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ආචාර්ය සුජිත් නිශාන්ත හේවගේ 3.foot note

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ආචාර්ය සුජිත් නිශාන්ත හේවගේ 3.foot note

  1. 1. ආචාර්ය සුජිත් නිශාන්ත ෙහේවෙග් mdol igyka ( Foot Notes ) & -1 u,,fialr" .`Kmd,"bx.@Sis – isxy, YnzofldaIh" iSudiys; weuz vS .`Kfiak iy iud.u" fld<U" 12 jeks uq|@Kh 1987"msgqj 152 Hornby, A. S.,Oxford Advanced Learners Dictionary of Current English, Oxford University Press, Sixth edition, 2000, p. 4023 u,,fialr" .`Kmd,"bx.@Sis – isxy, YnzofldaIh" iSudiys; weuz vS .`Kfiak iy iud.u" fld<U" 12 jeks uq|@Kh 1987"msgqj 3024 Hornby, A. S.,Oxford Advanced Learners Dictionary of Current English, Oxford University Press, Sixth edition, 2000, p.4105 ,, ,, ,, Do ,, ,, ,, p 206 The Encyclopeadia Britannica Volume 1, Helen Hemingway Benton Publisher, 1975, 15 th Edition, p. 1197 i. Allen,R.E, The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Current English, Oxford University Press, India, 1990, pp. 19,20 ii. Collocott,T.C, Dodson,A.B, Dictionary of Science and Technology, Allied Publishers Private Limited, India, 1974, p. 21 iii. Macdonald,M.A, Chambers Twentieth Centuary Dictionary, Allied Publishers Private Limited, India, 1982, p 20.8 ucACOsu ksldh 1" fldiuznsh iq;a;" nqcuq" msgq 756"7569 fu;a;d NslaLfj" nyqldfrd wrshiai wgzGX.sl u.a.iai Wmamdodh l;fud tlOuzfud" hosox l,HdK us;a;d" l,HdK us;a;iafi;x NslaLfj" NslaLqfkd mdgslXLx wrshx wgzGx.slx u.a.x Ndfjii;s wrshx wgzGx.sld u.a.x nyq,Slrsiaika;s l:Z[ap NslaLdj" NslaLq l,HdK us;af;d wrsh wgzGx.slx u.a.x nyq,Slrsiai;S;s l:Z[ap NslaLfj" NslaLQ l,HdK us;af;d wrshx wgzGx.slx u.a.x Ndfj;s" wrshx wgzGx.slx u.a.x nyq,Slfrd;s bO NslaLfj" NslaLq iuzud osgzGs Ndfj;s - fm - iuzud iudOsx Ndfj;s jsfjzlx ksiais;x jsrd. ksiais;x ksfrdO ksiais;x fjdi.a.mrsKdusx" tjx fLd NslaLfj NslaLQ l,HdK us;af;d wrshx wgzGx.slx u.a.x Ndfj;s" wrshx wgzGx.slx u.a.x nyq,Slfrd;S;s ixhq;a; ksldh v" l,HdK us;a; iq;a;a" nq c uq msgqj 5810 ucACOsu ksldh 1" fldiuznsh iq;a;" nqcuq" msgq 75611 i fid,uka Solomon" 1977" ,hkaia Lyons jsiska Wmqgd olajhs" 1980" ms 9 ii lsuznzf,a Kimble" 1961 & uelskafgdIa Mackintosh" 1974 " m@cdkkh ( fkahsirA Neisser" 1967 & jsfl,a.afrAka Wickelgren" 1979 ) iy fuhg iudk idudkH ufkdajsoHdj ( bielaika Isaacson" ygz Hutt " iy nz,Quz Blum" 1965 ) iii f,fhdkaia" Lyons 1980" ms 5312 ,, ,, ,, Do ,, ,,13 jsoHdZ{hska jsiska fuz iuznJOfhka is|= lrkq ,enQ mrAfhaIKj, oS fidhd .kakd ,o fohla kuz wdfjzokfhys n,mEu ksid i;`kf.a ffcj l@shdj<sfhys mjd b;d jsYd, fjkialuz we;s jQ njhs yeisrSuz" mqre|=" wdl,am yd jsjsO wdfjzokhkag olajk m@;spdrhkays mjd wdfjzok iuznJOfhka jQ n,mEu wOsl nj fidhd .kakd ,oS ta iZoyd wekv@,Ska kuz fydafudakh Ndjs;d lrk ,oS tysoS l,n,ldrS iajNdjh ;Sjzr lsrSfuys jsfYaI n,mEula we;s wekv@,Ska fydafudakh tkak;a l< i;`kaf.a yeisrSu wfkla i;`kag idfmaCIlj l,n,ldrS jsKs fldamh jeks oafjzI uQ,sl udkisl ;;ajhka hgf;ys wekv@,Ska fydafudakh b;d wOsl jYfhka i@djh fjz fu;a;d ixl,amh wdfjzokhjSu ksid wekv@,Skaj, l@shdldrSFjh hgm;a jS hkq ,nhs fu;a;d ixl,amh ksid isf;ys Ydka; iajNdjh" iudOsh" jyd tlZ.jSu yd wjsfCIamh jeks .`Kdx. jrAOkh fjz fuz fya;`j ksid ukfiys iaurK Yla;sh o jrAOkh fjz ,, ,, ,, Do ,, ,,14 remam;S;s fLd NslaLfj ;iaud rEmka;s jqpzp;s fjzoh;S;s fLd NslaLfj ;iaud fjokd;s jqpzp;s ixcdkd;S;s fLda NslaLfj ;iaud iZ[aZ[d;s jqpzp;s ixL;uNsixLfrdka;S;s fLd NslaLfj ;iaud ixLdfrd;s jqpzp;s
