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ආචාර්ය සුජිත් නිශාන්ත හේවගේ 2.cognition & behaviour

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ආචාර්ය සුජිත් නිශාන්ත හේවගේ 2.cognition & behaviour

  1. 1. ආචාර්ය සුජිත් නිශාන්ත ෙහේවෙග් 02 mrspzfPAoh (02 Chapter ) idr OrAuhla jYfhka fu;a;d ixl,amh ;`<ska m@lg jk m@cdkk yd prAhd moku ( Foundation of Cognition and Behaviour as an Value in Concept in Metta ) idr OrAu ms<snZo yeZoskajSu ( Introduction of Values ) huzlsis ixl,amhla ( Concept ) idrOu!hla ( Value ) jkafka tlS ixl,amhuZ.ska ldhsl" jdpisl yd udkisl hk f; wxYfhkau uqZM uy;a ffcj f,dalhd jsIfhysu ys;iqj isKsi hf:dala; ixl,amh l@shd;aul lsrSfuz mj;sk yelshdj u;h thska .uH jkqfhahuzlsis ixl,amhla idrOu!hla jSug wksjdrAhfhkau tlS ixl,amh m@fhda.sl ;,fha mej;SuwksjdrAh njhs ixl,amhla yqfolau idrOu!hla fkdjSfuz fya;`j fuhska meyeos,sh1 Tzkeuixl,amhla idrOu!hla jk jsg tys ffcj jsoHd;aul yd ffjoH jsoHd;aul Wmfhda.S;djhi,ld m@cdkk ( Cognition ) yd prAhd ( Behaviour ) hk fCIa;@ folla hgf;a ie,ls,a,g.; yelsh fuz hgf;a m@cdkkh yd prAhdj hk fo wxYhu idrOu!hla ms<snZoj ie,ls,a,g.ekSfuz oS b;du;a jeo.;a tl yd iudk jgskdluzj,ska hq;` oDIagsfldaK folls tfukaukQ;kfhys ffcj jsoHd;aul mCIfhka yd ffjoH jsoHd;aul mCIfhka fuz fo wxYh ms<snZojujsjsO mrAfhaIK uy;a rdYshla is|= lr we;s ksid b;du oDIHudk wkaouska idOl iys;j ulreKq f.kyer oelajSfuz wjYH;djh fujeks TzkEu Ydia;@Sh mrAfhaIKhla iuznJOfhkaw;sYhskau jeo.;ah2 idrOrAuhla hkafkka weZ.fjkqfha l`ulaoehs ijsia;rd;aulj wrA: ksrEmKhlr.ekSu fuysoS m<uqfldgu jeo.;ah idrOu! hkqfjka yeZoskafjkafka lsishuz jsreoaO fydajsfjzpkd;aul yeisrSula fyda meje;aula fjkqjg huz ksYaps; yeisrSula fyda meje;aula iuZ.fm#oa.,sl jYfhka fyda iudcSh jYfhka tlZ.jSuls ;j;a f,ilska wF:! olaj;fyd;a"idrOrAuhla hkq mqoa.,hd iudch yd cSjs;h idrj;a lrk fmdfydi;a lrk udkqIsl.`Kdx.hls idrOrAu lsishuz ixialD;shlg fyda wd.ulg fyda ms<s.ekSuz moaO;shlg fyda 31
  2. 2. wkHkH fjhss tu ixialD;sl rgdj fyda wd.usl ikaorANh fyda ms<s.ekSuz moaO;sh wkqj usi bkamrsndysrj idrOrAu ms<snZoj l:d lsrSu fuz fya;`j ksid ksIaM, jQjls fndfyda jsg fndfydafokd idrOrAu iuZ.u ixialD;sh fyda wd.u fyda ms<s.ekSuz moaO;shla fyda ms<snZojo iZoykalrk nj olakg ,efnkafka o fuu fya;`j ksiduh 3 fuz fya;`j ksidu lsishuz idrOrAuhl jshqla;;d .`Kh we;ehs lsj fkdyelshjshqla;;d .`Kh kuz idrOrAu th idlpzPdjg .efkk ixialD;sl iudcuh fyda wd.uslrduqfjka mrsndysrj meje;aula iys;h hkakhs idrOrAu jshqla; fohla fkdjk nejska thksrka;rfhkau wrA:j;a jkafka lsishuz ndysr iudc mrsirhla iuZ.uh tu ndysr iudcuhmrsirfhys wkkH;d ,CIKj,g wod,j idrOrAu fuz ksid ilia fjz huzlsis iudc mrsirhla;`,oS we.hqug ,la flfrk idrOu!hla fyda idrOu! ;j;a iudc mrsirhla ;`,oS ta yd iudkjwe.hqug ,la fkdlsrSu fyda tajd idrOu! fkdjk nj fmkajd oSu ;`< ;yjqre jkqfha idrOu!ixialD;sfhka ixialD;shg fyda iudc mrsirfhka mrsirhg mj;akd jQ jsp,Huh fohla njhs4 idrOrAu hkak yeZoskajSu iZoyd mrAhdh jYfhka Ndjs;dlrkq ,nk ;j;a mofndfyduhla we; tkuz yr" jgskdluz" mqreIdrA:" w.hka" jsksYaphka" i;a.`K" .`KOrAu ydusksialuz hkdoS jYfhks fn#oaOd.usl ikaorANh hgf;a idrOu! mqKH l@shd" l`i, lu! yd l@shdis;a jYfhka wF:! oelafjz idrOu! ms<snZoj iZoyka lrk jsg by;ska olajk ,o ish,qu mrAhdhkduhkaf.ka weZ.fjk wrA:hka idrOu! hkafkka lshfjz5 fjk;a f,ilska wF:!j;a lrf;d;a"wjidk js.@yh ;`<oS idrOu! hkqfjka yeZoskafjkafkao ixl,amhlau fjz TzkEu ixl,amhla hkqffcj m@cdkkhg wruqKq jk lsishuz ixfjzos;djhla jYfhka olajf;d;a th ksjerosh usksidgfukau fjk;a iFj jsfYaIhkgo ixfjzokhka ;sfnz kuq;a tjeks ixfjzokhka fnfyjska m@d:uslugzgfuz ixfjzokhka jk w;r usksidg fuka oshqKq fyda ixjrAOkhg m;a iakdhquhl@shdldrSFjhla yd b;du jsYd, ixlSrAK jHqyhka wka;rA.; uia;sIalhla Wreu lr fkd.;a 32
  3. 3. fiiq iFj jsfYaIhkayg ke; Tjqkg fjzokdj" |=l" nsh" wdidj" wdorh" fldamh yd yqol,diajNdjh jeks wixjrAOs; udkisl ixfjzokhka jskaokh lsrSfuz yelshdj muKla we; th jqjolsishuz udkisl wdfjz.hla jeks ixfjzokhla muKs usksidg fulS ;;ajh wNsnjd lsishuzixfjzokhla tys wdfjz.uh ia:rh blaujd ixl,amSh ;,fha isg jsZo.ekSfuz Yla;sh we; fuhixfjzokhkays nqoaOsuh l@shdldrSFjh weiqrska yg .;a iajNdjhls fuu nqoaOsuh iajNdjh jvd;aixjrAOkhg m;afj;au usksid Tyqf.a m@d:usl .;s isrs;a j,ska yd yeisrSuz rgd j,ska wE;a jStla;rd YsIaGdpdruh wjia:djlg t<fUz fuh udkj YsIaGdpdrfhys tla;rd oshqKq wjia:djlaiksgqyka lrkakla fjz l@u l@ufhka ffcj jrA.hdf.a udkj YsIaGdpdruh ;;ajh f.dvkZ.d.ksuska oshqKq j;au ffcj jrA.hdf.a oshqKqj yd iqN isoaOsh wruqKq lrf.k f.dvkefZ.k tuixl,am idrOu! kuska yeZoskafjkakg jsh tu ksid idrOu!j, uQ,sl ixl,amSh ,CIKj,gwu;rj iodpdruh" ixialD;sl yd udkqIsl hkdoS jsjsO wx. ,CIK o wka;rA.;j we; by; oelajQ ksrAjpkh mrsos TzkEu idrOrAuhl iodpdruh ixialD;sl ydudkqIsl wrA:j;a njla olakg ,efnz iEu idrOrAuhlau hym;ah m@;scdkd;aulh krlidrOrAu hkqfjka woyiajkakd jQ fohla lsisfia;au ke; fuz fya;`j ksid tnkaola .ekis;Sugj;a fkdyelsh nq|=iufha TzkEu mqoa.,fhl` jsiska fkdl< hq;` hehs oelafjk miamjq ydoi wl`i,a whym;a yd m@;sfYaOkd;aul prAhdjkag ( Negative Behaviour ) ksoiqka f,ioelajsh yel tajd idrOrAuhkays jsreoaO mCIh ksfhdackh lrk nejsks tfiau ta ksid tajdidrOrAu f,i yeZoskajsh fkdyelsh tfiau tjeks l@shdjka is|= lsrSfuka mqoa.,dka;r yd iudciuznJO;d nsZo oefuk fyhska TzkEu ndysr iudc miq;,hla ;`,oS tajdg ysus i;H we.ehqu 6fkdfjkiaj mj;S m@;scdkd;aul idrOrAu ( Positive Values ) ms<snZoj idlpzPd lrkjsg uSgiuSm wrA:fhka idrOrAu ksrAjpkh lrk mZvsjre isgs;s jsfYaIfhkau udkqIsljdoS ufkdajsoHd.`rel`,fha udiaf,da yd Tz,afmdgz tjekafkdah Tz,afmdgzf.a ksrAjpkh mrsos ‘idrOrAuhla hkqiajd;auh yd iuznJO wrA:hls’ nq|=iuh wd;aujdoh neyerlrk fyhska Tz,afmdgz olajkiajd;auh mqoa., wkkH;djh f,i .; yel tfiau th iajShFjh fyda fm#reIFjh f,iowrA:l:kh l< yel iajShFjh yd fm#reIFjh hk lreKq fol .;fyd;a th fjkuidlpzPdjg ,la l< hq;` ;rfuz jeo.;a ud;Dld folls fuz ms<snZoj kQ;kfha is|= flrS we;smrAfhaIK yd Ydia;@Sh oekqu wOHdmk ufkda jsoHdj" ixjrAOkd;aul ufkda jsoHdj" <ud ufkdajsoHdj" ufkda jsoHd;aul orAYkh" wOHdmk orAYkh" wdpdr jsoHdj yd orAYkh hk jsIhfCIa;@hhkays me;sr mj;shs fuz jsIh fCIa;@hhka tllg tlla iuznJO jk w;r fuzjdfhysidlpzPdjg nZ|=ka jkakd jQ uD;Dld fndfyda fihskau iudkFjhla Wiq,hs 7 idrOrAu hk jok bx.@sis NdIdfjz Values hk wrA:fhka Ndjs;hg meusK we;stlls tys idudkH wrA:h w.h fyj;a jgskdlu hkakhs usksiqka w.h lrk ishZM foh 33
  4. 4. idrOrAu f,i .; fkdyels nejska w.hka j,ska idrOrAu fjkalr .ekSug huz rS;shla wjYHhfuhska lshefjk wfkla foh kuz idrOu! fkdjk ke;fyd;a idrOu! f,i ie,lsh fkdyelsw.hkao mj;sk njhs fuu w.hka mqoa., jYfhka fukau idudcSh jYfhkao jsh yelsh w.hkajkdyS huzlsis fohla iZoyd fmd|= talus;slj wdfrdamKh lrk ,oaodjQ fohls t;`< udkqIsl nj.enzjsh yelsh tfiau tfia fkdjsh yelso jsh yelsh tfia jshyels w.hka idrOu! f,ims<s.ekSu ms<snZoj wfma .egZMjla fkdue; .egZMj we;af;a tfia fkdjsh yels foa ms<snZojh fuzfya;`j ksidu idrOu! w.hka j,ska fjka lr.kakd jQ uskquz oKav ms<snZoj ld,hla ;siafiaodrAYkslhka w;r fukau ufkda jsoHdZ{hska w;ro uy;a jsjdodiuzmkak hq.hla we;s jSmej;sKs8 fuz fya;`j ksidu idrOu! hk jpkh uy;a mg,ejs,s iy.; jpkhla njg m;a jSwe; Values hk jpkfhys we;s mg,ejs,s nj .ek iZoyka lrk tan@yuz udiaf,da fufia lshhs ‘Values hkak fkdfhla wdldrfhka ksrAjpkh lr;sfnz fkdfhla fokd thf;areuz .kafka fkdfhla wrA: j,sks i;HjYfhka oelajqjfyd;a wmg jevsl,a fkdf.dia uSg jvdksYaps; ldrAhnoaO jpkhla fidhd.ekSu iZoyd fuz jHdc moh w;ayer oeuSug is|=fjkq we;’tan@yuz udiaf,da fuhska olajd isgskafka idrOu! hkafka wrA:h th jsjsOdrA:fhka Ndjs;d lsrSu;`,ska uq,ska iZoyka l<dg jvd w;sYhskau mqZM,a jS f.dia we;s ksid thska uq,ska woyia l<wrA:hg huzlsis ydkshla is|= jS we;s njhs tfukau uq,ska woyia lrk ,o wrA:h mejiSu iZoydidrOu! hk moh w;ayer fjk;a jpkhla Ndjs;d lsrSfuz wjYH;djh jrA;udkh jk jsg u;`j 9we;s njhs 34
  5. 5. idrOu! ms<snZoj tan@yuz udiaf,da iZoyka lrk fuz |=Ialr;djh uelakso olshs‘Values hk ixl,amh jsoHd;aul f,i Ndjs;d lsrSu ms<snZoj mj;sk |=Ialr;djhla kuz thfkdfhla fkdfhla wrA:fhkao jrskajr wrA: udre lruskao Ndjs;d lsrSu ksid we;sjS ;sfnkjHl~,Fjhhs’ huzlsis jsIhfCIa;@hl ksYaps; wrA:hla f.koSu msKsi jHjydr lrk ,o;dCIK mohla thska mrsndysrj idudkHlrKh jSu ksid thska uq,ska woyia lrk ,ojsoHd;aul wrA:h .s,syS f.dia we;s nj uelaksf.a m@ldYfhka fy<sfjz idudkHlrKShjSuidudkH jHjydrfhys mj;sk jpk iZoyd fhda.H jqj;a Ydia;@Sh Ndjs;fhys fhok jpk tfiaidudkHlrKSh jSu ksid tu jpk ksYaps; wrA:hka f.k oSu iZoyd jHjydr l< fkdyels njg 10m;a fjz tfiau ta iuZ.u wod< mofhys Ydia;@Sh mokuo jshelS hdug mgka .kshs fuz fya;`jksid Ydia;@Sh jHydrfhys mj;sk ;dCIK mo tys Ydia;@Sh rduqj ;`<u jHjydr jkafka kuzjvd fydZo nj fmfka jsfYaIfhka bx.@Sis NdIdfjz Value hk jHjydrhg o jvd isxy, NdIdfjztys wrA:h f,i jHjydr flfrk idrOu! hk moh wOsl jHjydrh ksidu lsis|= ksYaps;wrA:hla m@ldY fkdlrk yqfola jdlHhla rij;a lsrSug muKla jHjydr flfrk mohlaf,iska kQ;kfhys Ndjs;djSu ;`< ;j ;j;a fuu jpkfhys w.h msrsyS f.dia ;sfnzidrOu! ;`< huz jsksYaphla fyda Bg wod< uQ,sldx. we;`<;a jk w;r" tajd uZ.ska mqoa.,hkaf.aksjeros hym;a fyda wdYd lrkq ,nk woyia yd u;hka meyeos,s flfrA fuu idrOu!;`< ;on,udkqIsl ,CIK we;`<;a fjz wm jsiska mqoa.,hkaj Tjqkaf.a idrOu!j, mj;sk oevsNdjh u;fY@aKs.; lsrSuz l< jsg th mqoa.,fhl` ;`< we;s idrOu! moaO;shla ( Value System ) f,iyeZoskafjz11 lsishuz mqoa.,fhl`f.a w.kdluz fyj;a idrOu! oevsNdjh u; fY@aKs.; lrkq ,nk OQrdj,shla idrOu! moaO;shla kuz fjz fuz Oqrdj<sh flfkl`f.a oevsNdjh fjkiajk wkqms<sfj<g iliajkakla o fjz oevsnj wkql@ufhka uD|= yd kuHYS,S yeisrSuz rgdjla olajd mrsjrA;kh jSfuzoS idrOu! j, ;;ajh jevs oshqKq fjz fu;a;d ixl,amh is; uD|= yd kuHYS,S njg m;a lrjk ixl,amhls tu ksid fu;a;d ixl,amh n,mEfuka idrOu! moaO;sfhys OQrdj<s rgdj wkql@ufhka oevsNdjfhys isg uD|=Ndjh olajd mrsjrA;kh fjz huzlsis idrOu!hla wkql@ufhka Wiia ;,hla lrd jrAOkh jkjd hkafkys kshdudrA:h jkqfhao tajd fuf,i oevsNdjfhys isg fldmuKm@udKhka j,ska uD|=nj lrd <Z.d jkjdo hk lreKhs tfukau ta msKsi bjy,jk lsishuzixl,amhla mj;skafka kuz ksYaps; f,iu tu ixl,amh fiiq ixl,amhka ixialrKh msKsibjy,a jkakd jQ uQ,sl Wmdx.hla f,i kuz l< yelsh fu;a;d ixl,amfhys m@cdkk fCIa;@h yd 35
  6. 6. tu m@cdkk fCIa;@h weiqre fldg ixialrK l@shdj<shg ,lajk yeisrSuz rgdj fyj;a prAhdmoaO;sh uZ.ska fiiq idrOrAu ixl,amhka fuyhjSulg ,la lrk nejz meyeos,sju fmkS hklreKls mqoa.,hka ish,q fokdgu idrOu! moaO;shla jsiska ksrAudKh lrkq ,nk idrOu!OQrdj,shla fyj;a ugzguz iuQyhla we; fuz ksid fu;a;d ixl,amfhys n,mEu ksid yg .efkkmqoa.,hka ;`< idudkHfhka mj;sk idrOu! f,i .;yels us;@Fjh" wkqluzmdj" mfrdamldrh"fifkyi" wdorh jeks .`Kdx.j, idfmaCI jeo.;alu u; fuu fu;a;d ixl,amfhysiuzmrAlh ,nkakd jQ idrOu! moaO;sh yZ|=kd.; yelsh12 fujeks udkqIsl .`Kdx. nsys jkqfhafu;a;d ixl,amh jsiska mqoa., uki fnfyjska uD|= yd kuHYS,S fjkilg nZ|=ka lrkq ,enSuksidh ;uka fukau wkHhka o tl yd iudk fmd|= cSjk whs;sjdisluz N`la;s jsZoskq ,nkakd jQiFjhka nj jgyd .ekSu ksid wkH iFj jrA.hd ;ukaf.a m@fhdackh msKsi nsysj we;s fuj,uzfkdj ;uka jeksu ;j;a wfhla f,i yZ|=kd .ekSug;a wjfndaO lr .ekSug;a fuuZ.ska wjldYie,fia fuu idrOu!j, we;s jeo.;alu ( Importance of Values ) ie,ls,a,g.ekSfuzoS fu;a;d ixl,amh iuznJOfhka nsysjk idrOu! ms<snZoj wOHhkh lsrSu fuumrspzfPaofhys oS is|= flfrA idrOu! uZ.ska mqoa.,hkaf.a wdl,am" wNsfm@arKh" ixcdkkh (m@cdkkh ) wdoS l@shdj,Ska iZoyd uQ,sl w;a;sjdru oukq ,nhs huzlsis mqoa.,fhl` fu;a;dixl,amhg wkq.; jk jsg tlS mqoa.,hd jsiska idudkHfhka fiiq mqoa.,hka iuznJOfhkaoelajsh yels fyda oelajsh hq;` fyda prAhd rgdfjz ( Behaviour ) jsjsOFjh tlS ixl,amh isf;ys 13jrAOkh jS we;s wdldrh wkqj ;SrKh fjz fuz wkqj fu;a;d ixl,amh fydZoska jrAOkh jS we;smqoa.,fhl`f.a prAhdj tf,i fu;a;d ixl,amh fydZoska jrAOkh jS fkdue;s mqoa.,fhl`f.aprAhdjg jvd fydZo hehs ;rAl lsrSug fyda is;d .ekSug W;aidy .kq ,nhs tys m@;sM,hlajYfhka fuu idrOu! hkak wruqKq .; fyda ;drAlsl tlla jYfhka wmg oel .ekSug mqZMjk 36
