A Changing Time
The society followed divided in parts, the
nobility had a lot of real power.
-The gentry supported the monarchy.
-The peassantry started to be free from
-the feudal relations.
-The autoritary monarchy was based in:
-The territorial unification.
-The increase of the politic power.
-An army of mercenaries.
-The administration of justice.
The 17th Century
• Europe went trough in a demographic crisis
that decrease the population.
• The society was divided in different
classes, the nobility and the king and gentry.
• The 17th century was a period of decline.
Governed the minor Hasburg (Felipe III, Felipe
IV and Carlos II ). They expelled the Moors and
Portugal became independent. And also take
place the war of the 30 years.
The modern society
• In modern society but was still being stratified
• -The nobility kept its privileges but was
subjected to real power.
• -The bourgeoisie became a partner group that
supported the monarchy up.
• -The peasants began to break free of feudal
• Anthropocentric sense of life.
-The nature and man, were, in the modern age, the
central objectives of the scientific and literary as well
as artistic admiration, in all its branches.
-While in the Middle Ages, life was regarded as a
transition, which sought the true path to eternal
happiness (heaven), in the modern age, especially with
the Renaissance man, without abandoning their
religion , seeks his earthly happiness. There is an
anthropocentric view of life.
-The Modern Age man wants to live fully, chasing
fortune, seeking fame and triumph in the underworld.
The Hispanic Empire
• Encompassed the following places:
Spain, Netherlands, American colonies, much
of Italy and large possessions in Africa and
Asia. But all of them had their own laws and
institutions but all shared the same King.
• FELIPE II: had possessions in America and
important territories in Europe. In 1580 he
became King of Portugal and its colonial
empire. Internal problems more serious were
the Moorish rebellion, these are Muslims that
converted in Christianity, in the Alpujarras and
the revolt of Aragon. On the outside was
facing the Turks, and won them in the battle
of Lepanto, and religious conflicts in the
Netherlands, supported by England.
While Carlos I reigned sucedieron following
• •the revolt of communities in 1520.
• •The showdown against France.
• •The showdown against the Turks.
• •The showdown against the Lutherans.
• (Charles I of Spain and V of Germany; Ghent, Flanders, 1500 -
Yuste, Extremadura, 1558) King of Spain and Emperor of Germany.
With the House of Habsburg was implemented in Spain. Son of
Juana la Loca and Philip was the the fair of Castilla. He was
educated in the Netherlands by Adriano de Utrecht and Guillermo
de Croy, receiving the influence of the humanists of the
• owner of such vast territories, Carlos quickly took the project of
Gattinara restore a universal Christian Empire, which should achieve
an effective hegemony over the other Kings of Christendom. This
enzarzó you in continuous wars against the opponents of such
hegemony. As King of Spain, Carlos has raised important resistance
since his arrival in the country in 1517, due to their status as
foreigner, surrounded by a Court of foreigners and with an eye
toward political goals by far exceeding the limits of the Peninsula.