NITF 2010 Spring Working Group

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The IPTC's News Industry Text Format is an XML format for news article content and metadata. This presentation discusses the progress on the roadmap to NITF 4.0 - incorporating the Semantic Web, more complete namespace support and aligning NITF with IPTC's NewsML-G2.

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NITF 2010 Spring Working Group

  1. 1. NITF Maintenancewww.NITF.org<br />Stuart Myles<br />Associated Press<br />Paris, France / March 8th, 2010<br />
  2. 2. © IPTC – www.iptc.org<br />2<br />Agenda<br />Approval of minutes from previous meeting<br />Matters Arising<br />Chairman’s Report<br /><ul><li>NITF 4.0
  3. 3. Other text markup
  4. 4. Documentation</li></li></ul><li>© IPTC – www.iptc.org<br />3<br />NITF Minutes<br />Approval of Minutes from previous meeting:<br />Held on 9th October 2009<br />
  5. 5. © IPTC – www.iptc.org<br />4<br />NITF Matters<br />Matters arising?<br />
  6. 6. © IPTC – www.iptc.org<br />5<br />Chairman’s Report<br />NITF = “News Industry Text Format”<br />Defines the content and structure of articles<br />IPTC’s most widely-used XML standard<br />421 members on the Y! list<br />down from 435 in October<br />4 emails since October<br />NITF 3.5 released in December 2009<br />http://www.nitf.org<br />http://groups.yahoo.com/group/nitf/<br />
  7. 7. NITF 4.0 Road Map<br />In October 2010 we proposed a road map:<br />Kick off NITF 4.0 in Spring 2010<br />Discuss<br />G2ization<br />RDFization<br />Namespaces<br />Target NITF 4.0 for end of 2010<br />© IPTC – www.iptc.org<br />6<br />
  8. 8. NITF 4.0<br />NITF 4.0:<br />Unlocking the power of NITF<br />© IPTC – www.iptc.org<br />7<br />
  9. 9. NITF 4.0 – Semantic Web<br />Dear IPTC Standards Committee,<br />Please set up a Working Group to consider<br />RDF, Semantic Web and Linked Data.<br />How might they relate to IPTC standards?<br />Regards,<br />NITF Working Group<br />October 2009<br />© IPTC – www.iptc.org<br />8<br />
  10. 10. NITF and the Semantic Web<br />For a Dow Jones project, I created a representation of key article information<br />I used semantic web vocabularies – chiefly FOAF and Dublin Core Terms<br />But there was no match for “byline”<br />I considered using G2’s <by> element<br />But NITF’s <byline> was actually what I needed<br />© IPTC – www.iptc.org<br />9<br />
  11. 11. Semantic Web:News Vocabulary<br />IPTC could create a news-specific vocabulary of terms.<br />I saw a need, as have New York Times and others<br />© IPTC – www.iptc.org<br />10<br />
  12. 12. Semantic Web Vocabularies<br />Best known RDF vocabularies are<br />FOAF = Friend of a Friend<br />http://xmlns.com/foaf/spec/<br />DCMI Terms = Dublin Core Metadata Initiative Terms<br />http://dublincore.org/documents/dcmi-terms/<br />Other examples at http://vocab.org/<br />© IPTC – www.iptc.org<br />11<br />
  13. 13. Semantic Web Vocabulary<br />An example from Dublin Core Terms:<br />© IPTC – www.iptc.org<br />12<br />
  14. 14. Semantic Web Vocabularies<br />An example from Dublin Core Terms:<br />There are some news-specific terms that aren’t defined in other vocabularies, such as “byline”.<br /> We could define a news vocabulary (a relatively simple data model) or a full ontology (richer but more work).<br />© IPTC – www.iptc.org<br />13<br />
  15. 15. NITF 4.0 and Semantic Web<br />Should IPTC take a lead role?<br />Other organizations are starting to create news vocabularies<br />Are there meaningful differences between NITF and the G2 family?<br />Maybe a way to bring the two closer together<br />Note that NITF has always been “semantic”<br />http://www.iptc.org/std/NITF/documentation/stx9804-NITFmarkupGuidelines.pdf<br />© IPTC – www.iptc.org<br />14<br />
  16. 16. Geographic Information<br />Gerd Kamp from DPA Infocom discusses using NITF to represent locations:<br />http://r.ka2.de/?p=595<br />He found everything he needed<br />Except for a way to represent a centroid<br />Centroid is the central point of a place<br />Expressed a latitude and longitude<br />© IPTC – www.iptc.org<br />15<br />
