Strategy for Economization and Resource
Efficiency in Decentralized Energy Solutions for
                  Communities

  ...
Annual Household Fuel wood
                                 Consumption
                    200

                    180

...
Population Dependent on Forests
                in Urban Areas

              90

              80

              70
In Mi...
Agenda
•Introduction to case studies
•Stakeholder Analysis
•Risks
•Barriers
•Process of power generation from bio-gas
•Str...
Cases Studied
• Cases from SRTT prepared by Prof. Suprava
  Patnaik, IIFM
  1. Light from forest – Kasai
  2. Eco friendly...
Stakeholder Analysis
• Primary Stakeholders
     - Community
     - Industry
• Secondary Stakeholders
     - Government
  ...
Social and Institutional Risks
                            Institutional Risks
Social Risks
 • Non acceptance by the    • ...
Resource and Technical Risks
Resource Supply            Technical Risks
Risks
• Damage to raw material   • Failure of tech...
Attitudinal Barriers
• Industrial standpoints
  –   Bio-gas energy is a primitive technology.
  –   Bio-gas energy is need...
Technological Barriers
• Lack of
  – cheap and developed technology
  – Efficient multi-feed system
  – Local expertise/ma...
Financial Barriers
• Scarcity as well as high cost of capital for
  starting such projects
• More funding for options like...
Institutional Barriers
• Absence of institutional arrangements to
  empower local communities to manage RBCs
  (Rural Bioe...
Economization Strategy
                     Resource
                     Efficiency
                                     ...
Generating bio-gas and Electricity
      Biomass
      (Lantana             Gasification of             Cooling by
       ...
Strategy in Action
                                                             Energy

  Resource           Process      ...
Economization of Bio-gas project
• Shredded raw materials to facilitate easy movement
  in boiler
• Usage of semi dried su...
Clean Development Mechanism
• Upfront payment of CER revenue / Carbon
  Finance
  – Can lower the financial barriers
  – M...
Clean Development Mechanism
• CDM benefits can be availed through
  – Methane avoidance in landfills/waste dumps
  – Switc...
Recommendations
• Portfolio of diverse technology, fuel resource
  and end use
• Extension of strategic services through v...
Recommendations
• Diversion of waste from landfill towards
  energy recovery
• Increase landfill tariffs
• Energy and Wast...
geetanjalishahi7@gmail.com
           pathak.manasi@gmail.com
           renuka.saroha@gmail.com
            roy.indranil7...
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"Strategy for Economization & Resource Efficiency in Decentralized Energy Solutions for Communities" by Snehashis, Climate Change & Environmental Core Competency Cell (C2-E-C3), IIFM presented in ASSOCHAM International Conference - "Climate Change: Busine

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"Strategy for Economization & Resource Efficiency in Decentralized Energy Solutions for Communities" by Snehashis, Climate Change & Environmental Core Competency Cell (C2-E-C3), IIFM presented in ASSOCHAM International Conference - "Climate Change: Business Sustainability & Society", Nov 11, 2008

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"Strategy for Economization & Resource Efficiency in Decentralized Energy Solutions for Communities" by Snehashis, Climate Change & Environmental Core Competency Cell (C2-E-C3), IIFM presented in ASSOCHAM International Conference - "Climate Change: Busine

