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CINAHL Advanced Search Techniques


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Effective search techniques, this presentation is designed to assist off campus nursing students and includes strategies for searching by subject heading and keyword.

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CINAHL Advanced Search Techniques

  1. 1. Specialty Cancer/Palliative Care Nursing Searching the databases: CINAHL Sharon Karasmanis [email_address] Faculty Librarian, Health Sciences
  2. 2. 3 stages in the search process: <ul><li>Search strategy – preparing your search </li></ul><ul><li>Using the databases </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Understanding which database to use </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Understanding which search terms to use </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Understanding the database functionality </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li> </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Finding the full text of the article </li></ul>
  3. 3. Sample search query <ul><li>What factors influence the control of post-operative pain in older people? </li></ul><ul><li>What are the key concepts in this question - look for alternative words to describe these concepts? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Factors (communication, patient interview, pain assessment practice) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pain control (pain management or pain measurement) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Post-operative pain (post surgical pain) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Older people (aged person, elderly etc) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Use these words to form the foundation for your search </li></ul>
  4. 4. It’s helpful to draw a concept map Concept 1 + Concept 2 + Concept 3 communication or pain management or post operative pain or patient interview pain measurement post surgical pain or consultation or pain assessment or post-operative pain
  5. 5. Efficient searching requires subject heading and keyword searching! <ul><li>Subject heading (subject term) search: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>this is a more specific way of searching where you retrieve only those records which list the subject heading for your concept </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>e.g. Subject heading for ‘ stroke’ will cover: cerebrovascular accident/s, cerebral vascular accident/s, CVA/s etc. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Keyword search </li></ul><ul><ul><li>this is broader way of searching where you will retrieve records which mention your keywords but may or may not be specifically about your concept </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. More on subject headings … <ul><li>Subject Headings (or controlled vocabulary) overcome variations in the: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>use of terminology e.g. back pain, spinal pain or backache </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>use of spelling e.g. ageing or aging </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tick the Subject Heading box, scroll down to the ‘ used for ’ to look for other relevant keywords </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Scope note : describes how the term is used in the database, the “scope” of the term or the history of the indexing </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>
  7. 7. To look for subject terms, login to the CINAHL database: <ul><li> (A-Z Databases/Journals) </li></ul><ul><li>Click on Suggest Subject Terms and enter your query </li></ul>
  8. 8. Concept 1: subject heading search communication <ul><li>Use the subject term communication </li></ul><ul><li>Do not use diacritics e.g.* (only use in keyword search) </li></ul><ul><li>Select the term, and explode (to include narrower terms) </li></ul><ul><li>Read the Scope Note </li></ul><ul><li>Tick on the Search Database (green box) </li></ul>
  9. 9. Generic search tips for keyword searching <ul><li>Spelling: be aware of variations e.g. p ae diatric or p e diatric; counselling or counseling; ageing or aging </li></ul><ul><li>Terminology: the term stroke could also include cerebral vascular accident/s, cerebrovascular disorders </li></ul><ul><li>Truncation: occupation * will produce occupation, occupational, occupations </li></ul><ul><li>Wildcard (?) for example: randomi ? ed will retrieve randomi z ed and randomi s ed </li></ul><ul><li>Phrase search use quotation marks to search as a phrase e.g. “acquired brain injury” or “quality of life” </li></ul><ul><li>Understand Boolean operators and + or </li></ul>
  10. 10. Concept 1: keyword search c ommunicat* or patient interview* or consultation* <ul><li>Use the asterisk to search for all forms of the word e.g. communicat* - communication/s, communicate, communicating, communicated </li></ul><ul><li>Using or will combine all words within your first concept </li></ul><ul><li>When searching by keyword, do not tick the subject heading box </li></ul>
  11. 11. Concept 2: subject heading and keywords <ul><li>Searched for and used the subject heading: pain measurement </li></ul><ul><li>Searched for keywords: pain management or pain assessment* or pain measurement* </li></ul>
  12. 12. Concept 3: subject heading and keywords <ul><li>Searched for and used the subject heading: postoperative pain </li></ul><ul><li>Searched for keywords: postoperative pain or post-operative pain or post surgical pain </li></ul>
  13. 13. Search results showing a combination subject heading and keyword search
  14. 14. Limit your search <ul><li>Use the Edit function to limit your search </li></ul><ul><li>Useful limits in CINAHL include: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Peer-reviewed </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>English language </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Date </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Age groups </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Important : </li></ul><ul><li>Click: View Results after editing to see the edited list. </li></ul>
  15. 15. Other considerations: <ul><li>You can just use subject headings or keywords separately, or as individual searches. </li></ul><ul><li>There may not always be a subject term or heading for your query, in this case, just use a keyword search </li></ul><ul><li>Sometimes there may be two subject terms that you can use e.g. maternal-child nursing or community health nursing </li></ul>
  16. 16. Check the full record for the source, and more relevant subject headings & keywords
  17. 17. Search results – finding the full text! <ul><li>some databases will have the Full Text Finder icon to link you to the full text of the article </li></ul><ul><li>If not, search the Catalogue by the title of the journal via the Journal titles tab and follow the links to the full text: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>sometimes the article may only be in print copy in the Library </li></ul></ul><ul><li>If not held by the Library, request the article via Document Delivery Services </li></ul><ul><li>Ensure you have registered for remote delivery, instruction in the guide under off campus services. </li></ul>
  18. 18. Another useful feature: set up an account in CINHAL to save searches, articles, journal alerts ..
  19. 19. Homework! <ul><li>Search in CINAHL for the following subject terms </li></ul><ul><li>Check the scope note (if available), search by the term, view the results, and practice the edit function </li></ul><ul><li>Look for the full text in the Library’s collection </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Symptom distress </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Palliative care </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Quality of life </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Oncologic nursing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cancer pain </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cancer fatigue </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pleural effusion malignant </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Breast neoplasms </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hormone therapy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li> </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li> </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li> </li></ul></ul>