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Transit-Supportive TDM Programs


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A presentation related to TDM's role in supporting transit. Given at the 2013 APA National Conference in Chicago

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Transit-Supportive TDM Programs

  1. 1. Transit-Supportive TDM MeasuresPaul Supawanich, AICP@tweetsupaAssociate Project Planner2013 American Planning Association Conference | CHICAGO, IL
  2. 2. Transit’s Role inTransportationWhat?
  3. 3. Transit’s Role inTransportationCapacity for what? 3
  4. 4. Maintaining Quality of Life, Work, and Sanity Additional growth Theoretical Capacity
  5. 5. “Do what you can, with what youhave, where you are” –Theodore Roosevelt
  6. 6. So remind me, what’s the connection between TDM and transit?
  7. 7. So remind me, what’s the connection between TDM and transit?TDM measures Incent and Enable Transit Access
  8. 8. So remind me, what’s the connection between TDM and transit?TDM Measures Incent and Enable Transit AccessEssentially: TDM enables transit to work better
  9. 9. Transit Trends: UsersExisting incentives – Increasing fuel prices – Interest in urban living – Lower VMT in 2013 than previous 10 years • For 14-34 Year Olds, VMT declined 23% from 2001-2009 – In 2012, transit ridership hit second highest level since 1957
  10. 10. Transit Trends: ProvidersPrevious metric of focus: Ridership – Park and Ride – Planning extent: The stop + stationNew metrics: Ridership + Access – Reducing barriers and increasing incentives – Transit-oriented development – Station pedestrian and bicycle access plans
  11. 11. Key Transit Barriers
  12. 12. Physical
  13. 13. Folding Bikes on TransitBikes on Transit combine bicycling and transit to provide a highlevel of mobility by leveraging strengths of both modes.Benefits – Bridges the first/last mile gap – Extends the service area of transit stations – Eliminates transfers between transit lines – Reduces VMTIn Practice – LA Metro studied potential to subsidize folding bike program to enhance transit ridership – Policies that enable folding bicycles at any time • BART • NYC MTA Long Island Railroad • DC Metrorail • San Francisco MTA
  14. 14. Circulator ShuttlesCirculator shuttles provide a last-mile connection to/from majortransit nodes are highly effective at reducing vehicle trips.Benefits – Bridges the first/last mile gap – Typically replaces a much longer VMT trip – Can replace need for company parking expansionIn Practice – Some cities are developing “shuttle policies” to ensure convenient curb space is available near transit stations – When a critical mass of duplicative services form, a Transportation Management Association (TMA) may be appropriate to provide consolidated service Google Shuttle -- Photo Credit: Flickr User Tuxmann 14
  15. 15. Flexibility
  16. 16. Guaranteed Ride HomeGuaranteed Ride Home Programs: provide a free ride home for“encouraged” modes when emergency situations arise.Benefits – Eliminates fear of being “stuck at work” – Leverages existing transportation resources – Low cost program to encourage transit and other modesIn Practice – Alameda County (Oakland, CA) estimates program reduced 405,496 one-way car trips in 2012 – Equivalent to 3,330 tons of CO2 Credit: Roosbeh Rokni 16
  17. 17. Sunk Cost
  18. 18. Car-sharing (traditional)Car-sharing allows on-demand access to a shared fleet of vehicles on anas-needed basis. Monetizes the true costs of vehicle operation (often less thanowning a vehicle in cities)Benefits – Reduces the need for businesses or households to own their own vehicles – Reduces personal transportation costs and VMT – 11%-26% of car-sharing participants sold a personal vehicle – Eliminates need for vehicle at work for mid-day tripsIn Practice – Accommodation of carsharing pods at transit stations and in residential developments, even airports
  19. 19. Car-sharing (peer-to-peer)Peer-to-Peer Car-sharing has become increasingly popular and hasreduced barriers for accessing car-share vehicles. Enables individuals toshare cars with eachother.Benefits – Leverages existing vehicles to reduce need for personal auto ownership – Enables carsharing to existing in unique marketsIn Practice – Growing marketplace with several nationwide networks
  20. 20. “Touchscreen”Transportation
  21. 21. Incentives
  22. 22. Transit Pass ProgramsTransit Pass (Ecopass) Programs provide a deep discount for transitpasses which provide unlimited ride for participants.Benefits – Highly effective at incentivizing transit use – Reduces need for parking and traffic mitigationsIn Practice – Often bundled with residential “move-in” or company benefits – College campuses have been doing this for years
  23. 23. 90% 81%80% 76% Drove Before Pass Drove After Pass70% Transit Before Pass Transit After Pass 60%60% 57%50% 46% 42%40% 36% 33%30% 27% 25% 24% 20% 21%20% 18% 13% 13% 11%10% 8%0% Santa Clara (VTA) [1] Bellevue, Washington[2] Ann Arbor, Michigan[3] UCLA[4] (faculty and staff) Univ. of Washington, Seattle[5] 23
  24. 24. AC Transit EasyPassAC Transit’s Transbay Pass, which is equivalent to EasyPass, costs $1,590 a year perperson.
  25. 25. XThen there are “sticks”
  26. 26. Commuter Benefits OrdinanceSan FranciscoWho?• Businesses in San Francisco• 20 or more employees nationwideWhat (Requirements)• Pre-tax benefits: up to $245/month for transit/vanpool expenses• Employer-Paid transportation benefits: Monthly subsidy for transportation expenses equivalent to the price of a monthly transit pass• Employer-provided transportation: Company funded bus or van service between employee homes
  27. 27. Commute Trip Reduction Law (CTR)Seattle, WAWho?• Statewide for major employers (100+ employees)• Applied through ordinance at local levelWhat (Requirements)• Local Transportation Coordinator: individual responsible for locally administering CTR program• Implementation of at minimum two of “menu” of
  28. 28. Paul Supawanich, AICP NelsonNygaard Consulting Associates 116 New Montgomery Street, Suite 500 San Francisco, CA 415-284-1544 @tweetsupaNELSONNYGAARD CONSULTING ASSOCIATES © 2013