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History of Graphic Design


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Some key dates in the History of Graphic Design. Lecture for BA Digital Media Design, LCC, University of the Arts London

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History of Graphic Design

  1. 1. Some Key Dates ofGraphic Design History BA DIGITAL MEDIA DESIGN Lesson: Design for Digital MediaLondon College of Communication University of the Arts London Angela Michanitzi
  2. 2. 15,000 - 10,000 BC• The first known visual communication, with pictographs and symbols in the Lascaux caves in southern France.
  3. 3. 3600 BC• The Blau Monument, the oldest artifact known to combine words and pictures.
  4. 4. 105 AD• Chinese government official Tsíai Lun or Cai Lun credited with inventing paper.
  5. 5. 1045 AD• Pi Sheng invents movable type, allowing for characters to be individually placed for printing.
  6. 6. 1276• Printing arrives in Europe with a paper mill in Fabriano, Italy.
  7. 7. 1450• Johann Gensfleisch zum Gutenburg credited with perfecting the system for printing type in books.•!v=qexDBgWM2X8&feat ure=related
  8. 8. 1460• Albrecht Pfister the first to add illustrations to a printed book.
  9. 9. 1470• Nicolas Jenson, considered one of history’s greatest typeface designers, sets news standard for Roman type.
  10. 10. 1530• Claude Garamond opens first type foundry, developing and selling fonts to printers.•
  11. 11. 1722• First Caslon Old Style font developed.
  12. 12. 1760• Industrial Revolution begins, setting the stage for advances in graphic design production.
  13. 13. 1796• Author Aloys Senefelder develops lithography.•!v=JHw5_1Hops c&feature=related
  14. 14. 1800• Lord Stanhope invents first printing press made of all cast-iron parts, requiring 1/10 the manual labor and doubling the possible paper size.
  15. 15. 1816• First sans-serif font makes a subtle entrance as one line of a book.
  16. 16. 1860• Arts and Crafts Movement - John Ruskin, William Morris, Gustav Stickley.•
  17. 17. 1861• Williams Morris, who became a highly influential figure in design history, sets up art-decorating firm.•
  18. 18. 1880• Development of halftone screen allows for first photo printed with a full range of tones.
  19. 19. 1890• Art Nouveau movement begins and changes design, making its way into all types of commercial design and utilizing all types of arts.
  20. 20. 1901• Frank Lloyd Wright - The Art and Craft of the Machine; basic principles of modern industrial design; future designers create prototypes for machine production.
  21. 21. 1910• AEG (German General Electric). This is the beginning of ʻcorporate imageʼ.
  22. 22. 1916• Dada Movement. George Grosz, Hannah Hoch, Kurt Schwitters, Marx, Ernst, Marcel Duchamp, Andre Breton, Hans Arp.
  23. 23. 1917• The Art movement called De Stijl, Dutch for ʻThe Styleʼ was on the rise.
  24. 24. 1919• The Bauhaus, a German school, is founded, eventually providing the framework for modern design.
  25. 25. 1919• Constructivism movement originated in Russia. El Lissitzky, Alexander Rodchenko, Vladimir Taltin, Naum Gabo.
  26. 26. 1932• Stanley Morison oversees design of Times New Roman font, commissioned by the Times of London.
  27. 27. 1947• Swiss design: Armin Hofmann, Emil Ruder.
  28. 28. 1950• The New York School: Paul Rand, Alexey Brodovich, Henry Wolf, Herb Lubalin, George Lois.
  29. 29. 1956• Paul Rand designs IBM logo using City Medium typeface.
  30. 30. 1957• Max Miedinger designs Neue Haas Grotesk font, later renamed Helvetica.
  31. 31. 1960• Pop art; Pentagram Design: Colin Forbes, Theo Crosby; Scandinavian Designer: Alvar Aalto.
  32. 32. 1961• Italian Designer: Ettore Sottsass, Memphis group Movement.
  33. 33. 1968• Post-Modernism: Wolfgang Weingart, Steff Geissbuhler, Odermatt & Tissi.
  34. 34. 1969• Douglas Engelbart develops first computer mouse, setting the stage for the future tool of graphic design.
  35. 35. 1970• Corporate graphics: Olivetti, CBS, CIBA, Chase, Mobil.
  36. 36. 1979• New Wave: April Greiman, Kenneth Hiebert, Paula Scher.
  37. 37. 1984• Apple releases first Macintosh computer, featuring bitmap graphics.
  38. 38. 1985• Aldus, formed by Paul Brainerd, develops PageMaker software. Brainerd coins the phrase Desktop Publishing.
  39. 39. 1990• Photoshop version one is released.
  40. 40. 1990• Physicist Tim Berners-Lee develops the world wide web, along with HTML and the concept of website addresses.
  41. 41. Brief 1• Research, predict and record the development of the Graphic Design from 1990 to 2020. In your blog instigate your own timeline for your findings.• Deadline and Critique: End of Term 1