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Citizen Power Project


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Exploration of community solar projects at FH Potsdam

Published in: Design
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Citizen Power Project

  1. 1. The Citizen Power Project A reseach project at IxDS & Fachhochschule Potsdam
  2. 2. Change
  3. 3. Large-scale Centralized complexity Passive consumer Distributed complexity Active Coproducer Small-scale
  4. 4. 100 178 296 435 1,105 2,056 2,899 4,170 5,979 9,785 17,193 24,800 29,701 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 Juli 2012 Photovoltaic Photovoltaic capacity in Germany (in Megawatt)
  5. 5. Private individuals 39.4% Farmers 21.2% Businesses 19.2% Developers 8.3% Trusts/Banks 8% Utilities (!) 3.9% Owning photovoltaic Ownership structure of German photovoltaic capacity 2010. Total installed capacity 17.4 Gigawatt.
  6. 6. Solar spreads fastest in (rural or suburban) communities with small-scale interlinked social connections This is Where it‘s Happening
  7. 7. Berlin Hamburg Köln Frankfurt Stuttgart München Leipzig Hannover Dresden Spacial distribution of PV Today photovoltaic density is particularly high in rural areas across south Germany (Fraunhofer Institut, 2011) July 2012: Installed solar capacity was 30 Gigawatt, covering 5% of Germany’s power demand. In 2050 capacity could exceed 120 Gigawatt, covering 20% of the power demand. Yet, this would still require only half of all suitable rooftop real estate. In the future, more solar panels are needed in urban areas where roof density as well as power demand are highest.
  8. 8. ...But, what about cityscape solar? Apparently, the social structures of urban areas are too heterogeneous & anonym for enabling a similar dynamic.
  9. 9. Wasted Potential! A survey of Berlin’s rooftops suggest that 50% of the city’s residential power demand could be generated on top of its’ own buildings. (All red and yellow structures are suitable.)
  10. 10. Urban citizen Power?
  11. 11. (1)People team up and pool some money to... (2) something that matters together. (3) They share the costs... (4) ...and they share the benefits. The CitizenPower Principle All community energy projects follow a similar organizing pattern.
  12. 12. CITIZEN Power Then
  13. 13. CITIZEN Power NOW
  14. 14. How might we get more solar on city rooftops? Grassroots
  15. 15. It‘s the social Networks! Organizing impulse workshops, presentations and practical supports. Volunteer “solar coachers” from Berlin helped to launch many other initiatives.
  16. 16. A A.1 A.1.1 A.1.2 A.1.3 A.1.4 A.2 Clear + actionable impulses prompt reciprocal learning & adoption of ideas & best practice. Transmitting actionable Know-how & action oriented information. Pioneering Model Adoptions & Adaptations Decentral diffusion networks Diffusion of PV practice hinges in well-functioning pioneering models, that prompt adoptions & adaptations.
  17. 17. Solarpark München Hardern Solarverein Berlin Caputh Falkensee Neustrelitz Brandenburg Düsseldorf Beelitz Wandlitz The Berlin solar association prompted the launch of more than 15 other solar initiatives across Germany. The original model was pioneered by yet another group from Munich. The solar group Munich Hardern is the nucleus of several dozens other solar projects across Germany.
  18. 18. Anita Sophie Henning Eckart Claudia Klaus Jürgen Michael Julian Co-designing with: BERLIN Solar Association Potsdam Solar cooperative
  19. 19. Citizen Power co-design Session
  20. 20. (2) Project planning Contact to solar professionals for technical and financial plan. (4) Operations/managment Yield monitoring, bookkeeping & management of project stakeholders (3) Funding Inviting other people to help finance the project realization. (1) Initiation Searching and assessing locations , Community solar process & procedure
  21. 21. Implementation • • Community Solar Organization Solar Installer GridOperator (DNOs) Rooftop Owner PI Closing project contrats Commission of solar panels construction Connction to power grid Operational startup of solar panels Training & Workshops C • • Technical & administrative know-how technical management and project administration tools Intra-goup roles differentiation Establishing local networks of solar groups Management & Operations PI C • • Project sup- port services Assistance with follow-up projects Some solar groups initiate new projects 25 years of operation PRODUCTIVE COMMUNITESOperational SOLAR- PROJECT PI Activation/Initiation PI PI PI PI PI PI • • Project Coach C Project Initiators New groups inspired by existing solar projects Solar-impuls workshops Project initiation Project Development Team Solar InstallerRooftop Owner PI C Planning & Development • • • Negotiations with rooftop owners Technical planning Earnings projections Roof lease agreement Technical concept Financial & Business model PIC Community Solar Project-Organization Funding & Incorporation Funding & Incorporation • • Project co- investors & members aquesition establishing organizational & legal entity INPUTS & OUTPUTS incorporated OPERATING ENTITY 1 42 53 6
  22. 22. 1) Find projects and learn. 2) Plan your own project 3) Fund your project 4) Manage your project
  23. 23. Find local projects!
  24. 24. Individual project page
  25. 25. Planning & Documentation
  26. 26. Fundraising
  27. 27. Yield Monitoring
  28. 28. Money Management
  29. 29. Technik
  30. 30. Foundation 4 Infrastucture Runtime + Database Middleware Styling + Client scripts Markup OS
  31. 31. Thank you!