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Jackie Daniels, MSW, LCSW Office of Alternative Screening and Intervention Services AAIP, SMART and MIP Programs Eigenmann...
What Are The odds? <ul><li>1 in 571,787 pregnancies result in the birth of identical quadruplets </li></ul><ul><li>1 in 75...
Overview <ul><ul><li>Definitions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Brief History and Prevalence </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Colleg...
Games Vs. Gambling <ul><li>Games are activities that involve one or more people, have a goal that is trying to be reached ...
Types of Gambling Gateway Gambling? “ Play Money.   It looks  real  but this paper money is intended to be played with in...
Gambling History in Indiana George Caleb Bingham, Raftsmen Playing Cards , 1847. (Dido Image Bank, Indiana University) <ul...
There’s More than Corn in Indiana Introduction to Indiana Gambling Laws “Indiana Moves Ahead of Mississippi in 3 rd  Natio...
Gambling and The Law <ul><li>FEDERAL </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.gambling-law-us.com/Federal-Laws/  </li></ul><ul><li>STA...
Prevalence of College Student Gambling <ul><li>400,000 male youth in the college age range (18 to 22) gamble for money at ...
Why Should we be Concerned? <ul><li>85% of college students in the US report having been involved in some form of gambling...
The Why and What of College Gambling <ul><li>Why do students gamble? </li></ul><ul><li>Curiosity, experimentation </li></u...
Gambling and College Sports NCAA  <ul><li>35% of men and 10% of women admitted to gambling on sports, a direct violation o...
Gambling Horror Stories <ul><li>Father Kills Himself, Wife, Children Over Gambling Debt </li></ul><ul><li>Tennessee Tech T...
How Can You  Help ? <ul><li>Know the Signs </li></ul><ul><li>Frequency </li></ul><ul><li>Increasing amounts of money and t...
THE PROBLEMS <ul><li>Debt </li></ul><ul><li>Missed classes </li></ul><ul><li>Security </li></ul><ul><li>Alcohol often invo...
Recommendations <ul><li>If you choose to gamble: set a plan, stick to it and educate yourself about what you are up agains...
Resources <ul><li>Indiana Prevention Resource Center/IPGAP </li></ul><ul><li>Gambler’s Anonymous ( www.gamblersanonymous.o...
References <ul><li>Indiana Prevention Resource Center- Mary A. Lay, MPH, CHES, CPP- Coordinator of Indiana Problem Gamblin...
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College Students and gambling

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For January 2011 Residential Programs and Services Conference at Indiana University

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College Students and gambling

  1. 1. Jackie Daniels, MSW, LCSW Office of Alternative Screening and Intervention Services AAIP, SMART and MIP Programs Eigenmann Hall West 726 Indiana University, Bloomington January 7 th , 2011 College Students and Gambling What You Need to Know Special Thanks to IPGAP and Dani Marlette Perkins
  2. 2. What Are The odds? <ul><li>1 in 571,787 pregnancies result in the birth of identical quadruplets </li></ul><ul><li>1 in 750,000 people will be struck by lightning in 2011 </li></ul><ul><li>1 in 4 people will be in a car accident in their lifetime </li></ul><ul><li>Lottery Jackpot? Matching 6 of 6 odds: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>1:12,271,512 (Mary Lay, IPRC) </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>??How many of you have ever gambled??