  7. 7. idudkHfhka idrOu! uZ.ska mqoa.,fhl`f.a m@cdkkhg ( Cognition ) yd prAhdjg n,mEuz lrkq,efnz iEu idrOrAuhlau m@cdkk ( ixcdkk Cognition ) yd prAhd" wdfjzok" Z{dkjsNd.S iy iudcuh hk mokuz mylska iukajs;h. fuu mokuz mfyka m@cdkk yd prAhdmoku hk fuu mrspzfPAofhys oS tla jr idrOrAu mokuz folla ms<snZoj tys l@shdldrSFjhwfkHdakH jYfhka iuznJO lr idlpzPd lrkq ,nhs fuu fojk mrspzfPAofhys oS wmn,dfmdfrd;a;` jkqfha fu;a;d ixl,amfhys m@cdkk yd prAhd moku ms<snZo wjYH ia:dkj, oScSj jsoHd;aul mCIhg keUqre jQ;a mqZM,a yd .eUqre odrAYksl js.@yhla is|= lsrSugh m@cdkkmoku ( Foundation of Cognition ) hkqfjka yeZoskafjkafka huzlsis idrOrAuhla ixcdkkhlsrSu" ixl,amkh lsrSu" yZ|=kd.ekSu yd ta ms<snZoj lreKq oek .ekSu wdoS ikaksfjzokhiuznJO udkisl l@shdj,sh nj uSg fmr idlpzPdjg nZ|=ka lrkq ,ensKs fuz mrspzfPAofhys oSfuu udkisl l@shdj<sh yd tlS udkisl l@shdj<sh weiqfrka mekkZ.skakd jQ prAhduh ,CIKie,lk m@cdkk yd prAhd moku ms<snZoj ijsia;rd;aulj idlpzPd lrkq ,nhs tysoS odrAYksllreKq fukau ufkdajsoHd;aul lreKq ms<snZojo ;`,kd;aulj i,ld ne,sh yelsh tfukau tlSufkda jsoHd;aul lreKq iZoyd miqnsuz jQ cSj jsoHd;aul l@shdj<sh ms<snZoj o .eUqrska wjOdkh 14fhduq lrkq ,nhs m@cdkkh hkq cSjshd jsiska fN#;sl f,dalh ixfjzokh lsrSuh wm ndysrf,dalh ixfjzokh lsrSu fkdfhla wdldrfhka lruq oelSu" weiSu" wd>@dKh wdoS jYfhks fuysoSufkdajsoHdfjys wruqK jkafka ndysr f,dalh m@cdkkh lrk wdldrh ms<snZoj i,ld ne,SuhprAhdjdoSkaf.a ksrAjpkh wkqj m@cdkkh hkq W;af;ackhka w;r mj;sk fjki yZ|=kd.ekSuhs15 m@cdkkh ms<snZoj wOHhkh lsrSu ufkdajsoHdjg we;s m@;sM,h l`ulao hkqfjka weishyelsh m@cdkkh wmf.a prAhdj flfrys uQ,sl jYfhka n,mdk idOlhls cSjshd yeisfrkafkandysr f,dalfhka ixfjzokh jk W;af;ackhkag wkqjhs tu ksid m@cdkkh ms<snZoj yeoErSujeo.;a fjz ixl,am ms<snZoj wOHhkh lsrSfuzoS fuu ldrKh w;HjYH jkafka huzlsisixl,amhla wruqKq fldgf.k we;sjkakd jQ ix{djka cSjSka jsiska .@yKh lr.kq ,nkafkam@cdkk l@shdj<sh uZ.ska jSu ksidhs16 fu;a;d ixl,amh wjYHfhkau iduQysl nj flaJ|@fldgf.k f.dvkeZ.S we;a;ls tu ksid fu;a;d ixl,amh m@cdkkh lr;au iduQyslFjh ms<snZoyeZ.Suo cSjshd;`<g ksrka;rfhkau msjsfia cSjSkaf.a idudkH iajNdjh fiiq cSjSka o iuZ.iduQysl osjs fmfj;la .; lsrSu jk nejska hf:dala; iduQysl osjs fmfj; iuZ.s iuzmkakj .;lsrSfuys,d fujeks m@cdkkhka uy;a fia WmldrS fjz fuz ksid fu;a;d ixl,amh m@cdkkh lsrSuprAhd rgdj ixialrKfhys,d .egquz yd wrAnqo nyq, jrA;udk udkj iudchg wjYHfhkaujeo.;ah 37
  8. 8. m@cdkkfhaoS wms jsiska ie,ls,a,g .; hq;` tla jeo.;a idOlhla kuzwjOdkhhs W;af;aclhkaf.a fjki yZ|=kd .ekSfuzoScSjshdf.a wjOdkh n,mdhs huz W;af;ackhlawjOdkfhka f;drj mj;S kuz th m@cdkkh jkafkake; m@cdkkh hkq W;af;ackhla wjOdkhg ,lajSuhfu;a;d ixl,amfhys mj;skakd jQ uD|= iajNdjh" cSjys;jdoSnj" tald.@;djh jeks lreKq ksid is; mSvdjgm;a lrk" jsh<s is;sjs<s wnsnjd tuZ.ska is;g iykhla,ndosh yelsh isf;ys iajNdjh kuz ksrka;rfhkaujsjsO m@cdkkhkaf.ka hqla;j mej;Su jk w;r tjeksm@cdkkhkaf.kao fu;a;d ixl,amh lemS fmfkkafkatys mj;sk by; lS jsfYaI ,CIK ksid nejskam@cdkk l@shdj<sfhys oS m@uqL;u wjOdkhg th md;@jkafkah fuu wjOdkh .;sl iajNdjfhka hqla;hwjOdkfhys tla;rd uOH ,CIhla mj;S fuh kdNshhkqfjka yZ|=kajhs mrsirh ;`< mj;sk W;af;aclhkdNsh fjhs wjOdkh yd iuznJO B <Z. fldgi kuzWmdka;hhs Wmdka;h hkq W;af;aclh jsp,kh jkakdjQ iSudjhs fu;a;d ixl,amh m@cdkkh lrkakd jQl@shdj<sh wdruzNfha oS m@cdkkh lsrSfuz myiqj ;ld huz huz iSudjka Tiafia muKla m@cdkkjmirsh iSud lrkq ,nhs kuq;a m@cdkk l@shj<sh oshqKq j;au wkql@ufhka fuu jmirsh mqZM,alrkq ,nk w;r iSudjka ish,a, w;sl@uKh lrkq ,nhs fu;a;d ixl,amh m@cdkkh lsrSfuzl@shj<sh werfUkafka uu hk iSudj flaJ|@fldgf.k nejska fu;a;d ixl,amh ms<snZowjOdkfhys uOH ,CIHh jk kdNsh uu hkak f,i oelajsh yelsh tjsg W;af;aclh jkqfhaouu hkakhs ish,q iFjhka fj; fu;a;d ixl,amh m;`rjkq ,nkafka uu hkak idfmaCI fldgf.k nejska uu hkak flaJ|@h f,i .ekSfuz wjYH;djh meyeos,s fjz fuu kdNsh yd Wmdka;hw;r jsjsO wjia:djka wms m@cdkkh lruq iuyr wjia:dj,oS wjOdkfhys kdNsh fjkia fjhsfufia wjOdkfhys kdNsh fjkia jSu idOl rdYshla u; is|= fjz fulS idOl m@Odk jYfhkafldgia follg fnosh yelsh17 tkuz ndysr yd wNHka;r hkqfjks fuhska ndysr idOl ms<snZoj m<uqfldgu ie,ls,a, fhduq lruq funZ|= tlajeo.;a idOlhla kuz ;Sjzr;djhhs lsishuz ixl,amhl ;Sjzr;djh wkqj m@cdkkh f.dvkefZ.a fu;a;d ixl,amfhys mj;skakd jQ ;Sjzr;djh kuz fiiq ixl,amj,g jvd wfkl`;a foatlg neZo ;nd.kakd ixl,amhla f,i l@shd;aul jSuhs tfukau iFjdruzuKhka wruqKqjYfhka Ndjs;d lrkq ,nk nejska tlS wruqK cSjS iajNdjfhka mej;Su wksjdrAh fjz fuuwruqK wcSjS jqjfyd;a m@cdkk l@shdj<sh tla;rd ugzgulska Tnzng oshqKq l< yels fkdfjz 38
  9. 9. fyj;a ;Sjzr f,i Ndjs;d l< fkdyelsh ;j;a idOlhla kuz jsYd,Fjhhs lsishuz ixl,amhlmj;skakd jQ mqZM,anj ksid fiiq ixl,amhka w;rska jvd;a wjOdkhg ,la fjz fu;a;d ixl,amhwdruzNfha oS uu flaJ|@fldg .;a; o jv jvd;a m@cdkk l@shdj<sh oshqKq j;au uqZM uy;ajsYajfhau we;a;d jQ il,jsO cSjSka ish,q fokdu wruqK jYfhka fhdod .efkk ksid thfnfyjska mqZM,a ixl,amhls jsYd,Fjh yereKq fldg m@fNaokh o ndysr idOlhla fjzm@fNaokh hkq iqmqre|= W;af;ack w;rg wZM;a W;af;ackhla meusKSuhs idudkH ixl,amj,gjvd is;g iykhla Wodlrkakd jQ ixl,amhla uZ.ska we;sjkakd jQ W;af;ackh ksid tlSixl,amh jvd;a myiqfjka m@cdkkh jsh yelshs tfukau huzlsis ixl,amhla jsjsO iajrEmj,skahqla;j m@cdkkh jSug i,iajhs kuz tlS ixl,amh ukdj .@yKh lr.kq ,nk nj o fuz uZ.skalshfjz fu;a;d ixl,amh tla tla wdldrj,ska yd iajrEmj,ska jvk wdldrh jsY`oaOs udrA.fhysjsia;r fjz tys jsia;r lrkakd jQ jsjsO l@uhka tlu fu;a;d ixl,amh jvd myiqfjkam@cdkkh lsrSug ieliqKd jQ jsOs l@uhka fjz tkuq;a tla tla jsOsl@uhkays wjidk mshjfrys tal@u ish,af,ysu ftlHhla f,i iSud iuzfNaoh bj;a lr fu;a;d ixl,amh jvd;a mqZM,aiajrEmfhka m@cdkkh lrkdldrh olajd ;sfnz m@cdkkh msKsi wjYH lrk ;j;a ndysridOlhla kuz mqkrdjrA;khhs mqkrdjrA;kh lsishuz W;af;ackhla kej; kej; olakg,efnzkuz tlS W;af;ackh flfrys jevsfhka wjOdkh fhduq fjhs lsishuz ixl,am iuQyhlaw;rska jsfYaIs; ixl,amhla nyq,j Ndjs;d lsrSu ksid mqkrdjrA;kh jk jsg th mqoa.,fhl`f.awjOdkhg yiq fjhs fu;a;d ixl,amh Ndjs;hg .ekSfuzoS Wmfoia fokq ,nkafka th jv jvd;anyq, jYfhka mqre|= mqyqKq lrk f,ihs fuhg wu;rj fu;a;d ixl,amfhys o wka;rA.; iqjmyiq iajNdjh iFjhd kej; kej;;a tu ksus;af;ys /ZojSug fya;`jla fjz fuh yereKq jgp,kh o ndysr idOlhls lsishuz ixl,amhl prAhd ,CIKhkaf.a wka;rA.;h wkqj p,k.`Kh wOsl;r fjz fu;a;d ixl,amfhys wka;rA.; prAhuh ,CIK wfkla ixl,amj,prAhduh ,CIKj,g jvd wOsl;r nejska jvd;a myiqfjka fu;a;d ixl,amh m@cdkkl@shdj<sh msKsi wjOdkhg fhduq fjz fuzjd w;rska wdorh" fm@auh" ohdj" fifkyi"mfrdamldrh" us;@YS,S yeisrSu" iudcYS,SFjh" iudc fiajh" iduQyslFjh"iudcdkqqfhd.Snj"ukqIHFjh" YsIaG iuzmkaknj" wdpdrYS,Snj" ;Hd.YS,Snj" kuHYS,Snj"iykYS,SFjh" iycSjkh yd ifydaorFjh jeks usksfila ;j flfkl`f.a |=lg msysg jSugbosrsm;a n,mdk tfukau l@shdldrSFjh fya;`fldg f.k ndysrska o jsoHudk jk m@n,;u lreKqjvd myiqfjka mqoa.,fhl` jsiska m@cdkkh lr.kq ,efnz fuzjd mqoa.,hdf.ka ndysrj mj;sknejska ndysr idOl jYfhka yZ|=kajkq ,efnz18 wfkla idOl jrA.h kuz wNHka;r idOlhs wNHka;r idOl w;r m@n,idOlhla kuz fm@arKhhs wmf.a uQ,sl fm@arKhka yd iuznJO W;af;acl myiqfjka wjOdkhg,la fjz wdorh yd iqrCIs; iajNdjh wmf.a uQ,slu fm@arKhla f,i oelafjz wdoS ld,Skudkjhdf.a mgka jrA;udk oshqKq iudc.; udkjhd olajd ;ukaf.a fulS wdorh yd iqrCIs;iajNdjh hk uQ,sl wjYH;djhka iuzmQrAK lr.ekSu msKsi udkjhd ;ksj yeisrSfuka je<lS 39
  10. 10. f.da;@ jYfhka ixjsOdkh jS l@shdl< wdldrh udkj jsoHdj jeks jsIhhkays meyeos,sjwOHhkhg md;@ jk lreKls f.da;@sl iudchkays mgkau iudc.; udkj lKavdhuzj,giduQysl nj w;HjYH jkakls fu;a;d ixl,amh m@cdkkh lsrSfuzoS udkjhdf.a fulS uQ,slfm@arKh jk wdorh yd iqrCIs; iajNdjh Tyqg ,efnk nejska jvd;a myiqfjka ydksrdhdifhka m@cdkkh is|= fjz ;j;a wNka;r idOlhla kuz wfmaCIdjhs wm jevsfhka wfmaCIdlrk foa myiqfjka wjOdkhg ,la fjz m@cdkkfha oS uQ,sl jYfhka jeo.;a jk fuu wjOdkhtla;rd wkaoul wmf.a uOH iakdhq moaO;sh iy fud<h jsfYaIfhka kshqla; jS we;s W;af;aclhmyiqfjka wjOdkhg yiq fjz uOH iakdhq moaO;sh tla W;af;aclhla flfrys kshqla; jQ jsgwfkl`;a W;af;acl ms<snZoj fud<h lrd mKsjqv f.khdu wekysgS fufia n,k jsg m@cdkkhflfrys YdrSrsl cSj jsoHd;aul l@shdj,sh n,mdk nj fmfka 19 wNsOrAufhys iZoyka jk w;s iQCIups;a; ffp;isl jsNd.h uZ.ska m@cdkk fCIa;@hms,snZo nq|= iuh olajk ,o w;s uy;a ie,ls,a,ksrEmKh fldg oelafjz ishZM udkisl .;siajNdjhka w;s iQCIu f,i jrA.SlrKh fldg nq|=iuh m@cdkk fCIa;@h ms<snZoj jsia;r lrkq ,nhstysoS wdh;k" Od;`" jsZ[aZ[dK jYfhka ukfiysndysr wruqKq .ekSfuys l@shdj,sh m@cdkk oDIaGsfldaKfhka ukdj iQCIau f,i jsYaf,aIKh fldgf;areuz .ekSug yd tu f;areuz .ekSu bjy,afldgf.k i;Hh wjfndaO lr.ekSug myiqjkwhqrska jsia;rd;aulj wrA: olajd we; m@cdkkhflfrys n,mdkq ,nk YdrSrsl cSj jsoHd;aull@shdj,sfhys tla;rd wdldrhl ixjsOdkd;aul njlaolakg ,efnz fjk;a f,ilska lsjfyd;a ndysrf,dalfhyss mj;sk W;af;ackhka wms m@cdkkhlrkafka lsishuz wdldr ixjsOdkhlska hqla;W;af;ack jYfhkah fmfkk W;af;acl" wefik W;af;acl" oefkk W;af;acl" wd>@dKh jkW;af;acl yd ri jsZsosk W;af;acl jYfhka fuz ish,q wdldr jQ W;af;ackhkag ixjsOdk rgdjla;sfnz ixjsOdkd;aul Ndjfhka nq|=iufhys oelafjk fu;a;d ixl,amh fiiq iuhjdohkaysjsia;r flfrkakd jQ fuhg iudkFjh .kakd fiiq ixl,amj,g jvd mrsmQrAK iajNdjhlskahqla; jSu fya;`fldg f.k jvd;a myiqfjka yd jvd;a ;Sjzr f,i mqoa., uki flfrysOkd;aul n,mEula l< yels W;af;aclhla jYfhka yZ|=kd .ekSug fuz wkqj ms<sjk fu;a;didrOrAufhys m@cdkk moku ( Foundation of Cognition ) hg;g .efkkafka fu;a;didrOrAuh yZ|=kd.ekSu fu;a;d ixl,amh ixcdkkh yd fu;a;d ixl,amh l@shd;aul jk 40
  11. 11. wdldr yd wjia:d oek.ekSu hk lreKq ms<snZoj flfrkakdjQ idlpzPdjhs fu;a;didrOrAufhys ixcdkk me;slv hkqfjka yeZoskafjkafkao by; oelafjk m@cdkk moku u fjzfuysoS idlpzPdjg .efkkafka huzlsis idrOrAuhla ms<snZo uQ<slju ukfia we;sjk jspdr mQrAjlwoyi fuysoS m@cdkk moku f,i ie,fla uQ<slju fu;a;d idrOrAuh yZ|=kd.ekSu thl@shd;aul l<hq;` yd l@shd;aul l<yels wjia:d nqoaOsuh jYfhka jsurAYkhg ,lalsrSu ;`<skajv jvd;a by< nqoaOsuh ia:r hgf;a tu ixl,amh Ndjs;hg .ekSfuz wjia:d Wodfjz fuhfpz;kdj yd noaOjqkq jevms<sfj,ls fpz;kdfjz jsjsOFjh wkqj fu;a;d ixl,amfha Ndjs;hjsjsOjk whqre fuu mrspzfPAofhaoS .eUqrska idlpzPdjg ,laflfrkq we; prAhd moku ( Foundation of Behaviour ) hkqfjka yeZoskafjkafka huzlsisidrOrAuhla ms<snZo wdpdr jsoHd;aul m@ia;`;hhs fuz hgf;a idrOrAuh iuznJO wod< yeisrSuzrgdj wOHhkh lrkq ,efnz huz wjia:djloS l@shdl< hq;` ksjeros wdldrh l`ulaoehs jsksYaphlsrSfuzoS mdol lr.kafka idrOrAuhs fuh iodpdr jsksYaph ( Moral Judgement ) f,iyeZoskafjzz fuz wkqj idrOrAu yd iodpdrh w;r iuSm iuznJO;djhla ;sfnz fuz ksid prAhdmoku hg;g wdpdr jsoHd;aul yd iodpdr uQ<OrAu ms<snZo jQ jsYaf,aIKhka wka;rA.;hidrOrAuhla yqfola jshqla; ixl,amhla fkdfjz th wjidk jYfhka l@shdfjka m@ldYs;prAhdjls mqoa., prAhdj ms<snZoj fndfyda lreKq prAhdjdoh ( Behaviour ) ms<snZoj yeoerSuuZ.ska o; yelsh prAhdj fukau uki o ksrSCIKh l< yels yd ueKsh yels fohla njjrA;udkfhysoS ms<sf.k yudrh jsfYaIfhka mdr fN#;sl jsoHdZ{hska fujeks wdl,am or;sudkisl wdl,am ueKsh yels l@uh f,i Tjqka jsiskau bosrsm;a lrk prAhdj mdol lr.;a; ofu;a;d ixl,amh hk ufkda .;sl iajNdjh ke;fyd;a m@cdkkuh W;af;ackh uZ.ska usksiaudkisl iajNdjfhys ie,lsh hq;` Okd;aul fjkila fyj;a m@jrAOkhla fmkakquz lrkq ,nknj m@;HCI jYfhkau o; yelsh fu;a;d ixl,amh uZ.ska usksia ukfiys m@cdkk fCIa;@hg is|=l< yels n,meu wOHhkh lrkq ,nkafka fujka miqnsula mdol lrf.kh YS, YsCIdj prAhduh ixialrK l@ufjzohla f,i;a ksrAjdK.duSFjh lrd hkl@usl jevmsfjf<ys mQrAj m@;smodjla f,i;a nq|=iufhys wrA: olajd ;sfnz huzlsismqoa.,fhl`f.a udkisl miqnsug prAhdj uZ.ska n,meula l<yels nj ms<s.ekSug ,laj we; fuzwoyi uZola |=rg YS, YsCIKh iuznJOfhka nq|= iufhys js.@y jk woyi iuZ. iuSmiuznJOhla fmkajhs fuhska m@lg jk jeo.;a lreK kuz ufkdajsoHdZ{hska jsiska prAhduhm@cdkkh kSrAKh lsrSfuys,d jeo.;a idOlhla fldg .kq ,enQfjz tys ksrSCIK Yla;sh.enzjSuh fmros. ufkdajsoHdj huz mqoa.,fhl`f.a m@cdkk fCIa;@h iDcq f,iu ksrSCIKhg ydmrSCIKhg Ndckh lsrSug;a ta uZ.ska ,nd .kakd f;dr;`re msgsjy,a lrf.k th Ndjd;aulmCIfhys ixjrAOkhg yd Okd;aul ixialrKhkag fhdod .ekSug yels ;rfuz oshqKq ;;ajhlmej;sks fn#oaO ufkda jsoHdj fmros. ufkdajsoHdj ;`< uq|=ka u,a lvla f,i b;du;a by<ia:dkhl jecUqfka l@udkQl~,j ixjrAOkh fjuska mej;s fmros. ufkda jsoHdfjz jsjsO wvqmdvq 41
