The Nation Report
By: Bryan Cooper H 141
● Argentina is located in the southern part
of South America with the Andes Mt. as
a border with Chile in the west, and the
south Atlantic Ocean on the east. The
north west is bordered by Paraguay and
Bolivia, and Brazil and Uruguay in the
It's the 2nd
largest country in South
America after Brazil, and the 8th
country in the world. There are 7
Provinces or zones that divides the
● There is 10.03% of the land is arable,
0.36% has permanent crops and 15,500
km2 is irrigated land.
● Argentina claims the Falkland Islands
and the S. Georgia & S. Sandwich Is.
but the U.K. controls them currently.
● Adding to land claims is the Argentine
Antarctica which is controlled by
● The Argentina Andes Mt are the highest
at 6,960 m in South America. Old
growth forests, lakes,and over 1,800
volcanoes with 28 active.
● The rivers are mostly in the north
eastern area, the Prana being the 2nd
longest river in S. America among other
connecting to the Prana and dumping
into the Atlantic Ocean.
● The Lago Buenos Aires is the largest
lake in the country shared by Chile at
2,240 km2. It was created by glaciers.
● In N. Eastern Argentina are the
wetlands, biologically rich region w/
around 60 ponds and marshes, many
birds and insects, very humid.
People of Argentina
● General San Martin Partido
(1778-1850) He led Argentina
against the Spanish Empire in
the Argentina war of
● Jose Hernandez
(1834-1886) He was a journalist,
a poet, & a politician. Best
known as the author of “Epic
poem Martin Fierro”. He
founded the newspaper, “El Rio
de la Plata”. A Federalist,
opposed to centralizing,
modernizing & he called Gen.
Juan Manuel de Rosas a Tyrant!
● Zully Moreno: 8/17/1920-12/1/1999
She was a classic Argentine actress
and sex symbol of the 40's & 50's.
● Fernando Siro:
Born in Villa Ballester (in Buenos
Aires) 8/5/1931- 9/4/2006 & was an
Argentine film actor, film director,
and a screenwriter. In the early
70's he appeared in “Argentino
hasta la muerte” & “Autocine
mon amour” 1972. Passed away
● Oscar Alfredo Galvez: (1913-1989)
a racing driver from Argentina. Was
in Formula One Grand Prix, starting
in 1953, he scored a total of 2
championship points. He was an
active Turismo Carretera series racer
just like his brother Juan.
Culture of Argentina
● The culture is as varied as the mix
of ethnic groups. One of those
groups are the Galician people
from N. west Spain. Buenos Aires
is near 50% Galician.
● Cinema, starting around 1896 has
produced over 2,500 titles, and
Theater starting 1783 from Viceroy
Juan Jose de Vertizy Salcedo.
● Music, from Jazz, classical, rock,
ska, techno, to the Tango- which is
music and dance, not just dance.
● Sculpture & Paining,
Carlos Morel became one of the
first influential painters and in 1933
the ceiling frescoes painting was
created by many muralists at the
Galerias Pacifico arcade.
● Sports, Futbol is a national
obsession, Arg. Won the 1978 and
1986 World Cup & a gold medal at the
2004 S. Olympics. Diego Maradona is
a national hero in Futbol. Other
sports; tennis, rugby, formula racing,
basketball, Polo, & Pato.
● Language, Castilian Spanish is the
official language with many different
accents and dialects, German, Italian,
English, French, Arabic, Basque,
Ukranian, Chinese, Portuguese,
Korean, & about 23 native languages.
● Food, the majority influence are Italian,
French,& Spanish dishes. Argentine beef
is range feed and known to be the best
worldwide. “Locro” is a province food
based on maze, beans & squashes, also
empanadas, pizza, & dulce for sweets.
Mendoza is a famous wine.
● Spain Empire building:
1502 was the first attempt to
acquire Argentina. 1516 was the
next, Juan Diaz de Solis, landing
on the “Rio de la Plata” river
beginning Spanish domination.
● The Spanish raised the status by
establishing a Vice royalty of the
Rio de la Plata in 1776 consisting
of Argentina, Uruguay, Paraguay,
and some of Bolivia. Buenos Aires
was becoming a high center of
● The British tried to invade Buenos
Aires twice but were defeated both
times without the help from main
● War of Independence:
The “May Revolution” in 1810 which
lasted a week, ousted the Viceroy &
replaced him with Junta. Ruled from a
Monarchy to a Republic! The status of
Viceroy was changed to “United
Province of the Rio de la Plata.
● After the May Revolution was the Civil
War between the Unitarians who
believed Buenos Aires should be a
strong “central government” controlling
the provinces around it, and the
Federalists who believed the Provinces
should be autonomous like in the USA
where the states are more powerful than
Washington for their own rights. IN 1820
the Federalists won.
● Juan Rosas ruled from 1829-1852,
neglecting to write a new constitution, a
new one was written which is in force
today, and Pres. Mitre ruled as the first
real Pres. From 1862 - 1868.