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Leadership for the Principals of Inquiry-Based Schools.
Part 3. Harvey "Smokey" Daniels
Being an Instructional leader in a time of standards and high stakes assessments. Quick win #2 - Model your own curiosity with a search-aloud. Quick win #3 - Join in a student or teacher book club.

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  1. 1. Inquiry = turning mandated curricular topics into questions that kids cannot resist exploring.
  2. 2. TYPES of Inquiry Circles Mini- Inquiries Curricular Inquiries Literature Circle Inquiries Open Inquiries
  3. 3. Chapter 8 Mini-Inquiries
  4. 4. Mini Inquiry Question Sara Ahmed’s 5th Graders Bishops School La Jolla CA “If you sneeze hard enough, will your brains come out??
  5. 5. Mini Inquiries Show kids that their questions matter Interrupt ourselves Practice researching Share our own curious lives
  6. 6. Why do we sneeze? Sneezing, also called sternutation, is your body's way of removing an irritation from your nose. When the inside of your nose gets a tickle, a message is sent to a special part of your brain called the sneeze center. The sneeze center then sends a message to all the muscles that have to work together to create the amazingly complicated process that we call the sneeze. Some of the muscles involved are the abdominal (belly) muscles, the chest muscles, the diaphragm (the large muscle beneath your lungs that makes you breathe), the muscles that control your vocal cords, the muscles in the back of your throat, and even your eyelids. It is the job of the sneeze center to make all these muscles work together, in just the right order, to send that irritation flying out of your nose. And fly it does — sneezing can send tiny particles speeding out of your nose at up to 100 miles per hour! Most anything that can irritate the inside of your nose can start a sneeze. Some common things include dust, cold air, or pepper. When you catch a cold in your nose, a virus has made a temporary home there and is causing lots of swelling and irritation. Some people have allergies, and they sneeze when they are exposed to certain things, and about 1/3 of people sneeze when they look at the sun or a bright light.
  7. 7. MINI INQUIRIES Why is the sky blue? What are suckers made of? Do animals have friends? Are dragons real? Should zoos exist? What are records and are they antiques? Why are adults addicted to caffeine? What teams did Magic Johnson play for? How do you get picked to go up in space? Why a pair of pants but not pair of shirts? ---Lori Hron, 3rd grade, Ripon, WI
  8. 8. How do we teach kids inquiry strategies? MODELLING with Think-Alouds
  9. 9. Model Your Own Curiosity Page 134 & 138
  10. 10. Is it cheaper and/or environmentally responsible to use paper plates?
  11. 11. Is it environmentally responsible and/or cheaper to use paper plates? TURN AND TALK
  12. 12. Your Thoughts?
  13. 13. Paper plates vs dishwashing
  14. 14. Which is greener, using paper plates, or washing dishes 3 times ... Apr 14, 2014 - washing plates diffidently! just because they say paper doesn't always mean you can recycle them. ... Now you know how much is your approximate energy cost. Is it more cost efficient for a home to use paper plates and solo ... Apr 27, 2014 What's more green? Paper plates or washing dishes? Apr 4, 2014 Is it cheaper to use paper plates or wash dishes?Mar 26, 2014 Which is better for the environment?: Dishwasher vs. Paper plates ... May 11, 2008 More results from Is it Cheaper to Use Paper Plates or to Wash Dishes? | eHow › Relationships & Family May 25, 2013 - Paper plates will cost as little as $3 to $4 at the grocery store for 20 or 30 plates. Even better deals can ... Still, in the most simple economic sense, it's cheaper to wash dishes. Related ... Paper Plates Vs. Dishes. Paper plates ... Q&A: Paper Plates Versus The Dishwasher - Suddenly ...
