NEW VOIS ASSOCIATION OF THE
Save Lives Now !
1. What is the most addictive ingredient of a
2. Ayon sa batas, pwedeng manigarilyo
sa mga colleges/universities?
240 Filipinos die
daily due to
• Although government revenue from
tobacco taxes is about PhP 23 billion
• Economic losses due
to productivity and health care
costs of the top 4 tobacco-
related diseases (Ca, CVD,
COPD, Diabetes) are
at PhP 149 billion annually.
SOURCE: Tobacco and Poverty Study, World Health Organization, 2008)
• 28.3% of total adults (17.3M)
• 47.7% of adult males (14.6M)
• 9.0% of adult females ( 2.8M)
ADULT CURRENT SMOKERS
(15 years old and above)
SOURCE: Philippines’ Global Adult Tobacco Survey, 2009
• 27.4% currently use any tobacco product (M-34.7%; F-19.6%)
• More than 1 in 5 students (21.9%) currently smoke cigarettes
• Almost 1 in 10 (9.7%) currently use some other form of tobacco
YOUTH CURRENT SMOKERS
(13 - 15 years old)
SOURCE: Philippines’ Global Youth Tobacco Survey, 2007
Why TOBACCO USE
is prevalent in the Philippines
• EASY ACCESS & LOW PRICES
• AGGRESSIVE AND WIDESPREAD MARKETING
• LACK OF AWARENESS ABOUT ITS DANGER
• WEAKNESSES IN THE IMPLEMENTATION OF
POLICIES AND PROGRAMS TO CURB THE
is the only LEGAL product that,
when used according to the
surely kills half
of the people who use it.
Tobacco smoke contains
more than 7,000 chemicals,
more than 50 known or suspected carcinogens,
and many potent irritants.
3 MAIN COMPONENTS
OF TOBACCO SMOKE
• NICOTINE is the addictive
component of tobacco. It is
absorbed into the blood and
affects the brain within 10
seconds. It causes smokers
to feel good because of the
chemicals in the brain that it
releases. It also causes a surge
of heart rate, blood pressure,
and adrenaline which also feels
• TAR is a thick, sticky substance, and when inhaled it sticks to
the tiny hairs on the lungs, the cilia. These normally protect the
lungs from dirt and infection, but when covered in tar they can't
do their job. Tar also coats the walls of the whole respiration
system, narrowing the tubes that transport air (the bronchioles)
and reducing elasticity of the lungs.
• CARBON MONOXIDE is the
poisonous chemical found in
car exhaust fumes. It decreases
the amount of oxygen in the
blood, which deprives all the
organs of oxygen too. Because
there's less oxygen in the blood,
it gets thicker and puts a
strain on the heart to pump.
SMOKING creates a web of
health problems and
W A R N I N G
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Smoking at an early age increases the risk of lung cancer.
Smoking makes you about 10 times more likely
to die early from a major stroke or heart attack.
Smoking also increases the risk of developing diabetes.
Smokers suffer more frequently from
severe bronchitis and emphysema
(a disease where the chemicals in tobacco smoke severely damage
the lining of the lungs, and make it difficult to breathe).
Smoking damages small blood vessels,
and restricts blood flow to the hands and feet,
can lead to gangrene and even the amputation of limbs.
Smoking affects your sense of taste and smell,
making both of them less sensitive.
Smoking leads to tooth decay,
and turns your teeth and fingers yellow.
Smoking affects your skin and complexion;
it leads to premature aging and wrinkles.
Men who smoked for years were often unable
to have an erection due to low penile blood pressure.
Male smokers also have a lower sperm count and
more abnormal sperm than non-smokers.
ART by Antonio Totto, Jr.