  3. 3. Overview <ul><ul><li>Definitions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Brief History and Prevalence </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>College Students: Venues, Availability, Exposure </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Horror Stories </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Concerns and Implications for Higher Education </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Recommendations and Resources </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Games Vs. Gambling <ul><li>Games are activities that involve one or more people, have a goal that is trying to be reached and rules to establish what can and cannot be done. They are played primarily for enjoyment, but can also have an educational role. </li></ul><ul><li>Gambling is any behavior that involves risking something of value (“the stakes”). It can be a game or contest outcome is dependent upon chance or the ability to do something. </li></ul><ul><li>GAMES or GAMBLING? </li></ul><ul><li>Bingo at Moose Lodge </li></ul><ul><li>State Lottery </li></ul><ul><li>Beer Pong </li></ul><ul><li>Monopoly </li></ul><ul><li>Football </li></ul><ul><li>NCAA Pool for March Madness/Final Four </li></ul>
  5. 5. Types of Gambling Gateway Gambling? “ Play Money.  It looks real but this paper money is intended to be played with instead of spent! Gamble with it at your casino night party! Let little kids tuck it into wallets and purses!” -Oriental Trading Company Casino Lottery Sports Betting Poker Wagering on Horses or Dogs Internet “gaming” Children’s Roulette Wheel Chocolate Poker Chips &quot;Anyone who has ever been with a child who is playing games that would be illegal if they paid out in cash knows how quickly money disappears into these devices, and how mesmerizing they are to children.“ - I. Nelson Rose, law professor at Whittier Law School in California
  6. 6. Gambling History in Indiana George Caleb Bingham, Raftsmen Playing Cards , 1847. (Dido Image Bank, Indiana University) <ul><li>October 13th, 1989- First day of scratch-off ticket sales </li></ul><ul><li>(12:10pm) </li></ul><ul><li>July 1 st , 1993- Indiana Riverboat Gaming Act was passed (10 riverboats allowed). 10 opened in 1995. </li></ul><ul><li>September 1, 1995- First Horse track is opened in Anderson </li></ul><ul><li>1995 - Off Track Horse Betting Parlors open in Fort Wayne, Indianapolis and Merrillville (operated by Churchill Downs) </li></ul><ul><li>December 6, 2002- Shelbyville opens Hoosier Downs horse track </li></ul><ul><li>2002-2004 - Off Track Horse Betting Parlors open in Evansville and Clarksville (operated by Indiana Downs) </li></ul><ul><li>French Lick Casino opens in 2006 , after legislation called for the addition of another riverboat casino in 2003 </li></ul><ul><li>2006 - Legislation for “charity gaming” transferred regulation from Indiana Department of Revenue to Indiana Gaming Commission (separate regulations for charity/non-profit gaming). Total value of prizes cannot exceed $1,000 in single event, or $3,000 in one year. </li></ul><ul><li>2007 - “RACINOS” 2,000 slot machines added at each of the 2 horse racing tracks in Shelbyville and Anderson. </li></ul><ul><li>Do you know the legal age limit for? </li></ul><ul><li>Hoosier Lottery </li></ul><ul><li>Casino Gambling </li></ul><ul><li>Parimutuel Betting </li></ul><ul><li>Charity Gaming </li></ul>
  7. 7. There’s More than Corn in Indiana Introduction to Indiana Gambling Laws “Indiana Moves Ahead of Mississippi in 3 rd Nationwide in Gambling”- IDS 3/2010
  8. 8. Gambling and The Law <ul><li>FEDERAL </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.gambling-law-us.com/Federal-Laws/ </li></ul><ul><li>STATE </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.gambling-law-us.com/State-Law-Summary/ </li></ul><ul><ul><li>UIGEA (2006) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Anti-Lottery Laws Prohibit Use of Mail to Promote Lotteries </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The Wire Wage Act outlaws the use of interstate telephone facilities by those in the gambling business to transmit bets or gambling-related information (1961) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Video/Cherry Picker games illegal </li></ul><ul><li>Internet Gambling, book-making, card games for money and numbers games are illegal </li></ul>According to the Indiana Department of Revenue: Playing for Money is illegal (felony) unless at a Casino or at a registered not-for-profit Bookie= an individual who takes bets and either holds them or passes them along to an illegal sports book. - Rockey and King,2006