  2. 2. jscdkd;S;s fLda nslaLfj ;iaud jsZ[aZ[ka;s jqpzp;s ixhq;a; ksldh 111" LcAckSh iq;a;" nqcuq" msgq 146 – 14815 ixhq;a; ksldh v" us;a; iq;a;" nqcuq" msgq 290 - 29116 ucACOsu ksldh 1" fldiuznsh iq;a;" nq c uqq" msgq 754 - 75617 Social Learning theory,A.Bandura,Prentice Hall Englewood Cliffs,1977,p.61.18 i. ixhq;a; ksldh v" us;a; iq;a;" nqcuq" msgq 290 - 291 ii. fu;a;d fpzf;djsuq;a;S;s tF: fu;a;d;s jq;af; wmamkdms Wmjdfrdms jgzg;s" fpf;djsuq;a;S;s wmamkdfhjfhdksfidukisldfrd jq;a; ,laLfKdj wmsj P Ouzud nHdmdoiai mydkdh ixj;a;ka;s - fu;a;d ksus;a;iai W.a.fyd" fu;a;dNdjkdkqfhdf.d" luzuiail;dmpzpfjlaLK;d" mgsiZXLdknyq,;d" l,HdKus;;a;d" imamdhl:d;s Tosiail wfkdosiail osidMrKdkCoys wZ[aZ[;rjfik fu;a;x W.a.Kaykaf;iaidms nHdmdfod mySh;s" ;:d TOsfidwfkdOsfidosidMrKdjfik fu;a;x Ndfjka;iaidms ;jx M;iai l`oafOd lsx lrsiaiis$ lsuiai is,doSks kdfi;`x ilLsiiis $ kkq Fjx w;a;fkd luzfuk wd.kaFjd w;a;fkd luzfufkj .usiaiis$ mriai l`cACOkx kdu jS;jjslZX.dr;;a;whi,dl.~:dosks .fyFjd mrx myrs;`ldu;diosix fyd;s tfidms ;j l`oafOd lsx lrsiai;s$ lsx f; iS,dosks jskdfi;`x ilaLsiai;s$ ti w;a;fkd luzfuk wd.kaFjd w;a;fkd luzfufkj .usiai;s$ wmamgsjcs;mfyKlx jsh mgsjd;x Ls;a;rfcduqgzGs jsh j t;iafifji fldfOd uF:fl m;siai;S;s tjx w;a;fkd p mriai p luzuiail;x mpzpfjlaLf;dms" WNh luzuiail;x mpzpfjlaLsFjd mgsiXLdfk Gs;iaidms" wiai.`;a;f:riosfi fu;a;dNdjkdrf; l,HdKus;af; fijka;iaidms nHdmdfod mySh;s" GdkksicAcdoSiq fu;a;dksiais; imamdhl:dhms mySh;s f;k jq;a;x P Ouzud nHdmdoiai mydkdh ixj;a;ka;S;s bfuys mk Pys Ouzfuys myskiai nHdmdoiai wkd.dusu.af.k wdh;sx wkqmamdfod fyd;s ixhq;a; ksldhgzGl:d v" us;a; iq;a;" nqcuq" msgq 360 -37519 ixhq;a; ksldh v" fu;a; iq;a;" nqcuq" msgqj 24520 i.a. fuz jsia;rh fu;a;d ixl,amfhys wdfjzok ;;ajhkays is|=jSuz is;d u;d is|=jk iajNdjfha wdfjzokhkag jvd jevsh fu;a;d ixl,amh ksid us;@YS,S iajNdjfhys ufkda ixlSrAKhla yg.kakd w;r fuz ksid ksrka;rfhkau wuq;` mrsl,amkhla rys;ju f;fuz ieuf.au l,HdK us;`frla njg ksrdhdifhkau m;a fjz b fu;a;d ixl,am wdfjzok ixisoaOsuh ;;ajhka we.hSuz jsIh ;`< widudkH ufkdajsoHd;aul fjkialuz j,g fya;`jkafka tajd we.hSuz olajd iuznJO lsrSuhs fu;a;d ixl,am wdfjzok lsisjsgl iuzu; jsOs l@uhka uZ.ska we.hSfuz l@shdj<shg ,la l< fkdyels jkafka tys wka;rA.; thgu wdfjzksl .`Khka yd iajNdjhka ksidh fu;a;d ixl,am wdfjzok ;`< wka;rA.; jkafka ffcj yeZ.Suz oekSuz l@shdldrSFjh nejska yd tu l@shdlrSFjh ms<snZoj ;ju usksia yeoErSuz ;`<ska ksis yZ|=kd .ekSula lr fkdue;s nejska wju ugzgul mj;skakd jQ udkj yeoErSuz uZ.ska tjka mqZM,a l@shdldrSFjhla ms<snZoj irAj iuzmQrAK ks.uhka lrd t<fUkakg ;e;a lsrSu fodaI iy.; fjz fu;a;d ixl,amh wdfjzokh jSfuz l@shdldrSFjh tys .enzjk ffcj jsoHd;aul miqnsu ms,snZoj ksis Ydia;@Sh we.hSulg fuz olajd usksia .fjzIK fkdt<UjSfuz ;;ajh u; tjka Ydia;@Sh miqnsula u; msysgd l< hq;` huz huz ks.uk tfia fkdue;s miqnsula u; msysgd isg m<lsrSfuz fodaI iy.; ;;ajh tu ;;ajh ksishdldrfhka wjfndaO lr.ekSu uZ.ska j<lajd .;yelshc. thska we.hSfuz oDIaGsh f,i wmg jsjsOdldrfhka ,efnkakd jQ fu;a;d ixl,am wdfjzokhka woyia lrkq ,nhs huz fyhlska fu;a;d ixl,am wdfjzok me;slv we.hSug ,la lrkafka kuz tu we.hSug ,la lsrSu uZ.ska t<fUkakd jQ w;aoelSuz mrdihka o fuys oS uq,a fu;a;d ixl,am wdfjzokh jvd fjkia jQ ;j;a fu;a;d ixl,amh ms<snZoju jQ wdfjzokhla jYfhkau yZ.skq ,nk nj mejfia fuz wdldrhg tlu fu;a;d ixl,am wdfjzokh ms<snZoj huz weZ.hSfuz l@shdj<shla ;`,ska meusfKkakd jQ uq,a fu;a;d ixl,am wdfjzokg jvd fjkia jQ fu;a;d ixl,am wdfjzokhka o ;j;a tla fu;a;d ixl,am wdfjzok jrA.hla f,iu yZ|=kd .kq ,nkjd jskd uq,a fu;a;d ixl,am wdfjzokfhysu fldgila f,iska fyda thska Nskak jQ wfklla f,iska yZ|=kd fkd.kq ,nkq we; fu;a;d ixl,amfhys tla;rd wdfjzok iajrEmhla tu ixl,amh ksid thg wk;`rej jdr j, yg.kS kuz tu fu;a;d ixl,am wdfjzokh uq,a fu;a;d ixl,am wdfjzokfhys fldgila fyda thska Nskak jQ wfklla jYfhka fkdj uq,a fu;a;d ixl,am wdfjzokfhka wkHkH jQ wfkllau f,iska jgyd.kq ,nhs fuz wdldrhg ffu;@sh" iuZ.sh" ifydaorFjh" wdorh" fm@auh" lreKdj" uqos;dj" ohdj" fifkyi" mfrdamldrh" wfkHdakH f.#rjh yd iudkd;au;djh jeks ixl,amka o fu;a;d ixl,amfhka W;amdolFjh ,enQj;a fu;a;d ixl,amhg wkHkH;djhla we;s ixl,amhka f,iska jgyd.ekSug W;aiy orkafkahd. th iqjsfYaIs fu;a;d ixl,am wdfjzokuh ;;ajhka ms<snZo ixl,am we.hSuz ;ruzu fydZoska iy ufkda jsoHd;aul fjkialuz j,g wkql~,jk wkaouska wka;rA.; wNsudrA:hka jsh yelshs fu;a;d ixl,amh ms<snZoj we.hSu tys fu;a;d ixl,am wdfjzok me;slvg idfmaCIlj ufkda jsoHd;aul fjkialuzj,g wkql~, jk wkaouska iajlSh wNsu:drA:hka o imqrd .ekSug m@udKj;a ;ruska msgsjy,la bka ,ensh yels jkq we; iEu cSjsfhl`f.au uqLH wNsu:drA:h jkqfha fuf,dj yels;dla ld,hla fiiq cSjska o iuZ.
