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SMOKING
AND YOUR
HEALTH
NEW VOIS ASSOCIATION OF THE
PHILIPPINES, INC.
Overview
Ice Breaker
National Figures
Tobacco Smoke
Health Hazards
Save Lives Now !
Icebreaker
1. What is the most addictive ingredient of a
cigarette?
Carbon Monoxide
Nicotine
Tar
2. Ayon sa batas, pwedeng manigarilyo
sa mga colleges/universities?
Oo
Hindi
Pwede
National Figures
240 Filipinos die
daily due to
tobacco-related diseases
• Although government revenue from
tobacco taxes is about PhP 23 billion
annually
• Economic losses due
to productivity an...
• 28.3% of total adults (17.3M)
• 47.7% of adult males (14.6M)
• 9.0% of adult females ( 2.8M)
ADULT CURRENT SMOKERS
(15 y...
• 27.4% currently use any tobacco product (M-34.7%; F-19.6%)
• More than 1 in 5 students (21.9%) currently smoke cigarette...
Why TOBACCO USE
is prevalent in the Philippines
• EASY ACCESS & LOW PRICES
• AGGRESSIVE AND WIDESPREAD MARKETING
• LACK OF...
TOBACCO
is the only LEGAL product that,
when used according to the
manufacturers’ instructions,
surely kills half
of the p...
Tobacco smoke contains
more than 7,000 chemicals,
more than 50 known or suspected carcinogens,
and many potent irritants.
OTHER TOXIC COMPONENTS
3 MAIN COMPONENTS
OF TOBACCO SMOKE
• NICOTINE is the addictive
component of tobacco. It is
absorbed into the blood and
aff...
• TAR is a thick, sticky substance, and when inhaled it sticks to
the tiny hairs on the lungs, the cilia. These normally p...
• CARBON MONOXIDE is the
poisonous chemical found in
car exhaust fumes. It decreases
the amount of oxygen in the
blood, wh...
SMOKING creates a web of
health problems and
complications…
W A R N I N G
The following slides may contain images
that are...
Smokers die younger.
Smoking is the most common cause of cancers.
Smoking at an early age increases the risk of lung cancer.
Smoking makes you about 10 times more likely
to die early from a major stroke or heart attack.
Smoking also increases the ...
Smokers suffer more frequently from
severe bronchitis and emphysema
(a disease where the chemicals in tobacco smoke severe...
Smoking damages small blood vessels,
and restricts blood flow to the hands and feet,
can lead to gangrene and even the amp...
Smoking affects your sense of taste and smell,
making both of them less sensitive.
Smoking leads to tooth decay,
and turns your teeth and fingers yellow.
Smoking affects your skin and complexion;
it leads to premature aging and wrinkles.
Men who smoked for years were often unable
to have an erection due to low penile blood pressure.
Male smokers also have a ...
PATAY ANG
KINABUKASAN
KO!?!
ART by Antonio Totto, Jr.
Tobacco Smoke
10 Filipinos die
by the hour due to
tobacco-related diseases
For every cigarette stick smoked,
a smoker loses 5 to 10 minutes
of his/her precious life
and also endangers the lives
of ...
• ELECTRONIC CIGARETTE
- Mimics cigarette smoking using atomized vapor
- Contains propylene, glycol, water, flavoring and ...
KINDS OF TOBACCO SMOKE
• MAINSTREAM SMOKE is a combination of inhaled and
exhaled smoke after taking a puff on a lit cigar...
SECONDHAND SMOKE
• THIRD-HAND SMOKE is
the combination of cigarette
byproducts that cling to
smokers’ hair and clothing
as well as to floor...
Other Health Hazards
SECONDHAND SMOKE EXPOSURE
TO INFANTS AND CHILDREN
• Sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS)
• Reduced lung function
• Increased blood pressure
• Headaches
• Acute lower respira...
DID YOU KNOW?
The original “Marlboro Man”
may not have been that macho or masculine
as his advertisements projected.
David...
DID YOU KNOW?
YOUTH AS REPLACEMENT SMOKERS
Studies say that
Filipino children
start smoking
at the age of
7
Impulse control
Before the adulthood,
the prefrontal cortex is underdeveloped
making adolescents vulnerable to addictions.
SMOKING IS A PEDIATRIC DISEASE
• Most smokers become addicted to tobacco when
they are too young to make "informed choices...
WHY YOUTH START SMOKING?
• Social image they want
to present to others.
The tobacco industry
has created an image
of smoki...
• In 2003, the Philippines enacted Republic Act 9211
aimed to:
- Promote smoke-free areas
- Inform public of the health ri...
• On 27 February 2005, the Framework Convention
on Tobacco Control (FCTC) entered into force after
40 country ratification...
WHAT THE YOUTH
SHOULD KNOW ABOUT RA 9211
• SMOKING BAN in centers of youth activity such as:
1) Playschools
2) Preparatory...
• SMOKING BAN in public conveyances like jeepneys,
buses, taxis and tricycles.
• OTHER SMOKING BAN in elevators and stairw...
