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Website types


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Purpose and characteristics of various web sites

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Website types

  1. 1. VCE IT Theory Slideshows By Mark Kelly McKinnon Secondary College Types of websites
  2. 2. Contents <ul><li>The types of websites for ITA U3O1 is defined by VCAA: </li></ul><ul><li>blogs </li></ul><ul><li>chat rooms </li></ul><ul><li>forums </li></ul><ul><li>social networking </li></ul><ul><li>wikis. </li></ul>
  3. 3. But <ul><li>Your site in ITA U3O1 will probably need to combine these tools to satisfy an online community’s needs </li></ul>
  4. 4. Purposes of websites within online communities <ul><li>To provide information and news (inform) </li></ul><ul><li>To promote an opinion (persuade) </li></ul><ul><li>To teach (educate) </li></ul><ul><li>To answer questions </li></ul><ul><li>To entertain </li></ul>
  5. 5. Purposes of websites within online communities <ul><li>To allow individuals to collaborate on a shared task (e.g. solving a social problem) </li></ul><ul><li>To organise people working on a shared task </li></ul><ul><li>To let people express their opinions </li></ul><ul><li>To gather information or resources </li></ul><ul><li>To let like-minded people meet and interact </li></ul><ul><li>Others? </li></ul>
  6. 6. Blogs <ul><li>“ Web Logs” </li></ul><ul><li>Used by individuals to broadcast to online communities. </li></ul><ul><li>Include: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>diary entries </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Commentary </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>News, events </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pictures </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Links </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Blogs <ul><li>Mainly one-way communication </li></ul><ul><li>Most blogs have feedback facilities so readers can leave comments on blog posts. </li></ul><ul><li>This interactivity distinguishes blogs from static websites. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Blogs <ul><li>Most blogs are text-based </li></ul><ul><li>Others focus on different media such as </li></ul><ul><ul><li>videos (video blogging - example ) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>audio (podcasting - examples ) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>photos (photoblog - example ) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Hundreds of millions of active blogs online </li></ul><ul><li>Technorati is a popular blog search engine. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Chat rooms
  10. 10. Chat rooms <ul><li>Online messaging services </li></ul><ul><li>Communication in real time (synchronous) </li></ul><ul><li>For sharing information on topics with like-minded people. </li></ul><ul><li>For socialising. </li></ul><ul><li>Lets communities interact quickly </li></ul><ul><li>Good for immediate plans or decisions. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Chat rooms <ul><li>Often hosted by service providers like paltalk or via downloaded apps like Yahoo Messenger or IRC. </li></ul><ul><li>Many are commercial (e.g. partner-finding chatrooms). </li></ul><ul><li>Many are special-interest (e.g. teens, music lovers, technogeeks, gays, religious, national). </li></ul><ul><li>Can be international or local, large or very small. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Chat rooms <ul><li>To join a chat room, users usually need to register. </li></ul><ul><li>Given a username and password for security. </li></ul><ul><li>Can then choose chat rooms they are interested in. </li></ul><ul><li>Often there are many rooms to choose from. </li></ul>
  13. 13. Chat rooms <ul><li>Upon entry, there are usually many people already present. </li></ul><ul><li>Posts are shown in a scrolling window. </li></ul><ul><li>Users message other participants by entering their message in a textbox. </li></ul><ul><li>Care needs to be taken in any chat room. The real identity or nature of fellow chatters is often not what they seem to be. </li></ul>
  14. 14. Etiquette <ul><li>Most chatrooms have rules, protocols: </li></ul><ul><li>introduce yourself when entering a room for the first time </li></ul><ul><li>make it clear when you are addressing a message to an individual rather than the entire room </li></ul><ul><li>don't monopolise the discussion </li></ul><ul><li>don't insult or verbally abuse other users </li></ul><ul><li>don't spam the room with unsolicited commercial ads or rubbishy, meaningless posts </li></ul><ul><li>don't troll (deliberately post inflammatory messages just to get a reaction) </li></ul><ul><li>don't flood (fill the room with repetitive posts) </li></ul><ul><li>don't SHOUT </li></ul><ul><li>etc </li></ul>
