Legal Impairment is only “legal” for 21 and above. Legally unimpaired means it is no longer safe to drive or be in public from a legal standpoint. Driving at any BAC is a risk. Anything between .05 and .08 (for 21 and over) – legally impaired- means you can be arrested for PI, DUI, as long as there is probable cause for concern about the safety of you and others. Illegally impaired is the actual legal limit for drinking, period. If you are under 21, these laws apply, but there can be stricter punishments for you as there is no tolerance in Indiana (legally) for underage drinking. Alcohol poisoning means the body starts to reject alcohol due to the experience of a toxic substance present in the body. This is only the case for someone drinking 1-2 drinks per hour. At .15 BAC , you have consumed the equivalent to one half pint of whiskey. It marinates your liver and increases the risks associated with kidney, pancreatic and liver functions. Even in young people. Emergency services must be called when someone passes out . Their breathing, heart rate and brain functions can diminish quickly. They also risk dehydration. (see Lifeline Law) If someone has been drinking quickly (pre-gaming, shots, drinking games, or anything else that results in drinking more than 2 in one hour), and passes out, their BAC can continue to increase as the body processes the alcohol. Very important to know this as they can go from passed out to coma quickly.
The physiological signaling system only works if you are drinking at a steady pace (1-2 standard drinks in an hour). As you drink, your body sends you “signals” to tell you if you’re fine, overdosing (alcohol poisoning) or toxic. The arrows below the line show what function becomes difficult or could happen-- and above the line is what is being affected as you drink.
These are individual risk factors and help students identify their individual risk for further problems (later) with alcohol. Tolerance- using alcohol in increasing amounts for the desired effect over time can eventually result in dependence on alcohol (alcoholism) Consequences- Students who continue to drink in the face of consequences are at a greater risk of future problems from alcohol. Some students risk more than others (scholarships, suspension/expulsion, loss of career opportunities, loss of relationships, poor reputation, familial disappointment, professional licenses, etc.) Family Risk- We know from genetic and twin studies that risk related to alcohol problems can be traced to familial history, ethnicity, etc. Risk taking- Students who are risk takers can be identified as : Wanting consistent excitement, trying anything at least once, adrenaline junkies, etc. They are more likely to do illegal drugs, and other high risk behaviors related to alcohol (stupid human tricks that result in injury or harm to others). Students that combine alcohol with other drugs are also seen as risk takers. Control- the epitome of drug or alcohol addiction is loss of control over amount, frequency, desire and need for alcohol. Students need to monitor their drinking not only for their safety, but to monitor if use is increasing, becoming more frequent and if they spend a lot of time thinking about it.
Facilitator: Here are a list of campus resources you should use to help you help others. Handout resource handout
Alcohol and Women- Sorority Presentation
Alcohol and IYou Jackie Daniels, MSW, LCSWOffice of Alternative Screening and Intervention Services (OASIS) Eigenmann Hall West 725 firstname.lastname@example.org
STATS (everyone loves numbers)• 50% of IU men and women drink at least once a month• 30% are “risky” drinkers• 30% don’t drink• 15% smoke pot at least once a month• 6% take Rx drugs monthly (Adderall, Vicodin and Xanax)• 2% use cocaineN=5,500• Source: Indiana Collegiate Substance Use Survey 2012
Biological Sex Women Have More Differences Vulnerabilities than MenMetabolism of Alcohol: •Liver damage and hepatitis•Less water=HigherConcentration & Faster •Heart Disease in HeavyIntoxication ConsumersAlcohol and Birth Control •Increased risk for breast•Alcohol does not changebirth control effectiveness cancer in women who drink more than one drink per day•Alcohol takes longer to leavebody=Increased intoxication •Drive drunk less, yet higher& BAC risk for traffic fatality
What is a “Drink?”“Standard” Keep in mind… • Beer can range in alcohol % • 100 proof liquor= 1 oz. • Carbonated beverages=More rapid rise in BAC • Measuring is the only way to track correctly! • TRY- BAC App on Smartphone
illegally impaired* toxic pass out*legally unimpaired* Drinking (1/2pint of whiskey) death (½) .01 .05 .08 .10 .11 .15 .20 .30 .40 .45 legally impaired* black out (dangerous drinking – coma alcohol low memory function) poisoning ??? Legal drinking age in Indiana is…. ???Impairment BAC in Indiana is… blood alcohol concentration
motor coordination low signal memory breathing heart rate.01 .05 .08 .10 .11 .15 .20 .30 .40 .45 abstract reasoning judgment emotion regulation logic consciousness spit sweat pee death (½) puke (poisoning) the alcohol signaling system
Attentional Myopia• The more we drink, the less likely we are to attend to things in the periphery• Our attention turns to what is right in front of us – Ego Boost (taller, more talkative, better dancer) – Real worries get worse – Pleasure in the moment (risky sex, driving) – “In the zone” (better writer, philosopher) » Steele C.M & Josephs R.A., 1990)
RISK FACTORS• Consequences- Legal, Health, Academic, Relational, Financial• Tolerance- Less able to get the “signals”• Family Risk- Nature vs. Nurture• Risk Taking- Combining substances, Brain Affects• Control- Voluntary vs. Involuntary » National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism
Combining Substances*• Stimulants (Cocaine, Adderall)- Higher Tolerance= illusion of less intoxication can lead to overdose• Marijuana- decreases ability to vomit, increases affects of alcohol• Antihistamines- Increase affect of alcohol• Prescription Medication- Use your doctor and pharmacists as resources= Informed Consumerism!!!• Sedatives (Benzodiazepines) – DANGEROUS (breathing, heart rate) CNS Depressants• Narcotics/Opiates-DANGEROUS (breathing, heart rate) CNS Depressants *Affects differ from person to person
LIFELINE• Legal immunity for person seeking medical assistance for a person suffering from an alcohol- related health emergency: – PI – Minor Possession and Consumption – Minor transportation• To meet criteria under the law, one must: - Provide full name & any other relevant information requested by law enforcement officers - Remain on the scene until law enforcement and emergency medical assistance arrives - Cooperate with authorities on the scene
What is Your P.L.A.N.?• People- Who is your buddy, who is sober? Who do you call for help? Who do you trust? Why?• Location- Where are you going? Do you know someone there? Where is it? Have you told anyone? Where are you staying? How will you get there?• Amount- What’s your limit? Why? How are you going to keep track? What will you do if you don’t stick to it?• NEVER… - What are your deal breakers? What is your limit? Who is not okay? What is not okay? Have
IU Resources• Residential Programs & Services (RPS) staff• Counseling and Psychological Services (CAPS)• Sexual Assault Crisis Services (SACS)• Office of Alternative Screening and Intervention Services (OASIS)• Student Life and Learning (Hazing)• Student Advocates Office (academic, legal)• Student Legal Services• Office of Student Ethics• Incident Teams (email@example.com)• IUPD, 911