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Transit Operations - The Basics


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A brief overview of key terms, service design basics and other related information for individuals interested in transit operations. The presentation covers key metrics and inputs that transit professionals use for designing service. This presentation was first presented at Transportation Camp South in Atlanta, GA on Feb 9th, 2013. The content was adapted from Transit Planning 101 by Nelson\Nygaard and presented by Paul Supawanich

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Transit Operations - The Basics

  1. 1. Public Transportation Operations:The Basics
  2. 2. Objectives Terminology Planning Service Design Process
  3. 3. Services Types (Fixed Route)LOCAL – All Stops LIMITED – Some Stops EXPRESS – Few stops DEVIATED: flexible SHUTTLES – specializedBRT – Limited stops markets routes
  4. 4. Service Types – Demand Response1. General Public DAR – Dial A Ride that’s open to everyone2. Paratransit/ADA – Dial A Ride for qualified ADA passengers
  5. 5. Basic Operating Data
  6. 6. Basic Operating Data • Platform Hours Hours • Service Hours • Revenue Hours1. Platform Hours: An operator’s timesheet2. Service Hours: The total hours during the day a bus is in motion3. Revenue Hours: The total hours during the day the bus is “open for business”The same logic applies for “Miles”
  7. 7. Basic Operating Data (Service Hours vs RevenueHours) /BusYard “Deadhead” “Revenue Service”
  8. 8. Performance Indicators – Standard Measures Operating Passengers / Operating Passenger Farebox Cost / Subsidy / Revenue Cost / /Revenue RecoveryRevenue Hour Passenger Hour or Mile Passenger Hour Ratio or Mile
  9. 9. Performance Indicators – StandardMeasures Operating Cost / Operating Cost / Farebox Recovery Revenue Hour Passenger Ratio $113.97 $3.37 22%
  10. 10. Operations
  11. 11. OperationsService Schedule Vehicle Schedule Operator• Service Coverage • “Blocking” Schedule• Service Span Assigning vehicles • “Runcutting” –• Frequency to cover day’s work converting schedule into actual shifts of work for operators
  12. 12. Scheduling Terms• Blocking – Creating vehicle assignments• Runcutting – Turning blocks into driver work assignments• Layover/Recovery – and its impacts on route design• Interline• Trippers and Trailers
  13. 13. Scheduling Terms con’t1. Roundtrip Cycle Time (RCT) • The amount of roundtrip travel time, plus layover/recovery time for one trip • RCT can vary by time of day due to loading or traffic conditions
  14. 14. Vehicle Type and Size Vehicle Type Average Cost (2010-2011 vehicles) Articulated Bus (greater $727,213 than 55) Standard Bus $479,585 Replica Trolley $280,490 Minibus $90,204
  15. 15. Bus Stops• Near Side• Far Side• Mid-Block• Streetside
  16. 16. Coverage vs. Productivity “Mobility for people “Get cars off the who need it!” road!” Low Ridership High Ridership - but really important for the people - but no service in many places who use it Social-service Senior CONSTITUENCIES Environmental “Local Return” Fiscal Conservatives Local Economic Development Regional Economic Development
  17. 17. Turning Templates
  18. 18. Run Time Matrix
  19. 19. Overview of the Planning Process
  20. 20. Existing Conditions (Where are we now?)• Passenger Ridecheck (ons/offs by stop) or APC data• Passenger Survey• Historical Performance Data• On-Time Performance Check• Demographics and Projections• Needs/Issues…Opportunities/Constraints
  21. 21. Service Design (Where are we going?)Community input and values • Service area needs • Coverage vs. Productivity • Resource allocation • Budget cuts
  22. 22. Service Design (Where are we going?)con’tNetwork Design • Pulse vs. Grid • Interlines • Minimizing transfers • Determining # of Routes • Estimating Revenue hours • Estimating Revenue miles • Determining Peak vehicles • Estimating Ridership
  23. 23. Final Report (The Plan)• Performance Standards• Service Plan (3-5 years detailed, 5-20 years conceptual)• Vehicle/Capital Plan• Financial Plan• Implementation Plan
  24. 24. Implementation (Ready, Set, Go!)• Changing signs/steps and headsigns• Changing printed material• Field testing routes• Finalize schedules• Marketing/outreach/announcements
  25. 25. First Lastname 111 Address Street City, ST 12345 (555) 555-1212 email@nelsonnygaard.comPaul NELSONNYGAARD CONSULTING ASSOCIATES © 2012