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<ul><li>Why a standard for Leases ? </li></ul><ul><li>It’s easy to take advantage of leases and avoid debt on your books b...
A  lease   is an agreement whereby the lessor conveys to the lessee in return for a payment or series of payments the righ...
 
<ul><li>Finance Leases :  Transferring control of an asset to the lessee, to the extent that the lessee benefits from it i...
IFRS & US GAAP criteria IFRS US GAAP Ownership transferred to lessee by end of period Included (same) Bargain purchase opt...
IFRS US GAAP Lease transfer ownership to the lessee by the end of the lease term Lease transfer ownership to the lessee by...
IFRS US GAAP The lease term is for the  major part  of the lease asset’s economic life Major part is  specifically determi...
IAS 17.4 , Definitions <ul><li>Minimum Lease Payments: </li></ul><ul><li>Fair Value: (FV) </li></ul><ul><li>Economic Life ...
<ul><li>Lease classification is made at the inception of the lease (IAS 17.7-13) </li></ul><ul><li>Changes during the term...
<ul><li>Initial Recognition:  (IAS 17.7-20) </li></ul><ul><li>Lessee :  Asset + Intial Costs, Liability (IAS 17.7-22) Less...
Key facts  A government department’s agency (lessee) leases a car from a car rental company (lessor) for 5 years. It is as...
Under IFRS - Finance Lease Apr-08 Apr- 09 Apr-10 Apr-11 Apr-12 0 1 2 3 4 Totals Annual Payment 3200 3200 3200 3200 3200 DC...
B/S <ul><li>U.S. GAAP </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Assets (No Change) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Liabilities (No Change) </li></u...
INCOME STATEMENT <ul><li>U.S. GAAP </li></ul><ul><ul><li>NET INCOME: (DECREASE) by Lease Expense </li></ul></ul><ul><li>IF...
RATIOS <ul><li>Debt/Equity  (Decrease) </li></ul><ul><li>Profitability  (Increase) </li></ul><ul><li>ROE  (Increase) </li>...
Differences affect on users
Sale Lease-back
IAS 17 -  Leases <ul><li>Operating vs. Finance </li></ul><ul><li>5 criteria for IFRS </li></ul>
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Ias 17

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International Accounting Standards 17: Leases

  • notes for ias 17 leases
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Ias 17

  1. 5. <ul><li>Why a standard for Leases ? </li></ul><ul><li>It’s easy to take advantage of leases and avoid debt on your books but have the benefits of the asset. </li></ul><ul><li>Comparable information is essential, so leases need to be comparable. </li></ul>Don’t worry dear, it’s a lease. No liability but all the benefits. You’ve just got to know how to work the system.
  2. 6. A lease is an agreement whereby the lessor conveys to the lessee in return for a payment or series of payments the right to use an asset for an agreed period of time. ( 17.4 ) Operating Lease Finance/Capital Lease OR
  3. 8. <ul><li>Finance Leases : Transferring control of an asset to the lessee, to the extent that the lessee benefits from it in a financial way very close in value to its fair value. That is, the total amount paid to the holder of the asset closely approximates the assets actual value. </li></ul><ul><li>Transfer of substantial risk and rewards associated with the asset to lessee. *IAS 17 also covers leases that still require substantial services from the lessor in connection with the asset, as long as the asset is used by the lessee and meets any of the classification criteria. </li></ul><ul><li>Lessee capitalizes the asset, Lessor records it as a finance sale. (effectively removing it from the Lessor’s books) </li></ul>
  4. 9. IFRS & US GAAP criteria IFRS US GAAP Ownership transferred to lessee by end of period Included (same) Bargain purchase option Included (same) Lease term covers major part of assets economic life Included (different) Present value of min. lease payments vs. fair value Included (different) Asset is only usable by Lessee
  5. 10. IFRS US GAAP Lease transfer ownership to the lessee by the end of the lease term Lease transfer ownership to the lessee by the end of the lease term Lessee has an option of buying the asset at price less then fair market Lessee has an option of buying the asset at price less then fair market
  6. 11. IFRS US GAAP The lease term is for the major part of the lease asset’s economic life Major part is specifically determined to be 75% The present value of minimum lease payments at the inception of the lease is equal to substantially all the fair value of the leased asset Substantially all is specifically defined as 90% Land and building should be divided into separate components, with separate classification and accounting Land and building generally accounted as a single unit, unless if land represents 25% or more of total fair value of leased property
  7. 12. IAS 17.4 , Definitions <ul><li>Minimum Lease Payments: </li></ul><ul><li>Fair Value: (FV) </li></ul><ul><li>Economic Life : </li></ul><ul><li>Useful Life : </li></ul><ul><li>Interest Rate implicit: </li></ul><ul><li>Lessee’s incremental borrowing rate of interest: </li></ul>
  8. 13. <ul><li>Lease classification is made at the inception of the lease (IAS 17.7-13) </li></ul><ul><li>Changes during the term that would have altered the classification of the lease at inception count as a new lease for accounting purposes (IAS 17.7-13) </li></ul><ul><li>Contingent Leases </li></ul>
  9. 14. <ul><li>Initial Recognition: (IAS 17.7-20) </li></ul><ul><li>Lessee : Asset + Intial Costs, Liability (IAS 17.7-22) Lessor : Finance Sale </li></ul><ul><li>Payment Recording: (IAS 17.7-25:30) </li></ul><ul><li>Depreciation calculated along lines of other PPE depreciation (and in line with IAS 16) If no guarantee asset will be owned by lessee by the end, then depreciation is the lesser of useful life or the lease term. (7-27) </li></ul>
  10. 15. Key facts A government department’s agency (lessee) leases a car from a car rental company (lessor) for 5 years. It is assumed that the residual value is going to be £2,000 at the end of the lease term. The interest rate applied is 3.5% and other details are as follows: Cost of the car 20,000.00£ Annual Payment 3,200.00£ Expected Residual value on disposal 2,000.00£ Economic life7 yearsCommencement Date 1 April 2008lessee's financial year end31 March Cost of the Car Annual Payment 3200£ Expected Residual Value 2,000£ Economic Life 7 yrs Commencement Date 1 April 2008
  11. 16. Under IFRS - Finance Lease Apr-08 Apr- 09 Apr-10 Apr-11 Apr-12 0 1 2 3 4 Totals Annual Payment 3200 3200 3200 3200 3200 DCF 3.5% 1.00 .97 .93 .90 .87 NPV 3200 3092 2987 2886 2789 14954
  12. 17. B/S <ul><li>U.S. GAAP </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Assets (No Change) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Liabilities (No Change) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Equity : Lease Expense </li></ul></ul><ul><li>IFRS </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Assets (Increase) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Liabilities (Increase) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Equity : Interest Expense </li></ul></ul>
  13. 18. INCOME STATEMENT <ul><li>U.S. GAAP </li></ul><ul><ul><li>NET INCOME: (DECREASE) by Lease Expense </li></ul></ul><ul><li>IFRS </li></ul><ul><ul><li>NET INCOME: (DECREASE) by Int Expense </li></ul></ul>
  14. 19. RATIOS <ul><li>Debt/Equity (Decrease) </li></ul><ul><li>Profitability (Increase) </li></ul><ul><li>ROE (Increase) </li></ul><ul><li>Liquidity (Increase) </li></ul>
  15. 20. Differences affect on users
  16. 21. Sale Lease-back
  17. 22. IAS 17 - Leases <ul><li>Operating vs. Finance </li></ul><ul><li>5 criteria for IFRS </li></ul>

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