  12. 12. |=r,d ta fjkqjg uekjska wdfoaY l< yels mrsmQrAK yd wx.iuzmQrAK l@ufjzohla fn#oaOufkdajsoHdj jsiska f,djg odhdo l< fyhsks fmros. ufkdajsoHdj oshqKq jSug n,mEfjz tyswvx.` odrAYksl mCIfhys jsjsO w;ayod ne,Suz ksrka;rfhka is|= jSu;a" tu w;aoelSuz iDcq f,ium@cdkk l@shdj<sh jsjsOdldrfhka Ndjs;d lruska is|= lrkq ,nk m@jrAOkd;aul m@;HCIlsrSuzweiqrska tlS w;ayod ne,Suz f.dv keZ.S mej;Su;a" hk lreKqh ta ;;ajh hgf;a fmros.ufkdajsoHd fCIa;@h ;`< huzlsis ixl,amhl m@cdkk w;ayod ne,Suz yd m@jrAOkd;aul Ndjs;djkaksrSCIKh lsrSfuys,d wx. iuzmQrAK yd mrsmQrAK fidhd.ekSula f,i ie,flk fn#oaOufkdajsoHdfjz m@cdkk moku iDcq ksrSCIK lsrSuz uZ.skau ta ms<snZo ish,qu f;dr;`re ,nd .;yels ugzgfuz oshqKqjla w;am;a lrf.k ;snsKs tmuKla fkdj ;ukag wjYH lrk wdldrfhaps;a; oshqKqjla yd prAhduh ixjrAOkhla we;s lr .ekSug bjy,a jk wdldrfhka thg.e,fmk iq|=iq ixl,amhla m@cdkk fCIa;@fhys ,d flfia Ndjs;hg .kafkao hk lreKq ms<snZojfn#oaO ufkdajsoHdj Wkka|=j olajd ;snsKs fuz hgf;a fu;a;d ixl,amfhys m@cdkk l@shdj<shyd tlS m@cdkk l@shdj<shg iu.duSj prAhduh mCIfhka mqoa.,fhla ,nd .kakd iqjsfYaISl`i,;d yd yelshdjka fudkjdoehs hkak;a iDcq ksrSCIKhka ;`<skau jgyd.ekSug ;ruz oshqKq;,hl fn#oaO ufkdajsoHdj mj;akd nj wjsjdos;h20 prAhdjdohg wod, lreKq uZ.ska fu;a;dixl,amh m@cdkk jSu iduQysl yeisrSuz rgdfjz ixjrAOkh flfrys Okd;aul f,i n,mdkq,nk wdldrh meyeos,s lrhs wk;`rej fu;a;d ixl,amfhys prAhd moku hgf;a tys wdpdrjsoHd;aul miqnsu ms<snZo jsYaf,aIKh lrkq ,efnz.fuhg wh;a jkqfha we;a; l:d lsrSu" wkqkagWojz lsrSu" jsYajdih /lSu" iudc m@;sudk lv fkdlsrSu ( mxpYS, m@;smodj )" fmdfrdka|=bgqlsrSu" iduQysl j.lSfuka hqla;j l@shdlsrSu" wkHhkag iyfhda.h oelajSu" bjiSu" ;ekam;aiajNdjh" iudkd;au;djh" uD|= fudf<dla nj" wk;sudkS nj yd wdpdrYS,S mej;`u hklreKqh. ;@smsgl idys;Hh ;`< wka;rA.; nq|=rcdKka jykafia jsiska ish Y@djlhkag wkq.ukhfldg l@shdjg kZ.d ;ud jsiskau mila lr .kakd f,i kshu lr jod< ldh luzu yd jpSluzuhkag wod< ish,qu l`i,.duS yd mqKH.duS lreKq prAhd mokug wka;rA.; fia oelajshyelsh fu;a;d ixl,amh m@cdkkh lsrSu uZ.ska mqoa.,fhl` jsiska w;am;a lr.kq ,nkprAhd oshqKqj m@ldYhg meusfKkafka iS, YsCIdfjks iS, YsCIdfjys wka;rA.;h ms<snZojwOHhkh wdpdr jsoHdjg wh;ah tfiau prAhdj wOHhkh lrkqfhao wdpdr jsoHdj uZ.sks tuksid prAhd moku ms<snZoj jsYaf,aIKfhoS wdpdr jsoHd;aul iajrEmfha js.@yhla fuuphH!d;aul fldgig wka;rA.; lr ;sfnz jsY`oaOs udrA.h fn#oaO ixl,amhkays m@cdkk ydprAhd moku fy,s lrk legm;la fia .sKsh yelsh thska uQ,sl mshjfrys isg wjidk mshjrolajd l@udkQl~, f,i jsia;r flfrkqfha prAhd YsCIKh uZ.ska wjYH lrk m@cdkk l`i,;djh,nd .kafka flfiao hk lreKhs tfiau tfia ,nd .kakd ,o m@cdkk l`i,;djh Wmfhda.S lr.ksuska wjYH lrk prAhd oshqKqjg m;a jk wdldrho tys uekjska jsia;r lr oS ;sfnz fuys oSjsY`oaOs udrA.h wOHhkh uZ.ska wdpdr jsoHdj yd wOs wdpdr jsoHdj ms<snZoj fmr wmr foos. 42
  13. 13. odrAYksl u;hkag wkql~,jk mrsoafoka fu;a;d idrOrAufhys .enzjk wdpdr jsoHd;aulikaorANh yd m@cdkk fCIa;@h .eUqrska idlpzPdjg ,lalsrSu yd t;`<ska nq|= oyu ;`< wka;rA.;jsoHd;aul pska;kh uekjska yZ|=kd.; yelsh fuysoS wdod< odrAYkslhkaf.a kHdhhka iuZ.fn#oaO iQ;@ foaYkd ;`,kd;aul f,i jsYaf,aIKh flfrkafka fn#oaO iQ;@ foaYkd ;`<wka;rA.; odrAYksl yd kHdhd;aul nj meyeos,sj m@lg lsrSu msKsih tfukau jevs |=rg;afulS jsIhhka ms<snZoj mrAfhaIK ldrAhfhys fhfokakl`g th jeo.;a jsh yels fyhsksprAhdmoku iZoyd jskh msglhg wh;a lreKq;a m@cdkk moku ( Foundation of Cognition) iZoyd iQ;@ yd wNsOrAu msglhkays wka;rA.; iQ;@ foaYkd;a Wmfhda.S lr.kq ,efnz md,sixialD; yd bx.@Sis NdIdjkag wu;rj fjk;a NdIdjkaf.ka rpkdjqkq ;@smsgl yd wjfYaIuQ<.@J:hkays wka;rA.; f;dr;`reo fuz iZoyd Ndjs;hg .; yelsh nZ idr OrAu ms<snZo jsoHd;aul moku ( Scientific Foundation about Values ) idr OrAu jkdyS udkj m@cdkk ( The Field of Cognition ) fCIa;@hg jsIhjkakd jQ ixl,amhkah ( Concepts ) huzlsis ixl,amhla m@cdkkh jkafka flfiao hk lreKuekjska wOHhkh lsrSu uZ.ska udkjhka i;`jkakd jQ udkjhkagu iqjsfYaIS idrOrAuhka cSjjsoHd;aul mCIfhka yg .kafka flfiaoEhs jgyd.ekSug ukd msgsjy,la ,efnz iFj jsfYaIhkaw;rska fiiq iFjhkag fmd|=fjz we;a;d jQ idrOrAu w;rska udkj idrOrAu fjkia jkafkaflfiaoehs fuz wkqj Ydia;@Sh ks.ukhkag ;rAldkQl~,j meusKSug m@cdkh fCIa;@h cSjjsoHd;aulj yeoErSu ;`,ska hym;a miqnsula ilia flfrA fu;a;d keue;s idrOrAuho tla;rdwdldrhl ixl,amhls ixl,am iFjhka ;`<g m@fjzY jkafka m@cdkkh keue;s cSj jsoHd;aull@shdj,sh ;`,sks fuys jsfYaIFjh jkqfha fuu m@cdkkh keue;s l@shdj,sfhys cSj jsoHd;auljgskdlula fukau odrAYksl jgskdlula o .enzjSuhs jsfYaIfhka ngysr odrAYkslhka w;rskafndfyda fofkla fuz m@cdkk fCIa;@h ms<snZoj mrAfhaIKh lsrSug Wkka|= jkakg jQfha m@cdkkfCIa;@fhys .enzjk fulS odrAYksl jgskdlu ksidh Cognition hk jpkfhka idudkHfhkawoyia jkafka yeZoskSu" oekSu" Wm,nzOsh" Z{dkh" m@cdkk" m@cdkkh" Z{dkh hk wF:!hsixcdkkh hkqfjka oelafjkafkao fuhuh idudkH ukqIH yeisrsfuz iuzmQrAK mokug ,nd fok;ks ksrAjpkhla f,i fuu m@cdkkh hk moh wF:!l:kh l< yelsh mqZM,a jsurAYkhkays oSth wksjdrAhfhkau iSud iys; njla .ekSug mqZMjk 21 udkj m@cdkk fCIa;@h" ( The Field of Human Cognition ) wm woyialrkqfha ukqIH iajNdjh olajkakd jQ l@ufjzohla f,ihs wju jYfhka idudkH ukqIHhkajsiska Tjqka ienjskau fkdolskakd jQ foa ishZM foa ms<snZoju oekSula we;s lr.kq ,nkqfha fuum@cdkk fCIa;@h ;`<sks22 m@cdkk fCIa;@fhys mj;akd jQ fulS ishquz nj ksid tu jsIh ms,snZoj 43
  14. 14. ishquz lreKq wkdjrKh lr.; hq;af;ao uD|= njska ishquz jQ is;sks ulaksido h;a oevs jkakgjkakg isf;ys uD|= yd ishquz nj jskdY jS hk fyhsks fldamfhka yd oafjzIfhka is; rZM yd oevslrk w;r ffu;@sfhka is; uD|= yd ishquz lrkq ,nhs fuz fya;`j ksid fu;a;d ixl,amhm@cdkkh lr;au is; uD|= yd ishquz jS isf;ys nqoaOsuh .`Kh jrAOkh fjz nqoaOsuh .`Khkaf,i ie,flkakd jQ pska;kh" iaurKh" wdjrAckh" bf.kSu" ldjH ridiajdoh yd;rAldkQl~,nj jeks ishquz Ndjuh ;;ajhka lrd pska;kh <Z.d lrjkqfha fu;a;d ixl,amhm@cdkk lsrSfuka uD|= yd ishquz njg m;ajkq is;hs 23 m@cdkkh iy uq,a mrAfhaIKd;aul ufkda jsoHdj ( Cognation and earlyExperimental Psychology ) fuysoS jeo.;a ;ekla .kq ,nk jsIh fCIa;@hls ufkda jsoHdfjzwerUqu f,i t<sorjq jkqfha uSg wjqre|= ish .Kklg fmr mej;s huz jsoHd;aul YsCIKhlaf,ihs tfiau th fnfyjskau yd fnfyjskau wfkl`;a jsIhhkaf.ka fjkajQ YsCIKhla f,imrsKduh fjuska mej;sKs fuz wjia:dfjzoS tu jsIh ms<snZo jsIhdkQl~, wjfndaOh jevsj;au thorAYkfhka yd iudc jsoHdfjka lD;s@uj muKla fjka jQ jsIhhla njg m;ajsh ta jdf.au thcSj jsoHdjkaf.ka o" idudkH jYfhka fN#;sl jsoHdjkaf.ka o fjka jQjla njg m;ajsh kuq;a 24th widudkH isoaOdka;hla fkdfjz fu;a;d ixl,amfhys m@cdkk yd prAhd moku yeoErSfuzoSuq,a mrAfhaIKd;aul ufkda jsoHdj jeo.;a jkqfha fu;a;d ixl,amh uZ.ska m@cdkkh jSfuzoSfud<h yd iakdhq moaO;sh thg olajkakd jQ m@;spdrh u; isrefrA cSj jsoHd;aul l@shdj<shtuZ.ska md,kh jk wdldrh;a" odrAYksl mCIfhka tlS cSj jsoHd;aul l@shdj<sh cSj ixy;sfhysm@jrAOkh iZoyd WmldrS jk wldrh;a"25 jsoHdkQl~, f,i tuZ.ska jsYaf,aIKh lr olajknejskswNsOrAu msglfhys oS jsYaf,aIKh lr olajkafka fuu ;;ajhhs 26 fu;a;d ixl,amfhys m@cdkk moku ms<snZoj ( Metta Concept & Foundationof Cognition ) lreKq idlpzPdjg .ekSfuz oS nqoaOsh hkq l`ulaoehs uZola meyeos,s lr.ekSujeo.;ah fuysoS huzlsis idrOu!hl m@cdkk moku hkqfjka woyia jkafka nqoaOsuh ia:rh njl,ska iZoyka lrkakg fhosks fuu nqoaOsh hkq l`ulao$ th fiiq idOlhkaf.ka fjkalr yZ|=kd.kafka flfiao hk lreKg ms<s;`re iemhSug wmg uq,skau is|=fjz fuu m@Yakhg ms<s;`reiemhSug kuz m<uqfjkau nqqoaOsh hkqfjka wm jsiska ksrAjpkh lr.kakd foh l`ulao hkakms<snZoj huzlsis tlZ.Fjhlg meusKSug is|=fjz ienjskau nqoaOsh hkqfjka wF:! olajkafkal`ulao$ th fiiq foa flfrka fjkiajkafka l`uk lreKla ksido hk lreK uola jsuid ne,SufuysoS jeo.;ah fuysoS jspdrd;aul nj" iyc l`Y,;djh" m@;sNdj" mrsl,amk Yla;sh"ksirA.h" ksrAudKYS<SFjh" ;ksj ;SrK .ekSfuz yelshdj" bf.kqfuys yelshdj" is;Su"pska;kh" ukkh hkdoS lreKq rdYshla tlg tla;eka jQ wjia:djlg wm nqoaOsh hkqfjkajHjydr lrk nj fmfkkakg ;sfnz by; olajk ,o wjia:d rdYsh w;rska nqoaOsh hkqfjkaienjskau wm ksrAjpkh lrkafka l`ulao$ fuz ish,a,uo$ ke;fyd;a tajd w;rska tllao$ kQ;kjHjydrhg wkqj wF:! olajkafka kuz nqoaOsh hkafkka jHjydr jkqfha ksrAudKYS,sFjh nj 44
  15. 15. fmfka fiiq wjia:djka nqoaOshg wka;rA.; jqj;a usksidf.a ksrAudKhlg mjd wka;rA.; l<yels fuj,uz nj mejfia fuz hgf;a mj;akd foa Wmfhda.S fldg f.k kj foa m@;sNdj weiqrskansys lsrSu ksrAudKYS,sFjh f,i ie<fla wm l:d lrkafka idrOu! ms<snZoj ksid ienjskauidrOu! ixl,amhkays ksrAudKYS,S miqnsula .enzjkafkao keoao hkak ms<snZoj wjOdkhfhduqfldg ne,sh hq;`h idrOu! ixl,amhkays miqnsu ms<snZoj jspdr mQrAjlj we.hqulg ,lalsrSu tys moku .fjzIKh hkafka woyihs ta wdldrhg huzlsis idrOu! ixl,amhl fuuksrAudKYS,S moku wka;rA.; jkjd kuz tu idrOu! ixl,amfhys m@cdkk fCIa;@h wka;rA.;jkjd hehs mejish yelsh fu;a;d ixl,amh ms<snZoj fuz wdldrhgu wjOdkh fhduq lrne,qjfyd;a tys ksrAudKYS,S nj wka;rA.;o keoao hkak ms<snZoj jgyd .; yelsjkq we; nqoaOsfhys iajNdjh ( Nature of intelligence ) fhys fu;a;d ixl,amh ;`,ska W;aidylrkqfha il< cSj m@cdj tlg tlalr ;enSuhsnz,Qlhsuz wdoSka idrOu! jkdyS iudc ue,shula f,io wF:! olajkq ,enqfjz idrOu! ixl,amhkayswka;rA.; fuu .`Kdx.h ksidhs cSjfhys m@Odku .`Kdx.h jkqfha cSjhg ys;iqj iemhSfuzjgdmsgdjla ksrAudKh lr oSuhs fjk;a jsosylska lsjfyd;a ukqIHhd we;`ZM iEu cSjsfhl`gufuf,dj jdih lsrSfuzoS fuf,dj jdikdjka; ia:dkhla tfukau jdihg Wps; ia:dkhla f,imj;ajdf.k hEfuz j.lSu uqZMukskau mejfrkafkao usksid m@Odk fldg we;s il, cSj m@cdjfj;uh fuysoS usksid ksrAudKYS,sFjh w;ska fiiq wfkla iFj j.!hdg jvd fndfyda fihskabosrsfhka isgsk ksid fiiq iFj m@cdjgu fuf,dj jdih lsrSug Wps; ia:dkhla f,imj;ajdf.k hEfuz j.lSu usksidgu mejfrA nq|=iuh usksidf.a fuu nqoaOsuh yelshdj ms<s.kakd w;ru fuf,dj fiiq iFjj.!hdgo cSj;ajSfuz whs;shla we;snj ms<s.kakd f,i usksidg n,lr mjid isgshs tfukau fiiqcSj m@cdj iuZ. iyfhda.fhka cSj;ajsh hq;`njo fmkajd oS ;sfnz usksid ksrAudKYS,S ukqIHfhlajkafka iajNdj Ou!h iuZ. tlaj l@shd lsrSu uZ.sks ienjskau iajNdjh" iajNdj Ou!h jQ l,Sienjskau ksrAudKYS,Sh iajNdj Ou!fhys ksrAudKYS,SFjh usksidg" usksia nqoaOshg jgyd.;fkdyels ;ruskau ksrAudKYS,Sh fuz ksidu fuu l@shdj,sh ksjerosj lr.; fkdyels jSu ksiduf,dj nsysjQ we;euz wd.uz yd orAYk uZ.ska iajNdj Ou!h ke;fyd;a iuia; cSj yd wcSjiajNdjhu tla;rd wdldrhlska mqoa., iajrEmhlska i,ld ;sfnz ksrAudKjdoS pska;khwerfUkakg uQ,sl nSchka fuz ;;ajh mdol lrf.k we;s jQ nj meyeos,sh ksrAudKjdoS wd.uslyd odrAYksl ixl,am nsys jS we;af;a iajNdj Ou!h i;` wmQrAj yelshdj usksia nqoaOsh ;`,ska js.@ylsrSfuzoS mek kZ.skakg jQ jsjsO wkjfndaO ;;ajhka lrK fldg f.kh ksis wdldrfhkafya;`M, js.@yhlg wiu;a jSu fya;`fjks fuh tla;rd |=rlg m@cdkk fCIa;@fhys .egZMuh;;ajhla f,i o fmkajd osh yelsh wF:!jka ixcdkkhla l< yels jkafka m@cdkk fCIa;@hjsjsO wkjYH iSud meKjSuz j,ska ksoyiaj mj;akd jsg muKla nejska fujeks iSud meKjSuz 45
