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ආචාර්ය සුජිත් නිශාන්ත ෙහේවෙග්                               mdol igyka ( Foot Notes ) & -1 Rev. Buddhadatta Mahathera, A.P...
24 The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church edited by, F. L. Cross, Oxford University Press,      Second edition. p.9...
hd;hcAcfkda .DKf;a iqfYaj%               ;iaud ta;;amkH;udh cqIaguz               w.afk# us;@dh yjsrd cqfyda;             ...
49 ;s,lisrs"fcA"ffjosl idys;Hh",xldfjz iSudiys; tlai;a m@jD;a;sm;@ iud.u" fld<U" 1958" m<uqjeks     uq|@Kh" 31 msgqj50 ,, ...
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ආචාර්ය සුජිත් නිශාන්ත හේවගේ

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ආචාර්ය සුජිත් නිශාන්ත හේවගේ

  1. 1. ආචාර්ය සුජිත් නිශාන්ත ෙහේවෙග් mdol igyka ( Foot Notes ) & -1 Rev. Buddhadatta Mahathera, A.P,Concise Pali – English Dictionary, The Colombo Apothecaries Co.Ltd,Colombo,1957,p.2212 The Concise Oxford Dictionary,Oxford University Press,Delhi,Eight Edition,1990,p.353 The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Current English,Oxford At the Clarendon Press,Reprinted,1954, p.384 Oxford Students Dictionary of Current English,Oxford University Press,Second Edition,1988,p.2565 Rev.Budhadatta, A. P. Mahathera ,English - Pali Dictionary,The Pali Text Society, Colombo, 1955, p.176 An English - Sinhalese Dictionary,Charles Chapter,M.D.Gunasena & Co.,Ltd,Revised Edition,1965, p.127 Walisinghe, Sri Sudharman D. de. Zylva,English and English - Sinhala Dictionary, M.D.Gunasena & Co.Ltd,Firt Published,1966,p.248 u,,fialr".`Kmd,"bx.@Sis – isxy, YnzofldaIh"weuz vS .`Kfiak iy iud.u"fld<U"16 jeks uq|@Kh" 1984"28 msgqj9 chjrAOk" fidaumd,"bx.Sis – isxy, YnzofldaIh" weia f.dvf.a iy ifydorfhda"fld<U"fojk uq|@Kh" 1988"22 msgqj10,shkf.a" isrs"ksrela;s iys; isxy, YnzofldaIh" weia f.dvf.a iy ifydaorfhda" fld<U" 844 msgqj11 isrs iqux., ysus" uvs;shfj,"md,s - isxy, YnzofldaIh" weuz vS .`Kfiak iy iud.u"fld<U"1965" 412 msgqj12 jsch;`x."yrsYapJ|@"m@dfhda.sl isxy, YnzofldaIh"fojk ldKavh" ixialD;sl lghq;` ms<snZo wud;HdxYh"1984"1351 msgqj13 Apte, V.S,The Student Sanskrit - English Dictionary, Ministry of Education,Govt. of India,1965, p.44814 Sir Monier – Wiliams,A Sanskrit – English Dictonary, Southern Publications, Madras,1987,p.83415 mQcH Y@S fidar; ysus" je,sjsgsfha"Y@S iqux., YnzofldaIh ( isxy, - issxy,dF:! )"wNh m@ldYlfhda .,alsiai" 1970"794 msgqj16 ,, ,, ,, ,, tu ,, ,, ,, ,,17 .`Kfiak isxy, uyd wldrdosh ( isxy, - isxy, wF:! )" oajs;Sh Nd.h"ISudiys; weuz vS .