  3. 3. iyfhda.fhka hym;aj cSjs;h .;lsrSu uz tu wNsu:drA:h imqrd .ekSu Tiafia fy;u l@shd lrhs kuz ;ukaf.a wNsu:drA:h fiiq whf.au wNsu:drA:hkag ndOd fkdlrk yd tajdg wkql~, jk mrsos f.dv kZ.d .ekSug ;ruz mqoa.,hska ixfjzoSjSu YsIaGFjh jYfhka wF:!l:kh lrkq ,nhs cSjshd nqoaOs ugzgfuka oshqKq jkakg jkakg fulS yelshdj Tyq jrAOkh lr.kshs fuz wdldrfhka fu,dj we;s m@d:usl cSjshdf.a isg Wiia cSjk ugzgula ysus usksid olajd fuu wNsu:drA: idOk l@shdj<sfhys oS fy;u wkq.ukh lrkakd jQ l@shdudrA.fhys we;s jsOsu;a Ndjh Tiafiau ish cSjk ;,h we.hSug ,la lrkq ,nk ksrAKdhlh mj;ajd .kshse. th uOH.; we.hSfuz oDIaGSka fu;a;d ixl,am wdfjzokd;aul prAhdjg nqoaOsuh" iy ixidOkSh" wNs,dIhka iuZ. iuznJO;djhla wkql@ufhka Wiia njla ,nd fohs wksjdrAhfhkau fu;a;d ixl,am wdfjzok me;slv iuia; ffcj l@shdldrS iajNdjfhys nqoaOs mrsmdlh ms<snZo meyeos,s ksrAKdhlhla o fjz tfukau fu;a;d ixl,am wdfjzokfhys ishquz nj jrAOkh jkakg jkakg tys oshqKq iajNdjh o jevs fjz fu;a;d ixl,am wdfjzok me;slv huzlsis oshqKq nqoaOs mrsmdlhu wjia:djl Wiia ugzgu ksfhdackh lrkakla f,i o fuys oS fmkS isgshs ta ksid fu;a;d ixl,am wdfjzokh jv jvd;a ishquz jkakd jQ fu;a;d ixl,amfhys wdNdIh ,n;au ksrdhdifhkau tys ugzgu Wiia jsh hq;`h ish,q foa iuZ. .egSuz jsrys; iuZ.sh ksYap,Fjh tuZ.ska uQrA;su;a lrk fyhsksf. th ilialrK we.hSuzlrKh huzlsis fu;a;d ixl,am wdfjzokhl isg tys uOHh olajd b;du;a ishquz iy jsIhdkqnoaO fkdjkakd jQ fu;a;d ixl,am wdfjzokhka woyia lrkq fkd,nhs uska woyia lrkqfha fu;a;d ixl,am wdfjzokfhys jqjo nqoaOsuh ,CIK wka;rA.; jsh hq;` nj yd tu nqoaOsuh ,CIK wka;rA.; fkdjkakd jQ fu;a;d ixl,am wdfjzokhka we.hSuzlrK l@shdj<shg nZ|=ka fkdl< hq;` njhs tfukau fu;a;d ixl,am wdfjzokhka wksjdrAfhhkau jsIhdkqnoaO iajNdjhla oersh hq;`uh hehs l;sldj;la o fuys jsoHudkh bka i;H jYfhkau woyia lrkqfha fu;a;d ixl,am wdfjzokh lsishuz wruqKla f.k yg.eksh hq;` njhs tfiau tys jsjsOFjh o tu wruqK Tiafiau ksrSCIK l< hq;` njhs iudOsh kdufhka wm jsiska idudkHfhka yZ|=kajkakd jQ udkisl ;;ajh o lsishuz fu;a;d ixl,am wdfjzokuh ;;ajhla nqoaOsuh jYfhka m@ldYhg m;a jSula jk w;r tys wka;rA.; wruqKq jYfhka ksYap,Fjh yd tlu wruqK jYfhka f.; os.ska os.gu fu;a;d ixl,am wdfjzokhka yg.ekajSu nj meyeos,sju fmfkkag ;sfnz fu;a;d ixl,amh wruqK jYfhka .kakd miqnsula ;`< fuz ;;ajh fu;a;d Wmpdr fyda wrAmKd iudOs wjia:dj fukau f,#lsl yd f,daflda;a;r OHdkuh ;;ajhka f,iska jrA.SlrKhg ,la jS we;s whqre idudkHfhka wmg yZ|=kd .ekSug ,efnz fu;a;d ixl,amfhys wdfjzok me;slv f,daflda;a;r wxYfhka mrsiudma;shg m;ajSu oelafjkafka fu;a;d fpzf;da jsuqla;s kdufhks fuhska fmfkkafka fu;a;d ixl,amh tys jsIh tkuz ffu;@Sh w;afkdyer wdfjzokka fkdlvjd ,nd fohs kuz jsgloS tlS wruqfKys t<fUuska isf;ys we;sjk ixfjzo;dfjys ;Sj@ Yla;sh jsiskau flf,iqka m@ySk lsrSfuz Yla;sh is;g ,ndfok njhs Hall Prentice, Educational Psychology, New Delhi, 1980, pp. 45 - 67 ii. ,hkaia Lyons " 1980" ms 921 ucACOsu ksldh 1" uyd yF:smfodmu iq;a;" nqcuq" msgqj 46022 ud NslaLfj mqZ[aZ[dKx NshsF:" iqLiafi;x NslaLfj wOsjpkx hosox mqZ[aZ[ka;s wx.`;a;r ksldh iv" ud mqZ[aZ[Ndhs iq;a;" nqcuq" msgqj 41223 fpz;kdyx NslaLfj luzux jodus" fpz;hsFjd luzux lfrd;s ldfhk jdpdh ukid wx.