  16. 16. mj;sk ;;aFjhla ;`< oS tuZ.ska we;s lrjkakd jQ m@cdkkh jsOsu;a yd mrsmQrAK hehsks.uhlg meusKSug fldfy;au mqZMjka lula we;af;a ke; tu ksid tjka m@cdkk fCIa;@hkauZ.ska ,nd .kakd jsjsO ;SrK wF:!l:k j, iajrEmh iSud iys; jSu fkdje<elajsh yelsh ksrAudKYS,sFjh jeks ishquz ufkda.;sl iajNdjhka ukfiys W;af;ackh jkqfhauki rZM wdl,am j,ska yd iSud lsrSuz j,ska hk wys;lr m@cdkk w;aoelSuz j,ska f;drj mj;skjsgh fyj;a ufkda.;sl jYfhka ishquz ;;ajlg m@cdkk fCIa;@h m;a lrjSug udkislyelshdjla we;s jkafka jsjsO wOsldruh ;;ajhkaf.ka uki fkdje<lajqjfyd;a muKswOsldruh iajNdjhlska f;dr jQ uki w;sYhskau ishquzh fkdrZMh wjia:dfkdaps; mrsos .eUqreksrAudKYS,S ;;aFjhka cks; lsrSfuz YlH;djhka iys;h isysh;a wLKav ksrSCIKd;auljsYaf,aIK m@cdkkh;a ;`<ska jsmiaikd pska;kh ukfiys m@cdkk fCIa;@h fuf;la mej;shd jQmrsudKhg jvd jevs meyeos,s oelaula ,enSfuz wjldYh Wodjk mrsos mqZM,a lsrSulg nZ|=kalrkqfha by; olajk ,o wOsldruh iajNdjhlska f;dr jQ uki wjia:dfkdaps; mrsos .eUqreksrAudKYS,S ;;aFjhka cks; lsrSfuz YlH;djhka iys; ksidh ksrAudKYS,sFjh fu;a;dixl,amh iuZ. ieifokafka flfiao$ fu;a;d ixl,amfhys uqLHdrA:h jkqfha ys; us;`re njhsfuu ys;j;anj ksrAudKYS,So$ ksrAudKYS,Snj hkq is;du;d wZM;ska f.dv kZ.k njhs fyj;ailia lrk njhs fulS ldrAhh;`< kejquznj ms<snZo wdl,amhla f.dv keZ.S we; us;@Fjh fyj;ays;j;anj ;`<o fuu f.dvkeZ.Su olakg we; kejquz nj fukau tlg tlalrk taldnoaO;djhwe;s lrk nj olakg we; fuhska woyia flfrkqfha us;@Fjh ke;fyd;a ys;j;anj ksrAudKYS,Snjhs ksrAudKYS,S pska;khla fkdue;s ;eke;a;dg f.dvkZ.d .ekSula l<yels fkdfjz ys;j;aiajNdjh we;sjkqfha fuu f.dvkeZ.Su ;`,sks iuia; cSj m@cdj iuZ. us;@Fjh f.dvkZ.kqfhafuu ksrAudKYS,S pska;kh uZ.sks fuz olajd f,dj nsysjQ jsYsIa: ia:dkhla orkakd jQ ksrAudKusksia j.!hdf.a hym; fjkqfjka nsysjQ ksrAudK fjz tfia fkdjkakdjQ foa j,g meje;aulafkdue; iajNdj Ou!hu thg tfrysj keZ.S isgshs wm l:d lrkakdjQ iajNdj Ou!h jQ l,SksrAudKjdoS pska;kh fkdfjz kuq;a iajNdj Ou!h fyj;a iajNdjh jQ l,S ksrjfYaIfhkauksrAudKYS,Sh th tfia jkafka iajNdj Ou!h;`< .enzjk cSj ys;jdoS iajNdjh ksidh fuu cSjys;jdoS iajNdjh lrK fldgf.ku iuia; cSjh fuz olajd fuu f,dj;`< fkdkeiS /ZoSmj;shs tfia iajNdjOu!h ;`< cSj ys;jdoS iajNdjhla ksrjfYaIfhkau fkd;snqkd kuz fuzwdldrfhka cSj m@cdj fuf,dj wLKavj fuz olajd mj;skafka ke; cSj m@cdj fuz whqrska fuz f,dj mj;skafka Tjqkaf.a jdihg ys;lr foaY.`Kslrgdj;a Tjqka tlsflld flfrys olajkakdjQ ys;j;anj fyj;a fu;a;d ixl,amh fya;`fldgf.kh fu;a;d ixl,amh fuz ksidu cSj m@cdjf.a wLKav meje;au iqrCIs; lrkakdjQidrOu! ixl,amhla f,ig fmkajd osh yelsh fuz wLKav meje;au rZod mj;skafka usksid jsiskaffcj f,dalfhys fiiq cSjSka flfrys ie,ls,su;a jk muKgh usksid ;ud muKla usys;,fhys isgskd tlu cSjshd fldg is;hso ta ;dla l,a ffcj f,dalfhys fiiq cSjSkaf.a meje;aug 46
  17. 17. usksidf.ka t,a, jkafka ;rAckhlauh fuz ;;ajh usksid ;`< yg .kafka usksid oevswd;audrA:fhka uq<djg m;a jSu ksidh huz fyhlska usksidg ;ud jgd oevsfldg we;swd;audrA:fha oevs udkisl mjqr nsZo oukafka kuz muKla tjsg Tyqg h:drA:fhys iqjZo wd>@dKhl< yelsjkq we; h:drA:h hkq tla tla mqoa.,hd jsiska jsjsO lreKq wrUhd jsgska jsg m<lrkq,nk wF:!l:k fyda ;ukaf.a pska;k iSudjg muKla iSudjQjla fkdjsh hqq;`h th uy;a mqZM,ajiudch jsIfhys wF:! iuzmkak jk m@Z{df.dapr ksIaGdjla jsh hq;`h fuu m@Z{d f.dapr njfyj;a m@{dfjys iSud udhsuz oelajSu is|= flfrkqfha m@cdkk ia:rh uZ.sks m@cdkk w;aoelSuz,nkakg ,nkakg fuu iSudfjys jmirsh o mqZM,a yd meyeos,s njg m;a fjz fu;a;d ixl,amhb;du;a u fydZoska isf;ys jrAOkh jS we;s nj fuu jmirsh mqZM,a yd meyeos,s njg m;a jSugfya;`j fjz tmuKla o fkdj jvd;a jsjD; udkislFjhlska hqla;j ;SrKhkag t<USug ydi;Hhg <Z.d jSug fuz uZ.ska yelshdj we;s fjz fu;a;d ixl,amh yd nq|=oyu ( Metta Concept & Buddhism ) nq|= oyfuys fuz ms<snZo b;du;a jeo.;a jsYaf,aIKhla ld,du iQ;@fhys jsoHudkfjz ld,du iQ;@fhys js.@y jkafka fuu jsjD; udkisl ugzguhs wkqka lshk ksid (Report)" "mruzmrdkq.;j meusKs ksid (Trdition)" fufiajsh yelshhs wkqudk lsrSu ksid ( Prologue)" "iduzm@odhslj .@J:dkq.;j mej; wd nejska (Giving in the Scripture)" ;rAlhg tlZ. hehsjegyqkq muKska (Logical Implication)" kHdhg tlZ.hehs jegyqkq muKska (Nomological "Implication)" fuz lreK hym;ahehs ixl,amkh lsrSu ksid (Diversification of Thought)" " "l,ska ;SrKhfldg nei.;a ks.ukhkag yd oDIaGSkag iudk ksid (Coincide the Aspects)" "wjjdo fokakd .`Kjf;l` nejska ( Potentiatity)" yd ;u .`rejrhdf.a lSula nejska(Consultations of Preceptor)" hk lreKq oyh ( 10 ) flaJ|@.; fldgf.k jsjD;udkislFjhlska f;drj wjspdr mQrAjl f,i l@shd lsrSu i;r n@yau jsyrKhka isf;ys jrAOkhfkdjSug fya;`jla f,i ld,du iQ;@fhys fmkajd oS ;sfnz27 i;r n@yau jsyrKhkays fiiq jsyrKhka jk lreKd" uqos;d yd WfmaCId hkfiiq ufkda .;slhkag mdol jkafka o fu;a;d ixl,amhhs fuz ksid jsjD; udkislFjfhkaflfkl` Tnzng h;au fu;a;d ixl,amfhka o neyer jk nj fuz wkqj ks.ukh l< yel by;ld,du iQ;@d.; jsjD; udkislFjh jkdyS iDcqju udkj m@cdkk lafIa;@h yd ineZ|=kd jQfohls fuhska we.fjkafka fu;a;d ixl,amh isf;ys yg .ekSug yd yg .;a;d jQ fu;a;dixl,amh isf;ys jrAOkh jSug kuz Bg irs,k mrsoafoka ilia lrk,o fyda ilia lr.kakd,o m@cdkk lafIa;@hla udkjhd ;`< ;snsh hq;`u njhs huz flfkl` ;`< jrAOkh jS we;a;d jQ 47
  18. 18. m@cdkk lafIa;@fhys m@udKhgu ta mqoa.,hd ;`< fu;a;d ixl,amh l@shd;aul jSfuys wjia:djlauska meyeos,sju fmkakquz lrhs fjk;a iuh jdohkays fu;a;d ixl,amfhys wka;rA.; huz huz m@cdkkfCI;@hka ms<snZoj idlpzPdjk nj fmkqk o tajdfhys m@cdkk fCIa;@hkays mj;sk iSud iys;iajNdjh bosrsfha bka mqfrdal:s; fu;a;d ixl,amfhys .uzNSr;djh yd irAj iuzmQrAK Ndjhtl iudk hehs f.k yer mEug fkdyelsh ld,du iQ;@fhys iZoyka oi jsO m@cdkk iSudjka;`< tu wF:! l:k rduqq.; jS we; tu ksid bka ksIamkak jk prAhd;aul mCIh o wksjdrAhrduq.; jSulg iSud jS ;sfnz ksoiqkla f,i ls;`Kq iuh ;`< idrOu!hla f,i bosrsm;a jkakdjQfm@auh hk ixl,amh m@cdkk iajNdjh w;ska nq|=iuh ;`< idrOu!hla f,i bosrsm;a jk fu;a;dixl,amhg jvd iSus; rduqjl wF:!l:kh jk iajNdjhla .ekSu fmkajd osh yel isf;ys fu;a;d ixl,amh jrAOkh jSu ldhsl jYfhka prAhduh oshqKqjla f,indysrska m@ldYhg meusfKk wdldrh ld,du iQ;@fhysu uekjska jsia;r lr oS ;sfnzm@dK>d;h" fidrlu" mrodr fiajkh" uqidjdoh yd wkHhka by; olajk ,o jeros yeisrSuzj,kshqla; lrjSu Wfoid fm<UjSuz lsrSu hk lreKq mfika ( 5 ) je<lSu tu prAhduh oshqKqj njfmkajd oS we;28 fuu prAhduh oshqKqj we;s jkafka udkisl jYfhka ksrdhdifhkau tu jerosyeisrSuzj, we;s idjoH iajNdjh jgyd.ekSug tlS mqoa.,hdgu yelshdj ,efnkafka fu;a;dixl,amh ;`< wka;rA.; iuia; cSj j.!hd jsIfhys mj;akd jQ cSj ys;jdoS us;`re iajNdjhksidh prAhdjka ilia lsrSfuys,d fu;a;d ixl,amfhys m@;scdkd;aul n,mEu ld,duiQ;@fhys olakg ,efnk mxpjsO m@;smodj uZ.ska uQrA;su;a flfrA29 tys wjika wx.h f,i olajd;sfnkafka fm<UjSuz kHdhhs fm<UjSuz kHdhh jQ l,S idjoH yd ksrjoH hk fohdldrfhkauNdjs;hg .efkhs fu;a;d ixl,amhg m@;smCI ps;a; ixl,amhkaf.a wys;lr n,mEu ksidfm<UjSuz kHdhh idjoH whqrska Ndjs;hg tlajk w;r fu;a;d ixl,amfhys n,mEu ksidfm<UjSuz kHdhh ksrjoH wdldrfhka Ndjs;hg tla fjz30 fu;a;d ixl,amh yd fn#oaO jskh fn#oa ( Metta Concept & Buddhist Disciplinary ) fu;a;d ixl,amfhys m@cdkk moku uZ.ska f,dalh ;`< ukqIH jrA.hdf.ameje;au iZoyd olajkakd jQ Wmfhda.s;djh ( Foundation of Cognition in Metta Conceptfor Utility of Human Living in the world ) ms<snZo lreKq ie,ls,a,g .ekSu fuysoSjeo.;ah nq|= iuh ;`< fu;a;dj ms,snZoj iZoyka lsrSfuz oS th wksjdrAhfhkau n@yauprAhdfjzmoku f,i wF:!l:h lsrSug yelsh ixidr jsuqla;sh ,enSu tkuz ksrAjdKdjfndaOhg m;ajSu 48
  19. 19. ;u cSjs;fhys taldhk m@drA:h fldg.;a m@:u fndaOshg wh;a uq,a hq.fhys iuznq|= iiqkgjkawh fj;ska iuQyhhdf.a meje;aug wys;lr wrAnqo we;s fkdjsks31 ta ksidu wuq;`fjka jskhYsCIdmo meKjSfuz wjYH;djhla nq|= ysushkag we;s fkdjsks32 tu hq.fhys mej;sfha NsCIqjlf.aiajNdjh ljrlaoehs ix>hd oekqj;a lsrSuz jYfhka yd iiqkg msjsfik ieoeye;shkg iuznq|=iiqk hkq l`ulaoehs meyeos,s lroSuz jYfhka foaYkd lrk,o ishZM nq|=jrhka jykafia,duyqfola pdrs;@hla jYfhka Wfoik ,oaod jQ my; oelafjk wF:!j;a m@ldYkh muKs " ish,q wl`i,ska |=re jSu" l`i,a lsrSu yd oshqKq lsrSu" ;udf.a is; mssrsis|= lsrSuhk fuz nq|=jrhkaf.a wkqYdikhhs " fuuZ.ska mejfikqfha nq|=jrhdKkajykafia,d jsiskam@cdkk yd prAhduh lafIa;@fhys,d fu;a;d ixl,amh l@udkQl~,j ixjrAOkhg m;a lr.ekSumsKsi bosrsm;a lrk ,o jev ms<sfj<hs fuz ;`< m<uqj wkHhkayg ysxid mSvd is|= jk iajlShffoksl prAhdjkaf.ka yels;dla je<lSu;a ta ksid fu;a;d ixl,amh jrAOkh wjYHlrkldhsl" jdpisl yd udkisl jgdmsgdjla ksrAudKh jSu;a is|= fjz fujka iudc mrsirhla ;`< oSjvd;a myiqfjka fu;a;d ixl,amh ish is;a i;kays jrAOkh msKsi fjr .kakd ;eke;a;dyg;j |=rg;a lsis|= wdd.ka;`l ndOdjka rys;ju tu ixl,amh m@cdkk fjz m@cdkkh jkakgjkakg m@cdkk fCI;@fhys uqZM uy;a jmirshu fu;a;d ixl,amfhka msrS b;srS hkakg fjz fuul@shdj<sh uqZM uy;a iudc iqrCIs;;djh flfrys Okd;aul n,mEula is|= lrkakd jQ ldrKla ofjz "bjiSu fuz iiafkys mru ;mihs nq|=jre mfia nq|=jre uy ry;ayq ksrAjdKhfl<jr fldg we;s wkqYdikdjla u flfr;a wkHhkag ysxid mSvd lrkakd mejsoafola fydaY@uKfhla fkdfjz wkHhka fkdfm<d fkdrsojd lghq;` lsrSu Y@uK Ou!hhs " bjiSu nq|=iiqfkys mru ;mi f,i oelajSu uZ.ska fmkakquz lrkqfha uqZM uy;a iuznqoaO Ydikhuf.dvkeZ.S we;s mokuhs fyj;a wjsysxidjhs bjikakd jQ mqoa.,hd mru wjsysxidjdosfhlstfukau wkHhka jsIfhys oevs ffu;@S mQrAjl wdl,amhlska hqla;j lghq;` lrkafkls ksrAjdKholajd osfjk fn#oaO m@;smodj ;`< ffu;@S mQrAjl fpz;kdjg yd ffu;@S pska;khg ,efnkiqjsYd, jeo.;alu fuhska fudkjg fy<s fmfy<s fjz tmuKla o fkdj ffu;@S mQrAjlfpz;kdfjka hqla;j lghq;` lsrSuu iajlSh wd.usl mQcH mCIfhys mru ldrAhh jYfhkao nq|=ysushka i,ld we;s nj fuhska fmfka tf,i fkdlrkakd jQ mqoa.,hd Y@uKfhla fyda mejsoafolafkdjk nj oelajSu ;`< n@dyauK yd Y@uK iuzm@odh oajs;ajh w;`frka n@yauK iuzm@odh ;`<wjsoHudk uq;a uqZM uy;a Y@uK iuzm@odh;`<u wka;rA.;j we;s iqjsfYaIS ,CIKh jk fu;a;dixl,amh mdol fldgf.k iliaj we;s nj fu uZ.ska ksrEms;h "wkHhkag wmjdo nsKqfuys yd wkHkaf.a jeros wvqmdvq fijqfuys ksr; fkdjSuo" m@d;sfudCI ixjrfhka hqla;j jsfjzl fikiqkays jsiqu o" fNdackfhys u;a;Z[aZC|=;djh o(wdcSj mdrsY`oaOs YS,h yd m@;H ikaksY@s; YS,h ) " isys kqjKska hqla;j fhoS jdih flreu o" 49
