Biodiversity Heritage Library News From Europe ALA2010


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BHL new from Europe at BHL@SIL at ALA Conference 2010 Washington DC

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  • Example of BHL scanning of local level, single scribe site. Importance/context of BHL for the NHM London, what our specific contribution has been so far and how that will continue. Newer initiative of BHL Europe Darwin’s Library Project – an example of a cross-cutting project, non-BHL funded, including BHL and non-BHL partners, output of the project via BHL portal.
  • During the talk representing the hard work, creativity and dedication many colleagues. Thanks to team past and present at NHM Thanks to Henning Sholtz – Programme lead for BHL-E Chris Freeland and Mike Lichtenberg at Mobot, Grant Young (Cambridge University Library)
  • Very brief background about NHM and what it does
  • Where the library fits in. Large and historical collections and range of services supporting the scientific activities of the Museum and wider UK and international science community. Also growing demand from arts , humanities and social science researchers for special collections. Largely paper-based, therefore increasing need and demand to deliver access in digital form.
  • Primary focus on post graduate science research support. Growing citizen scientists users.
  • Mass scanning through the BHL partnerships Additional route for rare more difficult to scan material via specialist (boutique) scanning unit. Variety of funding sources to support scanning
  • Specialist scanning on left through to Internet Archive (mass scanning) scribe (middle and right) Unique contribution of NHM – deliver images of rarer more difficult to access material and unique special collections
  • Initially, because of the age of the material and subject, came across many foldouts. Rather than not scan, BHL found work around solution with internet archive to scan separately and paste in at processing stage. Achieve more complete runs and reduce need to go back to scan gaps.
  • Unit for artwork, example shows items for World Collections Programme for joint UK/Indian project
  • Moving on to BHL-Europe
  • EU does not fund scanning, funding at local state level. Germany/Austria already scanning all literature (not just Biodiversity) in the german language. Netherlands doing the same. Focus on funding infrastructure, the connective tissue enabling institutions across Europe to contribute to the same agreed standards, share good practice, build in long term sustainability, multilingual etc
  • Target audiences beyond researchers
  • BHL-E and BHL share similar goals
  • Preservation is key, ensure access in the long term and keeping pace with technological developments.
  • The Partners, crossing boundaries, languages, linking to other initiatives
  • Museum für Naturkunde, Berlin, DE The partners; 13 Countries so far, 28 partners and growing, Link to other initiatives
  • Joined up thinking, linking to other related initiatives eg, European Distributed Institute of Technology (EDIT-- aiming to support the move from an artisan approach to taxonomy to the Industrialization of taxonomic research)
  • The work programme to deliver the objectives for BHL-Europe. NHM leading on Work packages 3 and 4
  • BHL-Europe has just started the second year of it’s three year funding. The goals for the next period
  • Thank you
  • Example of a cross-institutional project involving BHL, NHM London, American Museum of Natural History, Cambridge University Library fundded by JISC in UK and NEH in US to digitise Darwin’s Library and the annotation in those items. Illustration shows some of the books Darwin carried with him on the Beagle voyage
  • One of the key sources of ‘data’ for Darwin was his library, which he heavily annotated. Out of a library of 1400 volumes, 700 have significant annotations. Apart from a handful of exceptions, all the annotated books are held at Cambridge University Library, with the remainder at Down House His annotations were transcribed and published in print in the late eighties, but their full utility requires access to the books they annotate – and some of the books on Darwin’s shelves were quite obscure It would be very costly to digitise every page of every book in Darwin’s library
  • We propose to link the transcriptions with digitised versions of books We will fully digitise the most heavily annotated original books; and just target the annotations in lightly annotated books and link in with digital surrogates Storage and delivery will be provided by the Biodiversity Heritage Library, which will ensure wide resource discovery and provide good sustainability Via BHL also linked to other iniatiitives including Europeana Challenges such as IPR/Copyright, long term sustainability etc already being address by BHl, Europeana etc and so benefits from linking Darwin Library Project to those
  • This illustrates an annotated page from one of Darwin’s books (Charles Lyell's Principles of Geology, 5th edition, 1837). Darwin’s comment was “if this were true adios theory’! Obviously useful to know the context of such a comment
  • Cambridge University Library (CUL) scan Darwin’s Library books and pages Natural History Museum (NHM) provide suitable surrogates via two workflows (high-end and mass digitisation programme) Darwin Manuscript Project at the American Natural History Museum (AMNH) provide metadata, transcriptions, and indexes Biodiversity Heritage Library (BHL) provide delivery and preservation – technical development support from MOBOT
  • This illustrated the other significant context. The collection will be placed within the BHL – here’s a mock-up of how it might look, but the technical details are still being worked through.
