Location of Libya Located in Northeast corner of Africa. Neighbors Egypt, Tunisia, Algeria, Niger, Chad and Sudan. Mediterranean Sea to the north.
Background Information• Ruled by DICTATOR Muammar al Gaddafi• Libya is about the size of Alaska• 6.5 million residents, - 97 percent of the population is Muslim• Classified as upper middle income level by the World Bank• It contains the ninth largest Oil Reserve in the world• Libya has a poor human rights record ( dont treat people fairly)• In 2010, the Freedom House gave Libya the lowest possible score on a scale of measuring freedom.
Libya History1951: Libya won independence after three decades of Italian rule.1986: U.S. jets bombed a Gaddafi compound in Tripoli.2009: Gaddafi marks 40 years of rule.Feb. 15, 2011: Anti-government protests erupt in Libya. The uprising turnsbloody, with pro-Gaddafi forces firing on protesters.
Why the Protests and Violence?• Recent revolutions in neighboring countries Tunisia and Egypt, demanding democratic changes, inspired violent protests in Libya against the repressive military government.• The Libyan leader Muammar Gaddafi ordered his security forces to sabotage oil facilities in the country, taken over by the protestors.• Gaddafi all but launched a war against his countrys civilian population to maintain control of the oil-rich, North African nation. 5
The World Reaction• 2/25 British nationals were evacuated from Libya• 2/26 Libyan ambassador denounces dictator Gaddafi• 2/27 UN Security Council unanimously votes for sanctions against Libya and refer Gaddafi to International Criminal Court for crimes against humanity.• 2/28 South Asian countries evacuated their nationals• World gold prices hit new high• Refugees flee to Tunisia, more aid is needed• 3/2 Canada sends warship to Libya to evacuate refugees.• 3/3 Oil prices rise to almost $118/barrel. 7
United States Reactions to Turmoil in Libya• President Obama issued an executive order that imposes immediate sanctions on Libyan ruler Muammar al Gaddaﬁ, his sons and his supporters.• All U.S. based assets of Gaddaﬁ and his four sons are frozen and transactions prohibited.• Members of the U.S. embassy staff in Libya are evacuated and the Embassy operations have been suspended.