  9. 9. Prevalence of College Student Gambling <ul><li>400,000 male youth in the college age range (18 to 22) gamble for money at least once a week on the Internet, and over 1.7 million do so at least once a month </li></ul><ul><li>Gambling rates for females continue to be lower than for their male counterparts, but sports betting is on the rise for women </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>NASY- National Annenberg Survey of Youth </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>There is no National Survey of Youth for gambling. Youth gambling studies are local and relatively new. - Winters, Anderson. Journal of Gambling Studies, 2000.   Male youth ages 14 to 17 Male youth ages 18 to 22 Type of Gambling Rate in 2008 Rate in 2010 Change Rate in 2008 Rate in 2010 Change   Cards   20.1   14.5   -5.6   31.6   33.3   1.7   Sports   28.9   24.1   -4.8   23.7   23.1   -0.6   Internet   2.7   6.2   4.5   4.4   16.0   11.6   Other   10.5   6.9   -3.6   33.0   32.1   -0.9   Total   41.7   38.2   -3.5   54.4   52.6   -1.8
  10. 10. Why Should we be Concerned? <ul><li>85% of college students in the US report having been involved in some form of gambling and 23% report being involved on a weekly basis </li></ul><ul><li>Studies suggest that 4-8% of college students can be classified as problem/pathological gamblers </li></ul><ul><li>Studies show that another 10% of college students can be considered serious social gamblers where negative consequences occur </li></ul><ul><li>Problem Gambling among college students is more than DOUBLE that of the general adult population </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>IPRC Indiana Problem Gambling Awareness Program (IPGAP) </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Technology and Security Issues (Anonymity and 24/7 Access </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Brown, S. (2006) </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  11. 11. The Why and What of College Gambling <ul><li>Why do students gamble? </li></ul><ul><li>Curiosity, experimentation </li></ul><ul><li>Independence </li></ul><ul><li>Quick riches </li></ul><ul><li>Boredom and Depression </li></ul><ul><li>Entertainment </li></ul><ul><li>Proximity to casinos </li></ul><ul><li>Availability of financial means (credit, parents, student loans) </li></ul><ul><li>Free alcohol in casinos </li></ul><ul><li>Adrenaline-induced high </li></ul><ul><li>Inability to regulate impulses </li></ul><ul><li>Availability of activity on campus </li></ul><ul><li>Availability </li></ul><ul><li>Local and campus poker tournaments </li></ul><ul><li>School/Student Organization sponsored events </li></ul><ul><li>On-line contests, gambling sites and sports betting sites </li></ul><ul><li>Family and Friends </li></ul><ul><li>Pull Tabs, lottery </li></ul><ul><li>Riverboats, casinos </li></ul><ul><li>Dorm video game playing </li></ul><ul><li>Websites to assist Sports Betting </li></ul><ul><li>Gamble on Grades! </li></ul>
  12. 12. Gambling and College Sports NCAA <ul><li>35% of men and 10% of women admitted to gambling on sports, a direct violation of NCAA rules </li></ul><ul><li>14-19% of male student athletes met at least 1 of 10 DSM criteria for pathological gambling </li></ul><ul><li>Approximately 67% of all college students bet on sports </li></ul><ul><li>Sports betting is 2 nd to poker in popularity of gambling games among college students </li></ul><ul><li>-Paskus and Derevensky, 2010, NCAA Research </li></ul>“ With gambling closely tied to collegiate athletics, it should come as no surprise that coaches, athletic administrators and even referees report much higher rates of gambling and the negative behaviors associated with it.” Festering Beneath the Surface: College Students and Gambling , Illinois Higher Education Center (2005)
  13. 13. Gambling Horror Stories <ul><li>Father Kills Himself, Wife, Children Over Gambling Debt </li></ul><ul><li>Tennessee Tech Tennis Coach </li></ul><ul><li>Tulane Point Shaving Scandal </li></ul><ul><li>Lehigh Student Class President charged with Robbery </li></ul><ul><li>1919 World Series </li></ul>
  14. 14. How Can You Help ? <ul><li>Know the Signs </li></ul><ul><li>Frequency </li></ul><ul><li>Increasing amounts of money and time spent </li></ul><ul><li>Negative Consequences </li></ul><ul><li>Gambling to cope with stress, depression or loneliness </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>-Gambling Among College Students, Minnesota Institute of Public Health (MIPH) </li></ul></ul></ul>-Medical Advocates of Virginia
  15. 15. THE PROBLEMS <ul><li>Debt </li></ul><ul><li>Missed classes </li></ul><ul><li>Security </li></ul><ul><li>Alcohol often involved (not causal, but linked) </li></ul><ul><li>Alienation and isolation </li></ul><ul><li>Depression </li></ul><ul><li>Interpersonal relationship difficulty </li></ul><ul><li>Addiction </li></ul><ul><li>Suicide </li></ul><ul><li>Problem Gambling </li></ul><ul><li>Term used to describe persons with problems in their lives due to gambling </li></ul><ul><li>Pathological Gambling </li></ul><ul><li>Clinical term used to describe Impulse Control Disorder in DSM-IV (312.31) </li></ul>Stinchfield, Hanson and Olson, 2006.