  • We’re still working on the numbers, but we should be able to do 300-400 books within this project. We will fundraise to do the remainder The project will also seek to extend beyond Darwin’s Library to Darwin’s Reading, but including (where available) copies of books he read and made notes about.
  • Partenerships and collaborations achieving far more with BHL and BhL-E partners than we could ever possibly achieve alone. We can focus our efforts on those parts of the collection it would be difficult to scanFunding for all of us difficult New funding source, Resource commitment Sharing experience - JISC, Strategic Content Alliance Space –appropriate space and range of equipment Working with current partners, working with new partners Opportunities for us to think about collections in ways - thematic, physical collection organisation, off-site storage, - How we see our collections in relation to uk, international collections working with our users to dvelop/extend our research support for them.
  • Thank you
  • Biodiversity Heritage Library News From Europe ALA2010

    1. 1. Jane Smith, NHM Library Biodiversity Heritage Library - News from Europe BHL Update 28 June 2010 ALA Conference 2010
    2. 2. Talk this morning <ul><li>Natural History Museum and NHM Library </li></ul><ul><li>Biodiversity Heritage Library (BHL) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Colleagues here will cover in detail </li></ul></ul><ul><li>BHL-Europe </li></ul><ul><li>JISC/NEH Darwin’s Library Project </li></ul><ul><li>Opportunities and Challenges </li></ul>
    3. 3. So I don’t forget <ul><li>Sharing work carried out by many colleagues </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Team at the NHM </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>BHL-E colleagues </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Special Project Partners </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>BHL colleagues here in US </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Also, in case I forget, theme – partnerships are good </li></ul>
    4. 4. Natural History Museum <ul><li>Nearly 4 Million visitors </li></ul><ul><li>5,000 scientific visitors </li></ul><ul><ul><li>20,000 hours </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Research Institute – 350 scientists based at the Museum </li></ul><ul><li>over 70 million specimens </li></ul><ul><li>7 science departments </li></ul>
    5. 5. NHM Library <ul><li>Modern and historical </li></ul><ul><li>International coverage of most aspects of biodiversity and geodiversity </li></ul><ul><li>Extensive coverage of taxonomy and systematics </li></ul><ul><li>> 1million books </li></ul><ul><li>25,000 serials </li></ul><ul><li>Growing digital </li></ul><ul><li>>500,000 artworks on paper </li></ul><ul><li>manuscripts </li></ul>
    6. 6. Users <ul><li>Scientific researchers </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Biodiversity & Geodiversity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Internal / external / citizen scientists </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Researchers in arts, humanities and social sciences </li></ul><ul><li>Public </li></ul>
    7. 7. Funding <ul><li>State funding – core activities </li></ul><ul><li>Fund raising - sponsorship and donations </li></ul><ul><li>External project funding </li></ul><ul><ul><li>UK and EU </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Non-government grants </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Partnerships </li></ul>
    8. 8. NHM Digitisation <ul><li>BHL scanning </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Journals and books </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Boutique scanning </li></ul><ul><ul><li>More expensive </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Rare / Artworks/ Manuscripts </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Funding </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Internal </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>External grants </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Development project funding </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Collaborations </li></ul></ul>
    9. 9. BHL scanning at NHM <ul><li>Internet Archive </li></ul><ul><li>Single scribe </li></ul><ul><li>Foldouts bench </li></ul><ul><li>Average 3,500 page per shift per day </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Museum titles </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Rare/specialist </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>General </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Researcher requests </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Darwin </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Over 2 million pages </li></ul></ul>
    10. 10. Solution for tackling foldouts
    11. 11. Scanning artwork - Example, World Collections Programme funded project UK and India
    12. 12. Additional projects <ul><li>Recent focus on Darwin </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Material by and about Darwin </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Darwin’s Library Project </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>JISC/NEH joint funding </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Digitise content used by Darwin </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Annotated pages </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Wallace from July 2010 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Scanning for others </li></ul><ul><li>Adding to other projects </li></ul><ul><ul><li>BHL, Darwin online, Aluka, Europeana </li></ul></ul>
