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Mme Brenner's Paris Presentation

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overview of the city

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Mme Brenner's Paris Presentation

  1. 1. Paris, la Ville Lumière <ul><li>Capital of France </li></ul><ul><li>Capital of fashion, art, technology and cuisine </li></ul><ul><li>Nickname= city of light= knowledge </li></ul><ul><li>Approx. 12 miles across </li></ul>
  2. 2. Notre Dame de Paris <ul><li>Name means “Our Lady”= Mary </li></ul><ul><li>Located on Ile de la Cité </li></ul><ul><li>Gothic cathedral pointy arches, gargoyles, stained glass, tall=600 feet </li></ul><ul><li>Took 200 years to build during the middle ages </li></ul><ul><li>Built to house the crown of thorns and cross </li></ul><ul><li>Parvis= small plaque in front on sidewalk that measures all distances to and from Paris </li></ul><ul><li>2 front towers were left unfinished </li></ul>
  3. 3. La Sainte-Chapelle <ul><li>Small gothic cathedral </li></ul><ul><li>Only took 20 years to build </li></ul><ul><li>Home of the crown of thorns and portion of the cross </li></ul><ul><li>Next door to Notre Dame </li></ul><ul><li>Famous for stained glass windows </li></ul><ul><li>Connected to Palais de Justice / Supreme Court </li></ul>
  4. 4. Sacré C œur <ul><li>Name means “Sacred heart” built to honor Catholics who were martyred on the hillside </li></ul><ul><li>White basilica= domed church </li></ul><ul><li>In Montmartre, district to north known for artists </li></ul><ul><li>Located on Place du Tertre </li></ul>
  5. 5. La Madeleine <ul><li>White Greek-style temple </li></ul><ul><li>On Rive Droite / Right Bank </li></ul><ul><li>No windows </li></ul><ul><li>Built by Louis XV </li></ul><ul><li>Sculptures of the 10 commandments </li></ul>
  6. 6. Le Pont Neuf <ul><li>Name means “New Bridge” </li></ul><ul><li>Oldest bridge in Paris - begun 1578 & finished 1607 </li></ul><ul><li>Connects Ile de la Cité to the Rive Droite & the Rive Gauche </li></ul>
  7. 7. L’Arc de Triomphe <ul><li>Built by Napoleon </li></ul><ul><li>Roman in style </li></ul><ul><li>On Place de l’Etoile which was later renamed Place Charles de Gaulle, after the French President </li></ul><ul><li>12 avenues that radiate out form a Rond Point (traffic circle) </li></ul><ul><li>Located at end of the Champs Elysées </li></ul>
  8. 8. L’Arc du Carrousel <ul><li>Built by Napoleon in 1800 </li></ul><ul><li>Roman in style </li></ul><ul><li>Resembles Arc de Triomphe, but smaller and has 3 arches </li></ul><ul><li>3 arches= liberty, equality and brotherhood </li></ul><ul><li>Outside Louvre, marks entrance to Tuileries Gardens </li></ul>
  9. 9. La Grande Arche <ul><li>Built in 1989 for France’s bi-centennial </li></ul><ul><li>Modern interpretation of the Arc de Triomphe </li></ul><ul><li>Modern office building, “cubes” </li></ul><ul><li>Located in La Défense district </li></ul><ul><li>Has a strange bat-like tarp that hangs in the middle </li></ul><ul><li>So large that Notre Dame would fit inside the arch! </li></ul>
  10. 10. La Tour Eiffel <ul><li>Built in 1889 for the Universal Expo + France’s centennial </li></ul><ul><li>3 étages (levels) </li></ul><ul><li>Controversial- hate turned to love </li></ul><ul><li>Has restaurants, movie theaters and shops </li></ul><ul><li>Military post, satellite and weather station </li></ul><ul><li>Located on the Champs de Mars which is on the Rive Gauche / left bank </li></ul>
  11. 11. Le Louvre <ul><li>Former royal palace </li></ul><ul><li>Largest art museum in the world, through 1890 </li></ul><ul><li>New entrance, glass pyramid </li></ul><ul><li>Famous works include La Joconde = Mona Lisa; Winged Victory = Nike; </li></ul><ul><li>Venus de Milo </li></ul>
  12. 12. La Joconde <ul><li>By Leonardo Da Vinci </li></ul><ul><li>Italian painter brought to France by François I during the Renaissance </li></ul><ul><li>Unknown woman with a strange glance </li></ul>
  13. 13. La Victoire de Samothrace <ul><li>Known as Nike, the Greek goddess of victory </li></ul><ul><li>Nike adopted the swoosh and Just-do-it logo, after the Winged Goddess of Victory </li></ul>
  14. 14. La Vénus de Milo <ul><li>Famous Greek statue of the goddess Aphrodite </li></ul><ul><li>Carved of marble about 100 BC </li></ul><ul><li>Found in 1820 on the island of Milos </li></ul>
  15. 15. Le Palais de Chaillot <ul><li>4 museums: science + mankind, Naval, and Cinematography </li></ul><ul><li>Home of Einstein’s brain </li></ul><ul><li>Shaped like two embracing arms </li></ul><ul><li>Center area has a platform, excellent for viewing the Eiffel Tower </li></ul>