  16. 16. Recommendations <ul><li>If you choose to gamble: set a plan, stick to it and educate yourself about what you are up against </li></ul><ul><li>Become aware of problem gambling signs, and risks on campus (exposure, availability, technology and finances) </li></ul><ul><li>Talk to students, residents and co-workers about gambling (don’t be afraid!). Hold workshops, educate parents and students during orientation… </li></ul><ul><li>Talk to the IPRC, OASIS or the ADIC if you need resources </li></ul><ul><li>Enforce current IU related policies that can educate about the dangers of gambling and curb illegal gambling (i.e.- RPS Rules and Regulations D4) and NCAA Regulations </li></ul><ul><li>Consider development of IU Policy about gambling, involving all stakeholders in discussion (IT and Financial Aid included) </li></ul><ul><li>Change the Climate of Acceptance </li></ul><ul><li>Treat problem gambling as a social health issue </li></ul>
  17. 17. Resources <ul><li>Indiana Prevention Resource Center/IPGAP </li></ul><ul><li>Gambler’s Anonymous ( www.gamblersanonymous.org / ) </li></ul><ul><li>National Council on Problem Gambling </li></ul><ul><li>Problem Gambling Help Line- 1-800-994-8448 </li></ul><ul><li>Centerstone and Amethyst House </li></ul><ul><li>Florida Council on Problem Gambling- SAGA Program (Students Against Gambling Addiction)- Materials geared towards Residence Hall Staff http://gamblinghelp.org/pages/resources/toolkits.php </li></ul><ul><li>NCAA Sponsored Website http://dontbetonit.org/ </li></ul>
  18. 18. References <ul><li>Indiana Prevention Resource Center- Mary A. Lay, MPH, CHES, CPP- Coordinator of Indiana Problem Gambling Prevention Initiative & IPGAP website ( http://www.ipgap.indiana.edu/ ) </li></ul><ul><li>Indiana Prevention Resource Center. (2010). Alcohol, Tobacco and Other Drug Use by Indiana Children and Adolescents: The IPRC 2010 Prevalence Statistics Main Findings. Indiana Prevention Resource Center. Retrieved December, 2010 from http://www.drugs.indiana.edu/publications/survey/indianaSurvey_2010_high.pdf </li></ul><ul><li>NCAA Office of Government Relations </li></ul><ul><li>American Gaming Association. (2010). 2010 State of the States . American Gaming Association. Retrieved December 15, 2010 from www. americangaming.org / survey /index.cfm </li></ul><ul><li>Indiana University Student Code of Conduct and A to Z Guide to Residence Hall Living </li></ul><ul><li>Brown, S. (2006) . The Surge in Online Gambling on College Campuses. Gambling on Campus . 113, 53-61. </li></ul><ul><li>Lesieur, H.R.. Cross, J., Frank, M., Welch, M., White, C.M, Rubenstein, G.. Mosely. K., and Mark, M. “Gambling and Pathological Gambling Among University Students .” Addictive Behaviors , 1001, 16 , 517-527. </li></ul><ul><li>McClellan, G & Winters, K. (2006). Gambling: An Old School New Wave Challenge for Higher Education in the Twenty-First Century. Gambling on Campus. 113, 9-23. </li></ul><ul><li>Rockey, D. & King, C. (2006) Sports Wagering. Gambling on Campus. 113, 43-51. </li></ul><ul><li>Stinchfield, R., Hanson, W., & Olson, D. (2006) Problem and Pathological Gambling Among College Students. Gambling on Campus . 113, 63-72. </li></ul><ul><li>Welte, J.W., et al. Risk Factors for Pathological Gambling. Addictive Behaviors , 2004, 29 , 323-335. </li></ul><ul><li>Several websites directly linked in presentation </li></ul>

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