Argument - Rationale Basis Boxes


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Explains what the basis boxes in Rationale software mean

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Argument - Rationale Basis Boxes

  1. 1. Using features of Rationale ™ to argue effectively Created by Jade Smith - MacKillop College
  2. 2. Basis Boxes You can use basis boxes in Rationale to show what the source of your claim is. This helps you to evaluate how strong the claim is and shows others that you have a foundation on which your reasons are built.
  3. 3. <ul><li>Assertion: declaring plainly and strongly with assurance </li></ul><ul><li>Example of an assertion: </li></ul><ul><li>‘ All men are created equal’ </li></ul>Basis Boxes
  4. 4. <ul><li>By Definition: the claim must be true, given the meanings of the two terms </li></ul><ul><li>Example of by definition: </li></ul><ul><li>Both humans and cats are mammals </li></ul>Basis Boxes
  5. 5. <ul><li>Case Study: The study of a person/small group/single situation/specific ‘case’ </li></ul><ul><li>Example of a case study: </li></ul><ul><li>Grigg. J, ‘The effects of caffeine on toddlers’ </li></ul>Basis Boxes
  6. 6. <ul><li>Example of a common belief: </li></ul><ul><li>‘ Kids today spend far too much time on </li></ul><ul><li>the computer’ </li></ul>Basis Boxes
  7. 7. <ul><li>Data: factual information </li></ul><ul><li>Example of data: </li></ul><ul><li>Survey conducted by ACER, 2007 </li></ul>Basis Boxes
  8. 8. <ul><li>Event: something that actually happened that illustrates your claim </li></ul><ul><li>Example of an event: </li></ul><ul><li>Assassination of President Kennedy </li></ul><ul><li>22 nd November, 1963 </li></ul>Basis Boxes
  9. 9. <ul><li>Expert Opinion: quote/s or statements from an expert in the field you are discussing </li></ul><ul><li>Example of expert opinion: </li></ul><ul><li>“ Smoking leads to heart disease” – Dr. John Francis, Heart Surgeon </li></ul>Basis Boxes
  10. 10. <ul><li>Law: a rule of conduct or procedure established by custom, agreement, or authority </li></ul><ul><li>Example of a law: </li></ul><ul><li>Freedom of speech </li></ul>Basis Boxes
  11. 11. <ul><li>Media: channel of communication including newspapers, magazines etc </li></ul><ul><li>Example of a media source: </li></ul><ul><li>Article in ‘The Age’ newspaper </li></ul>Basis Boxes
  12. 12. <ul><li>Personal experience: something that has happened to you </li></ul><ul><li>Example of a personal experience: </li></ul><ul><li>Being a victim of bullying </li></ul>Basis Boxes
  13. 13. <ul><li>Publication: written materials such as books, newsletters, journals etc </li></ul><ul><li>Example of a publication: </li></ul><ul><li>Bass, F. ‘Coping with Change’, 2004 </li></ul>Basis Boxes
  14. 14. <ul><li>Quote: a statement someone has made, can be a real person or character from the text studied </li></ul>Basis Boxes
  15. 15. <ul><li>Statistic: numerical data usually in the form of a percentage </li></ul><ul><li>Example of a statistic: </li></ul><ul><li>20-25% of all Australian children are obese </li></ul>Basis Boxes
  16. 16. <ul><li>Web: You can use this to create a </li></ul><ul><li>hyperlink to the web page that you have </li></ul><ul><li>based your claim on </li></ul>Basis Boxes
  17. 17. Evaluating your argument <ul><li>Questions to ask: </li></ul><ul><li>Which bases are stronger than others? </li></ul><ul><li>Is this a strong basis for believing the claim above? </li></ul><ul><li>What persuasive techniques are being employed here? </li></ul><ul><li>Who is my audience and which bases will be most persuasive for them? </li></ul>