`;a;r ksldh v" ksnzfnzOsl iq;a;" nqcuq" msgqj 20824 ixhq;a; ksldh 111" |=;sh .oa|=,noaO iq;a;" nq cuq" msgqj 25825 ixhq;a; ksldh v" us;a; iq;a;" nqcuq" msgq 290 - 29126 i fLda fida ld,dud wrshidjflda tajx js.;dNscAfCOda js.;nHdmdfoda wiuzuQ<afyda iuzmcdfkda m;siaif;da fu;a;d iy.f;ak fpz;id w ks 1" ;sl ksmd;h"uydj.a."ld,duiq;a;"nq c uq msgQ 337-34327 i fLda fida ld,dud wrshidjflda tajx js.;dNscAfCOd js.;nHdmdfoda wiuzuQ<afyda iuzmcdfkda m;siaif;da fu;a;d iy.f;ak fpz;id talx osix MrsFjd jsyr;s ;:d |=;shx ;:d ;;shx ;:d p;`;a:sx b;s WoaOufOda ;srshx inznOs inzn;a;;dh inzndjka;x f,dalx WfmlaLd iy.f;ak fpz;id jsmqf,ak uy.a.f;ak wmamudfKak wfpzfrAk wnHdmcAfCOk MrsFjd jsyr;s w ks 1" ;sl ksmd;h"uydj.a."ld,duiq;a;"nq c uq msgq 337-34328 wx.`;a;r ksldh 111" |=;sh iuzu;a;kshdu iq;a;" nqcuq" msgqj 28429 bfu fLd NslaLfj P idrdKshd Ouzud mshlrKd .relrKd" ix.ydh wjsjdodh idu.a.shd talShNdjdh ixj;a;ka;s ucACOsu ksldh 1" fldiuznsh iq;a;a" nqcuq" msgqj 75630 wx.`;a;r ksldh v" jH.a>mcAc iq;a;" nq c uq" msgqj 23631 wpzpdroaOx jsrshx WoaOpzpdh ixj;a;ka;s w;s,Skx jsrshx fldicAcdh ixj;a;ka;s ;iaud;sy Fjx fidK jsrsh iu;x wOsgzGy wx.`;a;r ksldh iv" fidK iq;a;" nqcuq" msgqj 15232 fid uspzPdosgzGshd mydkdh jdhu;s iuzud osgzGshd Wmiuzmodh iajdiai fyd;s iuzud jdhdfud
  4. 4. ucACOsu ksldh 111" uydp;a;drSxil iq;a;a" nqcuq" msgqj 21433 mqnzfnj fu NslaLfj iuxfndafOd wkNsiuznqoaOiai fndOsi;aiafij if;d t;ofydis ixhq;a; ksldh 11" f.d;u iq;a;" nqcuq" msgqj 1634 miai: bux ;dmix - cgs, W.a.;dmkx wmrsfuhH bf;d lmafm - nqoafOd f,dfl Njsiai;s nqoaO jxi" iqfuzO l:d" nqcuq" msgqj 30 .d:dj 6035 ukqiai;a;x ,sXZ. iuzm;a;s - fy;` iF:dr oiaikx mnzncAcd .`K iuzm;a;s - wOsldfrd p PJo;d wgzGOuzu ifudOdkd - wNsksNdfrd iuscACO;s nqoaO jxi" iqfuzO l:d" nqcuq" msgqj 30 .d:dj 5836 box iqFjdk jpkx - wiuiai ufyisfkd wdfudos;d krurE - nqoaOcScxl`frd whx nqoaO jxi" iqfuzO l:d" nqcuq" msgqj 32 .d:dj 7037 oimdruS ;hd OSr - lsosid f,dlkdhl l:x WmmdruS mqKakd - mruF:mdruS l:x nqoaO jxi" r;kpxluk lKafvd" nqcuq" msgqj 18 .d:dj 7738 i. nqoaOjxigzGl:d" fyajdjs;drK uq|@K" msgqj 50 ii. Ou!isrs".`Kmd," fn#oaO iodpdrfha uQ,OrAu" fn#oaO ixialD;sl uOHia:dkh" keosud, - foysj," fojk uq|@Kh" 1996"msgqj 11239 tldhfkd whx NslaLfj u.af.d i;a;dkx jsiqoaOshd fidlmrsoaojdkx iu;slaludh" |=laL fodukiaix wF:.udh Z[Kiai wOs.udh ksnzndKiaiipzPslsrshdh hosox p;a;dfrd i;smgzGdkd oS> ksldh 11" i;smgzGdk iq;a;" nqcuq" msgqj 43640 wjscAcd NslaLfj mqnznx.ud wl`i,dkx Ouzudkx iudm;a;shd wkajfoj wysrslx wfkd;mamx wjscAcd.;iai NslaLfj wjzoaoiqfkd uspzPd osgzGs mfyd;s ixhq;a; ksldh 1" wjscAcd iq;a;" nqcuq" msgqj 241 mqkp mrx NslaLfj uydkdu wrshidjfld w;a;fkd iS,dks wkqiair;s wLKavdks" wpzCsoaodks" win,dks" wluzudidks" N`csiaidks jsZ[aZC|QmamiF:dks" wmrdugzGdks iudOs ixj;a;ksldks" hiausx uydkdu iufh wrshidjfld iS,x wkqiair;s wx.`;a;r ksldh iv" uydkdu iq;a;a" nq cuq" msgqj 1442 Jones Ken, Buddhism and Social Action, Kandy, 1981, 21 - 4943 ixhq;a; ksldh v" us;a; iq;a;" nqcuq" msgq 290 - 29144 i fLda fida ld,dud wrshidjflda wrshidjflda tajx js.;dNscAfCOda js.nHdmdfoda wiuzuQ<afyda iuzmcdfkda m;siaif;da fu;a;diy.f;ak fpz;id… w ks 1" ;sl ksmd;h"uydj.a."ld,duiq;a;"nq c uq msgQ 337-34345 De Silva Padmasiri, Value Orientations and Nation Building, Colombo, 1976, pp. 32 - 5446 ixhq;a; ksldh v" us;a; iq;a;" nqcuq" msgq 290 - 29147 fu;a;d Ndfj;nznd jHdmdoiai mydkdh ixhq;a; ksldh iv" osgzGnzn iq;a;" nqcuq" msgqj 35048 ;iai tjx cdkf;d tjx miaif;d ldudijdms ps;a;x jsuqpzp;s Njdijdms