  16. 16. Le Musée Rodin <ul><li>Former hotel, turned art museum </li></ul><ul><li>Ground and hotel used to display statues by Rodin </li></ul><ul><li>Le Penseur (The Thinker) is a famous statue which greets you at the garden’s entrance </li></ul>
  17. 17. Musée d’Orsay <ul><li>Former train station </li></ul><ul><li>Art museum which houses art from 1850-1920 </li></ul><ul><li>Known for its Impressionist paintings </li></ul>
  18. 18. Claude Monet
  19. 19. Auguste Renoir
  20. 20. Vincent Van Gogh
  21. 21. Le Centre Pompidou <ul><li>Modern art museum </li></ul><ul><li>Also known as Beaubourg, this district where it is located </li></ul><ul><li>Renamed for the French President who was in charge of its development, Georges Pompidou </li></ul>
  22. 22. L’Hôtel des Invalides <ul><li>Former church </li></ul><ul><li>First used by Louis XV to house wounded soldiers </li></ul><ul><li>Napoleon also used it for his soldiers </li></ul><ul><li>Contains military history museum and veteran’s center </li></ul><ul><li>Napoleon is buried here </li></ul>
  23. 23. Champs Elysées <ul><li>Most famous street in Paris </li></ul><ul><li>Begins at Place de la Concorde </li></ul><ul><li>Ends at L’Arc de Triomphe </li></ul><ul><li>Up-hill, tree-lined </li></ul><ul><li>All parades and political events happen here </li></ul>
  24. 24. Place de la Concorde <ul><li>Square outside the Louvre </li></ul><ul><li>Former site of the guillotine </li></ul><ul><li>Today the Obelisk de Luxor, a gift from Eygpt, stands there </li></ul>
  25. 25. Le Jardin des Tuileries <ul><li>Garden outside the Louvre </li></ul><ul><li>The Tuileries wing of the Louvre burned; all that remains are the gardens </li></ul><ul><li>Kings of France used to stroll here </li></ul><ul><li>Fountains used for toy boat races </li></ul>
  26. 26. La Cimetière Père LaChaise <ul><li>Famous cemetery </li></ul><ul><li>Eternal resting place for many famous singers and actors </li></ul><ul><li>Jim Morrison, Edie Piaf, Charles Balzac, Chopin, Toulouse-Lautrec, Marcel Proust </li></ul>
  27. 27. Le Jardin du Luxembourg <ul><li>Gardens and home of the French Senate </li></ul><ul><li>On the Rive Gauche, left bank </li></ul><ul><li>Cinquième arrondissement, 5 th </li></ul><ul><li>In the Latin Quarter </li></ul><ul><li>Near the Sorbonne University </li></ul>
  28. 28. La Conciergerie <ul><li>Former Prison for the elite, aristocracy </li></ul><ul><li>Marie Antoinette was held here </li></ul><ul><li>Dungeons and torture chambers, Oubliettes, and Leper Colony </li></ul><ul><li>Today - museum and concert hall </li></ul>
  29. 29. La Bastille <ul><li>Former prison that was stormed and destroyed at the outset of the French Revolution July 14, 1789 </li></ul><ul><li>Prison and armory </li></ul>
  30. 30. L’Hôtel de Ville <ul><li>Municipal building that houses city administrative offices </li></ul><ul><li>Almost destroyed by fire in 1871, most of the building had to be rebuilt </li></ul>
  31. 31. L’Opèra <ul><li>Home of the French ballet </li></ul><ul><li>Inspired the story Phantom of the Opera, famous staircase, chandelier, and river beneath the building </li></ul><ul><li>On Place de la Bastille </li></ul>
  32. 32. La Sorbonne <ul><li>Oldest university in France </li></ul><ul><li>On Rive Gauche, cinquième arrondissement </li></ul><ul><li>In Latin Quarter, as all classes were taught in Latin </li></ul>
  33. 33. L’Odéon <ul><li>Theater built especially for Marie Antoinette </li></ul><ul><li>Still used today for concerts and other productions </li></ul>
  34. 34. Le Moulin Rouge <ul><li>Name means “Red Mill” </li></ul><ul><li>Trademark is the red windmill located on the roof </li></ul><ul><li>Famous nightclub, shows </li></ul><ul><li>Can-Can Dance </li></ul><ul><li>Located in Montmartre, on Place Pigalle </li></ul>
  35. 35. Le Château Versailles <ul><li>Little hunting cabin in the woods, became the largest, most lavish home in the world </li></ul><ul><li>“ built” by Louis XIV to lure nobles out of Paris so that the King could rule without interference </li></ul><ul><li>About 12 miles south of Paris </li></ul><ul><li>It was rebuilt several times since the 17th century </li></ul>
  36. 36. Le Château Fontainebleau <ul><li>Famous castle near Paris </li></ul><ul><li>Famous for its horse-shoe shaped staircase </li></ul><ul><li>Many movies have been filmed here </li></ul>
  37. 37. Giverney <ul><li>Monet’s home and gardens </li></ul><ul><li>Water lilies and Japanese gardens served as a source of artistic inspiration </li></ul><ul><li>About 30 minutes north of Paris </li></ul>
  38. 38. Malmaison <ul><li>Famous castle near Paris </li></ul><ul><li>Home to Napoleon, as Versailles was in ruins and France was not able to afford to restore it. </li></ul>

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