How to make land use inventories meaningful

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How to make land use inventories meaningful

  1. 1. HowSAMPLE TEXTto Make Land Use Inventories Meaningful and Useful September 21, 2012
  2. 2. Introduction Why Inventory Land Uses LBCS Model and Burlington, VT Example LBCS Applications and How-To Interactive Survey LBCS Advantages and Disadvantages
  3. 3. Why Inventory Land Uses? Understand Existing Conditions at Point in Time Identify Trends and Opportunities Important Component to Comprehensive Planning Process
  4. 4. Traditional Inventory Data Standard Land Use Coding Manual (SLUCM) - 1965 Use Declined in the 1970s Basic Inventory Categories Evolved Rely Heavily on Assessment Data
  5. 5. Traditional Inventory Data
  6. 6. Traditional Inventory Data
  7. 7. LBCS Model History Land-Based Classification Standards Developed by APA with Federal Support in 2000 and Updated in 2001
  8. 8. LBCS in Use Philadelphia - Modified Activity Dimension to Update Land Use Coding System Georgia - Requires Use of at Least Function Dimension of LBCS or a State Model in Local Comprehensive Plans Frederick, MD – Use Function and Structure Codes in Zoning Code (Permitted Uses Table) Kansas – County Appraisers Must Use LBCS Function Codes
  9. 9. LBCS Model Five Dimensions to Land Use Hierarchical Structure “Specificity with Flexibility”
  10. 10. LBCS Inventory Data
  11. 11. LBCS Inventory Data Site: Developed Structure: Residence over Office/Store; 60- unit Multi-Family Activity: Household Living, Restaurant, Service-Oriented Commercial, Office Function: Private Household, Personal Service, Full-Service Restaurant, Bar, Professional Services Ownership: Private
  12. 12. LBCS Dimensions - Activity Observable Use
  13. 13. LBCS Dimensions - Activity
  14. 14. LBCS Dimensions - Activity Activity: 1100 – Household Living 2200 – Restaurant 6300 – Movies, Concerts, Entertainment 2120 – Service- Oriented Shopping
  15. 15. LBCS Dimensions - Function Economic Use
  16. 16. LBCS Dimensions - Function
  17. 17. LBCS Dimensions - Function Function: 5370 – Fitness, Gym, etc. 6110 – Nursery/ Pre- school 6510 – Outpatient Care 6560 – Social Assistance 6800 – Association, Non-Profit
  18. 18. LBCS Dimensions - Structure Building Form
  19. 19. LBCS Dimensions - Structure
  20. 20. LBCS Dimensions - Structure Structure: 1203 – 3-Unit Multi- Family 2230 – Standalone Store 2270 – Gas Station
  21. 21. LBCS Dimensions - Site State of Development
  22. 22. LBCS Dimensions - Site
  23. 23. LBCS Dimensions - Site Site: 7110 – Neighborhood Park
  24. 24. LBCS Dimensions - Ownership Ownership Structure
  25. 25. LBCS in Burlington, VT Downtown/Waterfront Planning Process Funded by HUD Sustainable Communities Challenge Grant Initial Phase – Land Use Inventory and Buildout
  26. 26. PlanBTV Land Use Inventory & Buildout Analysis Climate, Energy & Green Infrastructure Analysis Retail Market Assessment Transportation & Parking Study Housing Needs Assessment Parks, Arts, Cultural Resources Assessments Master Plan and Code Development
  27. 27. LBCS in Burlington, VT Defined Planning Area Determined Coding Levels Desired
  28. 28. LBCS in Burlington, VT Compiled Supplementary Data Designed Survey Sheets Defined Blocks to Organize Field Survey
  29. 29. LBCS in Burlington, VT
  30. 30. LBCS in Burlington, VT Site: Developed Structure: Multi-Family (8 Units), Office, Surface Parking Activity: Household Living, Office, Service-Oriented Shopping, Parking Function: Private Household, Health & Personal Care, Professional Services, Personal Services, Independent Artist
  31. 31. LBCS in Burlington, VT Activity Function
  32. 32. LBCS in Burlington, VT Site Structure
  33. 33. LBCS in Burlington, VT
  34. 34. LBCS in Burlington, VT Helped Fully Understand On-the- Ground Reality Foundation for Retail Market Analysis Assisted in Housing Study – Identified Lack of Diversity
  35. 35. Your Turn!
  36. 36. Property A
  37. 37. Property A
  38. 38. Property A
  39. 39. Property A Coding? Site: Structure: Activity: Function: Ownership:
  40. 40. Property A Coding? Site: 6000 Structure: 2400, 3230 Activity: 2110, 2120, 2310, 4110, 4500 Function: 2153, 2160, 2310, 2410, 6510, 6140 Ownership: 1000
  41. 41. Property B
  42. 42. Property B
  43. 43. Property B
  44. 44. Property B
  45. 45. Property B Coding? Site: Structure: Activity: Function: Ownership:
  46. 46. Property B Coding? Site: 6000 Structure: 2600, 2700, 5700 Activity: 2110, 2120, 3100 Function: 2160, 3600, 7300 Ownership: 1000
  47. 47. LBCS Advantages Capture Physical, Economic and Social Characteristics Flexibility - Focus on Dimensions of Interest, Hierarchical Coding System Reveal Mix of Uses, Including Variety of Commercial, in Traditional Town/ Village Centers Better Track Change in Use Over Time
  48. 48. LBCS Limitations Labor Intensive – Opportunity for Volunteer Use/ Community Involvement Limited Applicability at Larger Scales Difficult to Maintain
  49. 49. Resources http://www.planning.org/lbcs/ PAS Memo – July/August 2012 http://www.burlingtonvt.gov/PlanBTV/ Mike Zuba, AICP – mikez@miloneandmacbroom.com Rebecca Augur, AICP – rebeccaa@miloneandmacbroom.com

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