The University of Real World Planning Marijoan Bull, PhD AICP, Westfield State University Assistant Professor, Geography & Regional Planning Mark Hamin, PhD, University of Massachusetts Director, Master of Regional Planning Program September 21, 2012
By three methods we may learn wisdom: -first, by reflection, which is noblest; -second, by imitation, which is easiest; and -third by experience, which is the bitterest. - Confucius
Knowing-in-action is the professionalknowledge that practitioners actually use,as distinct from the theoretical, scientificallyderived knowledge that technical-rationalistapproaches assume that they used. - Donald Schon The Reflective Practitioner
AICP Code of Ethics (A.3.).“We shall examine the applicability of planningtheories, methods, research and practice andstandards to the facts and analysis of each particularsituation and shall not accept the applicability of acustomary solution without first establishing itsappropriateness to the situation.We shall contribute time and resources to theprofessional development of students, interns,beginning professionals, and other colleagues.We shall continue to enhance our professionaleducation and training.”
TASK ONE:Pair Off—one storyteller and one active listener.Tell the story of a recent planning “success” you were involved with.Try to wrap up the story in under 3 minutes.The listener asks questions aimed at understanding the success of theproject. For instance, the listener will explore what made it successful,and what explicit and implicit ideas about the criteria for success areembedded in the story.Three (3) minutes for listener to respond; then reverse roles.
In other words,we dont store experience(as though it were information or data);we story it. Richard Winter Professional Experience and The Investigative ImaginationAwareness of one’s own intuitive thinkingusually grows out of practice inarticulating it to others. Donald Schon, The Reflective Practitioner
TASK TWO:You have a large index card. You are to write a story of a workproject or interaction you were involved with that endedproblematically. Read through your story.Re-write the ending of the story—how would youapproach it differently based on the lessons learned fromthis experience?Share whatever insights you have with others at thetable.
Ethics and ReflectionETHICAL FRAMEWORKS FOR DECISIONMAKINGUtilitarianism Greatest good for the greatest number; outcomes based.Rules and Moral Imperatives Absolute principles not to be compromised- equal treatment for all; universal application.Virtue or Character Developing moral character through actions; emergent self- realization as a situated moral agent.Ethics of Care/Relationship Perspective of the importance of relationships and the weight of caring. Making decisions that acknowledge interconnections and consider the vulnerabilities and needs of individuals involved.
• TASK FOUR: TASK THREE: Think about an ethical dilemma you have faced as a planner. Jot down the basic dimensions of the problem. How would you characterize it: An issue of conflict of interest/corruption ? An issue of serving more than one master ethically? An issue of truth versus loyalty? An issue of short term versus long term needs? An issue of specific versus community interest/inequitable benefits, costs and/or risks? Other – you define. Consider how you resolved it – Did you consult a mentor? Did you recuse yourself? Did you consult the AICP code? What ethical framework did you use to resolve the conflict? How might you have resolved the issue on a different basis? Are you at ease with how the issue was resolved? Share the dilemma with others.
We do not think ourselves intonew ways of living, we live ourselvesinto new ways of thinking. - Richard Rohr