Count and non count nouns

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Count and non count nouns

  1. 1. Count and Non-count nouns Gonzalo Smith Sifuentes Zavala
  2. 4. Noun <ul><li>Nouns represent persons , places , things and ideas . </li></ul>
  3. 5. refers to Noun Persons Places Things Ideas
  4. 7. types Noun Proper Noun Common Noun
  5. 8. Proper Nouns <ul><li>Proper nouns name particular persons , places or things. </li></ul><ul><li>They are usually unique and are capitalized in writing. </li></ul>
  6. 9. Example: <ul><li>China </li></ul><ul><li>Dr. Olsen </li></ul><ul><li>The Empire State Building </li></ul>
  7. 10. Common Nouns <ul><li>Common Nouns refer to people , places , or things but are not the names of particular individuals. </li></ul>
  8. 11. Example <ul><li>scientist </li></ul><ul><li>building </li></ul><ul><li>department store. </li></ul>
  9. 12. Common Nouns Count Nouns No- Count Nouns types
  10. 13. Count Nouns <ul><li>Count Nouns refer to things that you can count separately . </li></ul><ul><li>They can be singular or plural. </li></ul><ul><li>You can use a or an before count Nouns. </li></ul>
  11. 14. Example <ul><li>Nine planets </li></ul><ul><li>That`s an interesting question </li></ul><ul><li>This is a delicious sandwich </li></ul>
  12. 15. Non- Count Nouns <ul><li>Non-Count Nouns refer to things that you can`t count separately. </li></ul><ul><li>They usually have no plural form. </li></ul><ul><li>We don`t usually use a or an with non-count Nouns , though they are often preceded by some or the . </li></ul>
  13. 16. <ul><li>Common mistakes: </li></ul><ul><li>I have a lot of homeworks to do </li></ul><ul><li>Se is washing her hairs </li></ul><ul><li>The equipments weren`t working well. </li></ul>
  14. 17. Example <ul><li>I bought rice </li></ul><ul><li>Let me give you some advice </li></ul>
  15. 18. Be careful! <ul><li>Many words have both count and non-count meanings. </li></ul><ul><li>Check your dictionary to avoid mistakes. </li></ul>
  16. 19. <ul><li>She heard a noise in the attic. </li></ul><ul><li>Noise can be harmful to health </li></ul>
  17. 20. <ul><li>We normally use a singular verb with a non-count noun. </li></ul><ul><li>Example: Rice feeds millions. </li></ul><ul><li>We use a singular pronoun to refer to the noun. </li></ul><ul><li>Example: It feeds millions. </li></ul>
  18. 21. Categories of Non-Count Nouns <ul><li>Medical Condition: </li></ul><ul><li>Cancer </li></ul><ul><li>AIDS </li></ul><ul><li>Typhoid </li></ul><ul><li>Syphilis </li></ul>
  19. 22. <ul><li>Scientific process or procedures: </li></ul><ul><li>anesthesia </li></ul><ul><li>dissection </li></ul><ul><li>electroshock </li></ul>
  20. 23. <ul><li>Wholes composed of individual parts: </li></ul><ul><li>mail </li></ul><ul><li>clothing </li></ul><ul><li>garbage </li></ul><ul><li>baggage </li></ul><ul><li>jewerly </li></ul>
  21. 24. <ul><li>Abstractions: </li></ul><ul><li>honesty </li></ul><ul><li>love </li></ul><ul><li>hate </li></ul><ul><li>education </li></ul><ul><li>beauty </li></ul><ul><li>maidhood </li></ul>
  22. 25. <ul><li>Activities: </li></ul><ul><li>basketball </li></ul><ul><li>dancing </li></ul><ul><li>tennis </li></ul><ul><li>soccer </li></ul><ul><li>golf </li></ul>