  20. 20. wOsps;a;fhys tkuz f,#lsl yd f,daflda;a;r OHdk iudm;a;s ps;a;fhys jShH! flreu o" fuzjdish,q nq|=jrekaf.a wkqYdikh fjz" wkHkag fodaIdfrdamKh lrkafka yd wkHhkaf.a wvqmdvqfidhuska isgskafka is; oafjzIfhka hqla; jQ l,h fuu oafjzIhg m@;smCI Ou!;djh kuzffu;@shhs tnejska ffu;@sh isf;a we;s ;eke;a;d lsis jsfgl tjka fohlg fhduq fkdfjz tfiauwkHkag wmjdo keZ.Su yd wvqmdvq fijSu jkdyS ldhsl jdpisl jYfhka we;sjk prAhduh;;ajhkah tfiau prAhdfjz wmym;a ,CIKhkah fuu prAhdfjz wmym;a ,CIKhka my<jSug fya;` jkqfha isf;ys ffu;@S ixl,amh fkdue;s jSuhs fuu wvqmdvqj |=re lr,Sug yelsfydZou l@shd udrA.h jkqfha yels;dla fu;a;d ixl,amh m@cdkkh lrjSuhs tjsg ta ksid uqZmuy;a fpz;ksl mCIhu wkHhka flfrys ffu;@S mQrAjl wdl,amj,ska msrS b;srS hhs tfiau fiiqprAhduh ixialrKhka f,i oelajSug yels wdydrfhys lEor fkdjSu yd yels;dlaw,afmapzP;djfhka hqla;j jdih lsrSu jeks mqre|= mqyqKq l< hq;` yeisrSuz rgdjka uZ.ska ;j|=rg;a iajlSh wd;au oukh f.dv kxjd .ekSug nq|=iuh uZ. fmkajkq ,nhs fuz Tzjdo m@d;sfudlaI foaYkdfjys yrh jkafka wysxidjdoS cSjs;hhswjsysxidjdoSj cSj;ajSu ish,q nq|=jrekau miiakd ,o Y@uK Ou!h nj fuys ;yjqre lr ;sfnzfuhska mejfikafka fu;a;d ixl,amh uZ.ska udkj wdl,am ilia lrkakg .kakd ,o jEhuluQ,sl mokuhs ish,q fydZo l@shd ish,q l`i, lu! mokuzj we;af;a fu;a;d pska;kh fmrgqlrf.k nejz fuz uZ.ska ;yjqre lrkq ,nhs fuu wkqYdikh ish,q nq|=jrekagu irAjidOdrKwkqYdikhla nejs oelajSu uZ.ska fmkaajd oS ;sfnkafka il, jsO ffcj m@cdj flfrys fu;a;dfpz;kdj fmrgqfldgf.k l@shdlsrSfuz n,j;a ffcj jsoHd;aul yd iudc jsoHd;aul wjYH;djhyd tu wjYH;djfhys .enzjk jsYajidOdrKFjhhs33 fu;a;d ixl,amh m@cdkkh lrkakd ;`<wjsysxidjdoS meje;aula ilia jk nj fuz uZ.ska lshfjz fuz wjsysxidjdoS meje;au kuz fu;a;dixl,amh m@cdkkh lsrSu uZ.ska we;s jkakd jQ prAhdfjz fjkihs YsCIdmo meKjSula fkdue;s uq,a hq.fhys ffk;sl jYfhka fkdj ksjerosms<sfj;g ms<smka NsCIQka fj;ska m@lg jQ ksrjoH prAhdfjz iajrEmh oS> ksldfha iS,laLJOj.a.fha;a" ucACOsu ksldfha fndfyda iQ;@j,;a" pQ, iS, ucACOsu iS, yd uyd iS, jYfhka olakg,efnz fuu Ys, ms<sfj;a lsis|= wdldrhlska ffk;slj NsCIQka flfrys meKjS ;snqKq YsCIKhlafkdj ksrdhdifhkau ksis uZ.g ms<smka NsCIQka jsiska ms,smosk ,o huz wdpdr jsoHd;auliuzuq;shla jYfhka f.kyer olajd ;sfnz ta yeu jsglu thska wjOdrK lr ;sfnkqfha yqfolaiuQyhd flfrys yd iuia; ffcj m@cdj flfrysu fu;a;d ixl,amh fmrgq lrf.k wfkHdkHjYfhka iyfhda.fhka l@shd lsrSu msKsi fuu wdpdr jsoHd;aul iuzuq;sh bjy,ajk yd bjy,afldgf.k we;s njhs fjk;a f,ilska lsjfyd;a uq,a hq.fhys NsCIQka jykafia,d ;`< mej;sfhafu;a;d ixl,amh m@cdkkh lsrSu ksid ksirA.fhka u prAhdfjys we;sjk hym;a njhs fuziZoyd wuq;`fjka jskh jYfhka yeZoskafjk NsCIq m@;sudk moaO;shla yZ|=kajdoSfuys wjYH;djhlanq|=ka jykafiag we;s fkdjSh uq,a hq.fhys NsCIQka jykafia,df.a uQ,sl wNssm@dh jQfhao fu;a;d 50
  21. 21. ixl,amh mdol fldg.;a Ou!h m@cdkkh fldgf.k tuZ.ska ish prAhdj f,djg ys; msKsiilia lr.ekSu jQ fyhsks uq,a hq.fhys prAhdj ilia l< uQ,sl fuj,u njg fuz ksid m;a jQfhafu;a;d ixl,amh m@cdkkh lsrSuhs tfy;a fuz ;;ajh l@ufhka fjkia fjuska jskh YsCIdmomeKjSfuys wjYH;djh mekkeZ.Su;a iuZ.u ix>hdf.a hym; msKsi" ix>hdf.a myiqjmsKsi" |=YaYS, mqoa.,hkag ks.@y msKsi" YsCIdlduS NsCIQkaf.a myiq jsyrKh msKsi" fuf,djoS mej;sh yels wdY@jhka ixjrh msKsi" mrf,dj meje;aug uq,ajk wdY@jhka kid,Su msKsi"fkdmeye|=kjqkaf.a meyeoSu msKsi" ioaOrAufhys psr meje;au msKsi" YsCIKhg wkq.@yhmsKsi hkdoS wfmaCId oyhla fmroers lrf.k Tzjdo md;sfudlaIh foaYkd lrk ,o njuydj.a. md,sh wkqj fmfka34 jskh YsCIdmo meKjSfuz wjYH;djhka ie,ls,a,g .ekSfuzoSmjd meyeos,s jkqfha iuia; NsCIq msrsfiys iuZ.sh wdrCIdjSu m@OdkFjfhys ,d i,ld we;s njhsiuZ.sh jkdyS fu;a;d ixl,amh uekjska m@cdkk fCIa;@fhys ,d ixjrAOkh jQ nj ndysrj m@lglrkq ,nkakd jQ prAhduh ,CIKh fjz uq,a hq.fhys NsCIQka mrudrA: jYfhka fu;a;dixl,amh m@cdkkh jSu uZ.skau wF:!j;a prAhduh fjkilg ksrdhdifhkau nZ|=ka jkakd jQmsrsila jQ nejska tu hq.fhys NsCIQka jykafia,dg jskh kuska yeZoskafjk prAhduh kS;smoaO;shla wd.ka;`lj meKjSfuys wjYH;djla nq|=r|=kayg we;s fkdjQ w;r mYapd;a ld,SkNsCIQka jykafia,d wdl,amuh jYfhka uq,a hq.fhys jsiQ NsCIqka muKg ksrAjdKdNs,dIS kqjQfyhska fu;a;d ixl,amh ixcdkkh lrjSu uZ.ska muKlau wjYH lrk prAhduh fjki Wkajykafia,d ;`< we;s lrjSug wfmdfydi;a nejz oek Wkajykafia,dg ish NsCIq mrudra:h imqrd.ekSug Wjukd lrk ;rug fu;a;d ixl,amh m@cdkkh jkakg ie,eiajSu Wfoid jskhkdufhka jq prAhd OrAu moaO;shla o meKjSug nq|=ka jykafiag is|=jsh jskh meKjSfuzmrudrA:h o prAhduh YsCIKh uZ.ska m@cdkk fCIa;@fhys wfmaCIs; wjidk ksIaGdj lrd jvdmyiqfjka <Z.djSug wjldY ie,fik mrsos udkisl miq;,h fu;a;d ixl,amh weiqrska ilialsrSuh wdOHd;ausl jsuqla;sh wruqKq lr.;a m@j@cs; msrsi tlu wdpdr OrAu moaO;shlgtlZ.;djh m<lr l@shdlrSfuz oS iuQyhdf.a jeo.;alu uekjska m@lg fjhs mqoa., l@shdjkaiuQyhdg j.lsj hq;` hq;` mrsos is|=jk jsg iuQyhdf.a meje;au ksrjq,a fjz fuys oS iuQyhdf.aiu.sh;a mdrsY`oOsh;a wrA:j;a jk mrsos l@shdlsrSu m@d;sfudlaI YsCIdjka fyj;a wdKdm@d;sfudlaIh meKjSfuz uQ,sl wfmaCIdj jS ;sfnz35 ix>hd hkqfjka oelafjk iuQyhd w;riduQysl pska;kh Tma kxfjk mrsos Tjqkaf.a pska;kh;a yeisrSuz rgdj;a ilia lr.ekSu fuysuQ,sl wNsm@dhhs fuu wfmaCIdj uqZMukskau fu;a;d ixl,amh fmroers lrf.k f.dv kexjS ;sfnzwfkHdkH iyfhda.h f.dvkexjSfuz oS Tjqka tlsfkld w;r fu;a;d ixl,amh mej;SuwksjdrAhh idOlhla jk nejsks fuz woyi jvd;a ;yjqre jkafka ix> lu! meje;ajSfuz oS tysuQ,sl wjYH;djhla f,i Ou!dkQl~,Ndjh;a" ix> msrsfia iu.sh;a wfmaCId lr we;s nejsks fuuix> lu! Wmiuzmod jskh lu!" lGskh mejrSu" mrsjdi udk;a wnzNdk jskh lu!" mgsidrKShjskh lu!" ;cAckSh lu!" ksiaih lu!" mnzndckSh lu!" WlafLzmkSh lu! wdoS jYfhka 51
  22. 22. iduQysl.; ix> cSjs;h mqrd iEu wjia:djloSu mdfya Ndjs;d lrkq ,nhs fuh ix>hd jsiskauix>hdf.a mrsmd,kh l@shd;aul lrjkakd jQ l@uhls fu;a;d ixl,amh fmrgq fldg f.kufuu ix> lu! meje;ajSu fuys uQ,sl ,CIKhhs iuZ.sh fu;a;d ixl,amh ix> msrsfiys mj;sknjg meyeos,s YdCIshls msrsi w;r iuZ.sh ;yjqre lsrSu msKsi fu;a;d fpz;kdj fmrgqlrf.k mj;ajkakd jQ uQ,sl m@fNao i;rska hq;` ix> lu!hka f,i wOdrAusl jQ" msrsi fNao jklu! uska woyia flfrhs tjka jskh lu! fkd l< h;`h" fuz wOdrAusl iu.s lu!hhs iuZ.shgndOd ke;;a wOdrAusl nejska tajd o wkqu; fkd flfrA" fuz OdrAusl tfy;a msrsi fNao jklu!hhs msrsfia iuZ.sh ke;s lrk nejska o wkqu; fkd flfrA"fuz OdrAusl jQ iuZ.s lu!hhs fuhwkqu;h iiqkg iq|=iqh hk j.! i;r nq|=ysushka jsiska jsia;r lr oS ;sfnz36 fuu m@fNaoi;rska OdrAuslnj yd iuZ.sh hk folu iys; jQ muKla u nq|=rcdKkajykafia jsiska fhda.Hf,i wkqu; lr we;af;a OdrAusl nj yd iuZ.sh hk folu tl iudk f,i wka;rA.; jkqfhafu;a;d ixl,amh mokuz lr.kakd jsg oS muKla jk fyhsks wkHhka flfrys iyfhda.Snj ydwkHkaf.a ys;iqj m;k nj keue;s OdrAusl wfmaCId my< jkqfha ffu;@S mQrAjl fpz;kdj TiafiamuKla nejsks fuu ffu;@S mQrAjl fpz;kdj fkdue;s ;ek iuZ.sh fyda wkHhka flfrys ys;iqjm;k pska;khla we;s jkafka ke; wdKd md;sfudlaLh jqjo" Tzjdo md;sfudlaLh jqjo fuzfoflkau woyia flfrkqfha nq|=iufhka ksrAosYaG flrS we;s mru ksIaGdj jk ksrAjdKhYdlaId;a lr .ekSu iZoyd wjYH lrk ldhsl udkisl jgdmsgdjla f.dvkZ.d .ekSuhs fuuksrAjdKh YdlaId;a lr .ekSfuz l@shdj,sfhysoS tu l@ufjzoh wkq.ukh lrkakd lsishuz wdpdrjsoHd;aul YsCIKhlg wkq.;j ;u wej;`uz ilia lr.ekSula wfmaCId lrkq ,nhs fuuwej;`uz mej;`uz lsishuz ksrAfoaYs; jsOsl@uhlg wkq.;j ilia lr.ekSu Ydik n@yau prAhdjf,i wF:! olajkq ,efnz37 Ydik n@yau prAhdfjys uQ,sl w;a;sjdru f,i ms<s.ekS we;af;a OdrAusl jQ"iduQysl osjs fmfj; nj meyeos,s lreKls fuu iduQysl osjs fmfj; ksid ish,q .egquz wrAnqoj,g uq,ajk ;rZ.ldrS cSjk rgdfjka fuu iiqka uZ.g ms<smka mqoa.,hdj uqojd Tyq ;`<iykYS,S udkisl jd;djrKhla f.dvkeZ.Sug wjYHlrk miqnsu ilia lrfokq ,nhsOdrAuslFjh;a" iykYS,S udkisl jd;djrKh;a mqo.,hd ;`< cks; lrkq ,nkafka ;u ix>iudch ;`< fjfik wksl`;a idudcslhka ms<snZo ffu;@S mQrAjl wdl,amhkah NsCIq osjs fmfjf;ysuQ,sldx. fu;a;d ixl,amh mdollr f.k ilia jS ;sfnz wdKd md;sfudlaLh uZ.ska fuu ffu;@SmQrAjl wdl,amhka jv jvd;a jHdma; jSug iq|=iq jkakd jQ wdpdr jsoHd;aul iuzuq;shla yZ|=kajdfokq ,nk w;r Tzjdo md;sfudlaLh ;ud ;`, fkdue;s ffu;@S mQrAjl wdl,amhka we;s lr.ekSugiq|=iq ldhsl yd jdpisl mrsirhla ksrAudKh lrfokq ,nhs fuz wkqj Ydik n@yauprAhfhamoku f,i wmg fu;a;d ixl,amh yZ|=kajd osh yelsh 38 fu;a;d ixl,amh yd Ouzumoh ixl,a 52
  23. 23. ( Metta Concept & Dhammapada ) Ouzumofhka ms<snsUq jk fu;a;d ixl,amfhys iajNdjh uZ.ska fu;a;dixl,amfhys jsjsO iajrEmhka ms<snZoj lreKq jgyd .ekSug wjldY ie,fia Lqoaol ksldhgwh;a Ouzumofhys fu;a;d ixl,amh ms<snZoj b;d mqZM,a jsjrKhka oel.; yel hulj.a.fhys ffjr fkdlsrSfuz wkqiia oelafjk my; iZoyka .d:dj uZ.ska fmkakquz lrkqfhafu;a;d ixl,amh jHma; lr;a lr;au tys wka;rA.; udkj ys;jdoS .`Kh o ;`,ska wkHhkaf.ais;a ksjS iekiSug m;a jk wdldrhhs ffjr lrkakdg ffjr fkdlsrSfuka u ffjrhka ixisZoSug m;a fjz fuh yeuodf,dj mj;akd jQ Ou!;djhls fuuZ.ska fy,s fmfy<s jkqfha fu;a;d ixl,amfhys we;sWmfhda.s;d .`Khhs fu;a;d ixl,amh m@cdkkh jSu ksid is;g wkdosu;a ld,hla uqZM,af,am@cdkkh jS ;snqKq fodaI iy.; ixl,amhkays n,mEu l@u l@ufhka bj;a jS hEu;a tu bj;ajSu fya;`fldg f.k isf;ys m@NdIajrh wjqrdf.k isgs kSjrK Ou!hkaf.a myj hdu;a kSjrKOu!hka myjSu ksid;a laf,aY fkdls,sgsjqkq m@NdIajr is; ixZoSug m;a jk wdldrh;a by;uekjska olajd ;sfnz huzlsis mqoa.,fhl`f.a isf;ys m@cdkkh jS ;snqKq huz huz fodaI iy.;m@cdkk ixl,amhka bj;a lsrSug hdug m@:u ;uka iajlSh isf;ys fu;a;d ixl,amh m@cdkkhuZ.ska frdamKh fldgf.k issgsh hq;` nj fuhska fmkajd fokq ,nhs 39 uefrk nj fkdokafkda l,y lr;s uefrk nj okakjqkaf.a l,yh ikaisfZo;sfuys iZoyka uefrk iajNdjh kuz wks;H iajNdjhhs fyj;a CIKsl urKhhs fuz cSj;ajk fiafmfkk wm fudfyd;la fudfyd;la mdid urKhg m;a jk nj ie,lSu uZ.ska wkqka yd ;ukafjka lrf.k wkHhka flfia cSj;ajqj;a ;uka muKla iqjfia cSj;ajSug is;k oevswd;audrA:lduS fpz;kdj |=re lr yerSu fuhska woyia jS ;sfnz ;ukaf.a cSjs;h mjd wksh;iajNdjfha mj;soaoS wkHhka wruqKq fldg oafjzIh my< fkdfjz oafjzIh we;s jkqfha ishcSjs;fhys h:d iajNdjh wdjrKh fldgf.k ne,Sug yd oelSug mqre|= mqyqKq jSu ksidhwks;H nj is;;a is;;au l@u l@ufhka isf;ys we;a;d jQ oafjzIh myj hhs fuz ksid fu;a;dixl,amh jevSug b;du myiqu l@uh ish cSjs;fhys wks;H iajNdjh ksrka;rfhkau mqre|= 40mqyqKq lsrSuhs neKSuz myroSuz oskSuz meyer .ekSuz hk ldhsl yd jdpisl fodaIhka m@cdkkhjSu;a" tlS m@cdkkh prAhdjg mjd n,mEuz lrk ;;ajhl mej;Su;a ksid ffjrh fkdikaisfZoais; ;`< fodaI iy.; ixl,amhka m@cdkkh jS we;s l, tu fodaI iy.; ixl,amhkaf.afufyhjSu ksid ldhsl jYfhka yd jdpisl jYfhka fkdfhla wlghq;`luz mqoa.,fhl` fj;skais|= fjz kuq;a tu wlghq;`luz tu mqoa.,hdf.a ksirA. iajNdjh fkdfjz iEu mqoa.,fhl`f.au 53
  24. 24. ksirA. iajNdjh kuz hym; njhs tu ksirA. jQ hym;a iajNdjh wjqrd oukqfha wd.ka;`ljis;g m@cdkkh jk fodaI iy.; ixl,amhhs fuu iajNdjh wjfndaO lr fkd.ekSu ;j ;j;afodaI iy.; ixl,amhkaf.a m@cdkkhg fya;` idOlhla jk w;r th ukdj oek yeZosk 41wjfndaO lr .ekSu fu;a;d ixl,amfhys m@cdkkhg fya;` idOlhla fjz fkdfhl`;a wdldrfha ldhsl yd jdpisl ysxidjka ms<snZo we;slr .kakd ,ofldamh isf;ys fkd neZoS l, is; b;du;a blaukska ixisfZoa fuhska isf;ys m@cdkk l@shdj<sfhys;j;a tla me;slvla jsia;r flfrhs is;a fkdikaiqka njg m;a lrjSug m@Odk jYfhka fya;`jkqfha isf;ys we;s fldamh nj fuhska fmkajd fokq ,nk w;r tu fldamh fkdue;af;a jS kuzfyj;a fu;a;d ixl,amh ukdj fydZoska yqre mqre|= lrk ,oafoa jS kuz ta fya;`j ksid is; jvd;amyiqfjka ixisZoSug m;a jk nj fmkajd foa fjk;a wfhl` jsiska lrk ,o prAhduh jeros tkuznekSuz myroSuz oskSuz meyer .ekSuz jeks ldhsl yd jdpisl wvqmdvqluz fya;`fldg f.k tuZ.skaiajlSh ps;a; ika;dkh wmjs;@ jSug fya;`jk oafjzI ixl,amh m@cdkkh jSug bv m@ia;jlafkd;nd ta mqoa.,hd foi jqj o yq|= wkqluzmdfjka n,kakg ;ruz fu;a;d ixl,amh is;fysfydZoska yqre mqre|= lrf.k isgsk ;eke;a;dg ta fya;`j ksid jvd;a fydZoska ish is; ixisZofjknj fuhska meyeos,s fldg fmkajd os we;42 wkqkaf.a rZM mrZM nia l< fkdl< foa .ek fufkys fkd fldg ish lghq;`muKla i,ld ne,sh hq;`h wkHkaf.a oafjzI ixl,am m@cdkkh fya;`fjka yg .;a;d jQprAhduh wvqmdvq jk jdpisl yd ldhsl jeros flfrys mjd WfmaCId iy.; is;ska i,ld ne,shyels muKg ish is;a i;kays fu;a;d ixl,amh m@cdkkh ;`<ska we;slr th ukdj /l hq;` njfuhska m@ldYs;h tu l@shdudrA.hg flfkl` m<uqfldgu wj;SrAK jSug kuz ;uka ;`< yg.kakd jQ prAhjka yslaujd .; hq;` w;r tf,i yslujd .;af;l`yg wk;`rej udkislwxYfhka fu;a;d ixl,amh fydZoska m@.`K l< yelsh43 if;di jefvk fohla lsrSu iem;g fya;`jk nejska b;d hym;a jkafkahif;di hkq i;`ghs i;`g we;s jkafka wkHhka jsIfhys ys;j;a iajNdjh we;s lr .eksu uZ.sksfuysoS ;udf.a i;`g fukau wkHhkaf.a i;`g o jeo.;a fia i,ld we; yqfola ;ukaf.a i;`gmuKla i,lk mqoa.,hd ,nkqfha kshu i;`g fkjk nj nq|=iuh ;`< meyeos,s lroS we;i;`gla kshu i;`gla jSug kuz th wkHhkaf.a is; iqj msKsi fya;`jsh hq;` nj fuys oS jeo.;af,i wjOdrKh lr ;sfnz fu;a;d ixl,amh fmrgq fldgf.k ldhsl yd jdpisl jYfhkawkHkaf.a hym; fjkq fjka lghq;` lrkakd jQ mqoa.,hd prAhduh jYfhka ksrjoH i;`g ,nkudrA.h fy<s fmfy<s lr .kshs tfukau ta fya;`j ksidu u;`jg fu;a;d ixl,amh m@cdkkhjSug wjldYh o i,id .kafkl` njg m;a fjz44 54