`Kfiak iy iud.u" fld<U"m@:u uq+@Kh"1962"905 msgqj18 ,, ,, ,, ,, tu ,, ,, ,, ,,19 The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Charch, edited by, F. L. Cross, Oxford University Press, 1958, 1974 reprinted 1977 ( with corrections ), p. 924.20 The New Encyclopaedia Britannica, Volume 8, 15 th edition, Board of Directors, p.196.21 Mithra – Also spelled Mithraas , Sanskrit Mithra , in Indo – Iranian mythology, the godof light, Whose cult spread from India in the east to as far West as spain, Great Britin and Germany.The First written mention of the Vedic Mitra dates to 1 400 B.C. His workshop spread to Persianand, after the defeat of the Persian by Alexandra the Great, throughout the Hellenic world. In the 3rdand 4th centuris A.D. the cult of Mitra. carryied and supported by the soldiers of the Roman Empire,was the chiefrival to the newly developing Christianity. Roman emperors commodus and Julian wereinitiates a temple on the Danube to Mithra, " Protector of the Empire. According to myth, Mithra was born, bearing a torch and rmed with a knife, beside a sacredstream and under a sacred tree, a child of the earth it self. He soon rode, and later killed the life-givingcosmic bull, Whose blood fertilized all vegetation. Mithras slaying of the bull was a popular subjectof Hellenic art and became the prototype for a bull – slaying ritual of fertility in the Mithraic Cult. As god of light, Mithra was associated with the Greek sun god, Helios, and the Roman solInviotus. He is often paired with Anahita, goddess of the fertilizing waters. The New Encyclopaedia Britannica, Volume 8, 15 th edition, Board of Directors, p.196.22 nqoaOo;a; ysus" fmd,aj;af;a"md,s – isxy, wldrdosh" fn#oaO ixialD;sl uOHia:dkh" keosud," foysj," 1998" 397 msgqj23nqoaOo;a; ysus" fmd,aj;af;a"md,s NdIdj;rKh" m<uqfjks fmd;" wdkkao fmd;ay," wuzn,kaf.dv" 1955 27
  2. 2. 24 The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church edited by, F. L. Cross, Oxford University Press, Second edition. p.924.25 ,shkf.a" isrs"ksrela;s iys; isxy, YnzofldaIh" weia f.dvf.a iy ifydaorfhda" fld<U" 844 msgqj26 The Concise Oxford Dictionary,Oxford University Press,Delhi,Eight Edition,1990,p.3527 isrs iqux., ysus" uvs;shfj,"md,s - isxy, YnzofldaIh" weuz vS .`Kfiak iy iud.u"fld<U"1965" 412 msgqj28 i. uydpdrAh uelafvdk,avz" wd;rA weka;ks"mrs megzrsla" kdrdjs,"iD.afjzo.S;dj,S" weia f.dvf.a iy ifydorfhda"fld<U 10"m@:u uq|@Kh"1997 ii.Encyclopaedia of Religion and Ethics,edited by James Hasting, Volume- xii, EDIAIBURGH, New York, Third Impression, 1954, pp 83-84.29 Encyclopaedia of Religon and Ethics, edited by James Hasting, Volume – xii, Ediaiburgh, New