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Labor Powerpoint by ChiWei, Allen, and Raymond


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Labor Powerpoint by ChiWei, Allen, and Raymond

  1. 1. International Labor and Migration By: Raymond Chang, Chi Wei Zhang, and Allen Yao. SAS (Students Against Slavery)
  2. 2. <ul><li>Addressing international labor and migration is an important global issue because it is the link to discrimination against workers and is the source of &quot;brain drain&quot;. It can also eliminate slavery. </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>Discrimination against migrant workers has increased. </li></ul><ul><li>This discrimination is making it difficult for migrant workers to get jobs. </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>The difficulty to get jobs is countering their main intentions and contributing to &quot;brain drain&quot;. </li></ul><ul><li>“ Developing countries lose 10 to 30 percent of skilled workers and professionals through ‘Brain Drain’ ” (“Facts on Labour Migration”). </li></ul><ul><li>Discrimination affects both the developing country’s economy and their migrant workers. </li></ul>
  5. 5. What is Being Done By the ILO International Labor Organization <ul><li>The ILO came up with the Decent Work Agenda. The ILO is also asking companies to use their Plan of Action: </li></ul><ul><li>Development of a framework for a rights-based approach to labor migration; </li></ul><ul><li>Wider application of labor standards; </li></ul><ul><li>Implementation of the ILO Global Employment Agenda; </li></ul><ul><li>Strengthening social dialogue and supporting social protection for migrant workers; </li></ul><ul><li>Providing technical assistance worldwide; </li></ul><ul><li>Participation in relevant international initiatives on migration. </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>Child Labor </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>Many children are forced to work with dangerous tools and are subject to harsh treatment. </li></ul><ul><li>“ An estimated 218 million children aged 5-17 are engaged in child labor, excluding child domestic labor” (“Côte d'Ivoire ” ). </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li> </li></ul>Children in a mine
  9. 9. <ul><li>“ Each year, as many as 2.7 million healthy years of life are lost due to child labor, especially in agriculture” (“Health Issues”). </li></ul><ul><li>“ One quarter of economically active children suffer injuries or illnesses while working, according to an International Labor Organization survey of 26 countries” (“Health Issues”). </li></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li> </li></ul> Match Factory Worker Metal Worker
  11. 11. The back of an abused child laborer
  12. 12. Child Labor in Cote D’Ivoire (Ivory Coast)
  13. 13. <ul><li> </li></ul>
  14. 14. <ul><li>“ Most of the boys come from neighboring Mali, where agents hang around bus stations looking for children that are alone or are begging for food. They lure the kids to travel to Cote d'Ivoire with them, and then the traffickers sell the children to farmers in need of cheap labor (Raghavan, &quot;Lured...&quot;)” (Chanthavong). </li></ul>
  15. 15. <ul><li>“ In addition to the nations mentioned previously, two countries that are especially implicated in child trafficking in the cocoa trade are Cote d'Ivoire which is the receiving country, and Mali which serves as the supplier. Cocoa farms in the Cote d'Ivoire are violating children's human rights in two ways: they are involved in trafficking the children and are also the site of forced labor (Save the Children Canada)” (Chanthavong). </li></ul>
  16. 16. <ul><li>“ There are about 600,000 cocoa farms in Cote d'Ivoire (Child Labor Coalition). </li></ul><ul><li>Estimates of the number of children forced to work as slaves on these farms are as high as 15,000 (Save the Children Canada).” </li></ul><ul><li>(Chanthavong). </li></ul>
  17. 17. <ul><li>Many of these children survive off corn paste and other unhealthy foods such as burnt bananas. </li></ul>
  18. 18. Companies that use cocoa produced by children in Ivory Coast <ul><li>See’s </li></ul><ul><li>Kraft </li></ul><ul><li>Cadbury's </li></ul><ul><li>Ben and Jerry's </li></ul><ul><li>Godiva </li></ul><ul><li>Mars </li></ul><ul><li>And Many Others </li></ul>
  19. 19. <ul><li>Fairtrade = No Child Labor </li></ul><ul><li>1% of chocolate is Fairtrade certified. </li></ul>
  20. 20. Some retailers that agree to use Fairtrade chocolate <ul><li>Dunkin Donuts </li></ul><ul><li>Fred Meyer </li></ul><ul><li>Wild Oats </li></ul><ul><li>Whole Foods </li></ul><ul><li>Starbucks </li></ul><ul><li>Safeway </li></ul><ul><li>Target </li></ul>
  21. 21. <ul><li>The reason we chose this issue is because child labor has been a huge issue for many years. </li></ul><ul><li>Can you imagine that right now, while you listen to this presentation, there are millions of children that are working in a dangerous place or with hazardous machinery? </li></ul>
  22. 22. You Tubes <ul><li>http:// =zCRKIXHzN14 </li></ul><ul><li>http:// =P0rmdu3XeV4 </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>http:// =Xf6wp3sy76Q </li></ul>httpwwwimage.cbsnews.comimages20020531image510653x.jpg
  23. 23. <ul><li>UNICEF ( United Nations International Children's Emergency Fund ). </li></ul><ul><li>UNICEF helps unprivileged children. </li></ul><ul><li>UNICEF is one of the main organizations working on eliminating child labor in Cote D’Ivoire </li></ul>UNICEF
  24. 24. What UNICEF is Doing <ul><li>UNICEF tries to eliminate child labor. </li></ul><ul><li>UNICEF has been sending supplies to children in Ivory Coast. </li></ul><ul><li>They have also been training volunteers. </li></ul><ul><li>UNICEF has been publishing articles about child labor in Ivory Coast. </li></ul>
  25. 25. What We Like About UNICEF <ul><li>UNICEF manages to keep updated and allows volunteers to actually take action. </li></ul><ul><li>It is different from many other organizations. </li></ul><ul><li>When people actually interact, it makes the children feel better. </li></ul>