  25. 25. rd.fhka fkdf;;a jQ lsmSfuka oevs fkdjQ is;a we;s mska mjz |=r,Q fudaCIhg m;ajQ mqoa.,hdg ( ry;kajykafiag ) flf,ia nsh ke; fuysoS rd.h f;;a iajNdjhla f,i i,ldwe;af;a ta fya;`j ksid is; kshudldrfhka lrAuKH jSug ndOd we;s lrjk nejsks huzlsisfohla f;;a iajNdjfhka mj;sk jsg th l@shd;aul jSug ndOd we;s lrjhs tfiau wOsl jsh<sfyda oevs iajNdjfhka mj;sk jsgo l@shd;aul fkdfjz oevs nj fuysoS olajd we;af;a lsmSujYfhks fujeks ;;ajhka we;s jkqfha rd. yd oafjzI ksid nj meyeos,sh tu ixfpzz;kd foluyg.kqfha uki ,nkakd jQ wruqK jrojd jgyd .ekSu ksidh wruqfKys h:d iajNdjhoelsug kuz tf,i oelSug ;ruz fudark ,o kqjKlska wruqKq foi ne,sh hq;` fjz hful` ;`<tnZ|+ kqjKla my< fjkafka wrAy;a udrA. M,hg ta mqoa.,hd m;a jSu ;`<skau muKs oekquW.;alu ;`<ska ,nk Z{dKh ;djld,sl wia:sr jQjls tfiau th m@;HCI wjfndaOhla o fkdfjz;uka leu;s wruqK ms<snZo we,au yg .ekSu ksid rd.h o wlue;s wruqK ms<snZo fkdukdmhksid oafjzIh o my< lr.kshs huzl,l oafjzIh fkdfjz kuz tl, rd.h o fkdue; rd.h ydoafjzIh tla;rd wdldrhl wka; folls tfiau tajd tlu ldisfhys fome;a; nZ|=h fu;a;dixl,amh wkqj ish ldhsl yd jdpisl ixjrh we;s lr.kakd jQ mqoa.,hd prAhduh jYfhka,nk YsCIKh Ndjs; lruska ;j |=rg;a m@cdkk fCIa;@fhys ixjrh n,dfmdfrd;a;` fjzfu;a;d ixl,amh m@cdkkh jSu ksid ;j |=rg;a udkisl wxYfhka ,nk by<u ;;ajhwrAy;aM,h jYfhka oelajsh yelsh45 oeuqKq bZ|=rka we;s myl<d jQ udkh we;s flf<ia rys; jQ uOHia: mej;`uz we;sWfmaCId iy.; mqoa.,hkaf.a ( ry;kajykafiaf.a ) orAYkh fojsjre mjd m@drA:kh lr;s;ukaf.a prAhd rgdjka ;ukag md,kh lr.; yels ugzgul mej;Su oeuqKq nj kuz fjz tfiamd,kh lr.ekSu ;ukaf.a fukau wkHkaf.a o is; iqj msKsi mj;shs fuf,i l@shd lrkakd jQmqoa.,hd ta wdldrfhka ls@hd lrkqfha fu;a;d ixl,amfhys fufyhjSu fya;`fjks wkHhka o;uka yd iudkj i,ld n,d l@shd lrk mqoa.,hd ;`< ish,a,kaf.au hym; ie,eiajSu msKsiwe;s jkafka fu;a;d ixl,amhhs46 fu;a; iQ;@h ( lrKSh fu;a; iq;a; ) jkdyS ish OHdkNdjkdjg ndOd l<d jQ fojsjrekg jodrk f,i kshu fldg ieje;a kqjr wi, jk fmfoiljsorAYkd Ndjkd lu!ia:dk jevQ mkaiShhla NsCIQka jykafia,d msrsilg foaYkd l< iQ;@foaYkdjls my; oelafjk fuz msrs;a iQ;@h nq|=r|=ka fj;ska Wf.k osjd rd;@S icACOdhkd fldg tafojs msrsif.a us;`re is; o ,nd ish lu!ia:dkhka iu!mQrAK fldg f.k wrAy;ajhg m;ajQy47 lrKSh fu;a;d iQq;@fhys uq,skau iZoyka jkqfha fuu msrs; ks;s ms<smeoicACOdhkd fldg ,nd.; yels wdksixYh ms<snZojh m@Odk jYfhka ;ukaf.a ldhsl ydudkisl iqjh;a w;sfrAl jYfhka wukqIH nsh |=re lsrSu;a fuhska is|= jk nj fmkajd oS ;sfnzfujeks .`Khka iskd th osjd rd;@S Ndjs;d lsrSu ;`<ska mqoa.,hdf.a is; msrsis|= jS kmqre nsh 48ckl isysk fmkSu |=re lr iqj kskaola ,nd .; yelsh luzue,s ke;s lSlre wjxl uD|=ksy;udks ldreKsl mqoa.,fhl` jSu ksrAjdKh ,en .ekSfuys jSrAh jvkakd i;`j ;snsh hq;`jQ 55
  26. 26. m@Odku ,CIKhhs49 ksrka;rfhka i;`gq is;ska hq;`j ld,h f.jk wkHhkayg nrla fkdjkm@ikak fmkqula iys; Z{dKjka; msrsfiys fkdwe,qKq udk rys; jQ ieye,a,q .;s mej;`uz we;smqoa.,fhl` o fjz50 m@Z{djka;hska jsiska fodia jYfhka i,lk foa j,ska je<l`Kq mqoa.,fhl`fjz51 ish,q iFjfhda nsh rys; nfjka hqla; j iqjm;a jQ is;ska ld,h .; lrkq ,efnzjd52 iEu;eklu jdih lrk tla YrSr m@udKj,ska hqla; jQ flf,ia we;s yd ke;s cSjSka ish,a,u53fmfkk fkdfmfkk <Z. yd |=r jik bmoSug wdikakj isgsk ish,q cSjSka ks|=lafjzjd54mqoa.,fhl` jsiska ;j;a mqoa.,fhl`yg jxpdjka wjuka |=la mSvd we;s fkdflfrAjd55 uj 56ish tlu mq;` rlakdla fuka ish,q iFjhska fj; fu;a;d ixl,amh jHdma; lrkak ;uka owkHhka o hk ish,q wdldrfha iSudjka |=relruska wkHhkayg o ;ukag mrsoafoka fu;a;dixl,amh jHdma; l< hq;`h57 iEu brshjzjloSu fu;a;d ixl,amh ms<snZoju isysfhka isgskaknU jsyrKh hkq fujeks msrsis|= mej;`uls58 lsisod oDIags.;slfhla fkdjS iS,fhka yd hym;aoelafuka hqla;j ldu ixZ{dfjys ksrAfjzohg meusK fuf,dj fkdWmoskafkah59 fu;a;d ixl,amh yd i;r n@yau jsyrK ( Metta Cocept & Four Nobile Life ) n@yau jsydrhla f,i o fu;a;d ixl,amfhys w.h nq|= iuh ;`< m@Ndjs;hnq|=rcdKkajykafia wh;a jkafkao Y@uK iuzm@odhghs. nq|=rcdKkajykafia bosrsm;a l< fu;a;dixl,amh fuf;la tu m@ia;`;h ms<snZoj bosrsm;alrkq ,enqjd jQ w;sYh mqZM,au yd wx.iuzmQrAKu wd.usl yd odrAYksl ixl,amh f,i oelajsh yel fuz wkqj nq|=rcdKkajykafia fu;a;dixl,amh isjq nU jsyrKj,g wka;rA.; fldg b;d mqZM,a wrA:fhka hqla;j foaYkd l<y. isjq nU jsyrKj,g wh;a b.ekajSuzjkqfha fu;a;d lreKd uqos;d yd WfmalaLdhk ixl,am i;rhs fuys fu;a;d hkafkka woyiajkqfha ffu;@shhs us;@Fjhhs ishZM iFjhkajsIfhys ys; iqj ie,iSfuz we;s jk leue;a;hs fu;a;d ixl,amh ffjrhg yd fl@daOhgm@;sjsreoaO iajNdfhka m@cdkkh flfrkakd jQ ps;a; ixl,amhls fu;a;d ixl,amh ksid is;ksjSug yd iekiSug m;ajk nj oyfuys iZoyka fjz fuys iZoyka iafkayh kuz is; uD|= ydlu!KH iajNdjh muqKqjk ,sys,a njhs fuu ,sys,a nj ufkda ldhsl ikaiqka iqjodhs njlackkh jkdldrfhka is;g m@S;suh fuda|=jSuhs il,jsO ffcj m@cdj jsIfhys yg.kakd rECIiajNdjh |=re lrkqfha thg m@;smCI m@cdkkh jk uD|= iy.; ,sys,a nj kuz iafkayh njhsfuys iafkayh kuz yqfola is;g wd;;sh we;s lrjk ;DIaKdj fkdfjz ;DIaKdj yg.kajkafkaksis wdldrfhka wruqK .@yKh lr.ekSug wiu;ajSu fya;`fjka tlS wruqKqfKys h:diajNdjh fkdyeZosk yqfola fjhsos; mCIfhka muKla thg weZMuz lrkakg hdu ksid ixl,amm@cdkkhg ndOdldrS ;;ajhla Wodfjz fudayh f,i yeZoskafjkafka ixl,am m@cdkkh flfrysndOdldrS f,i l@shd;aul lrkq ,nk iajlSh pska;k iajNdjhhs fu;a;d ixl,amh 56
  27. 27. ksishdldrfhka ixcdkkh fkdjSu fuday mQj!dx.u jSu kuska yeZoskafjz fudaymQj!x.u ps;a;ixl,amhka m@cdkk jkqfha f,daN iajrEmfhks fuys kshu iajNdjh jsoHduk flfrkqfha m@Z{djuQ,sl fldgf.k wkHhka wruqKq lr f.k my<jk jsgh fu;a;d ixl,amh jkdyS woafjzIiajrEmfhka jsoHdudks; yd tfukau wf,daN iuzm@hqla; ps;a; ixl,amhls fu;a;d ixl,amh us;@Fjh jYfhka f.k o ie,lsh yelsh uska us;@ nj yd us;@.`Kh i,ld we; ffu;@sfhys ,CIKh i;aFjhka flfrys ys;j;a ,CIKfhka hqla;jmeje;auh fu;a;d ixl,amfhys Wmfhda.S;djh kuz i;aFjhka flfrys ys;iqj m@drA:kd lsrSuhtys mpzpqmgzGdkh kuz ffjr ixl,amhka is;ska |=re lsrSuh mogzGdkh f,dj jikakd jQ ishZMwdldrfha ffcj jrA.hd jsIfhys leu;s iajrEmh oelajSuh iuzm;a;sh jHdmdo ixisZojSu jkw;r jsm;a;sh fuday iajrEmfhka jQ iafkay bmsojSuhs fuday iajrEmfhka fkdjQ iafkayhfodaIfhka f;drh fu;a;d ixl,amh iuZ.u Ndjs;d jk wfkla ixl,amh lreKdjhs lreKdjjsia;r flfrkqfha i;a mqreIhska jsiska wkHhkaf.a |=l oel tu |=l ;ud m;a |=lla f,i i,ldbka ish yoj; wkHhkag msysg jSfuz fpz;kdfjka mqrjd .ekSfuz fp;kdj fyj;a ixl,amhf,ihs wkHhkaf.a |=flys is;a thska luzmdjg m;a jkafka o lreKdj ksiduh fuys iZoyka jkluzmkh kuz wkHhkaf.a |=lanr iajNdjh wruqKq fldg is;ays my< lr.kakd ixfjzoSFjhhsfuu ldreksl iajNdjh mqoa., fNaoh wkqj mqZM,a iajNdjhla .kshs OHdk ugzgfuzoS iEumqoa.,fhl`u ish is;a i;kays we;s lr.;a;d jQ uQ,sl lreKd ixl,amh me;srjSu jYfhka mqZM,al< hq;`h lreKdj |=laLs;hka flfrys me;srjSuz jYfhka jHdma; l<hq;` nj o iZoyka fjz60 lreKd hk ps;a; ixl,amh ;j;a fndfyda wdldrhlska o oelajsh yelshidudkH mqoa.,fhl` ;`< we;s jkakd jQ lreKdjg jvd fndaOs iuzNdrhka mQrKh lrkq ,nkakdjQ fndaOsiFjjrhka jykafia kul ;`< yg .kakd lreKdj uy;ah fndaOsiFjjrfhl` ;`<we;a;d jQ lreKdjg jvd iuzud iuznq|=jrhdKka jykafiakul ;`< we;a;d jQ lreKdfjziajrEmh w;s uy;ah th uyd lreKd hkqfjka oelafjkafka tfyhsks lreKd hkafkka woyiajkqfha |=%Ls; iFjhka |=gqjsg Tjqka flfrA my<jk yDo luzmkh nj by; iZoyka idudkHjsia;rh wkqj meyeos,s fjz Tjqka tu |=lska uqojkq leu;sjSuz jYfhka huzlsis i;amqreIfhl`f.ais;ays |=lg m;a f,dal iFjhd wruqKqfldg my<jk lreKdju tys mrsmQrAK wjia:dj f,iie,fla uyd lreKd iudm;a;s Z{dKh jYfhka yeZoskafjkafka iuzud iuznq|=rcdKkajykafia,d;`< my<jk lreKdfjz tu mrsmQrAKdjia:djhs. tu ksid Wkajykafia,d yeZoskajSu iZoydmrAhdh jpkhla f,i lreKdj hk mohu fhdod f.k nq|=jre yeZoskajSu iZoyd uydldreKslhka jykafia,d hk fh|=u Ndjs;d lrkq ,efnz. lreKdfjys ,CIKh |=laLs; iFjhkaf.a |=la |=re lrk wdldrfhka meje;auhsfufia is;Suz ud;@ jYfhka ishZM f,dal jdiS iFjhkaf.a ishZM |=la |=re jqjo fkdjqj o th fuuixl,am m@cdkkhg ndOdldrS fkdfjz m@Odk jYfhka wm fuys oS wruqKq lr.kakd tys rih 57
  28. 28. kuska yeZoskafjk lreK kuz furud |=la fkd bjiSuh tys mpzpqmgzGdkh f,i oelafjkafkawjsysxidjh tfukau tys mogzGdkh |=lska fmZMKjqkaf.a wirK nj oelauhs ta fya;`j ksiduwirKhka |=lska uqojkq leu;sjSuz jYfhka ps;a; ixl,amhka yg.kshs lreKd ixl,amfhysiuzm;a;sh jYfhka oelafjkqfha jsysxid ixisZojSuhs lreKd ixl,amh m@cdkkh flf,ilj;ajsm;a we;s fkdlrjhs fudyuQ,sl jYfhka wruqKq jrojd jgyd .ekSu ksid bka we;s jkjsm;a;s jYfhka lreKdjg wruKq jQ |=laLs; iFjhka iqjm;a lsrSuz jYfhka Tjqkaygm@udKhg jvd weZMuz lsrSu wka;rdhldrS jkafka huz fyhlska fuu m@cdkkh fuday uQ,sljqjfyd;a bka bmfok fifkyi ksid we,Suz neZoSuz yg .ekajSfuz bv m@ia;djkdj we;s ksidhfunZ|= fifkyila we;s ;eke;a;d ;`< wkHhka ksid weZMuzlr jQ iskd yg.ekSu we,Suz neZoSuz we;sjQ njg ,l`Kla jYfhka fmkajd oS ;sfnz uqos;dfjys iajNdjh iajNdjh i;`gg m;ajSuhs huzlsis wruqKla ms<snZoj is;gwe;sjkakd jQ i;`g fudaokh hkqfjka yeZoskafjz huzlsis wruqKla m@cdkkh fldg bka ;ukai;`gg m;ajSu uqos;dj kuska yeZoskafjk w;r tlS i;`gq jSfuz iajNdjh o uqos;dj kuska jHjydrlrkq ,nhs m@cdkk fCIa;@fhys ,d bgq lrkq ,nkakd jQ ldrAhh wruqKq fldg th lrK ldrlldrAhfhys wF:! oelafjk f,i fyda" tu ixl,amh tu bgq lrkq ,nk ldrAhhg wOsm;s jYfhkai,ld l;!D ldrl ldrAhfhys wF:! oelafjk f,i fyda" ta folskau jHx.drA:j;a jk NdjuhiajNdjh i,ld Ndj ldrl ldrAhfhys wF:! oelafjk f,i fyda uqos;dj jsia;r lsrSug yelshuqos;dj iqLs; iFjhka wruqKqfldg isf;ys my<fjhs fuh BrAIHdjg m@;smCI OrAuhhs idrOu!ixl,amhla jYfhka .;al< fuys fndfyda fldgu olakg ,efnkakdjQ idrOu! ixl,amhkaysme;slv kuz wdfjzok me;slvhs fuu wdfjzokh m@fudaokh is; by<g bmsf<k iajNdjhwruqKq fldg mj;shs fuhg wruqK f,i .kakd iqLs; iFj wruqKo isf;ys m@fudao iajNdjh;Sj@r lrjkakg Wmldrj;a jkakls uqos;dfjys ,CIKh m@fudaoh fyj;a wkHhkaf.a iemiuzm;a wruqKqfldg i;`gqjSuh rih BrAIHdfjka je<lSuhs Wmfhda.S;djh kuz mr iuzm;awOsl`Y,Ou!" fjfyr jsydr hk fuys fkdwef,k iajNdjh ke;s lsrSuh m@cdkk me;slv kuzi;aFjhkaf.a iuzm;a;s oelauh iuzm;a;sh fkdwe,au ixisZojd,Suh jsm;a;sh neZoSuz jYfhkayg.kakd isf;ys i;`g we;sjSuhs WfmalaLd hkak wffjr fj;ajd hkdoS jHdmdo |=re lsrSfuka o" uOHia:NdjhgmeusKSfuka o w;am;a lr.; yelsh61 WfmaCId hkafkka woyiajkqfha iFjhka jsiska jsZoskq ,nk|=laiem ish,a,lau Tjqkaf.a lu!dkqrEmj meusfKk nj ie,lSfuka lu!h ;u;uka wh;a fldgwe;s nj fufkys lsrSfuka isf;ys we;slr.kakdjQ uOHia:;djhhs fyj;a ueoy;a NdjhhsWfmaCIdj uZ.ska ueoy;a wdfjzokhka weiqre fldg isf;ys we;sjkakd jQ ps;a; .;s iajNdjhka ofndfyda fldg u ikaisZ|=kq iajNdjhka fmkajhs tfukau wdfjzok me;slfvys jshqla;;d .`Kh owe; jshqla; nj hkq ixhqla; njska fjka jSuhs fyj;a ps;a; mdCIsl nj wOsl fldg we; i;rn@yau jsyrKu jshqla; idrOu! ixl,am jqj o fuu WfmaCId wdfjzokfhys jshqla;;d .`Kh fiiq 58
