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Rights for Photo and Video Archives at the Associated Press

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A case study for why and how AP is using machine-readble rights for photo and video.

Presented at DAM NY 12th May 2017

Published in: Technology
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Rights for Photo and Video Archives at the Associated Press

  1. 1. DAM NY - 12th May 2017 - Stuart Myles Rights for Photo and Video Archives A Case Study by The Associated Press www.ap.org @smyles
  2. 2. www.ap.org @smyles AP’s Archives 1.7 million video stories - 34 million images -200 million text stories Dating back to the 1800’s http://www.aparchive.com/
  3. 3. www.ap.org @smyles The dream of rights management …And the reality for AP’s archives
  4. 4. What are Rights? www.ap.org @smyles Permissions and Restrictions on Content Use e.g. “distribute” Constraints e.g. “location != France” Duties e.g. “credit Kyoto” Generally contracts linked to sources With per-item exceptions “NO USE CHINA”
  5. 5. What Do Rights Holders Want? www.ap.org @smyles Restrict content use by Geography Time Distribution channel Enforce duties Payment Credit Complex licenses Combined constraints
  6. 6. What Do Editors Want? www.ap.org @smyles Can I use this content? Any there any duties? Ideally, not to worry about rights…
  7. 7. Traditional Publishing Model A feed per publication Tuned content set Licensed for one outlet Editors review notes Often by media type www.ap.org @smyles
  8. 8. One Customer With many publications Content still licensed per outlet Newspapers, magazines, broadcast channels Websites and apps for desktop, smartphone , tablet Content duplication Enshrines legacy deals www.ap.org @smyles
  9. 9. Most Customers Take Content from Multiple Providers Lots of complexity and waste for publishers and providers. Harder for publishers to respond to new opportunities www.ap.org @smyles
  10. 10. The Dream: Automated Publishing Which Respects Rights Content still licensed per outlet Automatically route content Less editorial intervention to check restrictionsNo content duplication Apply restrictions per content item New uses for content without a duplicate feed www.ap.org @smyles
  11. 11. www.ap.org @smyles AP’s Photo API Added RightsML Customized rights with other image metadata in photo API W3C CG ODRL * IPTC RightsML Available in XML or JSON
  12. 12. An Example in JSON This client can download this particular image for $20 It is only for editorial use It has a human-readable policy which must be reviewed
  13. 13. www.ap.org @smyles Photo Rights Success Factors Business case - customer asking for rights API Technology – relatively easy to add metadata Formats already designed - ODRL and RightsML Photos Already Contain Some Rights Metadata
  14. 14. www.ap.org @smyles Video Rights – Early Days Rights embedded in scripts Hampers direct-to-consumer publishing Step one – standardize vocabulary
  15. 15. www.ap.org @smyles Barriers Remain Legacy workflows and systems Handshake agreements Adding rights is work - additional revenue? Standards not widely adopted
  16. 16. Adopting Machine Readable Rights Challenges are not really technical Don’t be overwhelmed by the details Work with others – e.g. W3C, IPTC – for leverage www.ap.org @smylesThanks!

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