    13. 13. Scanning the Darwin Collection Test scanning a page from Darwin’s On the Origin of Species
    14. 15. BHL Europe <ul><li>Co-funding from the European Commission programme eContent plus </li></ul><ul><li>Funding for three years – 3.4 Million Euros </li></ul><ul><li>Europeana – the cultural website governed by EDL Foundation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Europeana offers search capabilities through millions of digital item provided by Europe’s museums, galleries, libraries & archives </li></ul></ul>
    15. 16. BHL Europe: Main principles <ul><li>BHL-Europe is not funded to digitise </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Funding for digitisiation on National level or alternative funding </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Best Practice Network </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Not a research and development project </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Building solutions with existing (state-of-the-art) technologies </li></ul></ul>
    16. 17. Target Audiences <ul><li>Libraries Digital library / Open Access networks Digitisation centres Scientists </li></ul><ul><li>Citizen Scientists Students Teachers Policy makers Environmental & Conservation agencies Artists </li></ul><ul><li>Government officials European citizens </li></ul><ul><li>Researchers in the Arts, Humanities, Social Sciences </li></ul>
    17. 18. BHL and BHL- Europe –shared challenges <ul><li>Growing need for biodiversity literature </li></ul><ul><li>Analysis of demand indicates that users need an online repository of biodiversity literature (original text content) with a multilingual interface and sophisticated search and filtering functionality </li></ul><ul><li>Taxonomic impediment to research - the lack of access to the published literature of biodiversity is one of the principal obstacles to efficient and productive research, outreach, and education </li></ul><ul><li>Most of the biodiversity literature is held in a few libraries making this literature unavailable for wider use by a broad range of potential users (scientists and non-scientists) </li></ul><ul><li>The cited half-life of publications in taxonomy is longer than in any other scientific discipline (Revisions of taxonomy require seeing all prior literature) </li></ul><ul><li>Repatriation of knowledge to the developing world </li></ul>
    18. 19. Shared aims BHL/BHL-E partners <ul><li>Scanning centres established for mass scanning </li></ul><ul><li>Some partners also scanning in-house </li></ul><ul><li>Wish to expand international footprint </li></ul><ul><li>Mirrored content </li></ul><ul><li>Ingest content from across the globe </li></ul>
    19. 20. BHL Europe Objectives <ul><li>Provide a multilingual access point for the search and retrieval of biodiversity content through EUROPEANA & BHL </li></ul><ul><li>Review and test approaches for the establishment and management of multilingual biodiversity digital libraries </li></ul><ul><li>Improve the interoperability of European biodiversity digital libraries by the innovative application of proven technologies (incl. metadata repositories, deduplication tools, workflow systems) </li></ul><ul><li>Promote the adoption of best practice methods , standards and specifications for the large-scale implementation of such repositories </li></ul><ul><li>Facilitate the open access (= free of charge) to taxonomic literature for a large number of target users including the general public </li></ul>
    20. 21. BHL Europe Objectives cont’ <ul><li>Raise awareness among target users. </li></ul><ul><li>Develop operational strategies for long-term preservation and sustainability of the data produced by national biodiversity digitisation programmes </li></ul><ul><li>Facilitate and enable the initiation of scanning initiatives in European countries not yet involved in digitisation programmes and improve the infrastructure for digital libraries in all EU countries </li></ul><ul><li>Negotiate with Rights Holders for access to in-copyright content </li></ul>
    21. 22. Preservation <ul><li>Committed to long-term storage, curation, and preservation of digital text assets for the world-wide biodiversity community </li></ul><ul><li>BHL acting as a steward for this literature, which is the common heritage of humanity. “Science has no borders.” </li></ul><ul><li>To keep this content available and open for the future requires careful organizational planning. </li></ul><ul><li>Preservation is both a technical and political/social process. </li></ul>
    22. 23. BHL Partners <ul><li>13 Countries so far </li></ul><ul><li>28 partners </li></ul><ul><li>and growing </li></ul><ul><li>Link to other initiatives </li></ul>
    23. 24. BHL-Europe Partner
    24. 25. BHL-Europe Network BHL-Europe Network Henning Scholz, BHL project Coordinator
    25. 26. BHL-Europe Programme O rganisation
    26. 27. Second year of three <ul><li>First review in May 2010 (Vienna) </li></ul><ul><li>Building the German prototype (October 2010) </li></ul><ul><li>Fully functional GRIB system (de-dublication of library catalogues, bid list, etc.) together with EDIT-Vital by spring 2011 </li></ul><ul><li>Over 40.000 digitised books will be available in Europeana by the end of the month (BHL, Naturalis, Biology Centre) </li></ul><ul><li>50% of BHL-Europe content will be in Europeana by April 2011 </li></ul>
    27. 28. Questions?
