Child labor refers to the illegal employment of children below 18 years old in hazardous occupations. ILO defines child labor as, damage to children’s health, hamper their education and lead to further exploitation and abuse.
ILO also defines the worst child labour which includes using children in armed forces (i.e. in Africa), sexual exploitation like prostitution and pornography, illegal activities like trafficking of drugs etc. The State, through the Department of Labour and Employment, defines "child labour" as "the illegal employment of children below the age of fifteen (15)…….
The term "child" recently acquired a new meaning upon the enactment of R.A. 7610 in 1992, otherwise known as the Child Protection Law. The new law, which devotes an entire chapter on working children, expanded the definition of children to mean "persons below eighteen (18) years of age or those over but are unable to fully take care of themselves or protect themselves from abuse, neglect, cruelty, exploitation or discrimination because of a physical or mental disability or condition.“c
About 2.06 million children all around the Philippines are compelled to do labor, such as in crop plantations, mining caves, rock quarries and factories. Every child has the right to the most basic of necessities in life like a healthy environment, formal education, and most importantly, a loving family to come home.
THE REASONS WHY CHILDREN WORK Child labour is rooted in poverty and the lack of economic opportunities Children with unemployed parents or whose parents do not have social security must work to help in their familys struggle for survival.
Failures in the education system Philippine culture especially in rural areas
Another major factor in the increase in the number of working children is the demand for child workers. Natural calamity like Tsunami, cyclone, flood etc. Also drag children towards child labour.
Child Labor Is increasing Around The WorldRank Country Rating1 Myanmar Extreme2 North Korea Extreme3 Somalia Extreme4 Sudan Extreme5 DR Congo Extreme6 Zimbabwe Extreme7 Afghanistan Extreme8 Burundi Extreme9 Pakistan Extreme10 Ethiopia Extreme
THE LEGAL PROTECTION OF CHILD WORKERSHISTORICAL EVOULITON OF CHILDLABOR IN THE PHILIPPINES
ACT NO. 3071"An Act to Regulate the Employment ofWomen and Children in Shops, Factories,Industrial, Agricultural and MercantileEstablishments, and Other Place of Labourin the Philippine Islands, to ProvidePenalties for Violations Hereof and forOther Purposes"
Revised Penal Code (Art. 273) "Exploitation of Child Labour" (Art. 278). "Exploitation of Minors"R.A. 679"An Act to Regulate the Employment of Womenand Children, to Provide Penalties for ViolationHereof, and for Other Purposes".
P.D. 603 - Child and Youth WelfareCodeU.N. Convention on the Rights ofthe ChildR.A. 7610 - The Child Protection Law
R.A. 7658"An Act Prohibiting the Employment ofChildren Below 15 Years of Age inPublic and Private Undertakings"
STRATEGIES IN ADDRESSING THECHILD LABOR PROBLEM
"There is one dream that all Filipinos share: that our children may have a better life than we have had . . . there is one vision that is distinctly Filipino: the vision to make this country, our country, a nation for our children." Jose W. Diokno