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Towards a Sporting Multitude


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Towards a Sporting Multitude

  1. 1. Towards a Sporting Multitude Sean Smith European Graduate School
  2. 2. A Thought Experiment Founding Spirits
  3. 3. does the global village have a basketball court?
  4. 4. A Thought Experiment Global Village Basketball <ul><li>millions of pickup basketball games simultaneously occurring around the world, each with a Red and Blue team </li></ul><ul><li>each “hooked in” to the larger meta-game via geo-tagged laptop, cell phone, or handheld device </li></ul><ul><li>players do not know the score at their own particular gym, though </li></ul>
  5. 6. A Thought Experiment Global Village Basketball <ul><li>score as a technology of competition gets taken to its logical conclusion: a reversal into a technology of cooperation </li></ul><ul><li>athletes &quot;communicate&quot; with their teammates around the world via photo, voice and video from their laptop, cell phone, or handheld device </li></ul><ul><li>information, images, identities produced and consumed by grassroots </li></ul>
  6. 7. RED 1,254,967 BLUE 1,376,224
  7. 8. Empire vs. Multitude (Hardt and Negri, 2001)
  8. 9. Theorizing Sporting Empire (Hardt and Negri, Empire , 2001) <ul><li>generally speaking, those organizations that create and sustain sporting capital and the vectors that communicate sporting products and practices </li></ul><ul><li>professional sports leagues, media conglomerates, corporate sponsors, athletic footwear businesses, International Olympic Committee and other sport governing bodies, WADA, etc. </li></ul>
  9. 10. Immaterial Labour (Hardt and Negri, Empire , 2001) <ul><li>production of ideas, information, data, affect </li></ul><ul><li>plus, the informatization of material production, albeit not a in a linear &quot;stages of history&quot; fashion </li></ul><ul><li>labour becomes cooperative </li></ul>
  10. 11. Biopolitical Production (Foucault, Discipline and Punish: The Birth of the Prison , 1977) <ul><li>capitalism is always already about biopolitical production </li></ul><ul><li>while it has historically appeared to be a matter of material commodity production, it was in fact always about the production of social relations </li></ul><ul><li>production of everyday (consumerist) life becomes immanent to the social domain </li></ul>
  11. 12. Smooth and Striated Space (Deleuze & Guattari, A Thousand Plateaus: Capitalism and Schizophrenia , 1987) <ul><li>striated space is gridded, linear, metric, optic, State space; smooth space is open-ended, nonlinear, intensive, haptic, nomad space </li></ul><ul><li>disciplinary societies (striated) yield to societies of control (smooth) </li></ul><ul><li>as capital flows out from enclosure (striated) into global production and circulation (smooth), Empire emerges as a correlative political response </li></ul>
  12. 13. <ul><li>MOLAR: hierarchy, arborescence </li></ul><ul><li>MOLECULAR: cracks between identity categories </li></ul><ul><li>FLIGHT: rupture into smooth space </li></ul>Lines of Segmentation (Deleuze and Guattari, 1987)
  13. 14. Smooth Space (Deleuze and Guattari, 1987)
  14. 15. Meshworks and Hierarchies (DeLanda, A Thousand Years of Nonlinear History , 1997) <ul><li>articulation of superpositions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>interconnection of diverse but overlapping elements </li></ul></ul><ul><li>intercalary elements </li></ul><ul><ul><li>effects these interconnections </li></ul></ul><ul><li>endogenously generated stability </li></ul><ul><ul><li>temporal, spatial, etc. </li></ul></ul>
  15. 16. Virtuosity and Politics (Virno, A Grammar of the Multitude , 2004) <ul><li>virtuosity in language, which is also political </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;Post-Fordism, hinging as it does upon the general intellect and the multitude, puts forth, in its own way, typical demands of communism (abolition of work, dissolution of the State, etc.). Post-Fordism is the communism of capital.&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>consider basketball as a linguistic form </li></ul>
  16. 17. Capitalism contra Vectoralism (Wark, A Hacker Manifesto , 2004) <ul><li>land > capital > information </li></ul><ul><li>pastoralist > capitalist > vectoralist </li></ul><ul><li>farmer > worker > hacker </li></ul><ul><li>vectoralist is quite willing to outsource production to competing mass of capitalists </li></ul><ul><li>can athlete+worker+hacker usurp this source of economic power as motor of change? </li></ul>
  17. 18. What GVB Is Not <ul><li>a universal vision of sporting practice </li></ul><ul><li>free of power differentials </li></ul><ul><li>THE sporting multitude </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;Never believe that a smooth space will save us.&quot; – Deleuze and Guattari </li></ul>