    28. 29. Digitising Darwin’s Library
    29. 30. The challenge <ul><ul><li>A key source of ‘data’ for Darwin was his library – heavily annotated </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Annotations published in late 1980s, but full utility requires access to the books they annotate – some quite obscure </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>It would be very costly to digitise his entire library </li></ul></ul>
    30. 31. A solution <ul><ul><li>Link transcriptions with digitised books </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>For heavily annotated books – scan whole volume </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>For sparsely annotated books – just scan annotated pages and link in with digital surrogates </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Store and delivery content with Biodiversity Heritage Library (BHL), to ensure wide resource discovery and good sustainability </li></ul></ul>
    31. 32. The idea <ul><li>A partnership - an initial idea from David Kohn </li></ul><ul><li>Bringing together </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Research expertise </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Collections </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Existing digitisation programmes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Initiatives developing and delivering access to biodiversity and cultural/heritage collections </li></ul></ul>
    32. 33. Darwin: “If this were true adios theory” ! Lyell: “The entire variation from the original type... may usually be effected in a brief period of time, after which no further deviation can be obtained by continuing to alter the circumstances, though ever so gradually; indefinite divergence, either in the way of improvement or deterioration, being prevented...&quot; Context is significant
    33. 34. Partners <ul><ul><li>Cambridge University Library (CUL) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Natural History Museum (NHM) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Darwin Manuscript Project at the American Natural History Museum (AMNH) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Biodiversity Heritage Library (BHL) (Technical development at MOBOT) </li></ul></ul>Cambridge University Library
    34. 35. Context is significant
    35. 36. JISC-NEH Project – just the beginning… <ul><ul><li>This project will enable us to represent just over half of the annotated books in Darwin’s Library – we will fundraise for remainder </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Darwin also kept notes of books he borrowed (and so couldn’t annotate!). Where these books are available, we will mount transcriptions of notes, enabling us to broaden concept to Darwin’s Reading </li></ul></ul>
    36. 37. T he cultivation of natural science cannot be efficiently carried on without an extensive library. <ul><li>Charles Darwin, et al (1987) </li></ul><ul><li>Darwin, C.R. ,et al. 1847. Copy of Memorial to the First </li></ul><ul><li>Lord of the Treasury [Lord John Russell], respecting the </li></ul><ul><li>Management of the British Museum. Parliamentary </li></ul><ul><li>Papers, Accounts and Papers 1847, paper nu. (268), </li></ul><ul><li>Vol. XXXIV.253 (13 April): 1-3. [Complete Works of </li></ul><ul><li>Charles Darwin Online] </li></ul>
    37. 38. Opportunities and Challenges + partnerships + best practices and learning + new thinking about collections and how we work with researchers + how our collections fit with others - Sustainable funding - spaces – digitising so don’t need collection now - range of equipment - COPYRIGHT
    38. 39. Thank you - and for more information <ul><li>Jane Smith </li></ul><ul><li>Natural History Museum Library, </li></ul><ul><li>Cromwell Road, London, SW7 5BD </li></ul><ul><li>Email: [email_address] </li></ul><ul><li>BHL </li></ul><ul><li>BHL Europe </li></ul><ul><li>Europeana </li></ul>
    39. 40. Questions?