By Sweetness N Nkosi
14 February 2014
MOOC (Massive Open Online Course) is a
form of a distance education, with almost all
of teaching and learning occurs online.
This program is designed to allow a number
of students to participate effectively.
History of MOOCs
The word MOOC was coined in 2008 by Dave
Cormier from the University of Monitoba.
This format has been used a couple of times
by George Siemens and Stephen Downes in
their CCK( Connectivism and Connective
The early MOOCs were less about presenting
content and more about connecting learners.
cMOOCs stands for Connectivist MOOC
cMOOCs are based on the concept of
They are typically developed and led by
academics through open source web platform
They involves informal learning and focuses
on knowledge creation and generation.
xMOOC typically describes courses offered
through the coursera/udacity/edX
The courses are structured around more
conventional lecture formats
These courses involves formal learning and
focuses on knowledge duplication.
While cMOOCs focuses on network building
and collaboration xMOOC deals with
organised group work.
Advantages and disadvantages
Student can collaborate
with their peers from
different parts of the world.
They help people who
have barriers to learning,
such as lack of funding
most MOOCs are free
they are designed to be
They make it easy for
students to drop out
MOOCs provides no active
feedback due to the large
number of students
Students need to be
responsible for their own work
because MOOCs provide
Its hard to facilitate a
How have MOOCs developed
Currently, there is a total of eight courses(xMOOCs)
including chemistry, computer science, electronics and
The popularity of MOOCs has attracted a great deal of
attention from HE institutions and private investors
around the world.
In January 2013, Udacity launched its first MOOCs-for-
credit, in collaboration with San Jose State University
In September 2013, edX announced a partnership with
Google to develop Open edX, which is an open source
The field of my interest on
I'm mostly interested in languages and business
studies MOOCs because that’s what I am going to
But looking at my background, my other interest
will be Teaching computing
Teaching Computing:Part2 (future learn) is a
MOOC that I think I will join
This two part course is for primary and secondary
school teachers who are preparing to tackle the
new computing curriculum
Continuation of the last slide
I would like to take part on this MOOC because, as an
upcoming teacher I want to learn more computer skills
due to my background, I really want to change some of
the township situation, where you find both teachers
and learners are unable to use computer for teaching
The topics that I am willing to discuss include: How can
the use of technology improve the teaching and leaning
And how can we make the use of technology in the
classroom interesting, to make it more effective.
Bliss C A,Hurley B, Yeager C.2013. cMOOCs and Global
learning: An Authentic alternative. Volume17, issue2