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Sc2220 Lecture 1 2009


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Lecture 1: Introduction

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Sc2220 Lecture 1 2009

  1. 1. SC2220: Gender Studies: Introduction Eric C. Thompson Reiko Yamagishi
  2. 2. WARNING: This is course contains material about SEX and SEXUALITY. If discussion and depictions of SEX and SEXUALITY offend you DO NOT TAKE THIS COURSE.* *If you have concerns about the course content, please discuss with the instructor.
  3. 3. Introduction <ul><li>Outline of the Course </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Overview of the Syllabus </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Course Requirements </li></ul></ul><ul><li>What is Gender? Why study Gender? </li></ul>Pink! Must be a Girl Slide.
  4. 4. Materials & Methods <ul><li>Lectures & Discussion Groups </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Dr. Eric C. Thompson </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reiko Yamagishi </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Readings </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Main Text: R.W. Connell (2002) Gender , Polity Press </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Course Pack: Central Library Copy Shop, IVLE E-reserves </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Films </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Films in Lectures </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Available on IVLE if possible </li></ul></ul>Blue! A Boy Slide for Sure!
  5. 5. Assignments & Evaluation <ul><li>Discussion Group (Tutorials) Participation (10%) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Attendance & Active Participation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Be prepared to discuss all material up to date. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Wiki Collaboration and Participation (10%) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Course Wiki: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>All course participants are expected to contribute notes and commentary to the Wiki </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>See syllabus for details. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Group Project (20%) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Group Project in an assigned small group from your Discussion Groups </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Analysis of Popular Representations of Gender </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Presentation of Analysis on the Course Wiki </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Presentation in Third Tutorial </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Final Exam (60%) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Cumulative & Comprehensive </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>All material from lecture, tutorials, readings & films </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Discussion Groups (Tutorials) <ul><li>Tutorial 1: What is gender? Why study it? Biology, Sex, and Gender. </li></ul><ul><li>Tutorial 2: Cultural Constructions of Gender </li></ul><ul><li>Tutorial 3: Group Project Presentations. </li></ul><ul><li>Tutorial 4: Social Dynamics of Gender. </li></ul><ul><li>Tutorial 5: Singapore: Gender Issues and Debates. </li></ul><ul><li>Come prepared to discuss readings in all the tutorials. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Wiki Participation Gender Studies <ul><li>A Wiki is “a collection of web pages designed to enable anyone who accesses it to contribute or modify content.” </li></ul><ul><li>Why a Wiki? – Participation, Collaboration, Learning, Producing, Creating </li></ul><ul><li>The power of “Peer-to-Peer” learning… Lecturers are a guide; the Wiki is a place to go deeper. </li></ul><ul><li>Minimum expectation: At least two substantial contributions during the term (one in each half of the semester). </li></ul>
  8. 8. Modes of Wiki Participation <ul><li>Summaries and Commentaries: All of the Lectures, Readings and Films will have pages on the Wiki. Use these pages to contribute summaries and/or commentaries on the material. </li></ul><ul><li>Gender in the News: Add pages here to summarize and comment on gender related issues in the news (or comment on current events or your own observations of gender related issues in your daily life). </li></ul><ul><li>A “substantial” contribution is 300 to 500 words. </li></ul><ul><li>All other sorts of participation count too! (editing pages, contributing to discussion, etc.) </li></ul>
  9. 9. Overview of the Course <ul><li>Weeks 1-2: Introduction to Gender Studies </li></ul><ul><li>Weeks 3-4: Biology, Sex, and Gender </li></ul><ul><li>Weeks 5-6: Cultural Constructions of Gender </li></ul><ul><li>Weeks 7-9: Social Dynamics of Gender </li></ul><ul><li>Weeks 10-12: Gender, Social Relations and Social Structure </li></ul><ul><li>Week 13: Review </li></ul>Hmmm... Is this a boy slide or girl slide?
  10. 10. Structure of the Course: Systems Theory <ul><li>Understanding gender requires an understanding of interactions between three human systems: biological, social and cultural. </li></ul><ul><li>The course introduces topics on gender related to each of these systems. </li></ul><ul><li>It is helpful, but not necessary , to have a full comprehensive understanding of the relationship among these three systems. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Biological, Social & Cultural Systems <ul><li>Biology: We are a biological species. We are a sexually reproducing species. We are mammals. </li></ul><ul><li>Culture: We communicate and understand the world through symbolic signaling and abstract categorization. </li></ul><ul><li>Social: We interact with each other through exchange, cooperation, alliances, competition and conflict. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Biology, Society & Culture Produce GENDER <ul><li>Our biology (especially our peculiar sexual biology) is a set of conditions on which GENDER is built culturally and socially . </li></ul><ul><li>Our capacity for culture allows us to create many different and largely arbitrary representations of sexual biology. We often act on the basis of these representations – which are not the biology itself (and often ‘misrepresent’ it). </li></ul><ul><li>Our social relations, interactions and exchange relationships with other people are conditioned in complex ways by both biology and culture. </li></ul>
  13. 13. What is Gender?
  14. 14. Gender vs. Sex <ul><li>Gender: a social and cultural construct </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>VS… </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Sex: a biological construct </li></ul>
  15. 15. Sex / Gender / Sexuality <ul><li>Sex refers to the bodies we have as a result of biological processes (e.g. genetics); Genitalia, Hormones, Baldness, Facial Hair, Breasts, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Gender refers to social-cultural elaborations of sex ; social practices and cultural roles associated with sex characteristics. </li></ul><ul><li>Sexuality refers to social-cultural elaborations (especially identities) related to sexual behavior ; activities (ways of ‘having sex’), desires, relational identities (gay, straight, boyfriend, girlfriend, wife, husband, etc.) </li></ul>
  16. 16. Gender is… <ul><li>From the root of Latin verb generare – to beget and Latin stem gener - race or kind. </li></ul><ul><li>A socially constructed system of classification that ascribes qualities of masculinity and femininity to people. </li></ul><ul><li>Flexible characteristics that can change over time, and are different between cultures. </li></ul><ul><li>Referred to with terms such as: man, woman, transgender, masculine, feminine. </li></ul>
  17. 17. Defining Gender <ul><li>Gender is: “a process of creating distinguishable social statuses for the assignment of rights and responsibilities” (Lorber, 1994). </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A process of social construction, and </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A system of social stratification, and </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>An institution that structures all aspects of life. </li></ul></ul>
  18. 18. Defining Gender <ul><li>Gender is: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>a human invention. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>a way to “sort” people and organize society. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>a way to allocate resources. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>a fundamental aspect of understanding. ourselves and others. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>a performance; something we “do” everyday. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Have you done gender today? </li></ul>
  19. 19. Why study gender? <ul><li>Lorber (2001) says: Gender should be viewed “as a society-wide institution that is built into all major organizations of society” – family, schools, mass media, work force, and so on. </li></ul><ul><li>Gender provides a lens into our study of human society. </li></ul><ul><li>An important social institution, gender influences and is influenced by how society organizes and reproduces itself. </li></ul>
  20. 20. Checklist for the Coming Week <ul><li>Register on the Wiki </li></ul><ul><li>Sign-up for Tutorials </li></ul><ul><li>Read Through Syllabus </li></ul><ul><li>Start the Readings </li></ul><ul><li>Eat Healthy </li></ul><ul><li>Do Gender </li></ul>