ul><ul><li>Young people seek excitement get a rush from breaking the rules </li></ul><ul><li>Breakdown in social control at home and at school </li></ul>
  4. 4. What is the relationship between crime and gender? <ul><li>About 90% of people found guilty of burglary, robbery, drug offences and criminal damage are male. </li></ul><ul><li>In 2006 male offenders in England and Wales outnumbered female by 4 to 1. </li></ul><ul><li>Why do these differences exist? </li></ul><ul><li>Different socialisation </li></ul><ul><li>Opportunity to commit crime </li></ul><ul><li>Chivalry effect </li></ul><ul><li>Inaccurate statistics </li></ul>
  5. 5. What is the relationship between crime and ethnicity? <ul><li>In 2002 ethnic minority groups made up 22% of the male prison population and 29% of the female prison population. </li></ul><ul><li>Afro-Caribbean people are about 7 times as likely as white and Asian people to be in prison. Two possible reasons for this are: </li></ul><ul><li>That Afro-Caribbean people do commit more crime </li></ul><ul><li>That the criminal justice system is racist and works against them </li></ul><ul><li>Stephen Lawrence case </li></ul>
  6. 6. Crime and social class <ul><li>Studies show that more working class than middle and upper class people are convicted of crime. Why is this do you think? </li></ul><ul><li>Socialisation – norms and values children bought up with are different </li></ul><ul><li>Anomie – people left feeling frustrated due to a lack of opportunities and turn to crime </li></ul><ul><li>Education – w/c youths more likely to fail at school, as a result get lower paid jobs, a lack of money in some cases could lead to criminal activities </li></ul>
  7. 7. What is White Collar Crime? <ul><li>“ Crimes committed by persons of respectability and high social status in the course of their occupations.” </li></ul><ul><li>White-collar crime, therefore, overlaps with corporate crime because the opportunity for fraud, bribery, insider trading, embezzlement, computer crime, copyright infringement, money laundering, identity theft, and forgery are more available to white-collar employees. </li></ul><ul><li>It is hard to detect as it is done within the context of everyday business, therefore it is frequently undetected, unreported and unrecorded. </li></ul>
  8. 8. What is the relationship between crime and locality? Where do you think there is a higher rate of crime in urban or rural areas?