wjscAcdijdms jsuq;a;iausx jsuq;a; us;s Z[dKx fyd;s LSKd cd;s jqis;x n@yauprshx l;x lrKSh kdmrx b;a;dhd;s mcdkd;s oS> ksldh 1" iduZ[aZ[M, iq;a;a" nqcuq" msgqj 14449 lfrdkaf;ms f; rdyq, ldfhk luzux ;foj f; ldhluzux mpzpfjlaLs;nznx hkakQ fLd wyx box ldfhk luzux lfrdus box fu ldhluzux w;a;jHndOdms ixj;a;;s mrjHdndOdhms ixj;a;;s" WNhHdndOhms ixj;a;;s" w;`i,x box ldhuzux |=laL|@hx |=laLjsmdlx ucACOsu ksldh 11" wuzn,gzgsl rdyqf,djdo iq;a;" nq cuq" msgqj 13250 iuzud osgzGsiai NslaLfj iuzud ixlmafmd mfyd;s iuzud ixlmamiai iuzud jdpd mfyd;s iuzud jdpiai iuzud luzukaf;d mfyd;s iuzud luzuka;iai iuzud wdcSfjd mfyd;s iuzud Z[dKiai iuzud jsuq;a;s mfyd;s ucACOsu ksldh 111" uydp;a;rSil iq;a;" nqcuq" msgqj 21851 fu;a;d iy.f;ak fpz;id talx osix MrsFjd jsyr;s ;:d |=;shx ;:d ;;shx ;:d p;`;a:sx b;s WoaOufOda ;srshx inznOs inzn;a;;dh inzndjka;x f,dalx WfmalaLdiy.f;ak fpz;id jsmqf,ak uy.a.f;ak wmamudfkak wfjzfrAk wnHdmcAfCOk MrsFjd jsyr;s w ks 1" ;sl ksmd;h uydj.a. ld,duiq;a; nq c uq 337--343 msgq52 mdfKd k yka;nznd" woskakx kdod;nznx" ldfuiquzpzPd k prs;nznd" uqid k Ndis;nznd" ucAcx k mdm;nznx h:d N~;a;Z[ap N~Z[ac:d;s oS> ksldh 111" plalj;a;s iSykdo iq;a;" nqcuq" msgqj 10453 hf;d fLd .ym;s mq;a; wrshidjliai p;a;dfrd luzulsf,id mySKd fydka;s p;~ysGdfkks mdmluzux k lfrd; P p fNd.dkx wmdhuqLdks k fij;s fid tjx pqoaoimdmldm.f;d PoaosidgspzPdos WfNd f,dl jschdh mgsmkafkd fyd;s ;iai whxfjj f,dfld droafOd fyd;s mfrd p f,dfld fid ldhiaifNod mruzurKd iq.;sx i.a.x f,dlx WmamcAc;s
  5. 5. oS> ksldh 111" isZ.d,l iq;a;" nqcuq" msgqj 29054 hf;d fLd .ym;s mq;a; wrshidjliai p;a;dfrd luzu lsf,id mySKd fydka;s p;~ys Gdfkys mdmx luzux k lfrd;s P p fNd.dkx wmdh uqLdks k fij;s fid tjx pqoaoiaimdmldm.f;d Poaosid msgspzPdos WNh f,dl jschdh mgsmkafkd fyd;s oS> ksldh 111" isZ.dd,l iq;a;" nqcuq" msgqj 29055 ;iaisfu mZ[ap kSjrfK mySfK w;a;ks iukqmiaif;d mdfudcAcx cdh;s muqosf;d mS;s cdh;s mS;s ukiai ldfhd miaiuzN;s miaioaOldfhd iqLx fjfo;s iqLsfkd ps;a;x iudOsh;s oS> ksldh 1" iduZ[aZ[M, iq;a;a" nqcuq" msgqj 12856 l;fudp NslaLfj wrsfhd iuzud iudOs iWmksfid imrslaLdfrd fihH:sox iuzud osgzGs iuzud i;s hd fLd NslaLfj bfuys i;;yfXzf.ys ps;a;iai tl.;d mrslaL;d whx jqpzp;s NslaLfj wrsfhd iuzud iudOs iWmksfid n;sms imrslaLdfrd b;sms ucACOsu ksldh 111" uydp;a;rSil iq;a;" nqcuq" msgqj 21257 jSrisxy" fykars" wOHdmk orAYk m@fjzYh" ksmqK tkagm@hsiia"kqf.af.dv"1993" msgq117-13258 Stone E, Introduction to Educational Psychology, London, 1982, pp. 81 - 9459 Social Learning and personaity development,A.Bandura and R.H.Walters,Holt,Rinchart & Winston, New York,1963,p.13-22.60 i fLda fida ld,dud wrshid jflda tajx js.;dNscAfCOda js.;nHdmdfoda wiuzuQ<afyda iuzmcdfkd m;siaif;da fu;a;d iy.f;ak fpz;id w ks 1" ;sl ksmd;h"uydj.a."ld,duiq;a;"nq c uq msgq 337-34361 ixhq;a; ksldh v" us;a; iq;a;" nqcuq" msgq 290 - 29162 ;iaisfu mZ[ap kSjrfK mySfK w;a;ks iukqmiaif;d mdfudcAcx cdh;s muqos;iai mS;s cdh;s mS;s udkiai ldfhd miaiuzN;s miaioaOldfhd iqLx fjfo;s mqLsfkd ps;a;x iudOsh;s oS. ksldh 1" iduZ[aZ[M, iq;a;" nqcuq" msgqj 12863 The Development of moral values and behaviour in childhood,E.Maccoby,Boston,1968.p.7164 fh ys flps NslaLfj" wkqluzfmHd: fh p fhd;nznx uZ[afZ[iq us;a;d jd wupzpd jd Z[d;S jd if,dys;d jd" f; fLd NslaLfj" p;`kakx wrshpzpdkx h:dN~;x wNsiuhdh iudofj;nznd