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Online collaboration in Neurosurgery 2.0


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Online collaboration in Neurosurgery 2.0

  1. 1. Porting a Clinical Mobile Device Application from iPhone to Android using Online Collaboration:a Case Study using NeuroMind<br />Jonathan C. Lau, MEng, MD Candidate, Queen’s University<br />Pieter Kubben, MD, PhD, Maastricht University<br />
  2. 2. Objective<br />To present our experiences porting a clinical mobile device application, NeuroMind, from iPhone to Android<br />Successes we’ve obtained<br />Challenges of online collaboration<br />
  3. 3. Outline<br />What is NeuroMind?<br />Our Collaboration<br />Why Android?<br />Project Planning<br />Project Development<br />Challenges<br />Future Work<br />
  4. 4. Outline<br />What is NeuroMind?<br />Our Collaboration<br />Why Android?<br />Project Planning<br />Project Development<br />Challenges<br />Future Work<br />
  5. 5. NeuroMind<br />A mobile device application developed originally for the iPhone by Dr. Kubben<br />Specifically designed as clinical resource for:<br />medical students<br />neurology / neurosurgery residents<br />neurologists / neurosurgeons<br />Available on the AppStore as free download<br />Details at:<br />
  6. 6. NeuroMind<br />
  7. 7. NeuroMind<br />Has been downloaded more than 30,000X since its release<br />#1 ranked iPhone app for neurosurgery<br />
  8. 8. Outline<br />What is NeuroMind?<br />Our Collaboration<br />Why Android?<br />Project Planning<br />Project Development<br />Challenges<br />Future Work<br />
  9. 9. Collaboration<br />How does a medical student from Kingston, Ontario, Canada end up collaborating with a neurosurgery resident from Maastricht?<br />
  10. 10. Collaboration<br />Social Media (Twitter)<br />
  11. 11. Collaboration<br />After two readers emailed @DigNeurosurgeon about NeuroMind on Android, he broadcasted the following message on Twitter:<br />Link to his blog<br />Concluded that it was outside of his current priorities to port NeuroMind to Android<br />But should anyone be interested, to contact him<br />
  12. 12. Collaboration<br />In touch by email that day<br />Agreed on initial plan:<br />To develop framework in Android SDK<br />Add same content as on iPhone (HTML)<br />Tentative deadline for working application:<br />Six months from our initial contact<br />(Time of Medicine 2.0 Congress)<br />
  13. 13. Outline<br />What is NeuroMind?<br />Our Collaboration<br />Why Android?<br />Project Planning<br />Project Development<br />Challenges<br />Future Work<br />
  14. 14. Why Android?<br />
  15. 15. Why Android?<br />
  16. 16. Why Android?<br />
  17. 17. Outline<br />What is NeuroMind?<br />Our Collaboration<br />Why Android?<br />Project Planning<br />Project Development<br />Challenges<br />Future Work<br />
  18. 18. Project Planning<br />
  19. 19. Project Planning<br />Google Wave:<br />Google stopped developing 2010/08.<br />
  20. 20. Project Planning<br />37signals Basecamp:<br />30-day free trial then $49/month.<br />
  21. 21. Project Planning<br />Email<br />July:<br />get Dictionary example working<br />experiment with changing content in example<br />August-September: expand example with<br />working database in background that is used for loading data<br />have the user go to a detail screen that displays the data (title, description, content) if the user clicks the item in the TableView<br />October:<br />Populate app with actual content and continue testing<br />November: prepare conference material and release<br />Nov-Dec: release and post about it<br />
  22. 22. Project Planning<br />Obtaining an Android phone<br />Not absolutely necessary: well-documented software from Google for virtual device<br />Bought used HTC Magic online<br />Obtaining an “iProduct” to evaluate NeuroMind<br />Borrowed an iTouch from colleague<br />
  23. 23. Outline<br />What is NeuroMind?<br />Our Collaboration<br />Why Android?<br />Project Planning<br />Project Development<br />Challenges<br />Future Work<br />
  24. 24. Project Development<br />Software Development Environment<br />Original goal to try developing using Android SDK<br />Eclipse Platform:<br />Free open-source software<br />Designed for development of Java applications<br />Android SDK available with virtual device for testing mobile device applications<br />
  25. 25. Project Development<br /><ul><li>Tutorials on Android (</li></ul>Hello World to Dictionary<br />ListView as UI candidate<br />