York, Third Impression, 1954, p. 83.30 Encyclopaedia of Religon and Ethics, Edited, Ed. by, James Hastings, Volume xi, Edinburgh, New York, pp. 752- 758.31 Encyclopaedia of Religon and Ethics, edited by James Hasting, Volume – xii, Ediaiburgh, New York, Third Impression, 1954, p. 85.32 The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Charch, edited by, F. L. Cross, Oxford University Press, 1958, 1974 reprinted 1977 ( with corrections ), p. 924.33 Encyclopaedia of Religon and Ethics, edited by James Hasting, Volume – xii, Ediaiburgh, New York, Third Impression, 1954, p. 85 - 8834 Encyclopaedia of Religon and Ethics, Edited, Ed. by, James Hastings, Volume xi, Edinburgh, New York, p. 752.35 usf;@da ckdkHd;h;s n@ejdfKda usf;@da odOdr mD:sjSuq; oHduz us;@% lDIagSrksusIdNs pIafgz us;@dh NjHx >D;djcAcqfyda; uydpdrAh uelafvdk,avz" wd;rA weka;ks"mrsmegzrsla" kdrdjs,"iD.afjzo.S;dj,S" weia f.dvf.a iy ifydorfhda" fld<U 10"m@:u uq|@Kh"1997"111 msgqj"01 .af,dalh36 m@ i us;@ urAf;da wia;` m@hiajdka hia; wdos;H YslaI;s j@f;ak k nkHf;a k mshf;a ;afjdaf;da ffkkuxfyda wYafkda;Hka;sf;da k |+rd;a ,, ,, ,, ,, tu ,, ,, ,, ,, "112 msgqj"02 Yaf,dalh37 wkuSjdi b<hd uokaf;da us;Z{fjda jrsukakd mD:sjHd% wdos;HiH j@;uqmlaIshkaf;da jhx us;@iH iquf;# iHdu ,, ,, ,, ,, tu ,, ,, ,, ,, "113 msgqj"03 Yaf,dalh38 i. kF:s uydrdc oskakx kF: hsgzGx yq;x"kF:s iqlg |=lalgdkx luzudkx M,x jsmdfld" kF:s whx f,dafld kF:s mfrd f,dfld kF:s ud;dkF:s ms;dkF:s iF:d Tzmmd;sld kF:s f,dfl iuK n@dyauKd iuzu.a.;d iuzud mgsmkakd fh buxp f,dlx mrx p f,dlx ihx wNsZ[aZ[d ipzPslFjd" mfjfoka;s os> ksldh 1"iduZ[aZ[M, iQ;a;"nqcuq"96 msgqj ii.lfrdf;d fLd uydrdc ldrhf;d PsJof;d fPodmhf;d mpf;d mdphf;d fidphdf;d fidpdmhf;d ls,uhf;d MFohf;d Mkaodmhf;d ls,uhf;d ls,udmhf;d woskakx wdoshf;d iJOs PsJof;d ks,af,dmx yrf;d tld.drslx lfrdf;d mrsmfJ: ;sgzGf;d mrodrx .pzPf;d uqid NKf;d ;frdf;d k lrsh;s mdmx os> ksldh 1"iduZ[aZ[M, iQ;a;"nqcuq"95 msgqj iii ;F: kF:s yka;d jd >df;;d jd fid;d jd idfj;d jd jsZ[aZ[d;d jd jsZ[aZ[dfm;d jd fhdms ;sKafyk i;af:k isix csFo;s k fldps lZ[aps cSjs;d fjdfrdfm;s i;a;kakxfhj ldhdkx wkalfrAk i;a:x jsjrukqm;;S;s os> ksldh 1"iduZ[aZ[M, iQ;a;"nqcuq"98 msgqj iv. oS> ksldh 1"n@yaucd, iq;a;"nqcuq"44-48 msgq v. kF:s uydrdc fk;` kF:s mpzpfhd i;a;dkx ixlsf,idh" wfy;` wmampzphd i;a;d ixls,siaika;s kF:s fy;` kF:s mpzpfhd ika;dkx jsiqoaOshd efy;` wmampzphd ika;d jsiqcACOka;s os> ksldh 1"iduZ[aZ[M, iQ;a;"nqcuq"92 msgqj39 whx usf;@da kuiH% iqfYafjda rdcd iqlaIf;@da wcksIag fjzOd% ;iH jhx iquf;# hZ{shiHd ms Nf|@a fi#ukfia iHdu uydpdrAh uelafvdk,avz" wd;rA weka;ks"mrsmegzrsla" kdrdjs,"iD.afjzo.S;dj,S" weia f.dvf.a iy ifydorfhda" fld<U 10"m@:u uq|@Kh"1997"113 msgqj"04 Yaf,dalh40 uydx wdosf;Hda kdufidamifoHda 28