m;sgzGdfm;nznd l;fuix p;`kakx |=laLiai wrsipzpiai |=laL iuqofhd wrshipzpiai |=laL ksfrdfOd wrsipzpiai |=laL ksfrdO.dusKS mgsmod wrshiai fh ys flps NslaLfj" wkqluzfmHd:" fh p fhd ;nznx ux[Z[hHqx us;a;d jd wupzpd jd Z[d;S jd idf,dys;d jd f; fjd NslaLfj bfuix p;`kakx wrshipzpld h:dN~;x wNsiuhdh iudofm;nznd ksfjfi;nznd m;sgzGdfm;nznd ;iaud;sy NslaLfj box |=laLka;s fhdf.d lrKSfhd whx |=laL iuqofhd;s lrKSfhd" whx |=lafL ksfrdafOd;s fhdf.d lrKSfhd whx |=laL ksfrdafOd;s fhdf.d lrKSfhd |=laL ksfrdO.dusKS mgsmod;s fhdf.d lrKSfhd;s ixhq;a; ksldh v" us;a; iq;a;" nqcuq" msgq 290 -29165 wx.`;a;r ksldh v" ksnzfnzOsl iq;a;" nqcuq" msgqj 20866 ixhq;a; ksldh v" us;a; iq;a;" nqcuq" msgq 290 - 29167 hdjfoj Z[dKu;a;dh" m;siai;s u;a;dh: wksiaisf;d p jsyr;s" k p lsZ[aps f,dfl Wmdosh;s oS> ksldh 11" i;smgzGdk iq;a;" nqcuq" msgqj 44068 ixhq;a; ksldh v" us;a; iq;a;" nqcuq" msgq 290 - 29169 bOdkkao NslaLq WmOs jsfjld wl`i,dkx Ouzudkx mydkd inznfid ldh |=gzGq,a,dkx mgsmamiaioaOshd jsjspzfpj ldfuys jsjspzfpj wl`if,ys Ouzfuys ijs;lalx ijspdrx jsfjzlcx mS;s iqLx mGucCOdkx WmiuzmcAc jsyr;s fid hfoj ;F: fyd;s rEm.;x fjokd.;x" iz[aZ[d.;x idLdr.;x jsZ[aZ[dK.;x f; Ouzfu wkspzpf;d |=laLf;d frd.f;d .Kavf;d i,a,f;d w>f;d wdndOf;d" mrf;d mf,dlf;d iqZ[aZ[f;d w;a;kd iukqmiaika;s fid f;ys Ouzfuys ps;a;x mgsjdfm;ajd wu;dh fid; Od;`hd ps;a;x Wmixyr;s t;x ika;x t;x mKS;x hosox inzn ixLdr iuf:d inznQmgsksiai.af.d ;KaylaLfhd jsrdf.d ksfrdfOd ksnzndKx ucACOsu ksldh 11" uyd ud,qxlH mq;a;" nqcuq" msgq 168 - 17070 bOdjqfid NslaLq iu: mqnznx.ux jsmiaikx Ndfj;s ;iai iu: mqnznx.ux jsmiaikx Ndjhf;d u.af.d iZ[acdh;s fid ;x u.a.x wdfij;s" Ndfj;s" nyq,Slfrd;s ;iai ;x u.a.x wdfijf;d Ndjhf;d nyq,Slfrdf;d iZ[afZ[dckd myShka;s wkqihd jHka;S fydka;s wx.`;a;r ksldh 11" wry;a;mam;s iq;a;a" nqcuq" msgqj 30471 wrshidjliai k iqlrx mqZ[aZ[iai mudkx .fK;` tF:ld mqZ[aZ[dNsikafod l`i,dNsikafod mqniaidydfrd;s w: fNd wixfLHd wmamfuhHd uyd mqZ[afZ[laLkafOd;afjj lXZLx .pzpka;s ixhq;a; ksldh v" wixfLhH iq;a;" nqcuq" msgqj 23272 fhd NslaLfj tjx jfohH h:d h:dhx mqrsfid luzux lfrd;s ;:d ;:d kx jsmdlx mgsixfjzoh;s:s;s tjx ika;x NslaLfj n@yauprshjdfid k fyd;s" tjx jfohH h:d h:d fjzokShx whx mqrsfid luzux lfrd;s ;:d ;:d.;iai jsmdlx mgsixfjzoh;S;s tjx ika;x NslaLfj jsmdlx n@yauprshjdfid fyd;s Tldfid mZ[aZ[dh;s iuzud |=laLiai wka;lsrshdh wx.`;a;r ksldh 1" f,dKM, iq;a;" fn#iuzixia" msgqj 80673 inznmdmiai wlrKx ;`i,iai Wmiuzmod ips;a;mrsfhdomkx t;x nqoaOdk idikx
  6. 6. Lka;s mrux ;fmd ;s;slaLd" ksnzndKx mrux joka;s nqoaOd k ys mnzncsf;d mrEm>d;s" k iufKd fyd;s mrx jsfyGhkaf;d wkQmjdfod wkQm>df;d md;sfudlafL j ixjfrd u;a;Z[aZC|=;d j N;a;iausx" mka;Z[ap ihkdikx wOsps;af; j wfhdf.d" t;x nqoaOdk idikx Lqoaol ksldh" Ouzu mo" 14 nqoaO j.a.h" nqcuq" .d:d 183" 184 yd 18574 mqnzfnj fu NslaLfj iuzfndfOd wkNsiuznqoaOiai fndOsi;a;iafij if;d t;ofydis ixhq;a; ksldh 11" f.d;u iq;a;" nqcuq" msgqj 1675 hod ;`uzfy ld,dud w;a;kdj cdfkhHd: bfu Ouzud l`i,d bfu Ouzud wl`i,d bfu Ouzud idjcAcd bfu Ouzud jsZ[aZC|Q.rys;d bfu Ouzud iu;a;d iudoskakd wys;dh |=laLdh ixj;a;ka;S;s" w: ;`uzfy ld,dud mcfyhHd: wx.