Epiphany - typing on the door of the house - K + M + B + the number of year Carnival (in Polish:Karnawał, Zapusty)period of winter balls, masquerades, parades and parties. Usually begins on the Epiphany day and ends at Tuesday before Ash Wednesday, which marks the beginning of Lent and a waiting at Easter. The name comes from the Italian carne vale, and the word is derived from the Latin and meant a farewell to meat before beginning of the Lent.
Formerly carnival was called in Poland Zapusty . The most sumptuously celebrated period - Ostatki (the Shrovetide), those are days between so called Tłusty Czwartek (Fat Thursday) and Kusy Wtorek (Scanty Tuesday) in other words between the Thursday and Shrove Tuesday, preceding Ash Wednesday. It was a merry time of games, dances and mutual visits with a profuse repast. At the manors joyous celebration lasted continuously, a neighbors have visited each other. A rich, fatty foods was to ensure prosperity for the entire year. Also drunk much liquor - vodka and beer, singing traditional chants, were performing traditional dances, had place colorful parades and costumed performances. Folk carnival were associated with beliefs andrites, that having symbolize the end of winter and the arrival of spring, and also lead to fertility and the rich harvest.
In the cities, sumptuous feasts, costume balls and masquerade were organized in the palaces and manors in Poland since the sixteenth century. Former carnival did not differ much from that of today. In the higher statesit was the time of tournamentsand huntings, rich banquets and balls. Fashionable pastime of this period were drawn sleigh rides, which were traveling from court to court, stopping there at a banquet and dances. Until today, survived only habit of eating donuts on Fat Tuesday. Formely, Fat Thursday was filled of abundant food and drink, and from the seventh/eighth century, could not miss on the tables of the sweet racuchy (kind of pancake) donuts or faworki (crunch cakes).
Masked Ball by Giuseppe VerdiThe performance of the Opera Wroclaw
And at the end: Duel after prom Mascarade The painting by Jean-Leon GeromeMasquerading does not always end well, and under the masks can hide the evil intentions
Years passed and the situation has changed diametrically. The pageant of costumed, feasts and balls disappeared as if by magic, and remained the only discotheques and sit at tables in the lastSaturday of the carnival. Now, old habits can be seen only during folklore events. We forget about the tradition and culture of past centuries, we contribute to the blurring of own national identity. This identity lies yet in the old centuries, in that what invented in the past, not now. Our duty is to cultivate those traditions, because without them the nation is simply dead.
Background sound - "Kurdesz” by Francis Bohomolec, banquet song of the eighteenth centuryThe illustrations - taken from accessible websitesThe presentation was made by - Anna