• All forms of tobacco advertisements in mass media are
banned.
• All outdoor advertising is banned.
• Leaflets, posters a...
The choice is yours !
Help us in our crusade
and save lives !
.
by
ANTHONY R. RODA
National Center for Health Promotion
DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH
Manila, Philippines
Excerpts from:
SMOKING
an...
Thank you !
Emer Rojas
0922-8922850
notoyosi@yahoo.com
www.facebook.com/newvois
New Vois Ass’n. of the Phils. Inc.
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DOH Presentation Smoking and your Health

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DOH Presentation Smoking and your Health

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DOH Presentation Smoking and your Health

  1. 1. SMOKING AND YOUR HEALTH NEW VOIS ASSOCIATION OF THE PHILIPPINES, INC.
  2. 2. Overview Ice Breaker National Figures Tobacco Smoke Health Hazards Save Lives Now !
  3. 3. Icebreaker 1. What is the most addictive ingredient of a cigarette? Carbon Monoxide Nicotine Tar
  4. 4. 2. Ayon sa batas, pwedeng manigarilyo sa mga colleges/universities? Oo Hindi Pwede
  5. 5. National Figures 240 Filipinos die daily due to tobacco-related diseases
  6. 6. • Although government revenue from tobacco taxes is about PhP 23 billion annually • Economic losses due to productivity and health care costs of the top 4 tobacco- related diseases (Ca, CVD, COPD, Diabetes) are conservatively estimated at PhP 149 billion annually. SOURCE: Tobacco and Poverty Study, World Health Organization, 2008)
  7. 7. • 28.3% of total adults (17.3M) • 47.7% of adult males (14.6M) • 9.0% of adult females ( 2.8M) ADULT CURRENT SMOKERS (15 years old and above) SOURCE: Philippines’ Global Adult Tobacco Survey, 2009
  8. 8. • 27.4% currently use any tobacco product (M-34.7%; F-19.6%) • More than 1 in 5 students (21.9%) currently smoke cigarettes • Almost 1 in 10 (9.7%) currently use some other form of tobacco YOUTH CURRENT SMOKERS (13 - 15 years old) SOURCE: Philippines’ Global Youth Tobacco Survey, 2007
  9. 9. Why TOBACCO USE is prevalent in the Philippines • EASY ACCESS & LOW PRICES • AGGRESSIVE AND WIDESPREAD MARKETING • LACK OF AWARENESS ABOUT ITS DANGER • WEAKNESSES IN THE IMPLEMENTATION OF POLICIES AND PROGRAMS TO CURB THE TOBACCO EPIDEMIC
  10. 10. TOBACCO is the only LEGAL product that, when used according to the manufacturers’ instructions, surely kills half of the people who use it.
  11. 11. Tobacco smoke contains more than 7,000 chemicals, more than 50 known or suspected carcinogens, and many potent irritants.
  12. 12. OTHER TOXIC COMPONENTS
  13. 13. 3 MAIN COMPONENTS OF TOBACCO SMOKE • NICOTINE is the addictive component of tobacco. It is absorbed into the blood and affects the brain within 10 seconds. It causes smokers to feel good because of the chemicals in the brain that it releases. It also causes a surge of heart rate, blood pressure, and adrenaline which also feels good.
  14. 14. • TAR is a thick, sticky substance, and when inhaled it sticks to the tiny hairs on the lungs, the cilia. These normally protect the lungs from dirt and infection, but when covered in tar they can't do their job. Tar also coats the walls of the whole respiration system, narrowing the tubes that transport air (the bronchioles) and reducing elasticity of the lungs.
  15. 15. • CARBON MONOXIDE is the poisonous chemical found in car exhaust fumes. It decreases the amount of oxygen in the blood, which deprives all the organs of oxygen too. Because there's less oxygen in the blood, it gets thicker and puts a strain on the heart to pump.
  16. 16. SMOKING creates a web of health problems and complications… W A R N I N G The following slides may contain images that are not suitable for some audiences, viewer discretion is advised.
  17. 17. Smokers die younger.
  18. 18. Smoking is the most common cause of cancers.
  19. 19. Smoking at an early age increases the risk of lung cancer.
  20. 20. Smoking makes you about 10 times more likely to die early from a major stroke or heart attack. Smoking also increases the risk of developing diabetes.
  21. 21. Smokers suffer more frequently from severe bronchitis and emphysema (a disease where the chemicals in tobacco smoke severely damage the lining of the lungs, and make it difficult to breathe).
  22. 22. Smoking damages small blood vessels, and restricts blood flow to the hands and feet, can lead to gangrene and even the amputation of limbs.
  23. 23. Smoking affects your sense of taste and smell, making both of them less sensitive.
  24. 24. Smoking leads to tooth decay, and turns your teeth and fingers yellow.
  25. 25. Smoking affects your skin and complexion; it leads to premature aging and wrinkles.
  26. 26. Men who smoked for years were often unable to have an erection due to low penile blood pressure. Male smokers also have a lower sperm count and more abnormal sperm than non-smokers.