  3. 3. hd;hcAcfkda .DKf;a iqfYaj% ;iaud ta;;amkH;udh cqIaguz w.afk# us;@dh yjsrd cqfyda; us;@iH prAIKSODf;da fjda foajiH idkis oeH=uzkx ps;@Y@jia;uuz ,, ,, ,, ,, tu ,, ,, ,, ,, "114 msgqj"05 Yaf,dalh41 wNs fhda uyskd osjx usf;@da nNj im@:d% wNs Y@fjdaNs% mD:sjSuz us;@dh mZ[ap fhausfrA ckd wNsIagsYjfia i foajdkaYajdkansNrA;s ,, ,, ,, ,, tu ,, ,, ,, ,, "115 msgqj"06 Yaf,dalh42 usf;@da foafjzIajdhqIq ckdh jDla;nrAnsfIa bfI bIagj@;d wl% ,, ,, ,, ,, tu ,, ,, ,, ,, "115 msgqj"07 Yaf,dalh43 Woajdx plaIqrAjreK iqm@;Slx foajfhdafrA;s iqrAhia;;kajdka wNs fhda jsYajd N`jkdks pIafgz i ukH=x urA;afhaIajd psfla; m@ pdx i us;@djreKdjD;djd jsfm@da ukaudks osrA>Y@eoshrA;s hiH n@yaudKs iql@; wjd: wd h;al@;ajd k Yro% mDffKf:a fm@dafrdarAus;@djreKd mD:sjHd% m@ osj iDIajdoanDy;% iqodkq iamfYda oOdf:a TzIOsIq jslaIajz iDO.ahf;da wksusIx rlaImudKd Yxid us;@iH jreKiH Odu Y`Iafuda frdaoiS noanfOz uys;ajd whkaudid whcAjkdujsrd% m@ hZ{ukaud jDckx ;srdf;a ,, ,, ,, ,, tu ,, ,, ,, ,, " 116 msgqj"08 Yaf,dalh44 wuqrd jsYajd jDIKdjsud jdx k hdiq ps;@x ooDfYa k hlaIuz |@ey% ipkaf;a wkD;d ckdkdx k jdx ksKHdkahpsf;a wN~jka iuq jdx hZ{x uyhx kfudaNsrA yqfjz jdx us;@djreKd indO% m@ jdx ukaudkahDjfia kjdks lD;dks n@yau cqcqIkaksudks bhx foaj mqfrdays;srAhqjNduz hfZ[aiq us;@djreKdjldrs jsYajdks |=rA.d msmD;x ;sfrda fkda hQhx md; iajia;sNs% ifod k% ,, ,, ,, ,, tu,, ,, ,, ,, " 116 msgqj"09 Yaf,dalh45 ;s,lisrs"fcA"ffjosl idys;Hh",xldfjz iSudiys; tlai;a m@jD;a;sm;@ iud.u" fld<U" 1958" m<uqjeks uq|@Kh" 4-5 msgq46 i. uydpdrAh uelafvdk,avz" wd;rA weka;ks"mrs megzrsla"kdrdjs,"iD.afjzo.S;dj,S" weia f.dvf.a iy ifydorfhda" fld<U 10"m@:u uq|@Kh"1997 ii. Encyclopaedia of Religon and Ethics, Edited, Ed. by, James Hastings, Volume xi, Edinburgh, New York, p. 752.47 M. Winternits,( Trans. from German ),History of Indian Literarure, Vol.1, London,1878, p.75.48 The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church edited by, F. L. Cross, Oxford University Press, Second edition. p.924. 29
  4. 4. 49 ;s,lisrs"fcA"ffjosl idys;Hh",xldfjz iSudiys; tlai;a m@jD;a;sm;@ iud.u" fld<U" 1958" m<uqjeks uq|@Kh" 31 msgqj50 ,, ,, ,, ,, tu,, ,, ,, ,, "11-12 msgq51 ,, ,, ,, ,, tu,, ,, ,, ,, "12- 13 msgq52 ,, ,, ,, ,, tu,, ,, ,, ,, "12 msgqj53Winternits, M, ( Trans. from German ),History of Indian Literarure, Vol.1, London,1878, pp. 81,91,10754 ;s,lisrs"fcA"ffjosl idys;Hh",xldfjz iSudiys; tlai;a m@jD;a;sm;@ iud.u" fld<U" 1958" m<uqjeks uq|@Kh" 31-33 msgq55.Marasininghe, M.M.J,Gods in