Preliminary Revision

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Part of the revision process I give my IPT Prelim students at the end of a section in the learning.

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Preliminary Revision

  1. 1. Preliminary IPT Revision30/01/2012 1
  2. 2. Syllabus Points CoveredThe following Syllabus points will be focused on in this presentation: P1.1 – describes the nature of information processes and information technology P2.1 – identifies and describes the information processes within an information system P3.1 – identifies and describes social and ethical issues P5.1 – selects and ethically uses computer based and non-computer based resources and tools to process information P7.1 – recognises, applies and explains management and communication techniques used in individual and team-based project work.30/01/2012 2
  3. 3. What is a System? • Any organised assembly of resources and processes united and regulated by interaction or interdependence to accomplish a common purpose. Page 4 of your text book details what a system is with examples of a brake system and a swimming pool filtration system. Worth a read!30/01/2012 3
  4. 4. What is Information? • Information embodies the understanding of a relationship of some sort, possibly cause and effect. • Information systems are all around us and we use them to meet our needs everyday.30/01/2012 4
  5. 5. Environment • The circumstances and conditions that surround an information system. • Everything that influences and is influenced by the information system. A good example is on page 7 of your text books, detailing the use of an ATM.30/01/2012 5
  6. 6. Purpose • The purpose a statement identifying who the information system is for and what it needs to achieve • Who the information system is for includes individuals and organisations • a set of information processes requiring participants, data/information and information technology built to satisfy a purpose30/01/2012 6
  7. 7. Information Processes • information processes - computer based and non- computer based activities • what needs to be done to transform the data into useful information • these actions coordinate and direct the system’s resources to achieve the system’s purpose30/01/2012 7
  8. 8. Participants • a special class of user who carries out the information processes within an information system • user - a person who views or uses the information output from an information system • to take part, be or become actively involved, or share30/01/2012 8
  9. 9. Data/Information • data - the raw material used by information processes • information - the output displayed by an information system30/01/2012 9
  10. 10. Information Systems in Context • We will now discuss this section in context with what has been in the last 9 slides.30/01/2012 10
  11. 11. Social & Ethical Issues Social Issues arising from the processing of information Issues that effect society and its members, such as: • Privacy of the individual • Security of data and information • Accuracy of data and information • Appropriate information use30/01/2012 11
  12. 12. Privacy of the Individual Privacy is about protecting an individuals personal information. Personal information is information that allows others to identify you. The 10 National Privacy Principles • NPP 1: collection • NPP 2: use and disclosure • NPPs 3 & 4: information quality and security • NPP 5: openness • NPP 6: access and correction • NPP 7: identifiers • NPP 8: anonymity • NPP 9: trans border data flows • NPP 10: sensitive information30/01/2012 12

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