  17. 17. A georss:point in NITF<br />Adding a centroid using georss<br />© IPTC – www.iptc.org<br />16<br />
  18. 18. Adding Latitude and Longitude<br />We could add latitude and longitude to NITF’s location-related elements<br />Maps as user interfaces to news are growing in popularity<br />But geographic information can be quite complex<br />Centroid, Bounding Box, Bounding Polygon…<br />So can we consider a different approach?<br />© IPTC – www.iptc.org<br />17<br />
  19. 19. The GeoRSS Namespace<br />GeoRSS is widely used in RSS and ATOM<br />Designed to be embedded in XML<br />http://www.georss.org<br />So why recreate those structures in NITF?<br />© IPTC – www.iptc.org<br />18<br />
  20. 20. Foreign Namespace<br />In NITF 3.5, we completed the support for “foreign namespaces” introduced into the schema in v3.4<br />Specifically, the “enriched text” has a choice of<br /> <any namespace="##other"/><br />This allows other namespaces to be used within such NITF elements as caption, tagline, etc.<br />© IPTC – www.iptc.org<br />19<br />
  21. 21. Foreign Namespaces Elsewhere?<br />So far, we have only allowed non NITF namespaces within enriched text<br />This means that NITF is a “closed” schema<br />All innovation in the use of NITF needs to be centralized within the IPTC<br />Do we want to allow other namespaces to be mixed in with NITF documents?<br />Allow proprietary extensions to be “legal”<br />© IPTC – www.iptc.org<br />20<br />
  22. 22. NITF 4.0 and G2<br />IPTC’s G2 standard is a unified framework<br />Packaging and exchanging news content<br />Standard model for news metadata regardless of the content or media type<br />However, NITF predates and stands outside the G2 framework<br />Can NITF join the G2 family of standards?<br />© IPTC – www.iptc.org<br />21<br />
  23. 23. NITF and G2<br />We studied how SportsML became part of the G2 family<br />It seems a similar path is possible for NITF<br />The biggest change will be the inline adoption of QCodes in NITF<br />Colon separated scheme:code syntax for controlled vocabularies<br />© IPTC – www.iptc.org<br />22<br />
  24. 24. NITF and G2<br />With work, NITF can be brought within the G2 framework<br />NITF would bring inline semantics (entities) into G2<br />Should NITF Classic live on?<br />© IPTC – www.iptc.org<br />23<br />
  25. 25. NITF 4.0<br />Unlocking the power of NITF<br />Joining the Semantic Web<br />Opening up to other namespaces<br />Joining the G2 family of standards<br />© IPTC – www.iptc.org<br />24<br />
  26. 26. Other Text Markup<br />NITF isn’t the only text markup effort<br />Or even the most active<br />HTML5<br />hNews<br />IPTC 7901<br />© IPTC – www.iptc.org<br />25<br />
  27. 27. HTML5 New Elements<br />HTML5 is introducing several new structural elements, including<br /><section> <article><br /><aside> <header> <footer><br />HTML5 is moving confidently beyond presentation into news-like structure<br />http://dev.w3.org/html5/html4-differences/#new-elements<br />© IPTC – www.iptc.org<br />26<br />
  28. 28. hNews<br />A microformat for adding some news-specific semantics into display-ready HTML<br />Adopted by Associated Press for recent Winter Games and forthcoming World Cup websites<br />We know of around 200 other websites using hNews<br />Starting to see some tools being built<br />© IPTC – www.iptc.org<br />27<br />
  29. 29. IPTC 7901<br />An idea to add markup to pre-XML text markup<br />Can we use Markdown?<br />The idea will be discussed later during the Standards Meeting<br />© IPTC – www.iptc.org<br />28<br />
  30. 30. NITF Documentation<br />Upgrading the NITF website. Some ideas:<br />Simplify getting to the NITF specs<br />Perhaps adopt Subversion for previous versions?<br />Supply NITF <-> XHTML XSLT transforms<br />Copy NITF DTD documentation into the XSD<br />Modernize the documentation<br />Discuss NITF and G2?<br />Volunteers to take on any of the work?<br />© IPTC – www.iptc.org<br />29<br />
  31. 31. NITF<br />Any other business?<br />© IPTC – www.iptc.org<br />30<br />
  32. 32. © IPTC – www.iptc.org<br />31<br />NITF<br />Date and place of next meeting:<br />San Francisco, USA - Summer 2010<br />Merci!<br />

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