PAST SIMPLE
USE <ul><li>We use the Simple Past to express the idea that an action started and finished at a specific time in the past....
WORDS <ul><li>These are some words and expressions that usually appear with a verb in the Past Simple. </li></ul><ul><li>L...
REGULAR VERBS <ul><li>To write the past simple of a regular verb we add  “-ed”  to the base form. </li></ul><ul><li>Work -...
SPELLING RULES To avoid spelling mistakes we must remember three rules: <ul><li>1.After  consonat+vowel+consonant  we doub...
SPELLING RULES <ul><li>2- After a final  - e   only add  d . </li></ul><ul><li>Rul e   Rul ed </li></ul><ul><li>Liv e   Li...
SPELLING RULES <ul><li>3.When the verb ends in  consonant+y  we drop the “y” and  write  “i+ed”. </li></ul><ul><li>Cr y   ...
IRREGULAR VERBS <ul><li>Most verbs are regular. But there are also  irregular verbs . You must  study  the  List of Irregu...
AFFIRMATIVE SENTENCES <ul><li>We use the same form with different subjects to express the past. </li></ul><ul><li>She  bro...
AUXILIARY VERB <ul><li>The auxiliary verb for the past simple is  “DID”/DIDN’T . </li></ul><ul><li>When we use the auxilia...
NEGATIVE SENTENCES <ul><li>We write   didn´t   before the main verb. Remember the  verb in the infinitive . </li></ul><ul>...
QUESTIONS IN THE PAST SIMPLE <ul><li>We write  did /didn’t  before the subject. The main verb is written in the infinitive...
Put the verbs into the correct form (simple past). <ul><li>Last year I (spend) ________my holiday in Ireland.  </li></ul><...
<ul><li>One night we even (learn)________ some Irish dances.  </li></ul><ul><li>We (be) ________very lucky with the weathe...
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Simplepast reg irregverbs_2

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Simplepast reg irregverbs_2

  1. 1. PAST SIMPLE
  2. 2. USE <ul><li>We use the Simple Past to express the idea that an action started and finished at a specific time in the past. </li></ul>
  3. 3. WORDS <ul><li>These are some words and expressions that usually appear with a verb in the Past Simple. </li></ul><ul><li>Last week, night, Monday, year, month,... </li></ul><ul><li>…… ..ago </li></ul><ul><li>Yesterday... </li></ul><ul><li>In 1986... </li></ul><ul><li>The other day... </li></ul>
  4. 4. REGULAR VERBS <ul><li>To write the past simple of a regular verb we add “-ed” to the base form. </li></ul><ul><li>Work --- Work ed </li></ul><ul><li>Play --- Play ed </li></ul><ul><li>Paint --- Paint ed </li></ul>
  5. 5. SPELLING RULES To avoid spelling mistakes we must remember three rules: <ul><li>1.After consonat+vowel+consonant we double the last consonant when the syllable is stressed. </li></ul><ul><li>S top Sto pped </li></ul><ul><li>C lap Cla pped </li></ul><ul><li>P lan Pla nned </li></ul>
  6. 6. SPELLING RULES <ul><li>2- After a final - e only add d . </li></ul><ul><li>Rul e Rul ed </li></ul><ul><li>Liv e Liv ed </li></ul><ul><li>Lov e Lov ed </li></ul><ul><li>Mov e Mov ed </li></ul>
  7. 7. SPELLING RULES <ul><li>3.When the verb ends in consonant+y we drop the “y” and write “i+ed”. </li></ul><ul><li>Cr y Cr ied </li></ul><ul><li>Tr y Tr ied </li></ul><ul><li>Carr y Carr ied </li></ul>
  8. 8. IRREGULAR VERBS <ul><li>Most verbs are regular. But there are also irregular verbs . You must study the List of Irregular verbs to use them. </li></ul><ul><li>Choose the Second Column : </li></ul><ul><li>Break Broke Broken </li></ul><ul><li>Do Did Done </li></ul><ul><li>Write Wrote Written </li></ul>
  9. 9. AFFIRMATIVE SENTENCES <ul><li>We use the same form with different subjects to express the past. </li></ul><ul><li>She broke her leg </li></ul><ul><li>I found a job </li></ul><ul><li>We worked together </li></ul><ul><li>You stopped the car. </li></ul>
  10. 10. AUXILIARY VERB <ul><li>The auxiliary verb for the past simple is “DID”/DIDN’T . </li></ul><ul><li>When we use the auxiliary verb “did” or “didn´t” the main verb is written in the infinitive. </li></ul>
  11. 11. NEGATIVE SENTENCES <ul><li>We write didn´t before the main verb. Remember the verb in the infinitive . </li></ul><ul><li>SUBJECT +DIDN’T+MAIN VERB+COMPLEMENT </li></ul><ul><li>I didn´t study for my exams. </li></ul><ul><li>They didn´t bring the flowers. </li></ul><ul><li>She didn´t stop the car. </li></ul><ul><li>The programme didn´t begin one hour ago. </li></ul>
  12. 12. QUESTIONS IN THE PAST SIMPLE <ul><li>We write did /didn’t before the subject. The main verb is written in the infinitive. </li></ul><ul><li>DID + SUBJECT + MAIN VERB + COMPLEMENT </li></ul><ul><li>Did you come yesterday? </li></ul><ul><li>Did you hear the noise? </li></ul><ul><li>Did she open the present? </li></ul>
  13. 13. Put the verbs into the correct form (simple past). <ul><li>Last year I (spend) ________my holiday in Ireland. </li></ul><ul><li>It (be) ________great. </li></ul><ul><li>I (travel)___________ around by car with two friends and we (visit) ________lots of interesting places. </li></ul><ul><li>In the evenings we usually (go)_______ to a pub. </li></ul>spent was travelled visited went
  14. 14. <ul><li>One night we even (learn)________ some Irish dances. </li></ul><ul><li>We (be) ________very lucky with the weather. </li></ul><ul><li>It (not / rain)___________ a lot. </li></ul><ul><li>But we (see) ________some beautiful rainbows. </li></ul><ul><li>Where (spend / you)__________ your last holiday? </li></ul>learnt were saw didn’t rain did you spend

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