      Chapter 3
 Captain   Kirk – Importance of the Constitution
   Constitutional Convention    o Weaknesses of Articles of Confederation    o Compromises   5 Basic Principles of Const...
 1787   – Constitutional Convention Philadelphia “Change”   or “Revise” Articles of Confederation
 Weakness of Articles of Confederation  o No power to tax  o States used different      currencies  o   No national court...
 Different        ideas led to many  compromises….  o The Great Compromise  o Three-fifths (3/5) Compromise
 The   Great Compromise  o Virginia Plan – James   Madison     • Number of       representatives should be       based on...
 Compromise  o Bi-cameral legislature    – 2 Houses  o Lower House or House    of Representatives –    representatives ba...
 Three-fifths   Compromise – James WIlson  o Slaveholding states wanted to include slaves    in their population to have ...
 Compromise  o Population based on   total number of free   people plus three-   fifths of the number   of slaves  o Slav...
 Founders based the Constitution on 5 basic principles  o Popular Sovereignty  o Limited Government  o Federalism  o Sepa...
 1.Popular  Sovereignty  o People spell out the       rules by which they       allow governing to       happen  o Consen...
 2.Limited  Government  o Government has       specific restrictions       on its power  o Keep government       from bec...
 3.   Federalism  o System of shared power between Federal and State       governments  o States keep certain powers, but...
 Delegated Powers  o Powers given to the    Federal government  o Examples     • Regulate trade     • Raise army     • De...
 Reserved     Powers  o Powers granted to the    State government  o Examples     • Regulate trade within       state    ...
 Concurrent    Powers  o Powers shared    between the Federal    and State governments  o Examples     • Collect taxes   ...
 4.Separation of  Powers  o Distribution of power of       different branches of       government  o 3 Branches     • Leg...
 Three   Ring Circus
 United   States Government = Orange
 Legislative    Branch  o Article I  o Congress makes the    laws  o House of    Representatives     • Led by Speaker of ...
 Executive      Branch  o Article II  o Enforces laws  o Led by the President  o Also includes the    Cabinet and 15    D...
 Judicial   Branch  o Article III  o Interprets laws  o Headed by the Supreme    Court      • Chief Justice John        R...
 United   States Government = Orange                   Executive                    Branch     Legislative               ...
 5.   Checks and Balances  o Power is balanced between branches of       government so that each branch can check (or lim...
 More   Checks and Balances  o Congress can check President     • Override the veto  o Congress can check Judicial Branch...
3   Parts to the Constitution o Preamble o Articles o Amendments
 1. Preamble   o States 6 goals of the     United States     government      • Form a more perfect        union      • Es...
 Barney   Fife and the Preamble
 2. Articles  o Describes how the government is organized    and works  o 7 Articles
 Article   I – Legislative Branch  o House of Representatives/Senate  o Elections and meetings  o Rules of procedure  o H...
II – Article  Executive Branch  o a. Office of the    President and Vice    President  o b. Powers granted    to the Pres...
 c.Duties of the  President  o State of the Union  o Receive ambassadors  o Laws are faithfully executed d. Removal from...
   Article III – Judicial    Branch    o Federal Courts    o Powers of Federal Courts        • Extend to all cases       ...
   Article V – Amending the Constitution   Article VI – Debts, Federal Supremacy, and Oaths of    Office   Article VII ...
 3. Amendments  o Formal change or addition to the Constitution  o Amendment Process     • Proposing an Amendment – 2 dif...
   Ratifying an Amendment    - 2 different ways states    can ratify    o Three-fourths of the state      legislatures mu...
 Friend   or Foe!!
The Constitution
The Constitution
The Constitution
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The Constitution