  29. 29. wdfjzohkag jvd wOsl;rh WfmaCIdfjys ,CIKh i;aFjhka flfrys uOHia: wdldrfhkameje;auh rih m@shd oS fNao we;s i;aFjhka flfrys iu;;ajfhka we;sjSuhs Wmfhda.S;djh;ry yg.ekSu ixisZojSuhs m@cdkk me;slv kuz i;aFjfhda lu!h wkqju Wia my;a nj Wreulr.;af;a hehs kqjKska ie,lSuhs m@fhdackh kuz ;ry we;sjSu ixisZojSuh jsm;a;sh neZoSu ksidyg.kakd jQ we,afuka cks; jQ wZ{dk jQ WfmaCIdj yg.ekSuhs WfmaCId iy.; fudayhwZ{dfkdafmCId kuz fjz i;r n@yau jsyrKhkag wh;a fuz ixl,am i;frys uQ<sl iudkluz fukaujsfYaI;do olakg ,efnz. iudklu jkqfha fuu ixl,am i;ru wm@udK iFjhka jsIfhysme;srjsh hq;` njhs taksid jsY`oaOs udrA.fhys fuu ixl,am i;rg wmamuZ[aZ[d hehs jHjydrlrkq ,efnz.fuu ixl,am i;rg n@yaujsyrK hehs lshkq ,nkafka uyd n@yauhd <Z. fuz .`Kwe;ehs ie<flk nejsks. tnejska f,daljdiSyq Tyqg f.#rj lr;s. fu;a;d lreKd uqos;dWfmalaLd hk i;rska tla tla lreKska iuzmQrAKj jsiqfha kuz th n@yau jsyrKhg iudkjkafkah th W;`uz jsyrKhla nejska n@yau jsydr hkqfjka yZ|=kajkq ,efnz. fu;a;d ixl,amh yd Ndjkdj ( Metta Cincept & Meditation ) jsoY!kd iqLh yd Nj iuzm;a;sh fuz i;r n@yaujsydrhka jrAOkh lsrSu ksidfmd|=fjz ysusjk jrm@idohhs jHdmdofhka is; uqojd .ekSu fu;a;d ixl,amfhys iqjsfYaISiajNdjhs lreKdfjys iqjsfYaIs iajNdjh jsysxidfjka usoSuhs uqos;dfjys iqjsfYaIS iajNdjh kuzwr;sh kuska yeZoskafjk fkdmej;Su ms,snZoj yg.efkk wdYdj is;ska bj;a lr .ekSuhsWfmaCIdfjys iqjsfYaIS iajNdjh jkqfha fkdmeje;au uq,lr .;a rd.fhka ( tla;rd |=rlg fuysWpzfPAo iajrEmhla wka;rA.; fjz ) bj;a jSuhs 62 fuu ixl,am i;ru wm@udK iFjhka jsIfhys me;srjsh hq;` ksid;a ixl,ami;rgu mdol jkqfha ffu;@s iy.; fpz;kdj jk ksid;a fuz lreKq i<ld fuz ixl,ami;frysu flaJ|@Sh wdl,amh jkqfha fu;a iy.; fpz;kdj hehs fmd|= tlZ.Fjhlg meusKshyel tfia kuq;a ta ixl,am i;frys jsIh uQ<sl jsjsO;d olakg we;;a fuu ixl,am ish,a,gumdol jkqfha fu;a;d ixl,amh ksid tu ixl,amh wdruzNlj jvkakd jQ mqoa.,hdf.a ukifiiq ixl,amj,g m@cdkk wdOdrlhla imhhs tu ixl,amh m@cdkkh jSu fya;`fjka mqoa.,uki fiiq ixl,amhkao yg.ekSug iq|=iq ;;ajhg yev .iajkq ,nhs fud<fhys ridhksl ydcSjjsoHd;aul l@shdj<sh ikaksfjzokhkag m@;scdkkd;aul Wmia:uzNkhka imhdfohs 59
  30. 30. i;r n@yau jsyrK w;`frka tla tla n@yau jsydrKhg wdikak i;`rdh" |=ri;`rd hehs i;`frda fofofkls lsishuz mqoa.,fhl``yg wdikakfhys yeisfrk i;`rd fuka ffu;@Sn@yau jsyrKhg rd.h wdikak i;`rdh ffu;@sh yd rd.h .`K oelafuys ,d iudk nejsks tard. i;`rd iaj,am jQo isys uq<dfjlska ffu;@sh |=re fldg ta wruqK .kakg ksis nejska Tyqf.kais; ukd fldg /l .; hq;`hs rd. ixl,amfhys ndysr iajrEmh jk wruqfKys m@idohyg.ekSu fu;a;d ixl,amfhyso olakg ;sfnz rd. ixl,amh ksrAfjzoh lrd hk hful`f.am@;smodfjys fjz.h ukao.duS lrk w;r fu;a;d ixl,amh tu .uk fjz.j;a lrhsksrdhdifhkau fu;a;d ixl,amhg jvd rd. ixl,amh ixcdkkh jSfuz cSj jsoHd;auliuzNdjs;djla usksid we;`ZM ish,qu cSjSka Wreu lrf.k isgshs fuz fya;`j ksid m@cdkkuhjYfhka fu;a;d ixl,amh wruqKq lrkakd fuhska uy;a wmyiqjlg ,la fjz jHdmdohg nshm;a fkdjS fu;a;d ixl,amh jv jvd;a m@cdkkh l< hq;`hfu;a;d ixl,amh m@cdkkh lrk w;r;`r tljsgl oS fl@daOh jrAOkh lrkafkah hk fuz follsis jsgl oS j;a tljsg is|= fkdjkakd jQ fohls fu;a;d ixl,amh m@cdkk lsrSu ksid is; rZMlrk jHdmdo ixl,amh is;g fkdmsjsfia prAhduh jYfhka ndysrj m@ldY jk muKg fu;a;dixl,amh m@cdkkh jS ;snSu fuysoS wfmaCIs; ksIaGdj fia ie,fla lreKd n@yau jsyrKhg mSvdiys; foduzki wdikak i;`rdh jsm;a oelSuz jYfhka iudk nejsks jsysxidj |+r i;`rdhlreKdj yd jsysxidj iajNdjfhka wiudk nejsks ta fyhska jsysxidfhka nshg m;a fkdjS 63lreKd jevsh hq;`h uqos;d n@yau jsyrKhg we,Suz iys; fiduzki wdikak i;`rdh we,Suz iys;fiduzki hkq m@sh ukdm wruqKq ,en ta flfrys we;s lr.kakd ,o we,au yd fmr ,enqjd jQ m@shukdm wruqKq ms<snZoj jrA;udkfhys we;s lr.kakd ,o we,auhs iuzm;a oelSuz jYfhka iudknejsks fkdwe,au |=r i;`rdh iajNdjfhka wiudk nejsks tnejska ta fkdwe,afuka nsh fkdjSuqos;d ixl,amh m@cdkkh l< hq;`h uqos;d ixl,amh m@cdkkh j;a j;au is; jv jvd;a m@uqos;jkafkah WfmaCId n@yau jsydrhg jkdys we,Suz iys; wZ{dk WfmaCIdj wdikak i;`rdh neZoSuziys; we,afuka yg.kakd WfmaCId kuz lsishuz wruqKl h:d iajNdjh fkdoekSu ksid tuwruqK flfrys uq,dfjka ueoy;a nj we;s lr .ekSuhs64 fodaI .`K wjsjdrK jYfhka iudknejsks rd.h yd ;ryj |=r i;`rdh iajNdjfhka wiudk nejsks tnejska rd.fhka yd;ryfhkaa nshg m;a fkdjS WfmaCIdj jevsh hq;`h WfmCIdj m@cdkkh lrkafkah rd.h ydm@;s>h jrAOkh lrkafkah hkq lsis lf,l tla jsfgl is|= fkdjkakd jQ fohls n@yau jsydrkdufhka ie,flk fulS i;r ixl,amhka ishZM ffcj j.!hd jsIfhysu we;s fmd|= w;Dma;slr;;ajfhka fuz i;r n@yau jsydr i;aFjhka flfrys ysff;Is nj we;s PJoh Wmojhs WfmaCIdn@yau jsydrh o i;aFjhka flfrys uOHia: mej;`uz leu;sjSuz jYfhka mj;akd PJoh m@Odkfldg mj;shs tys olakg we;af;a yqfola jsjD; iajNdjh yd jsreoaO fkdjSuz jYfhka mj;akd jQ 60
  31. 31. PJoh fjz fuz jQ l,S uOHia: jQ PJohhs tuZ.ska laf,aY yd kSjrKdosh uev meje;ajSu uOHhf,i ie,lsh yelsh wm!Kdj jQ l,S tys wjidk wjia:dj fjz i;r n@yau jsyrK w;rska fu;a;d" lreKd" uqos;d hk ;`k p;`Ial kHdhgwkql~,j ;`kajk OHdkh ksIaGdjfldg mj;S mxp kHdhhg wkql~,j i;rjk OHdkh ksIaGdjfldg mj;S fuu fu;a;d" lreKd yd uqos;d hk ixl,amj, fidukiaih jsoHduk jk nejsksfidaukiaih isf;ys fkdue;s jsg fidaukiaifhka Wmoskd jHdmdo" jsysxid" wr;Ska f.aksiairKh we;sjk ksidh ldudoSkag ksiairKh jQ fklaLuzudoSka fuka foduzkia iemsh hq;`jHdmdodoSkag ksiairKh jQ fu;a wdoSyq fiduzkia iy .shd fj;s hk wF:!hs ksiairK.@yKfhkau mQj!Nd. jQ fu;a;doSkaf.a WfmaCId iuzm@fhda.h o wkqZ{d;hhs o; hq;`h tfyhskauwe|=frda wgjsis isf;lays lreKd" uqos;djkaf.a m@jD;a;sh mikq ,efn;s WfmaCId fjzokdj jkdySwjfYaI tl OHdkslhuh l`ula fyhskao WfmaCIdj fjzokdj yd iuzm@hqla; fyhsks ta tfiauhi;aFjhka flfrys uOHia:dldrfhka mj;akd n@yau jsydfrdafmCIdj WfmaCId fjzokdj ke;sjfkd mj;afkah nq|=rcdKka jykafia jsiska wx.`;a;r wIaGl ksmd;fhys oS OHdk i;r – i;rn@yau jsyrKfhys ,d idudkHfhka jodrK ,oafoah tkuq;a i;r n@yau jsyrKu p;`Ial –mxpl OHdksl fkdfjzz 65 tfia kuz ldhdkqmiaikdosh o p;`Ial mxpl OHdksl hhs lshkakg is|=fjz fjzokdkqmiaikdosfhys m@:u OHdkslh mjd fkdue;s ksid oajs;Sh OHdkdosh flfiaj;afkd,efnz66 tfyhska nqoaO jpkfhys jHxZ[ck Pdhd ud;@h muKla i,ld iuzudiuznq|=rcdKka jykafiayg wi;Hfhka fodaIdfrdamKh fkd l< hq;`h67 nqoaO jpkh .eUqrehwdpdhH! u;hka flaJ|@fldgf.k ;uka o jspdr mQrAjlj Ou! jskh yd iiZod n,d ksjeros hehsiEySug m;a jkafka kuz muKla ms<s.; hq;`h68 fuz wdldrfhka fu;a;d ixl,amh jrAOkh lsrSu OHdk ugzgfuka .;a l, mxpuyd p;`Ial jYfhka fojoEreuz fjz tfukau fu;a;d ixl,amh jevSfuzoS th ldhdkqmiaikdNdjkdj mQrAj Ndjkdjla fldg bka wk;`rej is|= lrkakd jQ ia:dkhkaysoS th yeZoskafjkafkaps;a; iudOsh mQrAjx. lr.kakd ,o ldhdkqmiaikdj f,isks69 tu fu;a;d ixl,amh jrAOkhlsrSfuz l@shdj<sh wrAy;ajh olajdu fhduq.; jS mj;shs fuz ksid fu;a;d ixl,amh jrAOkfhysmrsiudma;s wjia:dj ;`kajk OHdk wjia:dj yd i;rjk OHdk wjia:dj olajd jHdma; jSmj;sk nj o;a hq;`h fuhska Tnzfnys we;af;a i;rjk OHdk wjia:djhs tu i;rjk OHdkwjia:djg m;ajSug kuz WfmaCId ixl,amh jrAOkh l< hq;`h tfukau WfmaCId ixl,amhi;rjk OHdk wjia:dj olajd wjYH kuz flfkl`g m@.`K lsrSug o mqZMjk wNsOu! kHdhwkqjo fuys iudk njla oel.; yelsh fu;a;d" lreKd" uqos;d hk ixl,amhka ;`k jrAOkhlsrSfuz l@shd mgsmdgsh rEmdjpdr OHdk i;rla jYfhka oelafjk wjia:dj, oS ;`kajk OHdkhksIaGdj fldg o rEmdjpr OHdk myla jYfhka oelafjk wjia:dj, oS i;rjk OHdkh ksIaGdjfldg o jsia;r lr ;sfnz WfmaCId ixl,amh rEmdjpdr OHdk i;rla jYfhka oelafjkwjia:dj, oS i;rjk OHdkh ksIaGdj fldg o rEmdjpr OHdk myla jYfhka oelafjk 61
  32. 32. wjia:dj, oS miajk OHdkh ksIaGdj fldg o fmkajd oS ;sfnz fuz ms<snZoj wx.`;a;r wgzGlksmd;fhys jsYd, jsia;rhla olajd we; fu;a;d ixl,amfhaoS us;@Fjh mokuzlr .ekSu;a lreKd ixl,amfhaoSwkqluzmdj mokuzlr .ekSu;a uqos;d ixl,amfhaoS m@fudaoh mokuzlr .ekSu;a WfmaCIdixl,amfhaoS uOHia:;dj mokuzlr .ekSu;a fuu ixl,am i;frys jsIh uQ<sl jsjsOFjhjYfhka oelajSug yel tkuz tla tla wjia:djkaysZoS isf;a wdfjzok mCIfhys olakg ,efnkakdjQjsjsO;d i<ldf.k ta wdfjzok ;;ajhkaf.a m@;scdkd;aul ixjrAOkh yd ta;`,ska we;sjkakd jQwNHka;r.; ps;a; ifudaOdk ugzgfuz mrsmQrAKFjh i<ld tajd OHdk kdufhkao wrA: olajkq,efnz flfiajqj;a OHdk kuska oelafjk wNHka;rA.; ps;a; ifudaOdk ugzgu olajd ps;a;ixjrAOkh we;slr .ekSug kuz ta iZoyd l@udkql~,j ixjrAOk lr.; hq;` l`Y,;d moaO;shlaolajd ;sfnz fulS ps;a; ixjrAOkfha by<g .ukal< yelafla m<uqj fu;a;d ixl,amh fydZoskam@.`K lsrSu uZ.ska muKla nejs olajd ;snSu ;`< fu;a;d ixl,amfhys flaJ|@Sh jeo.;alu jvdfydZoska ;yjqre fjhs70 fn#oaO Ndjkd l@uhla f,i fu;a;d ixl,amh ms<snZoj wjOdkh fhduqlsrSu fu;a;d ixl,amfhys ;j;a wxYhla wOHhkh lsrSug jeo.;a wjia:djls fuz hgf;afu;a;d Ndjkdj flfia jsia;r lr ;sfnzoehs jgyd .ekSu jeo.;ah71 fn#oaO Ndjkd l@uhlaf,i fu;a;d ixl,amh jrAOkh lrkq ,nkakd jQ jsjsO l@ufjzohka ms<snZoj nq|=iufhysidlpzPdjg nZ|=ka lr we;72 my; oelafjkafka fu;a;d Ndjkdj l< yels ;j;a wdldrhlsl`ukdldrfhka fu;a;d ixl,amh Ndjs;d l<;a ;u ;ukaf.a prs;dkQl~,j yd wjia:dkQl~,jjevsh hq;` wdldrhka mqoa., fjzu;a;;djh u; jsjsO jk nejska ta iEu l@ufjzohlau tl ydiudkju jeo.;a jk nj mejish yelsh 73 Ou!dkqidrfhka fu;a;d ixl,amfhys wdksixY my; iZoyka mrsos fufkys l< 74hq;`h fu;a;d ixl,amh mdol fldg we;s bjiSu mru ;mi kuska yeZoskafjz75 tfiaufu;a;d ixl,amh n,ldrl Ou!hla jYfhka yd th n,weKshla mrsoafoka kej; kej; ish is;ai;kays m@.`K lrjkakd jQ mqoa.,hdu n@dyauK kduh ,nhs76 fu;a;d ixl,amhg jvd jevsWiia .`Khla ke; fu;a;d Ndjkdj jevSfuz oS m<uqj fu;a jevsh hq;` mqoa.,hd ljfrla otfiau m<uqj fu;a jevSu wfhda.H mqoa.,hd ljfrla oehs mqoa., jsIu;djh yZ|=kd.; hq;` fjzwm@sh" w;sm@sh iydh" uOHia: yd ffjrS hk i;r jeoEreuz mqoa.,hka fjk m<uqj fu;afkdjevsh hq;`h jsreoaO ,sx.slhka flfrys iSud iys; jYfhka yd u<jqka flfrys fu;a;dixl,amh jrAOkh fkdl< hq;`h tf,i fu;a;d ixl,amh m@cdkkh lsrSu wF:! iuzmkakfkdjk nejska tfia fkdl< hq;` hehs meyeos,s lr oS ;sfnz ula ksid o h;a wm@sh mqoa.,hd m@sh ;kays ;nd .kakg hdfuka is;g mSvd we;sfjz w;s m@sh iydhlhd uOHia: ia:dkfhys ;nd .kakg hdfuka tfiau is; mSvdjg m;a fjzTyqg iaj,am |=lla meusKs l, mjd yZvkakg is|= fjz uOHia: mqoa.,hd .re ;kays yd m@sh ;kays 62
  33. 33. ;nd .kakg hdfuka o is; mSvdjg m;a fjz ffjrS mqoa.,hd .ek isys fjkakd jQ jydu fl@daOhWmoskafkah tnejska m@sh wm@shd oS fulS i;r fokd flfrys m<uq fldg fu;a;d ixl,amhjrAOkh fkdl< hq;`h ia;@Skag mqreIhka yd mqreIhkag ia;@Ska jsreoaO ,sx.slhka nejska Tjqkaflfrys isud jYfhka wij,a ;eke;a;dg fyda wij,a ;eke;a;shg fu;a is; m;`rjushs fu;a;dixl,amh jrAOkh lrkakg hdfuka fu;a;d ixl,amh fkdj rd.h jrAOkh jkafkah tfiauu<jqka flfrys fu;a is; me;srjSfuka wm!Kd – Wmpdr hk OHdkuh ;;ajhka ,o fkdyelsh taksid u<jqka wruqKq lr fu;a fkdjevsh hq;`h fu;a;d ixl,amh jvkakd jsiska m<uq fldg ufu;a;d ixl,amh jevsh hq;` jkafka ;uka wruqKq lrf.kh uu iqjm;a fjuzjd" uu ks|=lafjuzjd hkqfjka fyda uu ffjr ke;af;la fjuzjd" jHdmdo ke;af;la fjuzjd" Wm|@j ke;af;lafjuzjd iqjfia wd;auNdjh mrsyrKh lrkafkla fjuzjd lshd fyda h<s h<s;a ;uka flfrys ufu;a;d ixl,amh m@cdkkh l< hq;`h jsNx. m@lrKfhys fu;a;d Ndjkdj jevsh hq;` jkafkatla mqoa.,fhl`yg fu;a;d ixl,amh jHdma; lrk wdldrhgu ish,q iFjhka jsIfhys ofu;a;d ixl,amh iudk wdldrfhka jHdma; l< hq;` nj olajd we;77 tfiau mgsiuzNsodu.a.fhys fu;a;d Ndjkdj jevsh hq;af;a mqoa., fjzu;a;;djh u; mokuzj mia wdldrhlskanj meyeos,s lr oS we;78 by; jsNx.fhys yd mgsiuzNsod u.a.fhys m<uqj ;ukag fu;a fkdjvd ish,qfokdgu fu;a jevsh hq;` nj olajd ;sfnz m<uqj jsY`oaOs udrA.fhys olajk ,oafoa m<uqj ;ukagfu;a jevsh hq;` njhs fuu m@ldY fol mriamr jsfrdaOS fkdfjz fuu .@J: foflys ffu;@SNdjkdj jevsh hq;` ms<sfj< olajd we;af;a wm!Kd jYfhks jsY`oaOs udrA.fhys m<uqfjka u;ukag ffu;@S jevsh hq;` hehs olajd ;sfnkqfha m<uqj ;ud YdCIs fldg wkHhkag fu;a jevSubf.kSu msKsih wdoslu!uslhd o i,ld f.kh fuys iZoyka wdoslu!uslhd kuz m<uqfldgfu;a;d ixl,amh m@cdkkh lrkq ,nkakd jQ mqoa.,hdh wjqre|= ishhla oyila kuq|= ;udflfrys muKlau ffu;@S Ndjkd jvkakd jQ mqoa.,fh;`g flosklj;a OHdk wm!Kd Wmojd .;fkdyelsh jsY`oaOs udrA.fhys iZoykajk mrsoafoka uu huzfia |=lg fkdleue;af;us o iqjfiacSj;afjkq leue;af;uz o wkHhka o ud fiau |=lg fkdleue;af;ysh iqjfia cSj;ajkqleue;af;dah hkdoS f,iska ;uka YdCIs jYfhka ;ndf.k fu;a;d ixl,amh m@cdkkh lsrSuwrUkakdg myiq nejska th jvd;a l@udkQl~, hehs ms<s.efka iEu mqoa.,fhl`ygu ;ukaj;ukag m@sh nejska th Wmudkjg f.k wkHhkayg o ysxid lsrSfuka je<lsh hq;`h79 fuz wdldrfhka ;uka YdCIs jYfhka ;ndf.k ish,q ffcj m@cdj flfrys u fu;a;dNdjkdj jevsh hq;`h hk l@uh nq|=r|=ka jsiska jodrk ,oafoah tnejska YdCIs msKsi m<uq fldg;uka flfrys fu;a jevsh hq;`h bka wk;`rej iqjfia ffu;@sh mj;ajkq msKsi ;ukayg m@shukdm .re iuzNdjkSh wdpdhH!jrfhla fyda wdpdhH! iudkfhla fyda WmdOHdhfhla fydaWmdOHdh iudkfhla fyda fjz kuz Tyqf.a odk m@sh jpkdoS jQ m@sh ukdm ldrKd o YS, Y@e;j;awdoS jQ .re iuzNdjkSh ldrK o i,ld tu i;a mqreIhd iqjm;a fj;ajd ks|=la fj;ajd hkd oS 63