  26. 26. Project Development<br />Enter Appcelerator Titanium Mobile 1.4<br />Released July 26, 2010<br />Open source platform for developing native mobile and desktop applications using web technologies<br />Support for multiple platforms:<br />iPhone and Android support since June 2009<br />iPad support since April 2010<br />Blackberry support in beta<br />
  27. 27. Project Development<br />Significant progress with Appcelerator1.4 release (September/October 2010)<br />Preliminary Android NeuroMind released:<br />October 23, 2010 (ahead of schedule!)<br />Coincided with release of Surgical Neurology International mobile application<br />see conference presentation by Kubben et al.<br />
  28. 28. Project Development<br /><ul><li>Available on Android Market
  29. 29. 500-1000 downloads so far</li></li></ul><li>Outline<br />What is NeuroMind?<br />Our Collaboration<br />Why Android?<br />Project Planning<br />Project Development<br />Challenges<br />Future Work<br />
  30. 30. Challenges<br />In Medicine 2.0 context:<br />Selected Group of Stakeholders:<br />Neurosurgeons and neurologists<br />Neurosurgery and neurology residents<br />Medical students interested in clinical neuroscience<br />Collaboration:<br />Limited to specialized # of stakeholders who also had interest in mobile device application development<br />Likely did not take advantage of expertise of greater community as well as we could have<br />
  31. 31. Challenges<br />Collaborator Idiosyncrasy<br />or “Compatibility” between collaborators<br />Different Platforms:<br />Lack of virtual device on non-Apple products for product development<br />Different Software Development Environments:<br />Eclipse Java environment<br />Appcelerator Titanium<br />Time:<br />Clinical duties, other research priorities, time difference<br />
  32. 32. Challenges<br />Maintaining Collaboration<br />We know Medicine 2.0 is useful for initiation of collaboration (intermediation/apomediation) but how do we maintain effective collaboration over time?<br />
  33. 33. Challenges<br />Collaboration in Software Development<br />Tracking Project Milestones<br />Social Media: Twitter, Google Wave<br />37signals Basecamp<br />Tracking Software Changes<br />Redmine:<br />web-based project management + bug-tracking tool<br />Trac<br />Appcelerator?<br />
  34. 34. Challenges<br />Collaboration in Content<br />Tracking Content Changes (<br />Currently using Google Docs<br />Alternatives:<br />Wiki<br />
  35. 35. Outline<br />What is NeuroMind?<br />Our Collaboration<br />Why Android?<br />Project Planning<br />Project Development<br />Challenges<br />Future Work<br />
  36. 36. Future Work<br />Design, Development, Maintenance, Testing<br />User Interface (iOS, Android, RIM, Windows 7)<br />Appcelerator has many advantages:<br />Content / Layout nuances decided by others<br />Software development largely outsourced<br />Can focus on content building<br />There are disadvantages too:<br />Dependence on support provided by company and their roadmap for development<br />Professional version $199/developer/month<br />
  37. 37. Future Work<br />Collaboration in Content<br />Mobilize other stakeholders?<br />?Authority to edit<br />?Authority to edit from mobile device<br />Ability to rate entries<br />Ability to ask for new entries<br />Peer-review<br />Aside: need to support multiple mobile platforms to ensure widest participation<br />
  38. 38. Future Work<br />Multiple Versions of NeuroMind?<br />Decision support version for clinicians<br />Education version for medical students<br />Integration with Neurosurgery 2.0 framework?<br />
  39. 39. Future Work<br />
  40. 40. Future Work<br />
  41. 41. Conclusions<br />While our software development deviated from our original design, a product was released ahead of schedule for Android<br />Online collaboration can be effective but the tools used are context dependent and depend also on project scale and direction<br />Having the opportunity to discuss in person at this meeting will greatly assist with facilitating our continued collaborations<br />
  42. 42. Acknowledgements<br />Dr. Pieter L. Kubben (@DigNeurosurgeon)<br />Maastricht University<br />Queen’s University, Kingston, ON, Canada<br />Dr. Richard Resnick<br />Dean of the Faculty of Health Sciences for funding<br />Undergraduate Medical Education Office<br />
  43. 43. Thank you for your attention!<br />Questions?<br />