Angry birds view of open data v6 public


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Introduction to open data for state and local US government. Describes open data activities in Chicago in 2012 leading up to Apps for Metro Chicago contest. Introduces groups working on open data.

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Angry birds view of open data v6 public

  1. 1. Angry Birds’ View of Open Data Stephen Newell IBM Client Technical Advisor US Public Sector source:
  2. 2. What’s with the title? Last month [January], I was talking to Colin and he used the phrase, “Angry Birds and Elephants.” Huh? He said it came from a panel discussion where Nick Grossman called civic hackers the Angry Birds and legacy groups, like government, data holders, and vendors, the elephants (aka Death Stars). The Angry Birds aren’t angry but they are agile, active, restless, hip, and they want to tear down some walls. You can’t take this analogy very far but using the term sure stops people and gets their attention. (If you’re scratching your head wondering what’s an Angry Bird, look here.) 2
  3. 3. First came the data 3
  4. 4. It took new leaders with an agenda of transparency “…a government that is transparent and accountable to its residents is a more effective government." -Toni Preckwinkile President of Cook County Board (took office 12/6/10) “…the most open, accountable and transparent government that the City of Chicago has ever seen.” -Rahm Emanuel Mayor of Chicago (took office 5/16/11) “…opens the doors of state government to everyday citizens and technology professionals alike in creating an unprecedented level of transparency and access to information." - Pat Quinn Governor of State of Illinois (took office 1/29/09) 4
  5. 5. Who appointed the staffCity of Chicago CTO CDO Cook County CIO Director of Social Media State of Illinois CIO 5
  6. 6. That created the platform 6
  7. 7. To publish the data Most accessed city data • Police station information • Fire station information • TIF reports • City employee salary information • Building permits • 311 service requests – vacant buildings • CTA system information • Crime data • Neighborhood health clinics info 7
  8. 8. As a step toward open data principles 1. Data Must Be Complete All public data are made available. Data are electronically stored information or recordings, including but not limited to documents, databases, transcripts, and audio/visual recordings. Public data are data that are not subject to valid privacy, security or privilege limitations, as governed by other statutes. 2. Data Must Be Primary Data are published as collected at the source, with the finest possible level of granularity, not in aggregate or modified forms. 3. Data Must Be Timely Data are made available as quickly as necessary to preserve the value of the data. 4. Data Must Be Accessible Data are available to the widest range of users for the widest range of purposes. 5. Data Must Be Machine-processable Data are reasonably structured to allow automated processing of it. 6. Access Must Be Non-Discriminatory Data are available to anyone, with no requirement of registration. 7. Data Formats Must Be Non-Proprietary Data are available in a format over which no entity has exclusive control. 8. Data Must Be License-free Data are not subject to any copyright, patent, trademark or trade secret regulation. Reasonable privacy, security and privilege restrictions may be allowed as governed by other statutes. Finally, compliance must be reviewable. A contact person must be designated to respond to people trying to use the data. A contact person must be designated to respond to complaints about violations of the principles. An administrative or judicial court must have the jurisdiction to review whether the agency has applied these principles appropriately. 8 From “Eight Principles of Open Government” from
  9. 9. To improve government 9 Image source:
  10. 10. Meanwhile the community formed 10
  11. 11. Around an apps contest and cash prizes Three rounds • Transportation – deadline 8/15/11 • Community – 9/30/11 • Grand Challenge – 12/2/11 Cash prizes - $64,500 total • $10,000 for Grand Challenge winner • Top 5 in each round • Additional categories • Innovate Illinois – Illinois Science and Technology Consortium • Green Opportunities – Delta Institute • Placemaking – Metropolitan Planning Council Sponsors • MacArthur Foundation • Motorola Mobility • IBM Corporate Citizenship • Delta Institute 11
  12. 12. That brought together a diverse group of people Researchers Startups Journalists Community Developers Groups Government Policy/Data Businesses Organizations Universities Foundations 12 Image source:
  13. 13. With a different perspective Curated data Operational data G2C C2G C2C G2G 13
  14. 14. GroupsIn a variety of settings Hackathons / Hack Salons Photo: John Tolva Photo: Dan O’Neill Award Ceremonies Conferences Photo: MPC 14