10 Filipinos die
by the hour due to
For every cigarette stick smoked,
a smoker loses 5 to 10 minutes
of his/her precious life
and also endangers the lives
of the innocent people around him/her
• ELECTRONIC CIGARETTE
- Mimics cigarette smoking using atomized vapor
- Contains propylene, glycol, water, flavoring and varying
levels of nicotine
- User inhales, a sensor detects air flow and starts a process
to heat liquid from a replaceable cartridge so it vaporizes
- Powered by a small rechargeable battery
- Banned by Israel, Australia, Canada
and Mexico over safety issues
- NOT A SMOKING
KINDS OF TOBACCO SMOKE
• MAINSTREAM SMOKE is a combination of inhaled and
exhaled smoke after taking a puff on a lit cigarette.
• THIRD-HAND SMOKE is
the combination of cigarette
byproducts that cling to
smokers’ hair and clothing
as well as to floors, surfaces,
carpets, furniture, appliances,
fabrics and children’s toys –
even after tobacco smoke has
SECONDHAND SMOKE EXPOSURE
TO INFANTS AND CHILDREN
• Sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS)
• Reduced lung function
• Increased blood pressure
• Acute lower respiratory infection –
• Respiratory irritation –
cough, phlegm, wheeze
• Difficulty in breathing
• Burning eyes and throat
• Ear infections
• Nose bleeds
• Frequency and severity of asthma
• Childhood cancers –
leukemia, lymphoma, brain tumor
DID YOU KNOW?
The original “Marlboro Man”
may not have been that macho or masculine
as his advertisements projected.
David Millar, Jr.
died from emphysema in 1987
after years of bad health.
Three more men who appeared
in Marlboro advertisements
– Wayne McLaren, David McLean & Dick Hammer –
all died of lung cancer.
Studies say that
at the age of
Before the adulthood,
the prefrontal cortex is underdeveloped
making adolescents vulnerable to addictions.
SMOKING IS A PEDIATRIC DISEASE
• Most smokers become addicted to tobacco when
they are too young to make "informed choices" that
will affect their health and life.
• By the time most smokers are old enough to make
informed choices, they are addicted to cigarettes.
ART by Antonio Totto, Jr.
WHY YOUTH START SMOKING?
• Social image they want
to present to others.
The tobacco industry
has created an image
of smoking as being
TOUGH, COOL, SEXY,
ATTRACTIVE or a
FORM OF REBELLION
• Friends or family are smokers.
• Easy access and low price
of tobacco products.
• In 2003, the Philippines enacted Republic Act 9211
- Promote smoke-free areas
- Inform public of the health risks of
- Ban all tobacco advertisement
and sponsorship and restrict
- Regulate labelling of tobacco products
- Protect youth from being initiated
• On 27 February 2005, the Framework Convention
on Tobacco Control (FCTC) entered into force after
40 country ratifications.
- First and only Public Health Treaty
under the World Health Organization
- Tobacco control measures focusing on
supply and demand, and harm reduction
strategies that aim to improve the health
of a population by eliminating or
reducing their consumption of tobacco
products (smoking) and exposure to
tobacco smoke (secondhand smoke)
WHAT THE YOUTH
SHOULD KNOW ABOUT RA 9211
• SMOKING BAN in centers of youth activity such as:
2) Preparatory School
3) Elementary and High Schools
4) Colleges and Universities
5) Youth Hostels
6) Recreational facilities for persons
under 18 years old like but not limited
• SMOKING BAN in public conveyances like jeepneys,
buses, taxis and tricycles.
• OTHER SMOKING BAN in elevators and stairwells,
locations in which fire hazards are present, health and
hospital facilities, public conveyances, and food
• These places cannot have designated smoking areas.
• All forms of tobacco advertisements in mass media are
• All outdoor advertising is banned.
• Leaflets, posters and similar advertising materials may
be posted inside the premises of point-of-sale retail
establishments. Cigarette brands may also appear on
smoking related items like lighters and ashtrays.
• Cigarette and tobacco companies are PROHIBITED
FROM SPONSORING any sport, concert, cultural art or
event, as well as individual and team athletes, artists or
The choice is yours !
Help us in our crusade
and save lives !
ANTHONY R. RODA
National Center for Health Promotion
DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH
and the Pinoy Youth
Thank you !
New Vois Ass’n. of the Phils. Inc.