  15. 15. Terms <ul><li>Avatar – a nickname/identity a users assumes to protect their real name </li></ul><ul><li>Moderator – a person who monitors communications to ensure they follow rules and etiquette </li></ul><ul><li>Moderators have the power to ban, discipline, warn, educate users </li></ul>
  16. 16. Forums
  17. 17. Forums <ul><li>Also known as message boards </li></ul><ul><li>Asynchronous multi-user threaded message applications </li></ul><ul><li>Users hold conversations in the form of posted messages. </li></ul><ul><li>A thread is a continuous conversation of posts and replies on a specific topic. </li></ul>
  18. 18. Forums <ul><li>Hierarchical – forum sites are usually divided into </li></ul><ul><ul><li>boards (with a main topic category) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Sub-boards with subtopics of the main topic </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>which contain threads consisting of posts and replies. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Some threads start and end quickly if the issue is resolved or interest in it fades. </li></ul><ul><li>Other threads can go for years and include thousands of posts. </li></ul>
  19. 19. Forums <ul><li>Have their own netiquette and rules, e.g. </li></ul><ul><li>no spamming </li></ul><ul><li>no trolling </li></ul><ul><li>posts must be on-topic (or marked OT - offtopic) </li></ul><ul><li>no abusive language </li></ul><ul><li>personal arguments with individuals should be taken off-list </li></ul><ul><li>read the forum rules before posting </li></ul><ul><li>give your posts meaningful titles </li></ul><ul><li>banned topics must not be discussed </li></ul>
  20. 20. Social Networking
  21. 21. Social Networking <ul><li>Sites allow people to communicate with others </li></ul><ul><li>Present information about themselves </li></ul><ul><li>Some are special-interest (e.g. green living, Indian people, genealogy, teenagers) </li></ul><ul><li>Others (e.g. Facebook, Twitter) have no specific theme. </li></ul>
  22. 22. Social Networking <ul><li>Social networking groups individuals into groups based on their features </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sex </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Nationality </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>place of residence </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Age </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Interests </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Let people meet and share information. </li></ul>
  23. 23. Social Networking <ul><li>Users often have a profile page where they can provide information about themselves. </li></ul><ul><li>Biggest social networking sites (over 10 million users) include:, Facebook, Flickr, Fotolog, Friends Reunited, Friendster, LinkedIn, MyHeritage, MyLife, MySpace, MyYearBook, StumbleUpon, Twitter </li></ul>
  24. 24. Social networking <ul><li>Issues: </li></ul><ul><li>Stalking </li></ul><ul><li>Grooming </li></ul><ul><li>Posting identifiably personal information </li></ul><ul><li>Posted information will last forever - may be embarrassing in the future </li></ul><ul><li>Employers have sacked workers for unwise posts </li></ul>
  25. 25. Social networking <ul><li>Employers routinely look up job applicants' social networking profiles on sites like Facebook </li></ul><ul><li>Addiction to (or time-wasting on) sites is an increasing cause of concern to families and employers </li></ul>
  26. 26. Wikis <ul><li>E.g. Wikipedia </li></ul><ul><li>Online software tools that let a group of people contribute to the development of a document or knowledge base. </li></ul><ul><li>Online communities, large and small, collaboratively build information resources and pool their talents and knowledge. </li></ul>
  27. 27. Wikis
  28. 28. Wikis <ul><li>Needs some control over editings </li></ul><ul><li>Prevent accidental or deliberate damage to the aggregated information. </li></ul><ul><li>Wikipedia - anonymous edits need to be approved by a moderator. </li></ul><ul><li>Controversial topics may be locked so only registered user, or specific users can edit them. </li></ul>
  29. 29. <ul><li>By Mark Kelly </li></ul><ul><li>McKinnon Secondary College </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>VCE IT THEORY SLIDESHOWS These slideshows may be freely used, modified or distributed by teachers and students anywhere on the planet (but not elsewhere). They may NOT be sold. They must NOT be redistributed if you modify them.