  34. 34. l@ufhka fu;a is; jrAOkh l< hq;`h fuz wdldrhg ffu;@S Ndjkdj is|= lsrSfuka taldka;fhkau wm!Kd OHdk ;;ajfhka is; by<g f.k taug yelsh fuu fhda.djprhd tf;lska ish wNsm@dh wjika jQjd hehs i;`gg meusK ishW;aiyh ,sys,a lr fkdf.k ;j |=rg;a ish ffu;@S ps;a;h jrAOkh l< hq;`h blans;sjNdjkdkqfhda.shdg we;af;a iSudjka blaujd ish fu;a;d ixl,amh m@cdkkh jrAOkh lsrSfuzmshjrhs80 iSudjka blaujkq leue;s fhda.djprhd jsiska m<uq fldg ;udf.a w;sm@sh us;@hdflfrys fu;a is; fydZoska m@.`K fldg wk;`rej uOHia: mqoa.,hd flfrys fu;a is; jrAOkhlsrSu werUsh hq;`h fuz wdldrfhka uOHia: mqoa.,hd flfrys o fu;a jvd th fydZZoska m@.`K 81jQjdhska miqj ffjrS mqoa.,hd flfrys o fu;a is; jrAOkh lsrSu werUsh hq;`h kej; tlSffjrS mqoa.,hka flfrys ffjrS ixZ{djka jsIaluzNkh lr uOHia:hg muqKqjk fpz;kdfjkam@sh Ndjh o Wmojkakyq jsiska fu;a;d ixl,amh m@cdkfhys ,d ;j ;j;a W;aiyj;a jshhq;`h83 ffjrS mqoa.,hd flfrys fu;a is; jv;au ta mqoa.,hd flfrys fl@daO ixZ{djka my< fjzkuz tjsg m<uq Ndjkd wruqKq jYfhka ;nd.kakd ,o ;udg m@sh mqoa.,hka w;rska hful`flfrys ffu;@S OHdk ,nd thska ke.sg kej; ffjrS mqoa.,hd wruqKq fldg fu;a is; jvkakgW;aiy .; hq;`h82 kuq;a thska o ;u is; Wmka fl@daOh |=re lr .kakg wiu;a fjz kuz is;gfkdfhl`;a wjjdo wkqYdikd ,ndoSuz wkqidrfhka fl@daOh |=re lr .kakg kej; kej; W;aiy 84l< hq;`h we;eful`f.a ldhsl yeisrSuz rgdj Ydka;h tfy;a Tyqf.a jdla – udkislyeisrSuz rgdj wYdka;h wYdka; jQ ta jdla – ukisl iudpdr fkd is;d Ydka; jQ ldhsl yeisrSuzrgdj u is;sh hq;`h we;eful` jpkfhka mjik foa wYdka;h wYdka; jQ ta jdla – ukiaiudpdr fkd is;d Ydka; jQ ldhsl yeisrSuz rgdj u is;sh hq;`h we;eful` f.a jdpsl m@ldYkYdka;h tfy;a Tyqf.a ldhsl yd udkisl wej;`uz mej;`uz rgdj wYdka;h ta wYdka; ldhukia iudpdr fkd is;d Ydka; jdla iudpdr u is;sh hq;`h we;eful`f.a udkisl is;`js,s rgdjYdka;h ta nj ta mqoa.,hd lrk lshk lghq;` wdosfhys oS ish,a,kag u oek .; yelsh fkdikaiqka is;a we;s mqoa.,fhl` jsiska is|= lrk ,nk lghq;`j, jsoHudk jk wms,sfj< iajNdjh 85uZ.ska ta mqoa.,hdf.a ps;a; iajNdjh ms<snZo ;rul jegySula ,ensh yelsh 86 we;eful`f.a fuz ;@sjsO l@shdldrluz u wYdka;h tnkaod flfrys lreKdjWmojsh hq;`h lreKdj ksid fl@daOh ixisfZokafkah87 fuz ms<snZoj wx.`;a;r mZCoaplksmd;fhys iZoykajk w>d;mgsjskh iQ;@h bjy,a lr.; yelsh88 fuz wdldrhg ;ud jsiskau;ukag wjjdo lr .ekSu uZ.skq;a ;u oafjzIh my fkd.sh l< ;udf.a yd i;`rdf.a lrAuYla;shu i,ld ixisZ|=jd .; hq;`h89 thska ;udf.a lrAu Yla;sh i,ld ne,sh hq;` jkafkaYdia;Dka jykafia .`re fldg ;ndf.kh90 fufia ie,lSfukq|= fkd ixisfZoa kuz wk;`rej 64
  35. 35. Ydia;Dka jykafiaf.a mQj! fndaOsiFj prs; l:djkays iZoyka jkakd jQ fndaOsiFj .`Khkaie,lSu ;`,ska fyda th ixisZ|=jd .ekSu msKsi W;aiy .;hq;`h91 fufia Ydia;Dka jykafiaf.amQj! prs; .`K isys lr;`|= fndfyda ld,hla flf,iqkag odhl jq Tyqf.a fl@daOh fkdixisfZoa kuzwk;`rej wku;.a.sh iQ;@h isys l< hq;`h ta l< hq;af;a o fuz wdldrfhks92 tfia fu;a;dixl,amh jO!kh lr .kakg W;aiy fldg;a" fkdyels jsks kuz wkaouska fu;a;dksixi iQ;@fhys 93oelafjk wkaoug ffu;@S ps;a;h m@.`K lrkakg W;aiy l< hq;`h fufia fu;a;dksixi isys 94fldg;a isf;ys oafjzIh myj fkdfha kuz O;` jsksrAfNda.h l<hq;`h Od;` jsksrAfNda.hlrkakg fkdyels jkakd jQ mqoa.,hd jsiska odkh uZ.ska fyda fl@daO fpz;kdj |=re lrkakg 95W;aidy l< hq;`h fuz wdldrfhka fl@daOh ixisfZo;a u m@sh - w;sm@sh – iydh – uOHia:hka flfrysfuka ta ffjrS mqoa.,hd flfrys o is; ffu;@S jYfhka mj;shs tjsg Tyq kej; kej; ffu;@Sfldg iSud iuzfNaoh l< hq;`h ;ud flfrys o" m@shhd flfrys o" uOHia:hd flfrys o" iuis;a bmsojSu iSud iuzfNaohhs96 fuz wdldrfhka iSud iuzfNaoh ,n;a u ta mqoa.,hd ksus;a; oWmpdr o hk folu ,enQ Wmpdr iudOsfhka hqla; iudys; is;a we;s mqoa.,fhl` f,i ie,fla97iSudiuzfNaoh ,nd.;a miqj Wmojd .kakd ,o ta ksus;a;u jv jvd;a fiajkh lr;au jrAOkhlr;au mqZM,a njg uy;a iajNdjhg m;alr;au ksrdhdifhka mGjs lisKfhys olajk ,o mrsosOHdkhl uQ,sl wjia:dj jQ wm!Kd wjia:dj olajd th oshqKq fjz98 fuf;lska ta Ndjkdkqfhda.shdlaf,aY mdCIsl mZCoapdx.hka m@ySK lrk ,o tfukau l`Y, mdCIsl mZCoapdx.hkaf.ka iukajs;jQ" ;@sjsO l,HdK iuzm;ska wkQk jQ yd oY ,CIKfhka hqla; jQ ffu;@S iy.; m@:u OHdkh 99,enq mqoa.,fhla fjz fuz wdldrfhka uy;a fia |=Ialr;d jsZo b;d jer jEhuska Wmojd .kakd,o ta m@:u OHdk ksus;a;u ;j |=rg;a fiajkh lruska jrAOkh lruska mqZM,a njg m;alruskawkq ms<sfj<ska iQ;@ msglfhys p;`Ial kHdfhka jsia;r flfrk mrsos oajs;Sh" ;D;Sh OHdkhkago100 thu fjk;a f,ilska jsia;r lrf;d;a wkq ms<sfj<ska wNsOrAu msglfhys mZ[aplkhHdfhka jsia;r flfrk mrsos oajs;Sh" ;D;Sh yd p;`F:s OHdkhkag o meusKSug yelshdjlawe;s lr .kshs101 fuys oS fhda.djprhd jsiska Wmojd .kakd ,o m@:u" OHdkdoSka w;`frka lsishuzOHdkhl isg ffu;@S is;ska tla osYdjla m;`rjd jdih lrhs tfiau fojk" f;jk yd i;r jkosYd o Wv hg yd yria w; o hk ish,qu ia:dkhkays iEu w;skau irAj iuzmQrAK wdldrfhkayd irAj iudk f,i uqZM uy;a f,dalh jsmq, jQ uyoa.; jQ wm@udK jQ wffjr jQ wjHdmcAc jQfu;a;d ixl,amh m@cdkkh jHdma; lr ta wkqj iajlSh prAhduh me;slv o Bg wkq.; lrjd.kshs102 fulS jsl`nznK m@dma; iajNdjh ,efnkafka m@:u OHdkdoS jYfhka wm!Kdj Wmojd.kakd ,o mqoa.,hdguh jsl`nznK kuz fuys oela jQ TOsfid fyda wfkdOsfid jYfhka mqoa.,prAhdjg n,mEuz lsrSug yelshdjla ,efnk mrsoafoka fu;a;d ixl,amh m@cdkk jYfhkajHdma; lsrSuhs TOsfidMrK ffu;@sh kuz tla tla osYd jYfhka iSud fjkalrf.k fu;a;dixl,amh me;srjSuhs 65
  36. 36. l`i, Ou!hla yd fndaOs mdCIsl Ou!hla f,i fu;a;d ixl,amh isf;ys jrAOkhlsrSu msKsi W;aiyj;a lsrSu idrOu! ( Values ) yd iodpr ( Moral ) .`Khkaj,ska msrsmqkajSu f,i fmkajd osh yelsh fuys oS idrOu! ( Values ) yd iodpdr ( Moral ) hk jpk foflyskshudrA:h meyeos,s lr.; hq;af;a ;@s msglh ;`< idrOu! yd iodpdr uQ<Ou! meyeos,s lr olajdwe;af;a l`i, Ou! yd fndaOs mdCIsl Ou! f,i nejsks idrOu! hkqfjka woyia jkafka huz lsiswd.ulg fyda ixialD;shlg iSudjk tu wd.ug fyda ixialD;shg wh;a idudcslhkaf.a fydZohehs iuzu; yeisrSuz rgdjhs iodpdrh hkafkka woyia jkqfha tfia wd.ul fyda ixialD;shlgiSud fkdjQ tfy;a fmd|= jsYajSh Ou!;djhla jYfhka yeufokdu talu;slju fydZo hehsms<s.kakd ,o ksYaps; yd iuzu; yeisrSuz rgdj fjhs fu;ek oS meyeos,s lr .; hq;` foa jkafkanq|= oyuska ms<snsUq jk fydZo hehs iuzu; yeisrSuz rgdj uska l`uk ldKavhg wh;a jkafkao hkldrKhhs nq|= oyuska ms<snsUq jk yeisrSuz rgdj ms<snZoj jspdr mQrAjlj i,ld n,f;d;ameusKsh yels ks.ukh jkqfha yqfola tu yeisrSuz rgdjka lsishuz wd.ulg fyda ixialD;shlgiSud fkdjk njhs tu ksid tu yeisrSuz rgdjka iodpdrh hkakg jvd;a iuSm fjz tfiauwd.usl ixorANhla ;`< idlpzPd lr we;s ksid tajd idrOu! f,i jsia;r lrkq ,enQj;a tys lsis|=jrola fkdue; nq|= iufhka fmkakquz lrkq ,nk idrOu! fyj;a iodpdrd;aul yeisrSuz l`i,hk mofhka iy fndaOsmdCIsl Ou!;d f,i oyu ;`< jsia;r flfrA fuz wkqj l`i, idrOu! fydaiodpdrd;aul yeisrSuz rgdj ksrEmKh lrk w;r nq|= oyuska fmkajk mru ksIaGdj jkfndaOsh fyj;a wjfndaOh lrd hk .ufkys oS tu wjfndaOh ,enSu msKsi jqjukd lrk lreKqfyj;a iq|=iqluz fndaOs mdCIsl Ou!;d f,i fmkajd oS ;sfnz fu;a;d ixl,amfhys wka;rA.;jkakd jQ idrOu! yd iodpdrd;aul yeisrSuz rgdj l`i, Ou! yd fndaOs mdCIsl Ou! f,i fuysfmkajd oS ;sfnz fu;a;d ixl,amh m@cdkk" wdfjzok" Z{dk jsNd.S" prAhd yd iudc jsoHd;aulhk mokuz my f.k ne,Q l, meyeos,s jkafka l`i, yd fndaOs mdCIsl Ou! hkafkka .efkkidrOu! yd iodpdrd;aul yeisrSuz fuz ;`< wka;rA.; njh fu;a;d ixl,amfhys oefkk iajNdjh wOsl nejska tys wdfjzok moku fiiqmokuzj,g jvd jevsmqr olakg ,efnz hehs flfkl` fmkajd fohs th l`i, yd fndaOs mdCIslOu!;d jYfhka i;r n@yau jsyrK uZ.ska ksrEmKh fj;ehs thg ksoiqka bosrsm;a lr;s fuzw;r ;j flfkl` olajkafka fu;a;d ixl,amh uZ.ska wl`Y, uQ, ;`fkka oafjzI uQ<h hgm;a lrouk nejska fuu ixl,amfhys m@cdkk moku fjk;a mokuz j,g jvd wOsl iajNdjfhkaolakg ,efnk njhs fu;a;d ixl,amh fya;` fldg f.k we;s lr.kakd fhdksfidaukisldrhjspdrmQj!l iajNdjh jeks lreKq l`i, yd fndaOs mdCIsl Ou! j,g ksoiqka jYfhka f.k yerolaj;s fu;a;d ixl,amh prAhd;aul jYfhka wfkHdkH Wmldrh" iuZ.sh" us;@Fjh jekslreKq j,ska fmdfydi;a nejska fuys prAhd moku jvd wOsl nj ;j;a wh f.k yer olaj;s 66
  37. 37. fuz ish,qu lreKq iudcuh jYfhka iuQyhla jYfhka iduQyslj lghq;` lsrSu msKsi jeo.;ajk nejska fuu ixl,amh iudcuh moku w;ska fjk;a mokulg jvd bosrsfhka isgsk nj;j;a wh fmkajd fo;s by; lS mokuz ish,a,u fkd wvqj ijsu;aj olakg ,enSuu fuys Z{dkjsNd.Sh mokfuys ijsu;aNdjh fmkajd fok lreKla f,i ;j;a fndfyda fokd iZoyka lr;s fuz wkqj fmkajd osh yelafla l`i, yd fndaOs mdCIsl Ou!hla f,i fu;a;d ixl,amfhys.enzjk udkqIsl jgskdluhs ish,qu l`i,hka ffu;@sh ;`< wka;rA.; l< yelafla ish,qul`i,hka wF:!j;a l< yelafla ukqIH m@cdjla ;`< oS muKla jk nejsks tfukau fndaOs mdCIslOu!hka o m@dfhda.slj wF:! iuzmkakNdjhg m;a lr .; yels jkafka o cSj m@cdjla wruqKqfldg ta cSj m@cdfjys hym; Wfoid fuu Ou!hkays .enzjk Wmfhda.S;d ,CIK u;` flfrkmrsos l@shd;aul l< yels jk ksid muKs fndaOs hk jpkh ;`<g ksrAjdK Ou!h yd wfkl`;awjfYaI l`i, Ou! ish,a,;a wka;rA.; l< yels fjhs fndaOs hk jpkh iuZ. fhoS we;s ;`ka;rdfndaOsh fndaOsiFj hk jpk .;al< tys oelafjkafka ksrAjdKdOs.uh fyj;a nq|= iufhys js.@yjkakd jQ mru ksIaGdj yd tu ksIaGdj YdlaId;alrKh msKsi wkq.ukh lrkakd jQ huzlsisl@udkQl~, jevms,sfj<la hkqfjka wmg huzlsis m@udKsl woyila fuz ms<snZoj we;s lr.;yelsjkq we; l`i, yd fndaOs mdCIsl Ou!hla f,i fu;a;d ixl,amfhys we;s Wmfhda.S;djhoelafjkqfha oS> ksldfha ilalmZ[ay iQ;@fhysh tysos ila fojsZ|= nq|=r|=kaf.ka jsuid isgskqfhausksiqka fu;a;d ixl,amfhka hqla;j isgSu m@sh lrk uq;a Tjqkag tfia isgSug fkdyels jS we;sfya;`j ms<snojhs103 tu mekhg nq|=r|=kaf.a ms<s;`r jkafka BrAIHd ud;aiH! hk ixfhdackhkafol fya;`fjka fuu fu;a;d ixl,amh ish,q iFjhka jsIfhys yg .ekSug ndOd we;slrjknjhs104 B <Z.g nq|=r|=ka olajkqfha fuu BrAIHd ud;aiH! hk ixfhdack Ou! fol yg .ekSugfya;`jQ ksOdk jQ ldrKhhs fuysoS BrAIHd ud;aiH! fol m@sh yd wm@sh i;aFjhka ksok fldg yg.kakd nj nq|=rcdKkajykafia jsiska Yl@hd yg myod fokq ,nk fial105 fu;a;d ixl,amh yd ;s@ YsCIdj w;r mj;skakd jQ iuznJOfhys iajrEmh js.@ylr ne,Su uZ.ska ;@s YsCIdj flfrys fu;a;d ixl,amfhys Wmfhda.S;djh ms<snZoj meyeos,sks.uhlg meusKsug mqMjk fu;a;d ixl,amh m@cdkk moku" wdfjzok moku" prAhd moku"Z{dk jsNd.S moku yd iudcuh moku hk ia:r mylska iukajs;h fuu ia:r mfika m@cdkkmoku" wdfjzok moku yd prAhd moku hk ia:r ;`k l@shd;aul jkafka uQ,sl udkqIsl ixfjzoklafIa;@fhysh fyj;a mqoa.,dNHka;r.;jh b;srs ia:r fol jk Z{dk jsNd.S moku ydiudcuh moku hk ia:r Ydia;@Sh jYfhka ie,ls,a,g .kq ,nk tajdh tfukau tlS ia:rfol iudc jsoHd;aul jYfhka jeo.;ah fuu udkqIsl ia:r ;`k f,i ie,flk ia:rj,skam@cdkk mokug wh;a ixl,amuh ksrEmKh olakg ,efnkqfha ;@s YsCIdfjka m@{d YsCIdfjysh;@s YsCIdfjka wdfjzok mokug wh;a ixl,amuh ksrEmKh olakg ,efnkqfha iudOsYsCIdfjysh tfuka u ;@s YsCIdfjka prAhd mokug wh;a ixl,amuh ksrEmKh olakg,efnkqfha iS, YsCIdfjysh fuhg wu;r jYfhka Ydia;@Sh jYfhka ie,ls,a,g .kq ,nk b;srs 67

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