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Cap. VI – Viae Rōmānae
Praepositiōnēs + accūsātīvus <ul><li>Ad  – to or towards </li></ul><ul><li>Ante  – before, ahead of, in front of </li></ul...
Whither & Whence <ul><li>Quō  = to where, whither </li></ul><ul><li>Unde  = from where, whence </li></ul><ul><li>Exemplōru...
Motion to & from Cities, Towns and Small Islands <ul><li>No  ad  or  ab  needed when motion is to or from a named city, to...
Locative Case – Place Where <ul><li>For cities, towns and small islands, to “locate” someone or something, just use Locati...
Active & Passive Verb Forms <ul><li>Mārcus Iūliam pulsat = Iūlia pulsātur ā Mārcō . </li></ul><ul><li>Active Passive </li>...
Abl. of agent/of instrument <ul><li>Personal agent is expressed by  ā/ab: </li></ul><ul><li>E.g.,  Iūlius ā quattuor servī...
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Chapter VI summary

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Chapter VI summary

  1. 1. Cap. VI – Viae Rōmānae
  2. 2. Praepositiōnēs + accūsātīvus <ul><li>Ad – to or towards </li></ul><ul><li>Ante – before, ahead of, in front of </li></ul><ul><li>Apud – with, at the home of </li></ul><ul><li>Circum – around </li></ul><ul><li>Inter – between, among </li></ul><ul><li>Per – through </li></ul><ul><li>Post – after, behind </li></ul><ul><li>Prope – near, almost </li></ul>
  3. 3. Whither & Whence <ul><li>Quō = to where, whither </li></ul><ul><li>Unde = from where, whence </li></ul><ul><li>Exemplōrum grātiā: </li></ul><ul><li>Quō it is? Is adit ad vīllam suam . </li></ul><ul><li>Unde it is? Is abit ab oppidō . </li></ul>
  4. 4. Motion to & from Cities, Towns and Small Islands <ul><li>No ad or ab needed when motion is to or from a named city, town or small island. </li></ul><ul><li>Exemplī grātiā: </li></ul><ul><li>Cornēlius Rōmā Tūsculum it .  Cornelius is going from Rome to Tusculum . </li></ul><ul><li>(the name for this is “ablative of separation”) </li></ul>
  5. 5. Locative Case – Place Where <ul><li>For cities, towns and small islands, to “locate” someone or something, just use Locative case without in. </li></ul><ul><li>Forms: same as singulāris genetīvus for 1st & 2nd Decl. Nouns. </li></ul><ul><li>Cornēlius est Rōmae .  Cornelius is in Rome . </li></ul><ul><li>Iūlius et servī eius Tusculī sunt.  Julius and his slaves are at Tusculum. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Active & Passive Verb Forms <ul><li>Mārcus Iūliam pulsat = Iūlia pulsātur ā Mārcō . </li></ul><ul><li>Active Passive </li></ul><ul><li>1. vocat vocātur </li></ul><ul><li>vocant vocantur </li></ul><ul><li>2. videt vidētur </li></ul><ul><li>vident videntur </li></ul><ul><li>3. pōnit pōnitur </li></ul><ul><li>pōnunt pōnuntur </li></ul><ul><li>4. audit audītur </li></ul><ul><li>audiunt audiuntur </li></ul>
  7. 7. Abl. of agent/of instrument <ul><li>Personal agent is expressed by ā/ab: </li></ul><ul><li>E.g., Iūlius ā quattuor servīs vehitur. </li></ul><ul><li>Means or instrument is expressed by the ablative without a preposition. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>E.g., Cornēlius equō vehitur. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Iūlius lectīcā portātur. </li></ul></ul>

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