`;a;r ksldh 1" ld,du iq;a;"nqcuq" msgqj 33876 mqk p mrx nslaLfj fh f; ,dNd Ouzusld Ouzu ,oaOd wka;ufid m;a;mrshdmkaku;a;uzms ;:drEfmys mdfNys wmamgsjsNka; fNd.s fyd;s ucACOsu ksldh 1" fldiuznsh iq;a;" nqcuq" msgqj 51477 msKavshdf,dm fNdckx ksiaidh mnzncAcd mxiql~, pSjrx ksiaidh mnzncAcd relaLuQ,fikdikx ksiaidh mnzncAcd mq;suq;a; fNaicACOx ksiaidh mnzncAcd uyd j.a. md,s 1" nq c uq" msgqj 23878 wdrOhsxiq j; fu NslaLfj NslaLq tlx iuhx ps;a;x k fu NslaLfj f;iq NslaLqiq wkqidikS lrKshd wfydis i;`mamdo lrKSfuj fu NslaLfj f;iq NslaLqiq wfydis ucACOsu ksldh 1" lljQmu iq;a;" nqcuq" msgqj 31279 hf;d p fLd idrsmq;a; bfOlpzfpz wdijgzGdkShd Ouzud ixf> md;`Njka;s" w: iF:d idjldkx islaLd mox mZ[aZ[dfm;s" Woaosi;s md;sfudlaLx f;iZ[afZ[j wdijgzGdkShdkx Ouzudkx mgs>d;dh mdrdcsld md,s" nqcuq" msgqj 2280 f;k ys Fjx .ym;s f; igzGs jsydfr wd.;dkd.;iai pd;`oaosiiai iXZ>iai m;sgzGdfmyS;s pq,a,j.a. md,s 11" nqcuq" msgqj 13081 ixf> f.d;uS foys ixf> f; oskafk wyZ[afpj mQcsf;d Njsiaidus ixf>djd;s ucACOsu ksldh 111" olaLsK jsNx. iQ;a;" nq c uq" msgqj 52082 f;k ys Fjx mym;s f; igzGs jsydfr wd.;dkd.;iai pd;`oaosiiai iXz>iai m;sgzGdfmyS;s pq,a,j.a. md,s 11" nq c uq" msgqj 13083 pq,a,j.a. md,s 11" nq c uq" msgqj 13184 Jayathilake K.N, Aspects of Buddhist Social Philosophy, Kandy, 1969, pp. 24 - 3785 ucACOsu ksldh 1" pQ,f.disx. iq;a;" nq c uq" msgqj 49886 pq,a,j.a. 11" fikdik j;a;x" nq c uq" msgq 362 - 36887 pq,a,j.a. 11" jpzpl`gs j;a;x" nq c uq" msgqj 37488 mqk p mrx NalaLfj fh f; ,dNd Ouzusld Ouzu,oaOd wka;ufid m;a;mrshdmkaku;a;uzms ;:drEfmys ,dfNys wmamgsjsN;a; fNd.S fyd;s iS,jkaf;ys in@yaupdrSys idOdrKfNd.S ucACOsu ksldh 1" fldaiuznsh iq;a;" nq c uq" msgqj 75489 nO uydkdu wrshidjfld iS,jd fyd;s" md;sfudlaL ixjr ixjqf;d jsyr;s wdpdrf.dpr iuzmkafkd wkqu;af;iq jcAfciq Nh oiaidjs iudodh islaL;s islaLdmfoiq ucACOsu ksldh 11" fiL iq;a;" nqcuq" msgqj 3090 Ou!isrs".`Kmd," fn#oaO iodpdrfha uQ,OrAu" fn#oaO ixialD;sl uOHia:dkh" keosud, - foysj," fojk uq|@Kh" 1996"msgq 86 - 12391 f;k fLd mk iufh NslaLq wkqmcACOdhld wfkdjoshudkd wkkqidishudkd |=kaksj;a;d |=mamre;d wkdlmamiuzmkakd msKsvdh prka;s uyd j.a. md,s 1" nq c uq" msgqj 9292 wkqcdkdus NslaLfjz WmcACOdhx ,, ,, ,, ,, tu ,, ,, ,, 9493 wkqcdkdus NslaLfjz wdprshx ,, ,, ,, ,, tu ,, ,, ,, 9494 wkqmcCOdhlf;d jcAcdjcAcx WmkscACOdhflk .rEkd jsrys;d iuka;mdidosld 111" fya uq" msgqj 72995 wkqcdkdus NslaLfj wdpdrshka;s wdpdriuzudr islaLdmklx wdprshx wkqcdkdus iuka;mdidosld 111" fya uq" 73596 WmcACOdfhd fu Nkaf; fNd.s uyd j.a. md,s 1" nq c uq" msgqj 9497 wdprsfhd fu Nkaf; fNd.s ,, ,, ,, ,, tu ,, ,, 9298 WmdcACOfhd NslaL fj ioaOs jsydrsluzys mq;a; ps;a;x WmgzGdfmiai;s ioaOs jsydrsfld WmcACOdhuzys ms;`
  7. 7. ps;a;x WmgzGdfmiai;s ,, ,, ,, ,, tu ,, ,, 9499 wZ[aZ[uZ[aZ[ i.drjd ,, ,, ,, ,, tu ,, ,, 94100 imam;siaid ,, ,, ,, ,, tu ,, ,, 94101 iNd. jq;a;sfkd ,, ,, ,, ,, tu ,, ,, 94102 Tjdfod;s wfkd;sKafK jJ:qiausx box lfrdys box ud lrsF:d;s jpkx" wkqidikS;s T;sKafK jF:qiausx" wms p T;sKafK jd wfkdKafKjd mGux jpkx Tjdfod mqkmamqkx jpkx wjqidikS;s iuka;mdidosld 111" fya uq" 733103 ioafOda fyd;s ,, ,, ,, ,, tu ,, ,, 94104 ysrsud fyd;s ,, ,, ,, ,, tu ,, ,, 94105 T;a;mamS fyd;s ,, ,, ,, ,, tu ,, ,, 94106 wdroaO jsrsfhd fyd;s ,, ,, ,, ,, tu ,, ,, 94107 WmamgzGs; i;s fyd;s ,, ,, ,, ,, tu ,, ,, 94108 mgsnf,d fyd;s wkaf;jdisllx jd" ioaOsjsydrslx jd" .s,dkx WmgzGd;`xjd" WmgzGdfmfm;`x jd ,, ,, ,, ,, tu ,, ,, 94109 wkNsr;sx jQmldfi;`x jd jQmldidfm;`xjd ,, ,, ,, ,, tu ,, ,, 94110 Wmamkx l`lal`pzpx Ouzuf;d