Hurricane Katrina


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  • -The city of New Orleans and that state of Louisiana are no stranger to hurricanes. -1992’s Hurricane Andrew was one of the many powerful storms to hit the Gulf Coast -Many of these storms “just missed” the city of Louisiana and new organizations failed to thoroughly discuss what could have happened in the city if it hadn’t been so lucky
  • -This was one of the many opportunites that news outlets had to have a public forum on the fact that the city of New Orleans was physically not ready for the havoc a big hurricane could create, and due to this inability to prepare for a “worse-case scenario” the city would also be unprepared to deal with the aftermath of a storm (search and rescue, looting, street violence, etc.)
  • “ Louisiana has begun a program called America’s wetland to draw attention to the problem, and to rally environmentalists, businesses and ordinary residents to the cause of restoring marshes and barrier islands. The effort could cost as much as $14 billion in the next 15 to 20 years. It’s a considerable sum, but the cost of not acting… would be greater”
  • We knew how bad things could be… “A category 4 or 5 hurricane would move up from the Gulf to Lake Pontchartrain, forcing water over levees and into the city. If the New Orelans bowl filled, the Red Cross says there could 100,000 deaths. An Add’tl 400,000 could be stranded on roofs surrounded by a witches’ brew of contaminated water Terry Tullier head of the New Orleans office of Emergency preparedness “Many of you will die, let’s get that out of the way”
  • -This is an interview with Michael Brown the FEMA director on August 29th. -Effective because you have the person responsible and in control of all the rescue operations, he is an individual who is knowledgeable about the situation for people to take seriously -A person with authority -addresses the fact that people do not have anywhere to go -really gives a clear and honest picture to those not in or from NOLA about how bad the situation really is -later in the interview addresses what is being done to fix/solve the problem -also talks about medical concerns -addresses FEMAS future plans
  • -Part of this clip talks about looting -sort of frames the people in a negative way -police with guns to scare away the people, they make it seem like they are savages -they need help, obviously to the point where looting is necessary -framed as robbers and bad people, should be framed as in need of help -also makes it seem like water is not everywhere -overall puts out the wrong message to people who are not there experiencing the catastrophe
  • Failed to know terminology Command post-view No context or field reporting Victim motif Showing black people needing to be rescued. No new information Failed to know terminology Command post-view No context or field reporting Victim motif No new information
  • Hurricane Katrina

    1. 1. Hurricane Katrina Coverage Shannon Lozon James Keith Daniel Ingram Austyn Foster Penelope Filyo
    2. 2. Learning from the Past <ul><li>NBC's Take on the Storm </li></ul><ul><li>5 minutes and 20 seconds </li></ul><ul><li>A Young Katherine Couric </li></ul><ul><li>2 Seconds spent on New </li></ul><ul><li>Orleans </li></ul><ul><li>Bourbon Street Survived </li></ul><ul><li>Beginning of network of </li></ul><ul><li>“ dodged the bullet” </li></ul><ul><li>Hurricane coverage in </li></ul><ul><li>New Orleans. </li></ul>
    3. 3. Hurricane Andrew 1992 <ul><li>CNN's Coverage of Andrew </li></ul><ul><li>Over 10 minutes spent covering the </li></ul><ul><li>extensive damage throughout the state </li></ul><ul><li>of Louisiana </li></ul><ul><li>Again, approximately two seconds </li></ul><ul><li>spent discussing the city of New Orleans </li></ul><ul><li>“ New Orleans missed the full </li></ul><ul><li>magnitude the storm” </li></ul><ul><li>CNN had reporters in the field throughout </li></ul><ul><li>the state, (Morgan City, and Jeanerette, </li></ul><ul><li>but no one was stationed in the city of New </li></ul><ul><li>Orleans because it had avoided </li></ul><ul><li>large-scale damage </li></ul>
    4. 4. New Orleans’ “Hurricane Problem” <ul><li>New York Times Article 2003 </li></ul><ul><li>July 4th, 2003 </li></ul><ul><li>Print media acknowledged the </li></ul><ul><li>shortcomings that the television </li></ul><ul><li>stations largely ignored </li></ul><ul><li>“ The Big Easy is uniquely </li></ul><ul><li>vulnerable” </li></ul><ul><li>“ New Orleans is an </li></ul><ul><li>environmental disaster waiting </li></ul><ul><li>to happen” </li></ul><ul><li>The city and federal government </li></ul><ul><li>need to act before the time of </li></ul><ul><li>disaster </li></ul>
    5. 5. “ The Big One” <ul><li>New York Times Editorial </li></ul><ul><li>August 11th, 2002 </li></ul><ul><li>“ If the Big One Hits the Big Easy, the Good Times May Be Over Forever </li></ul>
    6. 6. Effective News Coverage <ul><li>CNN (8/29/05) – Newsnight </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Interview with Michael Brown – FEMA director </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Knowledgeable of situation and person of authority </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Gives clear and honest picture for those not in or from NOLA </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Addresses what is being done to solve the problem and FEMA’s future plans </li></ul></ul>
    7. 7. Ineffective News Coverage <ul><li>NBC Nightly News (8/30/05) – “ The Day After” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Portion of the clip describes looting </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>People are portrayed as robbers and victims instead of people in need. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reporters location makes it appear water is not covering over 80% of the city </li></ul></ul>
    8. 8. Effective Long-Term Coverage <ul><li>Rescue and Evacuation </li></ul><ul><li>Immediate Aftermath </li></ul><ul><li>Short-term & Long- Term Aftermath </li></ul>Warawongs, W.T., Wang, W., & Sims, A. (post 2005). U.S. media covering of natural disasters: a framing analysis of Hurricane Katrina and the Tsunami.
    9. 9. Effective Long-Term Coverage <ul><li>Active Gatherer </li></ul><ul><li>Give Information </li></ul><ul><li>Validate Information </li></ul><ul><li>Set National Agenda </li></ul>Warawongs, W.T., Wang, W., & Sims, A. (post 2005). U.S. media covering of natural disasters: a framing analysis of Hurricane Katrina and the Tsunami.
    10. 10. Effective Long-Term Coverage <ul><li>NPR (9/8/05)– Data on Survivors Hard to Find, Collect </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Reporter Mandalit del Barco is an active information gatherer </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Validates information with volunteers at the Astrodome </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Addresses why a lack of national database is an issue and how the lack is effecting those involved </li></ul></ul>
    11. 11. Effective Long-Term Coverage <ul><li>New York Times (9/8/05) - For Survivors, a Frustrating Search </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Two reporters – Houston and Louisiana </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Validated information with ‘official sources’ – Red Cross, State Workers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reported that Louisiana officials met with IBM and the company has agreed to help the state compile a national database of evacuees </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Network World (10/3/05) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Katrina shows why a national registry is sorely needed. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Setting the national agenda </li></ul></ul>
    12. 12. Ineffective Long-Term Coverage <ul><li>NBC (9/8/05) – The Wait </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Andrea Mitchell is reporting via a voice over from Washington </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>No field reporting </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>There is a victim motif </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>No new information is given </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Ends with a question: “Why the government can’t respond more quickly?” </li></ul></ul></ul>