  15. 15. May 11, 2008 - The dishwasher -paper plates just end up in landfills, and many, perhaps most of them are not even made of recycled paper! Yes, dishwasher's use ... Whats efficient? Paper Plates or washing dishes?7 answers May 26, 2009 What's more green? Paper plates or washing dishes? 9 answers Oct 13, 2009 Which is greener, using paper plates, or washing ... 19 answers Oct 5, 2009 Recycled paper plates or wash dishes? 16 answers Jan 30, 2008 More results from Q&A: Paper Plates Versus The Dishwasher - Suddenly Frugal Blog by Leah Ingram - in 116 Google+ circles Q&A: Paper Plates Versus The Dishwasher. April 28, 2008. By Leah Ingram. Keeping with the theme of reader questions (which I'll say again that I love. Green Lifestyle Expert Recommends Paper Plates to Save Water … paper-plates/ Cached Similar Share by Leon Kaye - in 122 Google+ circles Jan 4, 2011 - So to address the question of ceramic vs. paper: ceramic all the way. ... that the plates
  16. 16. This is a really tricky one to quantify, because the real cost in washing dishes comes from the cost of hot water. This is easily the largest cost component of doing a batch of dishes, as one often uses $0.40 or $0.50 of heated water in doing a batch, whether in the dishwasher or in the sink. There’s also the problem of variability in that some dishwashers use more hot water than others and some people use more hot water than others. It’s very hard to precisely quantify these things for such a comparison. Saving Pennies or Dollars? Dishwasher or Hand Washing By Trent November 9, 2011
  17. 17. What costs are we left with, then? Electricity.This report estimates that a dishwasher unit uses somewhere around 1.5 kWh on average to run a load of dishes, excluding the costs of the incoming water. That’s a cost of about $0.17 or so in the average American home. There’s also the startup cost /deprecation. This site estimates the lifespan of a mid-range dishwasher as being approximately 10 years and having a cost of $500. That adds up to $50 per year. This report estimates that an average dishwasher runs 215 loads per year, so you’d have a cost of about $0.46 per load for the cost of the dishwasher.
  18. 18. Dishwasher Liquid Cost Dishwasher liquid or gel comes in jugs and is poured into the detergent dispenser of your dishwasher. The cost is about 9 cents per ounce depending on the brand and size of container. Dishwasher detergent capacity is typically 2.5 fluid ounces. This brings the cost for running the dishwasher to about 22 cents per load. Powdered Dishwasher Soap Cost Powdered detergent costs slightly less than dishwasher liquid or gel, about 7% less by some estimates. The cost of powdered dishwasher detergent is about 20 cents per load depending on the brand and size of container that you buy. Dishwasher powder detergent is the lowest cost automatic dishwasher detergent solution. However, dishwasher powder is messier and more difficult to pour into the detergent dispenser. Also, the solids in the powder may not dissolve as well as gel, resulting in less effective cleaning of your dishes.
  19. 19. USE OF DISHWASHER Plate/Dish Cost $ .01* Water $ .01* Heating of Water $ .45 Electricity $ .17 Depreciation D/W $ .45 Soap $ .20 TOTAL/LOAD $1.29
  20. 20. DW Capacity: 20 plates (lower 50%) Cost to wash 20 plates: $1.29 / 2 = $.65 Cost per plate: $ .65 / 20 = $.03 Cost per real plate = $.03 each
  21. 21. $4.99 = $.034 each
  22. 22. $.012 plus shipping = $.014 each
  23. 23. Plate Cost (20) $ .28 $ .01 Water $ .00 $ .01 Heating of Water $ .00 $ .23 Electricity $ .00 $ .08 Depreciation D/W $ .00 $. 22 Soap $ .00 $ .10 TOTAL $.28 $.65 COST TO USE 20 PLATES (½ DISHWASHER LOAD)
  24. 24. $.014 = cost per plate $.032 = cost per plate TOTAL COST FOR PAPER TOSSED OR RECYCLED TOTAL COST FOR REAL PLATES W/ DISHWASHER
  25. 25. Water and air pollution United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has found that recycling causes 35% less water pollution and 74% less air pollution than making virgin paper.[18] Pulp mills can be sources of both air and water pollution, especially if they are producing bleached pulp. Modern mills produce considerably less pollution than those of a few decades ago. Recycling paper decreases the demand for virgin pulp, thus reducing the overall amount of air and water pollution associated with paper manufacture. Recycled pulp can be bleached with the same chemicals used to bleach virgin pulp, but hydrogen peroxide and sodium hydrosulfite are the most common bleaching agents. Recycled pulp, or paper made from it, is known as PCF (process chlorine free) if no chlorine-containing compounds were used in the recycling process.[19] However, recycling mills may have polluting by-products like sludge. De-inking at Cross Pointe's Miami, Ohio mill results in sludge weighing 22% of the weight of wastepaper recycled.[20]
  26. 26. RHONDA (guest) You forget to factor in that to get the plate to your table means that you're paying someone to cut the tree down, haul it to the mill, make it into a plate, package it, send it to the store and you still have to haul it home. The whole process uses oil and natural reserves, too. Plus you now have trash to haul to the curb and you have to pay for a truck to come and take the trash away. Besides, when you get in a fight you can't win if you're throwing paper plates at your Hubby! You need REAL ones for that!!!