  26. 26. Activity <ul><li>Think over the following questions in groups of 4. </li></ul><ul><li>How would you feel if you were a child slave? </li></ul><ul><li>What do you think life would be like as a child laborer in the Ivory Coast? </li></ul><ul><li>What could you do to help these children? </li></ul>
  27. 27. <ul><li>In your group, come up and write down one way that you can help prevent or stop child labor in Cote D’Ivoire onto the poster. Please be specific. </li></ul><ul><li>For example: </li></ul><ul><li>Boycotting chocolate products by See’s. </li></ul>
  28. 28. <ul><li>Once you have written down your idea onto the poster, take a survey and fill it out. Please be honest. </li></ul>
  30. 30. <ul><li>UNICEF is a wonderful organization that has accomplished a great amount in the area of child rights. </li></ul><ul><li>Through donations and spreading awareness, we, Students Against Slavery, hope to be like UNICEF and make a difference. </li></ul>
  31. 31. What can we DO ? <ul><li>Our Aim SAS (Students Against Slavery) wants to raise awareness about the enslavement of children in Ivory Coast. </li></ul>
  32. 32. <ul><li>Our Message </li></ul><ul><li>The more people that are aware of child labor, the more support against child labor we will have. If there is enough support we can eliminate child labor in Ivory Coast. </li></ul>
  33. 33. Short Term Goals <ul><li>To raise awareness of child labor in Ivory Coast through a homemade Youtube video and this 45 minute presentation at SAS Pudong. </li></ul><ul><li>To learn more about the details of child labor. </li></ul><ul><li>Boycotting chocolate products that use cocoa from Ivory Coast. </li></ul>
  34. 34. Long Term Goals <ul><li>To rally supporters and direct them to organizations which are working on the issue of child labor in Ivory Coast. </li></ul><ul><li>To work on fighting child labor throughout life. </li></ul>
  35. 35. Stage One <ul><li>Make various videos concerning child labor in Ivory Coast and have fund raisers to raise money for donation to organizations such as UNICEF. We want to manage this through- </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Posters </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Volunteers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Educational videos </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fundraisers </li></ul></ul>
  36. 36. Stage Two <ul><li>Advise the community to boycott items. We want to manage this through- </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Parent talk </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The school newspapers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The GIN </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>You tube videos </li></ul></ul>
  37. 37. Stage Three <ul><li>Form our own after school activity for middle school and high school. We want to manage this through- </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Parent talk </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Newspapers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Posters </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mentions in assemblies </li></ul></ul>
  38. 38. Stage Four <ul><li>Stay dedicated. </li></ul><ul><li>Educate others. </li></ul>
  39. 39. Our Wiki <ul><li>Visit our Wiki for more information about child labor in the Ivory Coast, the organizations who help fight child labor, what SAS (Students Against Slavery) wants to do about it, and an educational photo story about child labor. </li></ul><ul><li>Wiki: </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>
  40. 40. Petitions <ul><li>Child labor: http:// = childlabour </li></ul><ul><li>Child labor: http:// / </li></ul><ul><li>End Child Labor in Indian Mines and Quarries: </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>
  41. 41. <ul><li>Children are not supposed to be forced to do manual labor. </li></ul><ul><li>There are 218 million child laborers in the world. </li></ul><ul><li>We care because we are also kids; kids who might be working beside those children if we were living in Africa. </li></ul>Why This Issue is Important and Why We Care
  42. 42. <ul><li>If nobody acts to solve this problem immediately, more and more children will be forced to work. If too many children are forced to work instead of going to school, this issue will start to impact the stability of our society. By then, it would be too late to change the way that things are. </li></ul>Why People Should Care and Act
  43. 43. <ul><li>If you agree with us, please send our message to everyone you know! </li></ul><ul><li>It’s time for us to make a difference, so do the right thing. </li></ul><ul><li>It still isn’t too late to act. </li></ul><ul><li>All children have the right to an education and a happy childhood. </li></ul><ul><li>Why do we have to pay the price of poverty. We didn't create poverty, adults did.&quot; Sultana, a twelve-year garment factory worker. </li></ul>
  44. 44. <ul><li>You can log onto the Global Issues Network to communicate with others on this issue as well as to find out more ways that you can help. Log onto www. global - issues - network .org and take action. </li></ul><ul><li>For up to date information about child labor in the Ivory Coast, you may visit our wiki at and look at the RSS feed on the main page. </li></ul><ul><li>Other discussion areas include- </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>
  45. 45. Bibliography: <ul><li>Audet, Marye. &quot;Traffick Free Chocolate- Do You Support Child Labor?.&quot; HubPages . 2007. 30 Jan 2008 <>. </li></ul><ul><li>Chanthavong, Samlanchith. &quot;Chocolate and Slavery Child labor in Cote D'Ivoire.&quot; Chocolate and Slavery . 2002. Mandala Projects. 14 Feb 2008 <>. </li></ul><ul><li>“ Côte d'Ivoire.&quot; UNICEF. 16 Nov 2004. UNICEF. 23 Jan 2008 </li></ul><ul><li>< >. </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;Facts on Labour Migration.“ ILO. ILO. 23 Jan 2008 <> </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;Health Issues.&quot; Division of Continuing Education. . The University of Iowa. 30 Jan 2008 </li></ul><ul><li>< >. </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;Labour migration in the twenty-first century: E Pluribus Unum?.&quot; ILO . 10 Mar 2006. ILO. 23 Jan 2008 <>. </li></ul>