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Life detection system


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Life detection system

  1. 1. Presented by SNEHA
  2. 2. INTRODUCTION Thousands of persons killed as a cause of earthquake. A new revolutionary microwave life detection system, which is used to locate human beings buried under earthquake rubble, has been designed. This system operating at certain frequency can remotely detect the breathing and heartbeat signals of human beings buried under earthquake rubble. By advent of this system the world death rate may decrease to greater extent as large percentage of death occur due to earthquake.
  3. 3. RECENT NEWS Strong Earthquake hits JAPAN and more than 500 people have died in an eathquake under the rubble’s. The disaster in the new york’s city at Woorld Trade Center claimed lives of more than 5000 people.
  5. 5. Microwaves are electromagnetic waves whose frequencies range from about 300 MHz-300 GHz or wavelengths in air ranging from 100cm-1mm. The word microwave means a very short wave, which is the shortest wavelength region of the radio spectrum and a part of the electromagnetic spectrum
  6. 6. The reception of modulated signals shows the presence of a live human inside the rubble. When the beam hits the body, the signal reflected with an additional modulation created by movements of heart and lungs Microwave would reflect back from some objects. Microwave is sent through rubble to detect vital signs of life.
  8. 8. MICROWAVE CIRCUIT Microwave circuit Phase locked oscillator Direction al coupler circulator •The PLO is used to generate a very stable EM wave of 1150 MHz •Power dividers and directional couplers, coupler part of the transmission power in a transmission line by a known amount out through another port. •In this system, 10db coupler is used to divide the power into 1/10th and 9/10th part while 3db coupler divides power into two equal parts.
  9. 9. The dual antenna system has two antenna, which are energized sequentially by an electronically controlled microwave single pole double throw ( SPDT) switch. The switch turns on and off at a frequency of 100 Hz which is much higher than the frequency range of the breathing and heartbeat signals between 0.2 to 3 Hz. In this dual antenna system, the two antenna channels are completely independent.
  10. 10. The clutter cancellation circuit consists of a digitally controlled phase-shifter (0–360 ), a fixed attenuator (4 dB), a RF amplifier (20 dB), and a digitally controlled attenuator (0–30 dB). The output of the clutter cancellation circuit is automatically adjusted to be of equal amplitude and opposite phase as that of the clutter from the rubble. Thus, when the output of the clutter cancellation circuit is combined with the received signal from the antenna, via the circulator, in a 3-dB directional coupler, the large clutter from the rubble is completely canceled, and the output of the 3-dB directional coupler consists only of the small reflected wave from the subjects body. This output of the 3-dB directional coupler is passed through a 6-dB directional coupler. The 1/4 of this output is amplified by a RF preamplifier (30 dB) and then mixed with a local reference signal in a double-balanced mixer. The other 3/4 of the output is detected by a microwave detector to provide a dc voltage, which serves as the indicator for the degree of the clutter cancellation. When the settings of the digitally controlled phase- shifter and attenuator are swept by the microprocessor control system, the output of the microwave detector varies accordingly.
  11. 11. •Power tool in applications where it is not desirable to disturb a subjects physiological or in other situations where access to the subject is limited. •L-band frequency free for use by commercial applications so far we expect a minimum interference with other devices. •No need to use heartbeat and the breathing sensor.
  12. 12. •Project is expensive but once it is implemented the expenses can be reduce lower extend •The UHF band frequency is unable to penetrate more metal like structure but it can penetrate over deeper than 1150 MHz •The involvement of clutter signal may destroy the vital information of life signs. But if the proper demodulation is used one can receive the vital signs efficiently.