  23. 26. <ul><li>Foods: </li></ul><ul><li>beef </li></ul><ul><li>bread </li></ul><ul><li>fish </li></ul><ul><li>fruit </li></ul><ul><li>meat </li></ul>
  24. 27. <ul><li>Gases: </li></ul><ul><li>air </li></ul><ul><li>carbon dioxide </li></ul><ul><li>oxygen </li></ul><ul><li>smoke </li></ul>
  25. 28. <ul><li>Liquids: </li></ul><ul><li>coffee </li></ul><ul><li>gasoline </li></ul><ul><li>milk </li></ul><ul><li>tea </li></ul><ul><li>water </li></ul>
  26. 29. <ul><li>Natural Phenomena: </li></ul><ul><li>snow </li></ul><ul><li>heat </li></ul><ul><li>rain </li></ul><ul><li>thunder </li></ul>
  27. 30. <ul><li>Particles: </li></ul><ul><li>dust </li></ul><ul><li>pepper </li></ul><ul><li>salt </li></ul><ul><li>sand </li></ul><ul><li>sugar </li></ul>
  28. 31. <ul><li>Solid elements: </li></ul><ul><li>gold </li></ul><ul><li>iron </li></ul><ul><li>plutonium </li></ul><ul><li>silver </li></ul>
  29. 32. <ul><li>Subjects: </li></ul><ul><li>Chinese </li></ul><ul><li>English </li></ul><ul><li>physics </li></ul><ul><li>science </li></ul>
  30. 33. <ul><li>Others: </li></ul><ul><li>equipment </li></ul><ul><li>furniture </li></ul><ul><li>money </li></ul><ul><li>news </li></ul>
  31. 34. <ul><li>We frequently make non- count nouns countable by adding a phrase that gives them a form , a limit or a container. </li></ul>
  32. 35. <ul><li>Non count noun countable form </li></ul><ul><li>furniture a piece of furniture </li></ul><ul><li>lightning a bolt / flash of lightning </li></ul><ul><li>meat a piece of meat </li></ul><ul><li>rice a grain of rice </li></ul><ul><li>tennis a game of tennis </li></ul><ul><li>thunder a clap of thunder </li></ul>
  33. 36. <ul><li>Non Count Noun Countable Form </li></ul><ul><li>water a cup of water </li></ul><ul><li>milk , juice a carton of juice , milk </li></ul><ul><li>lettuce a head of lettuce </li></ul><ul><li>banana a bunch of bananas </li></ul><ul><li>butter a piece / stick / bar of butter </li></ul>
  34. 37. <ul><li>Non Count Noun Countable Form </li></ul><ul><li>chocolate a bar of chocolate </li></ul><ul><li>margarine a tub of margarine </li></ul><ul><li>bread a loaf / slice of bread </li></ul><ul><li>ice cream a tub , scoop of ice cream </li></ul><ul><li>mermelade a jar of mermelade </li></ul><ul><li>sugar a lump of sugar </li></ul><ul><li>garlic a clove of garlic </li></ul>
  35. 38. <ul><li>We use many non-count nouns in a countable sense without the addition of a phrase ( such as “ a piece of”). </li></ul><ul><li>We can use these nouns with a / an or in the plural to mean kind / type / variety of </li></ul>
  36. 39. <ul><li>Example: </li></ul><ul><li>Do you like pasta ? </li></ul><ul><li>In Italy , I tasted a new pasta . </li></ul>
  37. 40. <ul><li>A / an and plurals can also be used to indicate discrete amounts. </li></ul><ul><li>Example: </li></ul><ul><li>I drank a soda </li></ul><ul><li>Please bring us two orange juices </li></ul>
  38. 41. <ul><li>Some nouns are irregular: </li></ul><ul><li>A) A few non-count nouns end in -S </li></ul><ul><li>News </li></ul><ul><li>Mathematics </li></ul><ul><li>Economics </li></ul><ul><li>physics </li></ul>
  39. 42. <ul><li>B) A few count nouns have irregular plurals: </li></ul><ul><li>Singular Plural </li></ul><ul><li>criterion Criteria </li></ul><ul><li>phenomenon phenomena </li></ul><ul><li>nucleus nuclei </li></ul>

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