  27. 27. Decision?
  28. 28. Mini Inquiries Sometimes our questions get answered easily. (Quick Finds – e.g., sneeze) Sometimes questions are more complicated than we thought, and require more research. Some questions can only be answered with opinions, beliefs, or values. Some questions can’t be answered at all.
  29. 29. QUICK WIN #2 DEMO LESSON: Model your own curiosity
  30. 30. TURN AND TALK! What would be a great mini-inquiry question you could model for a class in your school?
  31. 31. Share Our MINI-INQUIRY Topics
  32. 32. CHAPTER 10 Literature Circle or Book Club Inquiries
  33. 33. Lit Circle Inquiries
  34. 34. Katie Muhtaris “Lingering Questions” NOTICE WONDER
  35. 35. TURN AND TALK What did you notice/wonder?
  36. 36. Katie Muhtaris “Going Public” NOTICE WONDER
  37. 37. TURN AND TALK What did you notice/wonder?
  38. 38. QUICK WIN #3 Sit in on a student book club meeting
  39. 39. Today’s 10-minute coaching opportunities Sit in on a student book club meeting Do a demo lesson: model your own curiosity for kids Write thank-you/coaching notes to three teachers
  40. 40. Hang in there, Super Principals
  41. 41. Open Inquiries Kids’ own hot topics or burning questions
  42. 42. Third Grade Science OBJECTIVE 5: The Sun and the Moon Curricular Inquiries
  43. 43. Explain that the shape of Earth and the moon is spherical and that the sun is the source of light that lights the moon. List the differences in the physical appearance of Earth and the moon as viewed from space. Describe the motions of Earth (i.e., the rotation [spinning] of Earth on its axis, the revolution [orbit] of Earth around the sun).
  44. 44. Explain that the moon orbits Earth approximately every 28 days. Use a model to show that Earth rotates on its axis once every 24 hours to produce the night and day cycle. Demonstrate why it seems to a person on Earth that the sun, planets, and stars appear to move across the sky.
  45. 45. Where did the moon come from? How do eclipses happen? Will the sun ever burn out? Why does the moon change? Why did Columbus think the world was flat? Why do we get tan in summer? Why does the big dipper move? Why do we have seasons? What is the moon made of?
  46. 46. RESEARCH BASE for Inquiry-Oriented, Small Group Learning
  47. 47. COVERAGE INQUIRY versus
  48. 48. • Cover the curriculum; comprehensive • Slow down and go deeper; screened content  Learning theory driven Atheoretical  Model reading/writing  Explicit strategy lessons  Frontloading instruction  Assign reading/writing  No strategy instruction  Backloading instruction Coverage Focus Inquiry Focus
  49. 49.  Time, activities and tools that support students  Variety of texts  Student choice and responsibility  Interactive  Social  Little/no support during reading/writing  Textbook-based  Teacher-chosen topics & assignments  Didactic  Solitary  BEFORE / INTO  DURING / THROUGH  AFTER / BEYOND Coverage Focus Inquiry Focus
  50. 50. TURN AND TALK What does the word INQUIRY mean to you?
  51. 51. Your Thoughts?
  52. 52. in·qui·ry noun in-ˈkwī(-ə)r-ē, ˈin-ˌ; ˈin-kwə-rē : a request for information : an official effort to collect and examine information about something : the act of asking questions in order to gather or collect information
  53. 53. Modeling Our Own Curiosity SELF WORLD Local ruins Copyright Hearst land Nukes/Los Alamos Paper plates Kennedy’s SBMA Robert Wilder Invasive species Tempurpedic NM history
  54. 54. Our Lingering Questions about The Great Depression Alana – What was Hoover really like? Did he really care what was happening to the people? Max - What were the Hoovervilles, and what was it like to live there? Joel – Why were there so many orphans and what happened to them? Peter – Hoover promised people “a chicken in every pot.” Why couldn’t he keep his promises? Marco – Why were so many kids and grownups riding the rails on freight trains?
  55. 55. Considerations Cost, Time, Convenience, Environment Dishwasher: electricity, soap, water, repairs, depreciation, manufacturing Paper: cost per plate, content, origin, manufacturing, recycle, decompose? Use: DW capacity, frequency, hand washing alternative, non-plates Social Justice: labor, rain forest