ENTR4800 Class 2 - Motivations and Drivers for Social Entrepreneurship


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Theory: What are the motivations, drivers, and strategic intentions of social entrepreneurship?

Practice: What are the implications of these drivers on social enterprise (business) models? How are social ventures blending business and social objectives?

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ENTR4800 Class 2 - Motivations and Drivers for Social Entrepreneurship

  1. 1. ENTR 4800: Introduction to Social Entrepreneurship Class 2: Motivations and Drivers for Social Entrepreneurship Monday, September 17, 2012Instructor:Norm Tasevski (norm@socialentrepreneurship.ca)Elisha Muskat (elisha@socialentrepreneurship.ca) 1
  2. 2. © Norm Tasevski & Karim HarjiGuest Lecturer –Marco Di Girolamo 2
  3. 3. © Norm Tasevski & Karim Harji 3
  4. 4. © Norm Tasevski & Karim HarjiAgenda•  What motivates the social entrepreneur?•  What are the motivations for social enterprise?•  What did we learn – Today?•  Next week 4
  5. 5. Motivators for Social Entrepreneurs… 5
  6. 6. © Norm Tasevski & Karim HarjiA Question… What motivates you?? 6
  7. 7. © Norm Tasevski & Karim HarjiSome Definitions•  Internal and external factors that stimulate desire and energy in people to be continually interested in and committed to a job, role or subject, and to exert persistent effort in attaining a goal. Motivation is the energizer of behaviour and mother of all action. It results from the interactions among conscious and unconscious factors such as the (1) intensity of desire or need, (2) incentive or reward value of the goal, and (3) expectations of the individual and of his or her significant others.” BusinessDictionary.com•  “Motivation is the activation or energization of goal-orientated behavior. Motivation may be rooted in the basic need to minimize physical pain and maximize pleasure, or it may include specific needs such as eating and resting, or a desired object, hobby, goal, state of being, ideal, or it may be attributed to less-apparent reasons such as altruism, selfishness, morality, or avoiding morality. Conceptually, motivation should not be confused with either volition or optimism. Motivation is related to, but distinct from, emotion.” Wikipedia 7
  8. 8. © Norm Tasevski & Karim HarjiIn responseto whypeople arenot giving tothe Pakistaniflood in thesame way asthey did forHaiti, onewoman said:!!“It’s a roguestate, if theycan affordthe nuclearbomb theycan lookafter theirown”!! 8
  9. 9. © Norm Tasevski & Karim HarjiCostin Militaru, anoutreach worker…has met addicts asyoung as 9 yearsold. "His familyhad no money forfood. He washungry and keptcrying, so they fedhim heroin,"Militaru says. "Ifyoure high, youdont need food.”!! 9
  10. 10. © Norm Tasevski & Karim Harji“On March 24, 1989,the Exxon Valdezran aground innorthern PrinceWilliam Sound,spilling 42 millionliters of crude oiland contaminating1,990 kilometers ofshoreline. Some2,000 sea otters,302 harborseals and about250,000seabirds diedin the daysimmediatelyfollowing thespill.”! 10
  11. 11. A total of 32,700 © Norm Tasevski & Karim Harjidifferent peoplestayed in Torontosemergency sheltersin 2005. 4,600were children. !!Over half a millionTorontohouseholds livebelow the povertyline!!1 in 10 homelessreport attemptedsuicide in 2006! 11
  12. 12. © Norm Tasevski & Karim Harji 12
  13. 13. © Norm Tasevski & Karim HarjiSo What Motivates The Social/Environmental Entrepreneur? “…it was an epiphanal experience…” Ray Anderson, Interface Carpets
  14. 14. © Norm Tasevski & Karim HarjiSo What Motivates The Social/Environmental Entrepreneur? “I heard the same story again and again. Someone had experienced an intense kind of pain that branded There was them in some way. They said, ‘I had’ to do this. nothing else I could do.” Jody Jensen, Ashoka
  15. 15. © Norm Tasevski & Karim HarjiSo What Motivates The Social/Environmental Entrepreneur? “…that made a real impression on me…” Jeff Skoll, eBay, Skoll Foundation, etc.
  16. 16. © Norm Tasevski & Karim HarjiSo What Motivates The Social/Environmental Entrepreneur? “I was teaching in one of the universities while the country was suffering from a severe famine. People were dying of hunger, and I felt very helpless. As an economist, I had no tool in my toolbox to fix that kind of situation.” Mohammed Yunus, Grameen Bank
  17. 17. © Norm Tasevski & Karim Harji So What Motivates The Social/ Environmental Entrepreneur?“…powerful moments of inspiration…”Jacqueline Novogratz, Acumen Fund
  18. 18. © Norm Tasevski & Karim HarjiWhat about…
  19. 19. Break 19
  20. 20. Motivators for Social Enterprise… 20
  21. 21. © Norm Tasevski & Karim HarjiMotivations: Nonprofitsà Many social enterprises are founded by nonprofitsPrimary motivators: –  Financial self-sufficiency –  Income diversification –  Compliments/expands the organizations mission –  Enhancing the quality/outcomes of programsIncome-generating activities: –  Cost recovery –  Earned income 21
  22. 22. © Norm Tasevski & Karim HarjiMotives and Orientation Source:   h*p://www.4lenses.org/setypology/ mission_orienta:on     22
  23. 23. © Norm Tasevski & Karim HarjiWhat did we learn? 23
  24. 24. © Norm Tasevski & Karim HarjiNext Week•  Deliverable – Your social enterprise idea…•  Readings 24