  27. 27. PATAY ANG KINABUKASAN KO!?! ART by Antonio Totto, Jr.
  28. 28. Tobacco Smoke 10 Filipinos die by the hour due to tobacco-related diseases
  29. 29. For every cigarette stick smoked, a smoker loses 5 to 10 minutes of his/her precious life and also endangers the lives of the innocent people around him/her
  30. 30. • ELECTRONIC CIGARETTE - Mimics cigarette smoking using atomized vapor - Contains propylene, glycol, water, flavoring and varying levels of nicotine - User inhales, a sensor detects air flow and starts a process to heat liquid from a replaceable cartridge so it vaporizes - Powered by a small rechargeable battery - Banned by Israel, Australia, Canada and Mexico over safety issues - NOT A SMOKING CESSATION DEVICE
  31. 31. KINDS OF TOBACCO SMOKE • MAINSTREAM SMOKE is a combination of inhaled and exhaled smoke after taking a puff on a lit cigarette.
  32. 32. SECONDHAND SMOKE
  33. 33. • THIRD-HAND SMOKE is the combination of cigarette byproducts that cling to smokers’ hair and clothing as well as to floors, surfaces, carpets, furniture, appliances, fabrics and children’s toys – even after tobacco smoke has cleared.
  34. 34. Other Health Hazards
  35. 35. SECONDHAND SMOKE EXPOSURE TO INFANTS AND CHILDREN
  36. 36. • Sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) • Reduced lung function • Increased blood pressure • Headaches • Acute lower respiratory infection – bronchitis, pneumonia • Respiratory irritation – cough, phlegm, wheeze • Difficulty in breathing • Burning eyes and throat • Ear infections • Nose bleeds • Frequency and severity of asthma • Childhood cancers – leukemia, lymphoma, brain tumor
  37. 37. DID YOU KNOW? The original “Marlboro Man” may not have been that macho or masculine as his advertisements projected. David Millar, Jr. died from emphysema in 1987 after years of bad health. Three more men who appeared in Marlboro advertisements – Wayne McLaren, David McLean & Dick Hammer – all died of lung cancer.
  38. 38. DID YOU KNOW?
  39. 39. YOUTH AS REPLACEMENT SMOKERS
  40. 40. Studies say that Filipino children start smoking at the age of 7
  41. 41. Impulse control Before the adulthood, the prefrontal cortex is underdeveloped making adolescents vulnerable to addictions.
  42. 42. SMOKING IS A PEDIATRIC DISEASE • Most smokers become addicted to tobacco when they are too young to make "informed choices" that will affect their health and life. • By the time most smokers are old enough to make informed choices, they are addicted to cigarettes. ART by Antonio Totto, Jr.
  43. 43. WHY YOUTH START SMOKING? • Social image they want to present to others. The tobacco industry has created an image of smoking as being TOUGH, COOL, SEXY, SOPHISTICATED, ATTRACTIVE or a FORM OF REBELLION • Friends or family are smokers. • Easy access and low price of tobacco products.
  44. 44. • In 2003, the Philippines enacted Republic Act 9211 aimed to: - Promote smoke-free areas - Inform public of the health risks of tobacco use - Ban all tobacco advertisement and sponsorship and restrict promotions - Regulate labelling of tobacco products - Protect youth from being initiated to smoking
  45. 45. • On 27 February 2005, the Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC) entered into force after 40 country ratifications. - First and only Public Health Treaty under the World Health Organization - Tobacco control measures focusing on supply and demand, and harm reduction strategies that aim to improve the health of a population by eliminating or reducing their consumption of tobacco products (smoking) and exposure to tobacco smoke (secondhand smoke)
  46. 46. WHAT THE YOUTH SHOULD KNOW ABOUT RA 9211 • SMOKING BAN in centers of youth activity such as: 1) Playschools 2) Preparatory School 3) Elementary and High Schools 4) Colleges and Universities 5) Youth Hostels 6) Recreational facilities for persons under 18 years old like but not limited to playgrounds.
  47. 47. • SMOKING BAN in public conveyances like jeepneys, buses, taxis and tricycles. • OTHER SMOKING BAN in elevators and stairwells, locations in which fire hazards are present, health and hospital facilities, public conveyances, and food preparation areas. • These places cannot have designated smoking areas.
  48. 48. • All forms of tobacco advertisements in mass media are banned. • All outdoor advertising is banned. • Leaflets, posters and similar advertising materials may be posted inside the premises of point-of-sale retail establishments. Cigarette brands may also appear on smoking related items like lighters and ashtrays. • Cigarette and tobacco companies are PROHIBITED FROM SPONSORING any sport, concert, cultural art or event, as well as individual and team athletes, artists or performers.
  49. 49. The choice is yours ! Help us in our crusade and save lives ! .
  50. 50. by ANTHONY R. RODA National Center for Health Promotion DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH Manila, Philippines Excerpts from: SMOKING and the Pinoy Youth
  51. 51. Thank you ! Emer Rojas 0922-8922850 notoyosi@yahoo.com www.facebook.com/newvois New Vois Ass’n. of the Phils. Inc.

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