  15. 15. That resulted in 70 apps with 10 winners in the final round App Category Summary SpotHero Transportation Find and sell parking spots TrailBlaze Transportation Track biking routes OwtSee Community Info on parks / events Chicago Local Guide Community Info on events / promotions MiParque Community Neighborhood redevelopment FasPark Transportation Route with best chance for parking allSchedules Transportation Bus / train / water taxi schedules OkCopay Health Compare medical providers and prices iFindIt Social Services Resources for low income and homeless TaxiShare Transportation Share a cab Why? Scratch an itch: “$5,000 in parking tickets.” “Met my wife sharing a cab.” “Wanted to meet other female software developers and lead a team.” “Build Yelp for the homeless.” “Tell a story. Add context to the data.” 15
  16. 16. Using open and free tools 16
  17. 17. Along the way I got involved 17
  18. 18. By working for a non-profit to build examples 18
  19. 19. Back to the Chicago Angry Birds –here’s one of the best 19
  20. 20. They started with an app for the contest 20
  21. 21. And just kept building more apps 21
  22. 22. Then decided to disrupt software projects 22
  23. 23. And are forming a non-profit to sustain their workAllows grant funding by foundationsHire expertsWork on government software development projects 23
  24. 24. Beyond Chicago 24
  25. 25. Code for America does projectsImprove governmentA team of Fellows to solve complex issues with custom-built techExpanding with local Brigades to build a networkChicago project starts in February (and Austin, Detroit, Honolulu, Macon, New Orleans, Philadelphia, Santa Cruz) 25
  26. 26. And wants to seize the momentGovernment is ready for disruption• Changing of the guard• Fiscal crisis• Huge marketNew roles• Inside – Technology Platform Evangelist• Outside – Civic Hacker / Civic StartupOpportunity• Contractors based on open source and reuse• New user interfaces for complex business processes: permitting, tax filing, 311 request• Tools for civic engagement 26 Adopted from “Civic Startups are the Next Disruption” by Jen Pahlka Presentation at Future of Web Apps Conference 2011 in Las Vegas
  27. 27. Open Plans builds solutionsCreates open sourcePlus helps open up data, provides technical assistance, reporting on issuesFocus on transit, GIS, K-12And supports Urban Systems Collaborative 27
  28. 28. And a communityShare technology Civic Commons MarketplaceBuild open platforms Open311Spread knowledge Civic Commons Wiki 28
  29. 29. They want to remake government 29
  30. 30. Based on the concept of Government as a Platform Lessons learned from the success of the computer platform: • Open standards spark innovation and growth • Build a simple system and let it evolve • Design for participation • Learn from your ‘hackers’ • Data mining allows you to harvest implicit participation [mostly about healthcare] • Lower the barriers to experimentation • Lead by example Being a platform provider means government stripped down to the essentials. A platform provider builds essential infrastructure, creates core applications that demonstrate the power of the platform and inspire outside developers to push the platform even further, and enforces “rules of the road” that ensure that applications work well together. From “Government as a Platform” by Tim O’Reilly 30
  31. 31. Using four layers outside apps Non-platform apps City Guide UX/UI platform apps Bus Tracker platform Systems Transit system government Equipment GPS 31 Adopted from “The Opportunity for Civic Startups” by Nick Grossman Presentation at Web 2.0 Expo 2011 Conference
  32. 32. And four business models Civic Startup Business Model Disruptive Opportunities Challenges Be the platform builder Open source Procurement Cloud / SaaS / IaaS Long sales cycles Design Product vs service Build on the platform Design Platform risk Simplicity Analytics Play outside the lines Agility Finding a business model Design User-centered approach Enterprise end-run* Employ users as sale force Tension between user- and enterprise-focus * - empower users to be the enterprise change-makers with a compelling tool. 32 From “The Opportunity for Civic Startups” and “The Enterprise End-Run” by Nick Grossman
  33. 33. To cause a disruptionA major disruption in government software is possibleBased on free open source software (FOSS)A stack for Government as a Platform can emergeAlong with a set of standard appsWhich may move inside the government enterprise as wellA common information model and standard APIs will fuel this 33
  34. 34. Want to know more? 34
  35. 35. Chicago data portal County data portal of Illinois data portal for Metro Chicago Lobbyists Building Finder at Cook TIF Projects Bike Crash Reports behind Chicago Lobbyists sites response City Chicago Open Data Examples for America Commons Plans Systems Collaborative Grossman: The Opportunity for Civic Startups Grossman: The Enterprise End-Run Pahlka: Civic Startups are the Next Disruption O’Reilly: Government as a Platform _as_a_platformEight principles of open government data 35