jsfkdfo;`x jd jsfkdodfm;`x jd ,, ,, ,, ,, tu ,, ,, 94111 wdm;a;sx cdkd;s ,, ,, ,, ,, tu ,, ,, 94112 wdm;a;s jqgzGdkx cdkd;s ,, ,, ,, ,, tu ,, ,, 94113 wdNsiudjdrsldh islaLdh islaLdfm;`x ,, ,, ,, ,, tu ,, ,, 132 -142114 wdos n@yauprshldh islaLdh jsfk;`x ,, ,, ,, ,, tu ,, ,, ,, ,,115 i. wNsOuzfuz jsfk;`x wNsjskfh jsfk;`x ,, ,, ,, ,, tu ,, ,, ,, ,, ii . Deerasekara, Jothiya, Monastic Dicipline, p. 132116 Wmamkakx osgzGs.;x Ouzuf;d jsfjfp;`x ,, ,, ,, ,, tu ,, ,, ,, ,,117 iuzudj;a;s;nznx ,, ,, ,, ,, tu ,, ,, ,, ,,118 kSpx lFjd idOqlx wmrsixikaf;k fOdjsFjd mgsidfu;nznx ,, ,, ,, ,, tu ,, ,, ,, ,,119 ud ucAfCO NZXzf.d wfydis;s ,, ,, ,, ,, tu ,, ,, ,, ,,120 ud jsydfrd rfck W#yZ[aZ[S;s ,, ,, ,, ,, tu ,, ,, ,, ,,121 i. uyd j.a. md,s 1" WmcACOdh j;a;x" nq c uq" msgq 94 -104 ii. uyd j.a. md,s 1" wdprsh j;a;x" nq c uq" msgq 132 - 142122 i. uyd j.a. md,s 1" ioaOsjsydrsl j;a;x" nq c uq" msgq 106 - 114 ii. uyd j.a. md,s 1" wkaf;jdisl j;a;x" nq c uq" msgq 142 - 150123 k NslaLfjz ioaOsjsydrflk WmcACOdhuzys k iuzud j;a;nznx fid k iuzud j;af;hH wdm;a;s |=lalgiaid;s uyd j.a. md,s 1" wkaf;jdisl j;a;x" nq c uq" msgq 142 - 150124 wkqcdkdus NslaLfjz wiuzud j;a;ka;x mkdusf;k k Ludfm;nznd" fhd k L udfmhH wdm;a;s |=lalgiai uyd j.a. md,s 1" ioaOsjsydrsl j;a;x" nq c uq" msgq 106 - 114125 k NslaLfjz Ludmshudfkk k Lus;nznx" fhd k LfuhH wdm;a;s |=lalgiai ,, ,, ,, ,, tu ,, ,, ,, ,,
  8. 8. 126 mlaluka;sms ,, ,, ,, ,, ,, ,, ,, ,, tu127 jsnzNuka;sms ,, ,, ,, ,, tu ,, ,, ,, ,,128 wZ[aZ[;s;a:sfhiqms ixluka;s ,, ,, ,, ,, tu ,, ,, ,, ,,129 k NslaLfjz iuzud j;a;kaf;d k mkdfu;nzfnd fhd mkdfuhH wdm;a;s |=lalgiai ,, ,, ,, ,, tu ,, ,, ,, ,,130 kdOsu;a;x midfod fyd;s ,, ,, ,, ,, tu ,, ,, ,, ,,131 kdOsu;a;x ysrs fyd;s ,, ,, ,, ,, tu ,, ,, ,, ,,132 kdOsu;af;d .drfjd fyd;s ,, ,, ,, ,, tu ,, ,, ,, ,,133 kdOsu;a;d Ndjkd fyd;s ,, ,, ,, ,, tu ,, ,, ,, ,,13 4 mxpys NslaLfjz wxf.ys iukakd.;x ioaOs jsydrslx wmkdfukaf;d WmcACOfhd id;sidfrd fyd;s ,, ,, ,, ,, tu ,, ,, ,, ,,135 mkdfukaf;d wk;sidfrd fyd;ss ,, ,, ,, ,, tu ,, ,, ,, ,,136 i. uyd j.a. md,s 1" ioaOsjsydrsl j;a;x" nq c uq" msgq 114 - 118 ii. uyd j.a. md,s 1" wkaf;jdisl j;a;x" nq c uq" msgq 152 - 154137 wkqcdkdus NslaLfj nH;af;k NslaLqkd mgsnf,k mxp jiaidks ksiaidh jF:qx wnH;f;k hdjcSjx uydj.a. md,s 1" nq c uq" msgqj 196138 k wfifLk iS,laLfJOk ,, ,, ,, ,, tu ,, ,, ,, ,,139 k wfiafLk iudOslaLfJOk ,, ,, ,, ,, tu ,, ,, ,, ,,140 k wfiafLk mZ[aZ[laLfJOk ,, ,, ,, ,, tu ,, ,, ,, ,,141 k wfifLk jsuq;a;slaLfJOk ,, ,, ,, ,, tu ,, ,, ,, ,,142 wiaioafOd ,, ,, ,, ,, tu ,, ,, ,, ,,143 wysrsfld ,, ,, ,, ,, tu ,, ,, ,, ,,144 wfkd;a;mamS ,, ,, ,, ,, tu ,, ,, ,, ,,145 l`iSf;d ,, ,, ,, ,, tu ,, ,, ,, ,,146 uqgzGiails ,, ,, ,, ,, tu ,, ,, ,, ,,147 iS, jsmkafkd ,, ,, ,, ,, tu ,, ,, ,, ,,148 wdpdr jsmkafkd ,, ,, ,, ,, tu ,, ,, ,, ,,149 osgzGs jsmkafkd ,, ,, ,, ,, tu ,, ,, ,, ,,150 wmamiaiqf;d ,, ,, ,, ,, tu ,, ,, ,, ,,151 |=mamZ[afZ[d ,, ,, ,, ,, tu ,, ,, ,, ,,152 wdm;a;sx k cdkd;s ,, ,, ,, ,, tu ,, ,, ,, ,,153 wdm;a;sx k cdkd;s ,, ,, ,, ,, tu ,, ,, ,, ,,154 ,yqldm;a;sx k cdkd;s ,, ,, ,, ,, tu ,, ,, ,, ,,
  9. 9. 155 .reldm;a;sx k cdkd;s ,, ,, ,, ,, tu ,, ,, ,, ,,156 WNhdks fLd mkiai md;sfudlaLdks ,, ,, ,, ,, tu ,, ,, ,, ,,157 W#K mxp jiafid ,, ,, ,, ,, tu ,, ,, ,, ,,

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