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The Constitution

  1. 1.  Chapter 3
  2. 2.  Captain Kirk – Importance of the Constitution
  3. 3.  Constitutional Convention o Weaknesses of Articles of Confederation o Compromises 5 Basic Principles of Constitution Structure of the Constitution o 3 Parts
  4. 4.  1787 – Constitutional Convention Philadelphia “Change” or “Revise” Articles of Confederation
  5. 5.  Weakness of Articles of Confederation o No power to tax o States used different currencies o No national court o No power to raise army/navy o Interstate commerce could not be regulated o No Executive or President
  6. 6.  Different ideas led to many compromises…. o The Great Compromise o Three-fifths (3/5) Compromise
  7. 7.  The Great Compromise o Virginia Plan – James Madison • Number of representatives should be based on population • Favored large states o New Jersey Plan – William Paterson • Each state should be given the same number of representatives • Favored small states
  8. 8.  Compromise o Bi-cameral legislature – 2 Houses o Lower House or House of Representatives – representatives based on population o Upper House or Senate – 2 representatives per state
  9. 9.  Three-fifths Compromise – James WIlson o Slaveholding states wanted to include slaves in their population to have more representatives o Non slaveholding states thought that this was unfair
  10. 10.  Compromise o Population based on total number of free people plus three- fifths of the number of slaves o Slaves would also count as three-fifths when determining taxes
  11. 11.  Founders based the Constitution on 5 basic principles o Popular Sovereignty o Limited Government o Federalism o Separation of Powers o Checks and Balances
  12. 12.  1.Popular Sovereignty o People spell out the rules by which they allow governing to happen o Consent of the Governed o People are in charge
  13. 13.  2.Limited Government o Government has specific restrictions on its power o Keep government from becoming too powerful
  14. 14.  3. Federalism o System of shared power between Federal and State governments o States keep certain powers, but give up some power to the Federal government o 3 Types of Powers • Delegated Powers • Reserved Powers • Concurrent Powers
  15. 15.  Delegated Powers o Powers given to the Federal government o Examples • Regulate trade • Raise army • Declare war and make treaties • Print money • Grant patents and copyrights
  16. 16.  Reserved Powers o Powers granted to the State government o Examples • Regulate trade within state • Establish public schools • Pass marriage and divorce laws • Set up local governments
  17. 17.  Concurrent Powers o Powers shared between the Federal and State governments o Examples • Collect taxes • Borrow money • Make and enforce laws • Establish courts • Provide public welfare
  18. 18.  4.Separation of Powers o Distribution of power of different branches of government o 3 Branches • Legislative • Executive • Judicial
  19. 19.  Three Ring Circus
  20. 20.  United States Government = Orange
  21. 21.  Legislative Branch o Article I o Congress makes the laws o House of Representatives • Led by Speaker of the House o Senate • Led by the Majority
  22. 22.  Executive Branch o Article II o Enforces laws o Led by the President o Also includes the Cabinet and 15 Departments • Examples • Department of Defense • Department of Homeland Security • Department of the Treasury
  23. 23.  Judicial Branch o Article III o Interprets laws o Headed by the Supreme Court • Chief Justice John Roberts Jr
  24. 24.  United States Government = Orange Executive Branch Legislative Judicial Branch Branch United States Government
  25. 25.  5. Checks and Balances o Power is balanced between branches of government so that each branch can check (or limit) the power of the other branches o President can check Congress • Veto – reject proposed laws o President can check Judicial Brach • Appoint federal judges
  26. 26.  More Checks and Balances o Congress can check President • Override the veto o Congress can check Judicial Branch • Must approve federal judges o Judicial Branch • Judicial Review – Marbury v Madison • Courts review the acts of other branches of government and decide if they acted correctly • Can declare laws unconstitutional
  27. 27. 3 Parts to the Constitution o Preamble o Articles o Amendments
  28. 28.  1. Preamble o States 6 goals of the United States government • Form a more perfect union • Establish justice • Insure domestic tranquility – peace • Provide for the common defense • Promote the general welfare • Secure the blessings of liberty
  29. 29.  Barney Fife and the Preamble
  30. 30.  2. Articles o Describes how the government is organized and works o 7 Articles
  31. 31.  Article I – Legislative Branch o House of Representatives/Senate o Elections and meetings o Rules of procedure o How laws are made o Powers granted to Congress • Taxation • Regulate commerce • Declare War • Raise Army/Navy
  32. 32. II – Article Executive Branch o a. Office of the President and Vice President o b. Powers granted to the President • Commander in Chief of armed forces • Make treaties • Appoint ambassadors and public ministers
  33. 33.  c.Duties of the President o State of the Union o Receive ambassadors o Laws are faithfully executed d. Removal from office
  34. 34.  Article III – Judicial Branch o Federal Courts o Powers of Federal Courts • Extend to all cases • Laws and Treaties Article IV – Relations Among States o Rights of Citizens o State Acts and Records o New States
  35. 35.  Article V – Amending the Constitution Article VI – Debts, Federal Supremacy, and Oaths of Office Article VII – Ratification of the Constitution
  36. 36.  3. Amendments o Formal change or addition to the Constitution o Amendment Process • Proposing an Amendment – 2 different ways • Two-thirds of the members of both houses of Congress must vote to propose amendment • Two-thirds of the state legislatures must vote to ask Congress to hold a special convention
  37. 37.  Ratifying an Amendment - 2 different ways states can ratify o Three-fourths of the state legislatures must vote o Conventions in three- fourths of the states must vote If the people do not like the effects of an amendment, another amendment can be passed to repeal, or cancel it.
  38. 38.  Friend or Foe!!

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