Early Buddhism, p.33.56,, ,, ,, ,, tu,, ,, ,, ,, "1yd 2 msgq57 i lMmyk" cskodi"Ndr;Sh orAYk b;sydih" 1516 yd 17 msgq ii. mdmfl wl=if, Ouzfu ndfyka;S;s fLd" jdfigzGd n@dyauKd n@dyauKd;afjj mGu wlaLrx WmkslaLs;a;x oS> ksldh 111" w.a.Z[aZ[ iQ;a;" nqcuq" 158 msgqj iii. bfO NslaLfj iufKd" bO |=;sfhd iufKd" bO ;;sfhd iufKd bO p;`;af:d iufKd iqZ[aZ[d mrmamjdod iufKys wZ[afZ[ys;s" tjfuj NlaLfj iuzud iSykdox ko: ucACOsu ksldh 1" pQ< iSykdo iq;a;" nqcuq" 154 msgqj58 lMmyk" cskodi"Ndr;Sh orAYk b;sydih" 45 – 90 msgq59 Ouzur;k ysus" kdrdjs,"mZ[aZ[df,dal ysus"yevsmkak,"Ndr;Sh oY!k" le<Ksh jsoHd,xldr hka;@d,h" le<Ksh" 1950" m@:u uq|@Kh" 30" 58" 110 yd 112 msgq60 kF:s uydrdc oskakx kF: hsgzGx yq;x"kF:s iqlg |=lalgdkx luzudkx M,x jsmdfld" kF:s whx f,dafld kF:s mfrd f,dfld kF:s ud;dkF:s ms;dkF:s iF:d Tzmmd;sld kF:s f,dfl iuK n@dyauKd iuzu.a.;d iuzud mgsmkakd fh buxp f,dlx mrx p f,dlx ihx wNsZ[aZ[d ipzPslFjd" mfjfoka;s os> ksldh 1"iduZ[aZ[M, iQ;a;"nqcuq"96 msgqj61 .lfrdf;d fLd uydrdc ldrhf;d PsJof;d fPodmhf;d mpf;d mdphf;d fidphdf;d fidpdmhf;d ls,uhf;d MFohf;d Mkaodmhf;d ls,uhf;d ls,udmhf;d woskakx wdoshf;d iJOs PsJof;d ks,af,dmx yrf;d tld.drslx lfrdf;d mrsmfJ: ;sgzGf;d mrodrx .pzPf;d uqid NKf;d ;frdf;d k lrsh;s mdmx os> ksldh 1"iduZ[aZ[M, iQ;a;"nqcuq"95 msgqj62 ;F: kF:s yka;d jd >df;;d jd fid;d jd idfj;d jd jsZ[aZ[d;d jd jsZ[aZ[dfm;d jd fhdms ;sKafyk i;af:k isix csFo;s k fldps lZ[aps cSjs;d fjdfrdfm;s i;a;kakxfhj ldhdkx wkalfrAk i;a:x jsjrukqm;;S;s os> ksldh 1"iduZ[aZ[M, iQ;a;"nqcuq"98 msgqj63 oS> ksldh 1"n@yaucd, iq;a;"nqcuq"44-48 msgq64 kF:s uydrdc fk;` kF:s mpzpfhd i;a;dkx ixlsf,idh" wfy;` wmampzphd i;a;d ixls,siaika;s kF:s fy;` kF:s mpzpfhd ika;dkx jsiqoaOshd efy;` wmampzphd ika;d jsiqcACOka;s os> ksldh 1"iduZ[aZ[M, iQ;a;"nqcuq"92 msgqj65 kdrdjs, Ouzur;k ysus" yevsmkak, mZ[aZ[df,dal ysus" Ndr;Sh oY!k" le<Ksh jsoHd,xldr hka;@d,h" le<Ksh" 1950" m@:u uq|@Kh"51"52 yd 53 msgq66,, ,, ,, ,, tu,, ,, ,, ,, "53"54 msgq67,, ,, ,, ,, tu,, ,, ,, ,, "52-55 msgq68,, ,, ,, ,, tu,, ,, ,, ,, "55- 60 msgq69i. mqnzfnz l;x fLd mk NslaLfj idrf;d mpzpd.pzP;x k fyd;s Pkafod jd jdhdfud jd box jd lrKshx box jd wlrKShka;s b;s lrKShdlrKSfh fLd mk ipzpf;d f:;f;d wkqm,nzNshudfk uqgzGiai;Skx wkdrlaLdkx jsyr;x k fyd;s mpzp;a;x iyOuzusfld iuKjdfod wx.`;a;r ksldh" ;s;a:dh;k iq;a;" fn#iuz ixia"598 msgqj ii. oS> ksldh 11" Wmd,s iq;a;" nqc uq" 60 msgqj70 rdO l@sIaKka"bkaoSh orAYkh"1ldKavh"wOHdmk m@ldYk fomdrA;fuzka;`j"1 jeks uq|@Kh"1970"273 msgqj71uyd Ndr;h"Ydka;s mdrAj"15 yd 26 msgq72 cSfjda cSjiH cSjkx Nd.j; mqrdKh 1"13 yd 16 msgq 30

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