Defending A Choice For Women


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This presentation overviews my six month ethnographic research at a prolife/prochoice protest in Miami during 2006.

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  • Defending A Choice For Women

    1. 1. Defending a Choice for Women: A Feminist Video Ethnography Beverly Yuen Thompson, Ph.D. Florida International University South East Women’s Studies Association. University of North Carolina, Charlotte. 2008
    2. 2. Introduction <ul><li>Involvement with Miami clinic access project (MCAP) </li></ul><ul><li>Historic abortion restrictions </li></ul><ul><li>Contemporary abortion issues </li></ul><ul><li>The pro-life movement </li></ul><ul><li>The pro-choice movement </li></ul><ul><li>Clinic defense </li></ul><ul><li>Defending a choice for women: A feminist video ethnography </li></ul><ul><li>Reproductive rights classroom education </li></ul>
    3. 3. Miami Clinic Access Project (MCAP) <ul><li>A Choice for Women clinic </li></ul><ul><li>Priests for Life and local Catholic churches, majority Spanish speakers </li></ul><ul><li>MCAP older, white activists and WS students </li></ul><ul><li>Women’s studies program has connection to MCAP </li></ul><ul><li>Every Saturday 6-11a.m. for six months of fieldwork and interviews </li></ul><ul><li>Intro to WS student involvement </li></ul>
    4. 4. Miami Clinic Access Project (MCAP): Video Clip 0:30 min.
    5. 5. Historic Abortion Restrictions <ul><li>From female midwives to the American Medical Association (AMA) </li></ul><ul><li>New laws based on British common law, banning abortion after quickening </li></ul><ul><li>1821-first abortion law in Connecticut; by 1890, every state had regulations </li></ul>
    6. 6. Historic Eugenics Programs <ul><li>Between 1900-1960, for African American and Native American women, they faced forced sterilization (45k-60k) (CA accounts for 1/3) </li></ul><ul><li>Buck v. Bell , Supreme Court decision in Virginia that upheld involuntary sterilization (1927) </li></ul><ul><li>Margaret Sanger’s Birth Control Federation had “Negro Project” (1939), promoted eugenics practices </li></ul>
    7. 7. Abortion and Contraception legalized <ul><li>1960 FDA approved the pill </li></ul><ul><li>1965 Griswold v. Connecticut- married couples have access to pill </li></ul><ul><li>1967 President Johnson approves $20m contraceptive programs </li></ul><ul><li>1973 Roe v. Wade- legalize abortion through privacy </li></ul><ul><li>1973-1977-gov’t pays for 1/3 of all abortions (294,600 in 1977) </li></ul><ul><li>1977 Hyde Amendment denies use of Medicaid for abortion (1977, fewer than 2,500 abortions covered) </li></ul>
    8. 8. Contemporary Abortion Issues: Legal but restricted <ul><li>Between 1.3 & 1.5m abortions performed </li></ul><ul><li>14% of US counties have an abortion provider </li></ul><ul><li>24 hour waiting period </li></ul><ul><li>Parental consent </li></ul><ul><li>Informed of abortion impact, fetal development </li></ul><ul><li>Required sonograms </li></ul><ul><li>Only 12% of obgyn medical programs require abortion training </li></ul><ul><li>2/3 of providers over age 65 </li></ul>
    9. 9. Abstinence Only Education <ul><li>Government spends over $1 billion over last decade </li></ul><ul><li>Global gag rule </li></ul><ul><li>Under Governor Bush, Texas had most stringent abstinence only education, and also was #1 in teenage birthrate (2000) </li></ul><ul><li>Abstinence only education proven to be notoriously ineffective </li></ul>
    10. 10. The Pro-Life Movement <ul><li>Religious movement against pre-marital sex, abortion, contraception, and sex education </li></ul><ul><li>Political movement fighting on grassroots-national-international fronts </li></ul><ul><li>At clinics: “rescues” and “sidewalk counseling” </li></ul><ul><li>Movement has had violent extremists that conduct damage to clinics and the murder of seven individuals </li></ul>
    11. 11. The Pro-Life Movement: Video Clip <ul><li>Although “pro-life” they are still pro-war and pro-death penalty and do not support social programs that assist women and children </li></ul>1:21 min.
    12. 12. The Pro-Choice Movement <ul><li>Feminist movement to defend women’s right to control their bodies </li></ul><ul><li>Defending abortion/contraception rights and protecting women’s health and access </li></ul><ul><li>Defending clinics as escorts </li></ul>
    13. 13. Defending a Choice for Women <ul><li>23 minute documentary useful for community and classroom organizing </li></ul><ul><li>Provides a visual reference of the situation </li></ul><ul><li>Chapters: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Pro-life movement </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Clinic defense </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Catholics on all sides </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Women’s testimonies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Student education </li></ul></ul>
    14. 14. Conclusion: Reproductive Rights Classroom Education Video <ul><li>For Intro to Women’s Studies, the student attend a feminist event and write a short paper about it. Many chose to visit and write about the clinic defense. </li></ul>1:03 min.