  1. 1. Strategy for Economization and Resource Efficiency in Decentralized Energy Solutions for Communities Strategic analysis by Snehashis Sarkar (snehashiss@gmail.com) Presented by Geetanjali Shahi Indranil Roy Manasi Pathak Renuka Saroha Climate Change & Environmental Core Competency Cell Indian Institute of Forest Management, Bhopal 1
  2. 2. Annual Household Fuel wood Consumption 200 180 160 In Million Tonnes 140 total 120 rural 100 urban 80 60 40 20 0 1996 2001 2006 2 Source: www.indiastats.com
  3. 3. Population Dependent on Forests in Urban Areas 90 80 70 In Millions 60 50 40 30 20 10 0 1996 2001 2006 3 Source: www.indiastats.com
  4. 4. Agenda •Introduction to case studies •Stakeholder Analysis •Risks •Barriers •Process of power generation from bio-gas •Strategy for economization •Value additions-CDM •Recommendations 4
  5. 5. Cases Studied • Cases from SRTT prepared by Prof. Suprava Patnaik, IIFM 1. Light from forest – Kasai 2. Eco friendly Green Power: Deepak Spinning Mills 3. Green energy – DESI Power, Orrcha • Case Study by Mr. Sreyamsa Bairiganjan, Researcher, Environmentally Sustainable Finance, IFMR 4. Bagepalli CDM bio-gas Programme • Case Study by Dr. Udai Pareek 5. Transfer of bio-gas technology-Delhi 5
  6. 6. Stakeholder Analysis • Primary Stakeholders - Community - Industry • Secondary Stakeholders - Government - NGOs 6
  7. 7. Social and Institutional Risks Institutional Risks Social Risks • Non acceptance by the • Policy and law changes • Political set up for community. • Societal negligence subsidies and funding -Non payment of bills -Non Cooperation 7
  8. 8. Resource and Technical Risks Resource Supply Technical Risks Risks • Damage to raw material • Failure of technology • Failure of crop • Maintenance problems of the plant • Lack of emergency preparedness/handling 8
  9. 9. Attitudinal Barriers • Industrial standpoints – Bio-gas energy is a primitive technology. – Bio-gas energy is need specific/project specific – Rural communities are not ready for such changes – Communities lack technical knowledge • Social standpoints – Such schemes are for limited people – Implementing bodies have vested interest – Will interfere with their existing lifestyle 9
  10. 10. Technological Barriers • Lack of – cheap and developed technology – Efficient multi-feed system – Local expertise/manufacturers/agents • Absence of – Proper plantation management practices – High yielding seeds, clones and varieties – Continuous supply of raw material e.g. bio mass, water etc – Skilled technicians in rural as well as tribal 10 pockets.
  11. 11. Financial Barriers • Scarcity as well as high cost of capital for starting such projects • More funding for options like solar energy, wind energy • Long payback period 11
  12. 12. Institutional Barriers • Absence of institutional arrangements to empower local communities to manage RBCs (Rural Bioenergy Centers)&energy option • Lack of co-ordiantion among concerned government bodies • High subsidy on electricity & petroleum products • Restrictions on sale of electricity by private player at economic price 12
  13. 13. Economization Strategy Resource Efficiency Increase Benefits ECONOMIZATION Cost Benefit Reduce Cost Plough back the Business additional cashflow Strategy by Sustainability for more generation Snehashis Sarkar and and outreach IIFM, Bhopal Upscalation 13
  14. 14. Generating bio-gas and Electricity Biomass (Lantana Gasification of Cooling by biomass water sprays Agro Residues Cow Dung ) Filtration Electricity Decentralized with sand Fed to engine Distribution generated filters 14
  15. 15. Strategy in Action Energy Resource Process Output Manure • Diverse • Technological • Efficient use of Portfolio of up-gradation resources fuel resources Concept by Snehashis Sarkar, IIFM Bhopal 15
  16. 16. Economization of Bio-gas project • Shredded raw materials to facilitate easy movement in boiler • Usage of semi dried succulent material with moisture content between 4-12% • Development of multi feed systems to increase the sustainability of project • Usage of specially designed 100% producer gas engine Dual fuel engine as standby • Using Combined cycle gas turbines 16
  17. 17. Clean Development Mechanism • Upfront payment of CER revenue / Carbon Finance – Can lower the financial barriers – Make a project viable and attractive • Monetization of potential CERs can help – Additional cash flows – Repayment to the financiers – Towards O&M costs – Funding for Economic activities in communities 17
  18. 18. Clean Development Mechanism • CDM benefits can be availed through – Methane avoidance in landfills/waste dumps – Switch from conventional electrical energy with higher life cycle emissions • Energy generation capacity <15 MW • Baseline & Monitoring Methodologies – AMS Class I and III 18
  19. 19. Recommendations • Portfolio of diverse technology, fuel resource and end use • Extension of strategic services through various entities, e.g. NGOs, CBOs – planning, implementation and operationalization • Decentralized Energy as a strategy to Low Carbon Economy and Energy Security • Change attitude towards waste 19
  20. 20. Recommendations • Diversion of waste from landfill towards energy recovery • Increase landfill tariffs • Energy and Waste management needs to be integrated in government policy • Dedicated institutional arrangements • Capacity needs to be developed quickly 20
  21. 21. geetanjalishahi7@gmail.com pathak.manasi@gmail.com renuka.saroha@gmail.com roy.indranil7@gmail.com snehashiss@gmail.com Climate Change & Environmental Core Competency Cell Indian Institute of Forest Management, Bhopal cceccc.iifm@gmail.com 21

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